List of most-visited museums

  (Redirected from List of most visited museums)

This article lists museums with more than two million annual visitors reported in the most recent surveys of museum attendance. A museum is defined as a building or institution dedicated to the acquisition, care, research, and exhibition of numerous objects that represent the legacy of humankind and its environment.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

Criteria for inclusionEdit

Major sources for this list are the Art Newspaper's annual exhibition and museum visitor figures, which includes only art museums; the TEA/AECOM Museum Index, which only includes museums in East Asia, Australia, Europe, and the United States, and museum statistics compiled by national agencies in countries not comprehensively covered by the first two sources, such as China's National Cultural Heritage Administration and Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History. The list includes art museums, history museums, natural history museums, and science museums, but does not include archaeological sites, historical monuments, or many palace museums.[a] This list generally follows that guideline, so the Palace of Versailles, Peterhof Palace, and Forbidden City are not included, although these sites include some museum collections. Such palace museums are found in the List of most visited palaces and monuments. The list also includes one site, the Mevlana Museum, a mausoleum and religious shrine which is classified by the Turkish government as a museum. It does not include Hagia Sophia, which the Turkish government no longer classifies as a museum as of 2020.

 
Musée du Louvre, Paris, France.
 
National Museum of China, Beijing, China.
 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, United States.
 
Vatican Museums, Vatican City.
 
State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
 
Tate Modern, London, United Kingdom
 
National Museum of Korea, Seoul, South Korea
 
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
 
National Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan

ListEdit

Name Country flag, city Visitors per year Year reported[b]
Louvre   Paris 9,600,000 2019[12]
National Museum of China   Beijing 7,390,000 2019[12]
Vatican Museums   Vatican City 6,882,931 2019[12]
Metropolitan Museum of Art[c]   New York City 6,479,548 2019[12]
British Museum   London 6,239,983 2019[12]
Tate Modern   London 6,098,340 2019[12]
National Gallery   London 6,011,007 2019[12]
Natural History Museum   London 5,424,000 2019[13]
American Museum of Natural History   New York City 5,000,000 2019[13]
State Hermitage Museum   Saint Petersburg 4,956,529 2019[12]
Shanghai Science and Technology Museum   Shanghai 4,824,000 2019[13]
Museo Reina Sofía   Madrid 4,425,699 2019[12]
Guangdong Museum of Revolutionary History   Guangzhou 4,257,100 2019[14]
National Museum of Natural History   Washington, D.C. 4,200,000 2019[13]
Nanjing Museum   Nanjing 4,169,000 2019[13]
Zhejiang Museum   Hangzhou 4,150,000 2019[13]
National Gallery of Art   Washington, D.C. 4,074,403 2019[12]
Victoria and Albert Museum   London 3,932,938 2019[15]
China Science and Technology Museum   Beijing 3,891,000 2019[13]
Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution   Beijing 3,870,000 2019[14]
National Palace Museum[d]   Taipei 3,832,373 2019[15]
Shenzhen Museum   Shenzhen 3,826,000 2019[14]
Musée d'Orsay   Paris 3,651,616 2019[15]
Museo del Prado   Madrid 3,497,345 2019[15]
Mevlana Museum   Konya 3,464,155 2019[11]
Xi'an Museum [zh]   Xi'an 3,420,000 2019[13]
National Museum of Korea   Seoul 3,354,161 2019[15]
Centre Pompidou   Paris 3,273,867 2019[15]
London Science Museum   London 3,254,000 2019[13]
National Air and Space Museum   Washington, D.C. 3,200,000 2019[13]
Tianjin Natural History Museum   Tianjin 3,150,000 2019[13]
Hunan Museum   Changsha 3,140,000 2019[13]
Moscow Kremlin Museums   Moscow 3,101,550 2019[15]
National Museum of Anthropology   Mexico City 3,086,555 2019[16]
National Taiwan Science Education Center   Taipei 3,000,000 2019[13]
Royal Museums Greenwich   London 2,906,000 2019[17]
Shaanxi History Museum   Xi'an 2,900,000 2019[13]
Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum   Tokyo 2,873,806 2019[15]
Somerset House   London 2,841,772 2019[15]
Tretyakov Gallery   Moscow 2,835,836 2019[15]
National Museum of History   Mexico City 2,811,646 2019[16]
National Museum of American History   Washington, D.C. 2,800,000 2019[13]
Rijksmuseum   Amsterdam 2,700,000 2019[15]
Tokyo National Museum   Tokyo 2,684,754 2019[15]
National Museum of Natural Science   Taichung 2,650,000 2019[13]
Chongqing Museum of Natural History   Chongqing 2,624,700 2019[14]
Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil   Rio de Janeiro 2,606,999 2019[15]
Shanghai Natural History Museum   Shanghai 2,549,000 2019[13]
National Museum of Nature and Science   Tokyo 2,460,000 2019[13]
Zhejiang Museum of Natural History   Hangzhou 2,443,000 2019[13]
NGV International   Melbourne 2,432,883 2019[15]
Hubei Provincial Museum   Wuhan 2,400,000 2019[13]
Russian Museum   Saint Petersburg 2,394,400 2019[15]
Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie   Paris 2,370,000 2019[13]
Galleria degli Uffizi   Florence 2,361,732 2019[15]
Inner Mongolia Museum   Hohhot 2,361,000 2019[14]
Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum   Oświęcim 2,320,000 2019[18]
Three Gorges Museum   Chongqing 2,301,900 2019[14]
National Folk Museum of Korea   Seoul 2,286,276 2019[15]
Liaoning Provincial Museum   Shenyang 2,280,000 2019[14]
Chengdu Museum [zh]   Chengdu 2,259,000 2019[14]
Guangdong Museum   Guangzhou 2,234,800 2019[14]
Wenzhou Museum [zh]   Wenzhou 2,229,900 2019[14]
National Museum of Scotland   Edinburgh 2,210,024 2019[15]
California Science Center   Los Angeles 2,200,000 2019[13]
Van Gogh Museum   Amsterdam 2,100,000 2019[15]
Shanghai Museum   Shanghai 2,070,270 2019[15]
Suzhou Museum   Suzhou 2,030,000 2019[14]
National Museum of African American History and Culture   Washington, D.C. 2,000,000 2019[13]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Some well-attended palace museums are not included in either the Art Newspaper or TEA/AECOM lists, although they are sometimes classified as museums by their respective national cultural agencies. These include Beijing's Forbidden City (which, with more than 19 million visitors in 2019, was ranked as the most-visited museum by the China Daily News Agency[8]); the Palace of Versailles (8,132,518 visitors in 2018);[9] Peterhof Palace (5,714,700 visitors in 2018), which is formally classified either as a "Дворцо́во-па́рковый анса́мбль, or Palace-Park Ensemble" or as a "Museum-Park Ensemble" by the Russian Ministry of Culture;[10] the Museum of King John III's Palace at Wilanów (3,151,385 visitors in 2018);[9] and Istanbul's Topkapı Palace (2,364,946 visitors in 2019).[11]
  2. ^ Some museums in Italy and Asia were closed because of the Coronavirus in Spring 2020 when the Art Newspaper was conducting its survey. In those cases, the list shows the reported 2018 attendance figures instead of the 2019 figures. The American Museum of Natural History in New York was closed for renovation during much of 2019. The list shows the 2018 attendance.
  3. ^ Includes visitors at the main Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Met Cloisters, but not the visitors recorded at the Met Breuer.[12]
  4. ^ Includes only the visitors recorded at the main museum in Taipei, and not visitors recorded at the Southern Branch.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Definition of MUSEUM". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Museum Definition - ICOM". icom.museum. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  3. ^ "MUSEUM | definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary". dictionary.cambridge.org. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  4. ^ "museum | Definition of museum in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Museum definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary". www.collinsdictionary.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  6. ^ "museum | Definition, History, Types, & Operation". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  7. ^ "museum (noun) American English definition and synonyms | Macmillan Dictionary". www.macmillandictionary.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Beijing's Forbidden City ranks most visited museum in the world". China Daily. 5 January 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  9. ^ a b "5 most visited museums". European Group on Museum Statistics. 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Музеи. Статистическая информация". Ministry of Culture of Russia. 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  11. ^ a b "Top 10: Turkey's most-visited museums in 2019". Yeni Şafak. 12 February 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Art's Most Popular: here are 2019's most visited shows and museums". The Art Newspaper. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "TEA/AECOM 2019 Theme Index and Museum Index Report" (PDF). 2020.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "2019年度全国博物馆名录" (PDF) (in Chinese). National Cultural Heritage Administration. 13 May 2020.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Top 100 Art museum attendance". The Art Newspaper (322). April 2020. p. 15.
  16. ^ a b "Estadística de Visitantes" (in Spanish). INAH. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  17. ^ "Latest Visitor Figures". Association of Leading Visitor Attractions. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  18. ^ "2,32 miliona odwiedzających Miejsce Pamięci Auschwitz w 2019 r." Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum (in Polish). 7 January 2020.