This article lists museums with more than two million annual visitors reported in the most recent surveys of museum attendance. A museum is defined as a building or institution dedicated to the acquisition, care, research, and exhibition of numerous objects that represent the legacy of humankind and its environment.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

Criteria for inclusionEdit

Major sources for this list are the Art Newspaper's annual exhibition and museum visitor figures, which includes only art museums, and the TEA/AECOM Museum Index. The research for the Museum Index is conducted by the consulting firm AECOM, a Fortune 500 consulting company. The list includes art museums, history museums, natural history museums, and science museums, but does not include archaeological sites or historical monuments, and many palace museums.[a] This list generally follows that guideline, so the Palace of Versailles, Peterhof Palace, and Forbidden City are not included. Though these sites include some museum collections, they are found in the List of most visited palaces and monuments. The list also includes one site, the Mevlana Museum, a mausoleum and religious shrine which is classified by the Turkish government as a museum. However, it does not include Hagia Sophia, which the Turkish government also classifies as a museum.

 
Musée du Louvre, Paris, France.
 
National Museum of China, Beijing, China.
 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, United States.
 
Vatican Museums, Vatican City.
 
State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
 
Tate Modern, London, United Kingdom
 
British Museum, London, United Kingdom
 
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
 
National Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan

ListEdit

Museums by number of visitors per year
Name Country flag, city Visitors per year Year reported
Louvre   Paris 10,200,000 2018[12]
National Museum of China   Beijing 8,610,092 2018[13]
Metropolitan Museum of Art[b]   New York City 6,953,927 2018[13]
Vatican Museums   Vatican City 6,756,186 2018[13]
National Air and Space Museum   Washington, D.C. 6,200,000 2018[12]
Tate Modern   London 5,868,562 2018[13]
British Museum   London 5,829,000 2018[13]
National Gallery   London 5,735,831 2018[13]
Natural History Museum   London 5,226,000 2018[12]
American Museum of Natural History   New York City 5,000,000 2018[12]
National Museum of Natural History   Washington, D.C. 4,800,000 2018[12]
National Gallery of Art   Washington, D.C. 4,404,212 2018[13]
China Science and Technology Museum   Beijing 4,400,000 2018[12]
State Hermitage Museum   Saint Petersburg 4,294,000 2018[12]
Zhejiang Museum   Hangzhou 4,200,000 2018[12]
Victoria and Albert Museum   London 3,967,566 2018[13]
Reina Sofía   Madrid 3,898,309 2018[13]
National Palace Museum[c]   Taipei 3,860,644 2018[14]
National Museum of American History   Washington, D.C. 3,800,000 2018[12]
Nanjing Museum   Nanjing 3,670,000 2018[12]
Hunan Museum   Changsha 3,600,000 2018[12]
Centre Pompidou   Paris 3,551,544 2018[13]
Shanghai Science and Technology Museum   Shanghai 3,540,000 2018[12]
Gansu Provincial Museum   Lanzhou 3,500,000 2018[12]
National Museum of Korea   Seoul 3,300,000 2018[12]
London Science Museum   London 3,286,000 2018[12]
Musée d'Orsay   Paris 3,175,000 2018[12]
Somerset House   London 3,143,626 2018[13]
National Museum of Natural Science   Taichung 2,963,857 2018[14]
Museo del Prado   Madrid 2,893,000 2018[12]
Moscow Kremlin Museums   Moscow 2,867,295 2018[13]
Chongqing Museum of Natural History   Chongqing 2,830,000 2018[12]
Mevlana Museum   Konya 2,817,386 2018[11]
Shaanxi History Museum   Xi'an 2,800,000 2018[12]
Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum   Tokyo 2,787,770 2018[13]
Chengdu Museum [zh]   Chengdu 2,780,000 2018[12]
Museum of Modern Art   New York City 2,774,103 2018[13]
National Art Center   Tokyo 2,717,565 2018[13]
National Museum of History   Mexico City 2,661,615 2018[15]
Royal Museums Greenwich   London 2,549,833 2018[16]
National Museum of Nature and Science   Tokyo 2,460,000 2018[12]
National Museum of Anthropology   Mexico City 2,596,725 2018[15]
NGV International   Melbourne 2,565,474 2018[13]
China Art Museum   Shanghai 2,550,000 2018[12]
California Science Center   Los Angeles 2,520,000 2018[12]
Tokyo National Museum   Tokyo 2,431,073 2018[13]
National Museum of African American History and Culture   Washington, D.C. 2,400,000 2018[12]
Suzhou Museum   Suzhou 2,340,000 2018[12]
Houston Museum of Natural Science   Houston 2,313,000 2018[12]
Donald W. Reynolds Center for American Art and Portraiture   Washington D.C. 2,304,404 2018[13]
China Art Museum   Shanghai 2,300,000 2018[12]
Rijksmuseum   Amsterdam 2,300,000 2018[12]
Three Gorges Museum   Chongqing 2,240,000 2018[12]
Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie   Paris 2,231,000 2018[12]
Galleria degli Uffizi   Florence 2,230,914 2018[13]
National Museum of Scotland   Edinburgh 2,227,773 2018[13]
Russian Museum   Saint Petersburg 2,192,200 2018[17]
Van Gogh Museum   Amsterdam 2,161,160 2018[13]
Tretyakov Gallery   Moscow 2,148,538 2018[13]
Shanghai Museum   Shanghai 2,111,730 2018[13]
Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum   Oświęcim 2,100,000 2018[12]
National Folk Museum of Korea   Seoul 2,054,719 2018[13]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Some well-attended palace museums are not included in either publication, although they are sometimes classified as museums by their respective national cultural agencies. These include Beijing's Forbidden City (which, with more than 17 million visitors in 2018, was ranked as the most-visited museum by the China Daily News Agency[8]); the Palace of Versailles (8,132,518 visitors in 2018);[9] Peterhof Palace (5,714,700 visitors in 2018), which is formally classified either as a "Дворцо́во-па́рковый анса́мбль, or Palace-Park Ensemble" or as a "Museum-Park Ensemble" by the Russian Ministry of Culture;[10] the Museum of King John III's Palace at Wilanów (3,279,889 visitors in 2017); and Istanbul's Topkapı Palace (2,980,450 visitors in 2018).[11]
  2. ^ Includes visitors at the main Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Met Cloisters, but not the 398,922 visitors recorded at the Met Breuer.[13]
  3. ^ Includes only the visitors recorded at the main museum in Taipei, and not the 991,666 visitors recorded at the Southern Branch.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Definition of MUSEUM". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Museum Definition - ICOM". icom.museum. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  3. ^ "MUSEUM | definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary". dictionary.cambridge.org. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  4. ^ "museum | Definition of museum in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Museum definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary". www.collinsdictionary.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  6. ^ "museum | Definition, History, Types, & Operation". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  7. ^ "museum (noun) American English definition and synonyms | Macmillan Dictionary". www.macmillandictionary.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Beijing's Forbidden City ranks most visited museum in the world". China Daily. 18 December 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  9. ^ "5 most visited museums". European Group on Museum Statistics. 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Музеи. Статистическая информация". Ministry of Culture of Russia. 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  11. ^ a b "Most visited museums in Turkey". Deema Tourism and International Trade. 22 January 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "TEA/AECOM 2018 Theme Index and Museum Index Report" (PDF). May 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "Art's most popular: Exhibition and museum visitor figures 2018" (PDF). The Art Newspaper. April 2019.
  14. ^ a b "Visitors to the Principal Tourist Spots in Taiwan, January-December 2018". Tourism Bureau, MOTC. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  15. ^ a b "Estadística de Visitantes" (in Spanish). INAH. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  16. ^ "2018 Visitor Figures". Association of Leading Visitor Attractions. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  17. ^ "Рейтинг музеев – 2019: как российские музеи борются за посещаемость" (in Russian). The Art Newspaper Russia. 14 May 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.