List of web browsers
The following is a list of web browsers that are notable.
This is a table of personal computer web browsers by year of release of major version. The increased growth of the Internet in the 1990s and 2000s means that current browsers with small market shares have more total users than the entire market early on. For example, 90% market share in 1997 would be roughly 60 million users, but by the start of 2007 9% market share would equate to over 90 million users.
- Gecko is developed by the Mozilla Foundation.
- Goanna is a fork of Gecko developed by Moonchild Productions.
- KHTML is developed by the KDE project.
- Presto was developed by Opera Software for use in Opera. Development stopped as Opera transitioned to Blink.
- Tasman was developed by Microsoft for use in Internet Explorer 5 for Macintosh.
- Trident is developed by Microsoft for use in the Windows versions of Internet Explorer 4 to Internet Explorer 11.
- EdgeHTML is the engine developed by Microsoft for Edge. It is a largely rewritten fork of Trident with all legacy code removed.
- WebKit is a fork of KHTML by Apple Inc. used in Apple Safari, and formerly in Chromium and Google Chrome.
- Blink is a 2013 fork of WebKit's WebCore component by Google used in Chromium, Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Opera, and Vivaldi.
- Servo is an experimental web browser layout engine being developed cooperatively by Mozilla and Samsung.
Current and maintained projects are listed in boldface.
Other software publishers have built browsers and other products around Microsoft's Trident engine. The following browsers are all based on that rendering engine:
- 360 Secure Browser
- AOL Explorer
- Bento Browser (built into Winamp)
- Deepnet Explorer
- Internet Explorer
- MSN Explorer
- Tencent Traveler
- Camino for Mac OS X (formerly Chimera)
- Conkeror , keyboard-driven browser
- Galeon, GNOME's old default browser
- K-Meleon for Windows
- MicroB (for Maemo)
- Minimo (for mobile)
- Mozilla Firefox (formerly Firebird and Phoenix)
- AT&T Pogo (based on Firefox)
- Cliqz, a fork of the Firefox web browser
- CometBird, an optimized fork of Firefox
- Comodo IceDragon (Firefox-based web browser for Windows)
- Flock (was based on Firefox until version 2.6.1, and based on Chromium thereafter)
- Iceweasel, Debian's Firefox rebrand
- GNU IceCat, GNU's fork of Firefox
- Netscape Browser 8 to Netscape Navigator 9
- TenFourFox (Firefox port to PowerPC versions of Mac OS X)
- Timberwolf, AmigaOS' Firefox rebrand
- Tor Browser, patched Firefox ESR for browsing in Tor anonymity network
- Swiftfox (processor-optimised builds based on Firefox)
- Swiftweasel (processor-optimised builds based on Iceweasel)
- Waterfox (Firefox-based web browser for Windows, macOS, and Linux)
- xB Browser (formerly XeroBank Browser and Torpark), portable browser for anonymous browsing, originally based on Firefox
- Firefox for mobile (codenamed Fennec)
- Mozilla Application Suite
- Skyfire (for mobile)
- Yahoo! Browser (or partnership browsers e.g. "AT&T Yahoo! Browser"; "Verizon Yahoo! Browser"; "BT Yahoo! Browser", etc.)
- Basilisk – similar to Pale Moon, but with the interface of Firefox 29–56 and a few other differences
- K-Meleon – starting from 77 release version (2019)
- Pale Moon – a fork of Firefox that maintains support for XUL/XPCOM extensions and retains the user interface of the Firefox 4–28 era
Gecko- and Trident-basedEdit
Webkit- and Trident-basedEdit
- Internet Channel (for Wii console, Opera-based)
- Nintendo DS Browser (Opera-based)
- Opera (for releases up until 12.18)
|Aloha Browser (iOS and Android)|
|Google Chrome for iOS|
|Dolphin Browser (Android and Bada)|
|Dooble (qtwebkit version discontinued) (up to Version 1.56)|
|Firefox for iOS|
|discontinued||Flock (version 3.0 and above)|
|iCab (version 4 uses WebKit; earlier versions used its own rendering engine)|
|Konqueror (version 4 can use WebKit as an alternative to its native KHTML)|
|Maxthon (version 3.0 and above)|
|Microsoft Edge for iOS|
|Nintendo 3DS NetFront Browser NX|
|Otter Browser (uses Blink and WebKit; aims to recreate the features of old Opera)|
|qutebrowser (a Blink-based backend is currently in development.)|
|discontinued||PhantomJS (a headless browser)|
|discontinued||Steel for Android|
|Steam ingame browser|
|GNOME Web (Epiphany)|
|discontinued||Web Browser for S60, used in all Nokia Symbian smartphones|
|discontinued||webOS, used in the Palm Pre, Palm Pixi, Pre 2, HP Veer, Pre 3, and TouchPad mobile devices|
|WebPositive, browser in Haiku|
- Amazon Silk
- Avast Secure Browser
- Cốc Cốc
- Comodo Dragon
- Google Chrome (based on Blink since Chrome v. 28)
- Microsoft Edge
- Puffin Browser
- SRWare Iron
- qutebrowser (Blink backend mostly stable)
- NAVER Whale
- Yandex Browser
- Qt WebEngine
For Java platformEdit
Browsers created for enhancements of specific browsing activities.
- SpaceTime (Search the web in 3D)
- ZAC Browser (For children with autism, autism spectrum disorders such as Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), and PDD-NOS)
- Flock (To enhance social networking, blogging, photo-sharing, and RSS news-reading)
- Ghostzilla (Blends into the GUI to hide activity)
- Gollum browser (Created specially for browsing Wikipedia)
- Kirix Strata (Designed for data analytics)
- Miro (A media browser that integrates BitTorrent add-on)
- Nightingale (open source audio player and web browser based on the Songbird (see below) media player source code)
- Prodigy Classic (Executable only within the application)
- RockMelt (Designed to combine web browsing, and social activities such as Facebook and Twitter into a unified one window experience)
- Songbird (browser with advanced audio streaming features and built-in media player with library.)
Mosaic was the first widely used web browser. The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) licensed the technology and many companies built their own web browser on Mosaic. The best known are the first versions of Internet Explorer and Netscape.
- IBM WebExplorer
- Internet Explorer 1.x
- Internet in a Box
- Spyglass Mosaic
- VMS Mosaic
- Abaco (for Plan 9 from Bell Labs and Linux)
- Arachne (for DOS and Linux)
- Ariadna (AMSD Ariadna) (first Russian web browser)
- AWeb (AmigaOS)
- Baidu Mobile Browser
- Charon (for Inferno)
- Dillo (for lower-end computers)
- DR-WebSpyder (for DOS)
- Embrowser (for DOS)
- Gazelle (from Microsoft Research, OS-like)
- IBrowse (for AmigaOS)
- Mothra (for Plan 9 from Bell Labs)
- NetPositive (for BeOS)
- NetSurf (an open source web browser originally for RISC OS and GTK+, e.g. Linux, Windows and more platforms, written in C)
- Phoenix, a browser based on tkWWW
- Planetweb browser (for Dreamcast)
- Qihoo 360 mobile browsers
- tkWWW, based on Tcl
- Voyager (for AmigaOS)
- "History and Growth of the Internet". Internet World Stats. June 21, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- Brennan, Elaine (June 13, 1993). "World Wibe Web Browser: Ms-Windows (Beta) (1/149)". Humanist Archives Vol. 7. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- Großmann, Prof. Dr. Hans Peter. "Department of Information Resource Management". University of Ulm. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
- "Oracle Introduces PowerBrowser". Oracle Corporation. June 18, 1996. Retrieved October 31, 2007.
- "Release history". W3C. Retrieved May 2, 2009.
- "Opera Software Releases 3.60" (Press release). Opera Software. May 12, 1998. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
- "Opera 4.0 for Windows Released" (Press release). Opera Software. June 27, 2000. Retrieved December 10, 2008.
- "The Browser War Lights Up in Europe" (Press release). Opera Software. December 6, 2000. Retrieved December 10, 2008.
- "Opera 6.0 for Windows launched after record-breaking beta" (Press release). Opera Software. November 29, 2001. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
- "Opera 7 Ready to Rock the Web" (Press release). Opera Software. January 28, 2003. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
- "Speed, Security and Simplicity: Opera 8 Web Browser Released Today" (Press release). Opera Software. April 19, 2005. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
- "Your Web, Your Choice: Opera 9 Gives You the Control" (Press release). Opera Software. June 20, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2008.
- "Opera redefines Web browsing yet again" (Press release). Opera Software. June 12, 2008. Retrieved June 12, 2008.
- "Turbocharge your Web experience with Opera 10" (Press release). Opera Software. September 1, 2009. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "History of the Pale Moon project". Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- "The world's fastest browser for Windows" (Press release). Oslo, Norway: Opera Software. March 2, 2010. Retrieved March 28, 2010.
- "General information". Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- "Pale Moon: Release notes". Retrieved December 23, 2018.
- http://caminobrowser.org Camino reaches its end
- "Try Avant Browser 2012 for a Choice of Rendering Engines". PC World. January 3, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
- "Have it all: Lunascape, the browser with three engines". CNET News. November 24, 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- "300 million users and move to WebKit". Opera Developer News.
- "Surprise: Opera 12.18 has been released – gHacks Tech News". gHacks Technology News. February 16, 2016. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
- "Projects/WebKit/Part — KDE TechBase". KDE TechBase. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- "Slimboat". slimboat.com. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- JoWa, Product Translator, Global Moderator (May 2, 2014). "Blink, since v. 28". Comodo Group, Inc. Retrieved April 21, 2017.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Microsoft Edge: Making the web better through more open source collaboration". Microsoft Windows Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
- "A first peek at Opera 15 for Computers". Opera. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
- "The new Microsoft Edge is now mandatory in Windows 10 20H2". News, Reviews and Technical Support. BleepingComputer. October 20, 2020. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)