List of governors of the Straits Settlements

Flag of the Governor of the Straits Settlements (1867–1946)

The Governor of the Straits Settlements was appointed by the British East India Company until 1867, when the Straits Settlements became a crown colony. Thereafter the Governor was appointed by the Colonial Office. The position existed from 1826 to 1946. Between 1942 and 1945 the office was not filled, as the Straits Settlements was then under Japanese occupation. From the late 19th century onward, the Governor of the Straits Settlements was usually also British High Commissioner in Malaya and Brunei and British Agent for Sarawak and British North Borneo.[1]

List of British Governors (1826–1946)Edit

  British Straits Settlements  
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Monarch
Took Office Left Office Duration
1   Robert Fullerton
(1773–1831)
27 November 1826 12 November 1830 3 years, 11 months  

George IV

 

William IV

2   Robert Ibbetson
(1789–1880)
12 November 1830 7 December 1833 3 years, 25 days
3   Kenneth Murchison
(1794–1854)
7 December 1833 17 November 1836 2 years, 11 months
4   Sir Samuel George Bonham
(1803–1863)
18 November 1836 January 1843 ~ 6 years, 1 month
 

Victoria

  Ruled directly from the British East India Company  
From January to August 1843.
5   Major General William John Butterworth
(1801–1856)
August 1843 21 March 1855 ~ 11 years, 9 months
6   Edmund Augustus Blundell
(1804–1868)
21 March 1855 6 August 1859 4 years, 4 months
1858:   East India Company and Board of Control replaced by   India Office and Council of India in the Government of India Act 1858.
7   Major General Sir William Orfeur Cavenagh
(1820–1891)
6 August 1859 16 March 1867 7 years, 7 months
1 April 1867: Control passed from   Bengal to the   Colonial Office in London and the   Straits Settlements became a Crown colony.
8   Major General Sir Harry St. George Ord
(1819–1885)
16 March 1867 4 March 1871 3 years, 11 months
  Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
4 March 1871 22 March 1872 1 year and 18 days
8   Major General Sir Harry St. George Ord
(1819–1885)
22 March 1872 3 November 1873 1 year, 7 months
  Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
3 November 1873 4 November 1873 1 day
9   Sir Andrew Clarke
(1824–1902)
4 November 1873 8 May 1875 1 year, 6 months
10   Sir William Jervois
(1821–1897)
8 May 1875 3 April 1877 1 year, 10 months
  Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
3 April 1877 August 1877 ~ 4 months
11   Sir William Cleaver Francis Robinson
(1834–1897)
August 1877 10 February 1879 ~ 1 year, 5 months
  Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
Acting
10 February 1879 16 May 1880 1 year, 3 months
12   Sir Frederick Weld
(1823–1891)
16 May 1880 17 October 1887 7 years, 5 months
13   Sir Cecil Clementi Smith
(1840–1916)
17 October 1887 30 August 1893 5 years, 10 months
  William Edward Maxwell
(1846–1897)
Acting
30 August 1893 1 February 1894 5 months and 2 days
14   Sir Charles Mitchell
(1836–1899)
Died while in office
1 February 1894 7 December 1899 5 years, 10 months
  James Alexander Swettenham
(1846–1933)
Acting
7 December 1899 5 November 1901 1 year, 10 months
 

Edward VII

15   Sir Frank Swettenham
(1850–1946)
5 November 1901 16 April 1904 2 years, 5 months
16   Sir John Anderson
(1858–1918)
16 April 1904 2 September 1911 7 years, 4 months
 

George V

17   Sir Arthur Young
(1854–1938)
2 September 1911 17 February 1920 8 years, 5 months
18   Sir Laurence Guillemard
(1862–1951)
17 February 1920 3 June 1927 7 years, 3 months
19   Sir Hugh Clifford
(1866–1941)
3 June 1927 21 October 1929 2 years, 4 months
  Sir John Scott
(1878 – 1946)
Acting
21 October 1929 5 February 1930 3 months and 15 days
20   Sir Cecil Clementi
(1875–1947)
5 February 1930 17 February 1934 4 years and 12 days
  Sir Andrew Caldecott
(1884–1951)
Acting
17 February 1934 9 November 1934 8 months and 23 days
21   Sir Shenton Thomas
(1879–1962)
9 November 1934 15 February 1942 7 years, 3 months
 

Edward VIII

 

George VI

  Japanese Occupation of the Straits Settlements  
From 15 February 1942 to 12 September 1945.
  British Military Administration of the Straits Settlements  
From 12 September 1945 to 31 March 1946.
 

George VI

  Lord Louis Mountbatten
(1900–1979)
British High Command
12 September 1945 31 March 1946 6 months and 19 days
  Continuation of the Governor of the Straits Settlements  
21   Sir Shenton Thomas
(1879–1962)
12 September 1945 31 March 1946 6 months and 19 days
  Singapore became a separate Crown Colony  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Past and present leaders of Singapore". Singapore National Library Board.