This article provides the list of deceased Maraji (plural of Marja, the supreme legal authority or the source of emulation), both current and deceased, followed by Twelver (also known as Imamiyyah) Shia Muslims around the world. The concept of a Marja-i Taqlid (lit. source of emulation) is central to Usuli Shi'a Islam.[1] Marja-i Taqlids provide religious interpretations on matters of law and rituals. Among the functions of Marja-i Taqlids is the collection and distribution of religious taxes (zakat and khums).

DeceasedEdit

Note: The names are ordered by date of death (descending) as an arbitrary standard.

Till 350 AH/960 CEEdit

Following are ulema (who may or may not be considered maraji) who have spent their major life spans before 350 AH/960 CE:

S No
Image
Name
Year of Birth[2]
CE
AH
Year of Death[2]
CE
AH
Birth
Education
Death
Website
Notes
1 - Aban -
Abu Sa'id Aban ibn Taghlib ibn Rubah al-Bakri al-Jurairi al-Kindi al-Rabie al-Kufi
-
-
-
758
141
  Iraq   Saudi Arabia   Saudi Arabia Biography ,[3][4]
2 - Abu Baseer -
Yehya Bin al-Qasim al-Hadhdha’
-
-
-
-
150
- - - Biography [5]
3 - Ibn Muslim -
Mohammad bin Muslim
-
-
-
-
-
- - - Biography [6]
4 - Zakariya Qummi -
Zakariya bin Adam-e-Qummi
-
-
-
-
-
- - - - ,[7][8]
5 - Yunus -
Yunus bin Abdul-Rahman
-
-
-
825-826
210
- - - - ,[9][10]
6 - Safwan -
Abu Muhammad Safwan ibn Yahya al Bajali Bayya' al-Sabiri
-
-
-
-
-
- - - - ,[10][11][12]
7 - Abu Umayr -
Muhammad bin Abu-Umayr
-
-
-
-
-
- - - - [10]
8 - Mughirah -
Abdullah bin al-Mughirah
-
-
-
-
-
- - - - [10]
9 - Ali al-Uraidhi - علي العريضي
Abu Hasan Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq
-
757-
140-
835+
220+
  Saudi Arabia   Saudi Arabia   Saudi Arabia Biography -
10 - Rad -
al-Hassan bin Mahboob al-Rad (or al‑Sarrad or al‑Zarrad) al‑Kufi
-
-
-
839
224
- - - - ,[10][13][14][15]
11 - Abi-Nasr -
Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Abi-Nasr
-
-
-
-
-
- - - - [10]
12 - Uthman al-Amri -
Uthman ibn Sa’id al-Asadi
-
-
-
-
267-
- - - - [16]
13 - Abū Is’hāq -
Abū Is’hāq Ibrāhīm ibn Muhammad ibn Sa’eed ibn Hilāl Thaqafī Isfahānī
-
-
-
896+
283
  Iraq   Iraq   Iran Biography -
14 - Ahwāzī -
Abū Muhammad Husein ibn Sa’īd ibn Hamād ibn Mehrān Ahwāzī
-
-
896+
283+
  Iraq   Iraq   Iran Biography [17]
15 - Mohammad al-Amri -
Mohammad bin Saeed al-Amri
-
-
-
-
305
- - - - [18]
16 - Ummani -
al-Hasan ibn 'Ali ibn Abi `Aqil al-`Ummani
-
-
-
941
329
- - - - ,[19][20][21][22]
17 - Qummi - قمي'
Ali ibn Babawayh al-Qummi
علي بن القمي
-
-
941
329
- - - - [19]
18 - Kulayni - الكليني
Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni
محمد بن يعقوب الكليني
864
250
941
329
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq Biography 1, Biography 2 [19]
19 - Iskāfī -
Abū Alī Muhammad ibn Humām ibn Suhail Iskāfī
-
872
258
947
336
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq Biography -

351 AH/961 CE to 1200 AH/1785 CEEdit

Following are ulema who have spent their major life span between 350 AH/961 CE & 1200 AH/1785 CE:

S No
Image
Name
Year of Birth[2]
CE
AH
Year of Death[2]
CE
AH
Birth
Education
Death
Website
Notes
1 - Ibn-e Qūliwayh -
Sheikh Abul-Qāsim Ja’far ibn Muhammad son of Ja’far ibn Mūsā ibn Masrūr ibn Qūliwayh-e Qummī
-
-
-
0977
367
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography -
2 - Ayyashi - عياشي
Ayyashi al-Samarqandi
عياشي السمرقندي
-
-
0978
368
- - - - [19]
3 - Abū Ghālib Zurārī
Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Suleimān ibn Hasan ibn Jahm ibn Bukair ibn A’yun Shaybānī Kūfī Baghdadi
-
898
285
0978
368
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq Biography -
4 - Iskafi -
Ibn Junayd al-Iskafi
-
-
-
0991
381
- - - - [19]
5 - Shaykh Saduq - شيخ صدوق
Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Babawayh al-Qummi
أبو جعفر محمد ابن علي ابن بابويه القمي
918
305
0993
383
  Iran   Iraq   Iran - -
6 - Saheb, Al Kafat - صاحب
Ismail ibne Ibad
صاحب بن عباد
-
-
0993
383
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography [19]
7 - Al-Sharif al-Radi or Razi - الرضي
Sayyid al-Razi
الشريف الرضي
970
359
1015
406
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq - [19]
8 - Shaykh Mufid - شيخ مفيد
Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Nu'man al-'Ukbari al-Baghdadi
أبو عبد الله محمد بن محمد بن النعمان البغدادي
948
336
1022
413
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq - [19]
9 Ibn Sīnā - ابن سینا
Abū ‘Alī al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Sīnā
-
980
Safar 370
1037
4 Ramadan 428
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography -
10 - Sayyid Murtadhā - سيد مرتضى
Abu al-Qāsim ‘Alī ibn Husayn al-Syyid al-Murtadhā Alam al-Huda
أبو القاسم علي بن الحسين السيد المرتضى علم الهدى
965
355
1044
436
- - - - ,[19][23]
11 - Halabi - حلبي
Abu al-Salah al-Halabi
أبو الصلاح الحلبي
-
-
1055
447
- - - - [19]
12 - Najjashi - النجاشي
Ahmad ibn Ali al-Najjashi
احمد بن علي النجاشي
-
-
1058
450
- - - [19]
13 - Shaykh Tusi - شیخ طوسی
Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Hasan Tusi
ابوجعفر محمد بن حسن طوسی
995
385
1068
460
- - - [19]
14 - Ibn Barraj - بن براج
Qazi Abdul-Aziz al-Halabi
قاضي عبد العزيز الحلبي
-
-
1088
481
- - - [19]
15 - Hākim Haskāni, Ibn-e-Haddād -
Qāzi Hākim AbulQāsīm Ubeidullāh Ibn Abdullāh Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Haskāni Qurashī Āmirī Neishābūrī
-
-
1097
490
- - - Biography -
16 - Allamah Tabarsi - العلامة الطبرسي
Amin al-Islam Abu Ali Fadal ibn Hassan ibn al-Fadl al-Tabarsi
أمين الإسلام الطبرسي
1074
468
1153
548
- - - Biography [19]
17 - Rawandi
Qutubuddin Rawandi
-
-
-
1177
573
- - - - [19]
18 - Ibne Ashob
Ibne Shahr Ashob
-
-
-
1177
588
- - - - [19]
19 - Hilli
Muhammad Ibn Idrees Hilli
-
1148
543
1202
598
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq Biography [19]
20 - KASHMIRI
Sayyed Hussain Qummi
  Iran   Iran   India [19]
21 - Muntajabuddīn
Muntajabuddīn Alī Ibn Ubaidullāh Ibn Hasan Ibn Bābiwayh Qummī
-
-
504
1204
600
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography -
21 - Ibn Taoos
Syed Razi Al Deen Abul Qasim Ali Ibn Moosa Ibn Jafar Ibn Taoos
-
-
5 Moharrum 579
1266
664
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq Biography [19]
22 - Nasiruddin Toosi
Khwajah Nasiruddin Toosi
-
-
597
1274
673
- - - - ,[19][23]
23 - Ghayas ud Deen
Syed Abd al Karim Ibn Jamal ud Deen Ahmed Ibn Moosa Ibn Jafar ibn Taoos
-
1250
648
1294
693
- - - Biography -
24 - Mohaqiq Hilli
Jafar ibne Yahya ibn Hasan ibne Saeed
-
1204
602
1277
676
- - - Biography -
25 - Irbeli
Abul Hasan Ali ibne Isā ibne Abulfath Irbeli
-
-
-
1294
693
- - - Biography -
26 - Allamah Hilli
Abu Mafsoor Hasan ibn Yusuf ibne Ali ibn Mazaher
-
1250
19 Ramadan 648
1326
11 Muharram 726
- - - Biography [19][23]
27 - Mahaqqeqeen Hilli
Fakhrul Mahaqqeqeen Hilli
-
-
-
1368
771
- - - - [19]
28 - Shaheed Awwal
Abu Abd Allah Shams ud Deen Mohammed ibn Jamal ud Deen Makki
-
1334
734
1384
786
  Lebanon   Saudi Arabia   Syria - [19]
29 - Miqdad
Fazil Miqdad
-
-
-
1423
826
- - - - [19] -
30 - Asadi
Ahmed bin Fahd Hilli Asadi
-
-
757
1437
841
- - - [19]
31 - Bayādhi
Ali bin Yūnus Nabāti Bayādhi
-
1402
804
1472
877
- - - Biography -
32 - Kaf’ami
Taqiyuddin Ibrahim Kaf’ami
-
-
-
1500
905
- - - - [19]
33 - Muhaqqiq al-Karaki
Nuraddin Ali ibn Abdul-Aal al-Karki
-
-
870
1533
940
- - - - [23]
34 - Shaheed Saani
Jamal ud Deen ibn Noor ud Deen Ali ibn Fazil Ahmed ibn jamal ud Deen ibn Taqi ibn Mohammed Saleh
-
1505
911
1559
966
  Lebanon   Iraq   Saudi Arabia - [19]
35 - Muqaddas Ardebili
Mohammed ibn Ahmed Ardebili
-
-
-
1585
Safar 993
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq Biography [19]
36 - Shaheed Salis
Qazi Nurullah Shustari
-
1549
956
1610
1019
  Iran   Iraq   India - [19]
37 - Shaykh Bahai
Mohammed bin Hasan al Harthi Jeehi Amili Bahai
-
1546
17 Moharram 953
1622
12 Shawwal 1031
  Lebanon   Iran   Iran Biography [19]
38 - Mulla Sadra
-

1640
1050
- - - - [19]
39 - Allameh Majlisi Awwal
Mohammad Taqi Majlisi
-
-
-
1660
1070
- - - - [19]
40 - Mulla Mazandarani
Saleh Mazandarani
-
-
-
1670
1081
- - - - [19]
41 - Muhaqqiq Sabzwari
Muhammad Baqir Sabzwari
-
-
-
1679
1090
- - - - [24]
42 - Mulla Faiz Kashani
Mohammed Mohsin Faiz Kashani
-
1599
1007
1680
1091
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography [19]
43 - Muhaqqiq Khwansari
Husain Khwansari
-
-
-
1687
1098
- - - - [24]
44 - Shaykh Ameli
Shaykh Hurr Ameli
-
-
8 Rajab 1033
1693
21 Ramadan 1104
- - - Biography [19]
45 - Allamah Bahrani
Sayyed Hashim Bahrani
-
-
-
1696
1107
- - - - [19]
46   Allamah Majlisi Sani
Mohammad Baqir Majlisi
-
1628
1037
1699
1111
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography [19]
47 - Jazaeri
Sayyed Ne’matullah Jazaeri
-
-
-
1700
1112
- - - - [19]
48 - Aqa Khunsari
Jamaluddin Mohammad Khunsari
-
-
-
1713
1125
- - - - [19]
49 - Mirza Afandi
Mirza Abdullah Isfahani Afandi
-
-
-
1718
1130
- - - - [19][25]
50 - 'Fazil-e-Hindi
Muhammad Bahauddin Fazil bin Hasan bin Muhammad Isfahani
-
-
1062
1725
1137
- - - Biography ,[19][24]
51 - Sahib Hadaeq
Yusuf bin Ahmed
-
-
-
1772
1186
- - - - [19]
52 - Wahid Al-Bihbahani
Muhammad Baqir bin Muhammad Akmal
-
-
1118
1793
1207
- - - - ,[19][23]
53 - Mulla Naraqi
Mohammad Mahdee Naraqi
-
1716
1128
1794
1209
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography [19]
54 - Allamah Bahrul Uloom
Sayyed Mohammad Mahdi Bahrul Uloom
-
1742
Shawwal 1155
1797
1212
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq Biography [19]

Between 1201 AH/1786 CE and 1300 AH/1883 CEEdit

Following are ulema (who may or may not be considered maraji) who have spent their major life span after 1201 AH/1785 CE & 1300 AH/1883 CE:

S No
Image
Name
Year of Birth Year of Death Birth
Education
Death
Website
Notes
1 - Ayatullah Ameli
Sayyed Jawad Husainee Ameli

1811
1226
- [19]
2 - Ayatullah Kashifal Ghita
Shaikh Ja’far Kashifal Ghita

1813
1228
- [26]
3 - Mirzaye Qummi


1815
1231
[19]
4 - Tabatabai
Sayyed Ali Tabatabai

1816
1231
[19]
4a - Ghufraan Ma'ab - غفران ماب
Syed Dildar Ali Naqvi Naseerabadi
سيد دلدار على نصيرابادى
1753
17 Rabi-us-sani 1166
3 May 1820
19 Rajab-ul-Murajjab1235
  India   India -   Iran -   Iraq   India Biography 1, Biography 2 -
5 - Mulla Naraqi
Ahmad Naraqi
1771
1185
1826+
1241+
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography -
6 - Ayatullah Mujahid
Sayyed Mohammad Mujahid

1827
1242
[19]
7 - Shabbar
Sayyed Abdullah Shabbar

1827
1242
[19]
8 - Mirza Mujtahid
Mirza Maseeh Mujtahid

1830
1245
[19]
9 - Shafti
Sayyed Mohammad Baqir Shafti

1844
1260
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Biography [19]
10 - Mulla Barghani
Mohammad Taqi Barghani

1848
1264
[19]
11   Saheb e Jawahir - Najafi
Sheikh Muhammad Hassan Najafi
1785
1200
1850
1265
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq - [19]
12 - Aalam-ul-ulama
Sayyed Sibt-e-Hussain

1868
1952
13   Mulla Sabzewari
Hadi Sabzewari

1872
1289
  Iran   Iran   Iran [19]
14   Shaikh Ansari
Murtaza bin Muhammad Amin Ansari
-
1799
1214
1880
1298
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq Biography [19]
15   Mulla Keni
Ali Keni

1889
1306
[19]
16 - Meer Husain
Meer Hamid Husain

1889
1306
[19]
17 - Mulla Hamadani
Husain Quli Hamadani

1893
1311
[19]
18   Mirzaye Shirazi
Sayyed Mohammad Hassan Shirazi

1894
1312
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq [19]
19 - Mirza Rashti
Mirza Habibullah Rashti

1894
1312
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq [19]
20 - Abul Hasan Kaskmiri
Allama Abul Hasan Rizvi Kashmiri Lucknowi


1313
  India   India-  Iraq   Iraq [19]
21   Mirza Jilweh
Mirza Abul Hasan Jilweh

1896
1314
  Iran   Iran   Iran [19]
22   Allamah Assadabadi
Sayyed Jamaluddin Assadabadi

1896
1314
[19]

Between 1301 AH/1884 CE to 1400 AH/1980 CEEdit

Following are ulema (who may or may not be considered maraji) who have spent their major life span after 1301 AH/1884 CE to 1400 AH/1980 CE:

S No
Image
Name
Year of Birth Year of Death Birth
Education
Death
Website
Notes
1 - Khalkhali Ardabaili
Syed Murtaza Khalkhali Ardabaili
-
-
-
1317
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq [27][28] -
2   Mirza Ashtiyani
Mirza Mohammad Hasan Ashtiyani

1900
1318
  Iran   Iraq   Iran [19]
3   Muhaddis Noori
Mirza hussain Noori ibn e Mohammed Taqi Noori Tabrisi
1838
1254
1902
1320
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq Biography [19]
4   Aqa Hamadani
Reza Hamadani

1904
1322
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq [19]
5 - Najafi
Mohammad Taha Najafi
1825
1241
1905
1323
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq [19]
6 - Kashmiri
Sayed Murtaza Kashmiri
1851
1268
1905
1323
  India [29]
7   Shaikh Behari
Mohammad Behari

1907
1325
  Iran   Iran   Iran [19]
8   Mirza Khalili
Mirza Hossein Khalili
1815
1230
1908
1326
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq [30]
9   Shaikh Noori
Fazlullah Noori
1843
1259
1909
1327
  Iran   Iraq   Iran [19]
10   Hakeem Qashqai
Jahangir Khan Qashqai
1827
1243
1910
1328
  Iran   Iran   Iran [19]
11   Abutaleb Zanjani
Seyyed Mirza Abutaleb Zanjani
1843
1259
1911
1329
  Iran   Iraq   Iran [31]
12   Mulla Khurasani
Mohammad Kazim Khurasani
1839
1255
1911
1329
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq [19]
13 - Tabrizi
Reza Tabrizi
1848
1265
1912
1331
-
14 - Karbala'i
Seyed Ahmad Tehrani Karbala'i

1913
1332
[32] -
15   Shaikh Behari
Mohammad Baqir Behari

1914
1333
  Iran   Iraq   Iran [19]
16 Rashti
Mohammad Ali Rashti
1836
1252
1915
1334
-
17   Ayatullah Yazdi
Sayyed Mohammad Kazim Tabatabai Yazdi

1918
1337
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq [19]
18 Allamah Sadr
Sayyed Isma’il Sadr

1920
1338
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq [19]
19   Mirza Shirazi
Mirza Mohammad Taqi Shirazi

1920
1338
[19]
20 - Sheikh ol-Shari'a Esfahani
Fat'hullah Namazi Shirazi
1849
1266
1921
1339
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq [19]
21   Mulla Kashani
Habibullah Shareef Kashani

1922
1340
  Iran   Iran   Iran [19]
22 - Aqa Iraqi
Nuruddin Iraqi

1923
1341
[19]
23 - Durcheye
Sayyed Mohammad Baqir Durcheye

1924
1342
[19]
24   Khalessi
Mohammad Mahdi Khalessi

1925
1343
[19]
25   Aqa Tabrizi
Mirza Jawad Malelki Tabrizi
1875
1292
3 July 1925
11 Zilhijjah 1343
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Biography [19]
26   Isfahani
Nurullah Isfahani

1927
1345
[19]
27 - Lari
Sayyed Abdul Husain Lari

1928
1346
[19]
28 Baqer ul Uloom
Mohammad Baqer Rizvi Lucknowi

1928
  India   Iraq   Iraq [19]
29 - Allamah Balaghi


1934
1352
[19]
30   Dehkurdi
Sayyed Abul Qasim Dehkurdi

1934
1353
[19]
31   Qazwini
Sayyed Moosa Zarabadi Qazwini

1934
1353
[19]
32   Hasan al-Sadr
Sayyed Hasan Sadr

1935
1354
[19]
33   Mirza Naini
Ayatollah Mirza Hussein Naini
1860
1936
1355
  Iran

  Iran   Iraq

  Iraq Biography [19]
34   Shaikh Haeri
Abdul Kareem Haeri
1850
1274
1936
17 Zilqad 1355
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography [19]
35   Shaheed Mudaress
Sayyid Hassan Mudaress

1937
1355
[19]
36   Muhaddis Qummi
Shaykh Abbas Ibne Muhammad Reza Abul Qasim Qummi

1290
1940
23 Zilahjj 1359
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq Biography [19]
37   Hasanali Isfahani
Shaykh Hasanali Isfahani Gharawi
1279
1862
1941
17 Sha’ban 1361
  Iran   Iran -   Iraq   Iran Biography [19]
38   Araki
Aqa Ziyauddin Araki

1942
1360
[19]
39 - Mufti Ash-Shia Ardbaili
Syed Muhammad Taqi Mufti Ash-Shia Ardbaili
-
-
-
1361
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq [27] [33]
40 - Durcheye
Sayyed Mohammad Mahdi Durcheye

1945
1364
[19]
41   Mirza Isfahani
Mirza Mahdi Isfahani

1946
1365
[19]
42   Aqa Qummi
Husain Qummi Tabatabei

1946
1365
[19]
43   Isfahani
Sayyed Abul Hasan Isfahani
1860
1946
1365
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq Biography [19]
44   Shirazi
Sheikh Muhammad Kazem Shirazi
1875
1292
1946
1365
  Iran   Iraq   Iran -
45   Aqa Qazi Tabatabei
Sayyed Ali Aqa Qazi Tabatabei
1866
1283
1947
1366
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq -
46   Shahabadi
Mohammad Ali Shahabadi
1875
1950
1368
[19]
47   Shaikh Nahawandi
Ali Akbar Nahawandi

1950
1369
[19]
48   Ayatullah Khunsari
Sayyed Mohammad Taqi Khunsari

1274
1951
1371
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Biography [19]
49   Kabuli
Sardar Kabuli

1952
1371
  Afghanistan [19]
50   Mohsin al-Ameen
Sayyed Mohsin Ameen

1952
1371
  Lebanon   Iraq   Lebanon [19]
51   Kuh Kamari
Sayyid Muhammad Hujjat Hussain Kuh-Kamari
1892
1310
1952
1371
  Iran   Iraq   Iran -
52   Sadr al-Din
Sadr al-Din al-Sadr
1882
1299
1954
1373
  Iraq   Iran   Iran -
53 Shaikh Kashif al-Ghita
Mohammed Hussain Kashif al-Ghita
1872
1214
1954
1373
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq Biography [19]
54   Gulpaygani
Sayyed Jamaluddin Gulpaygani

1957
1377
[19]
55 Ameli
Sayyed Sharafuddin Ameli

1958
1377
[19]
56   Mahdi Shirazi -
Sayyid Mirza Mahdi Hussaini Shirazi
سيد ميرزا مهدى حسيني شيرازي
1887
1304
1960
1380
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq Biography
57   Borujerdi
Seyyed Hossein Borujerdi
1875
1292
30 March 1961
13 Shawaal 1381
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Biography [19]
58   Kashani
Sayyed Abul Qasim Kashani
1882
1961
1381
  Iran   Iraq   Iran [19]
59   Shirazi
Sayyid Abdul Hadi Hussaini Shirazi
1887
1305
1962
1382
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq -
60 - Shaikh Muzaffar
Mohammad Reza Muzaffar

1963
1382
[19]
61 - Shahrestani
Hibatuddin Shahrestani

1966
1385
[19]
62   Aqa Buzurg Tehrani
Mohammed Hassan Razi
1875
1969
1388
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq [19]
63 Mohsin-ul-millat
Syed Mohsin Nawab Rizvi
سید محسن نواب رضوی
1901
1969
1388
  India   India -   Iraq   India [34]
64   Mohsin al-Hakeem
Sayyed Mohsin Hakeem
1889
1970
1389
  Lebanon   Iraq   Iraq Biography [19]
65   Allamah Amini
Abdul Hossein Amini

1970
1389
[19]
66 - Shaikh Kuhistani
Mohammad Kuhistani

1972
1392
[19]
67 - Allamah Sha’rani


1973
1393
[19]
68   Shahroudi
Sayyed Mahmood Husseini Shahroudi

1974
1394
[19]
69 - Behbahani
Sayyed Ali Musawi Behbahani

1975
1395
[19]
70   Milani
Sayyed Mohammad Hadi Milani
1892
1313
1975
1395
  Iraq   Iraq   Iran [19]
71   Aqa Arbab
Raheem Arbab
1880
1297
1976
1396
  Iran   Iran   Iran [19]
72   Ustad Shaheed Mutahhari
Murtaza Mutahhari
مرتضی مطهری
1920
1979
1399
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography [19]
73 Mustanbat Najafi
Sayyid Ahmed Mustanbat Najafi
سيد أحمد مستنبط نجفي
1925
1324
1979
1399
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq -
74   Shaheed Khamis, Baqir al-Sadr
Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr
1935
1980
1400
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq [19]
75 - Shaikh Mugni’ah
Mohammad Jawad Mugni’ah

1980
1400
[19]

After 1400 AH/1980 CEEdit

Following are ulema (who may or may not be considered maraji) who have spent their major life span after 1400 AH/1980 CE:

S No
Image
Name
Year of Birth Year of Death Birth
Education
Death
Website
Notes
1 - Shaheed Madani


1981
1401
[19]
2   Allamah Tabatabai - علامه طباطبائی
Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei
سید محمد حسین طباطبائی
16 March 1904
29 Dhul-Hijja 1321
7 November 1981
18 Muharram 1402
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Official website, Biography [19]
3   Dastghaib Shirazi
Abul-Husayn Dastghaib Shirazi

11 December 1981
18 Muharram 1402
  Iran   Iraq

  Iran

Biography 1, Biography 2
4 - Khadmi
Syed Hassan Moosavi Khadmi Asfahani

1984
1404
,[19][35][36]
5 - Shirazi
Sayyed Abdullah Shirazi

1984
1405
[19]
6   Shirazi - شيرازى
Sayyid Abdullah Shirazi
1892
1985
1405
  Iran   Iraq   Iran [19]
7   Shariatmadari شريعت مدرى
Sayyid Mohammad Kazem Shariatmadari
1904
1986
1406
  Iran   Iraq   Iran [19]
8   Allamah Naq'qan
Sayyed Ali Naqi Naqvi
1905
1988
1408
  India   India -   Iraq   India [19]
9   Khomeini - خمینی
Sayyid Ruhollah Mousavi Khomeini
سيد روح الله موسوی خمینی
1902
1989
1409
  Iran   Iran   Iran Official website [19]
10   Mar’ashi - مرعشى
Sayyid Abul Ma'ali Shahab ad-Din Muhammad Hussain Mar’ashi Najafi

1990
1411
  Iraq   Iraq   Iran Biography [19]
11 - Agha Janab
Allama Syed Hasan Al-Rizvi Hindi Lucknowi

1991   India   India-  Iraq   Iraq [19]
12   Khoei - خوئي
Seyyid Abul Qasim Musawi Khoei
سيد ابولقاسم موسوي الخوئي
19 November 1899
15 Rajab 1317
8 August 1992
1412
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq Official website, Biography [19]
13   Hashem Amoli - هاشم آملى
Mirza Hashem Amoli
ميرزا هاشم آملى
1899
1316
1993
1413
  Iran   Iran   Iran -
14   Sabzwari- سبزوارى
Sayyid Abd al A'la al-Sabzwari
السيد عبد الأعلى السبزوارى
10 December 1911
1329
13 August 1993
1414
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq -
15   Golpaygani
Sayid Mohammad Reza Golpaygani
1898
9 December 1993
1413
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography 1, Biography 2 [19]
16   Araki - اراكى
Mohammad Ali Araki
1895
1994
25th of Jumadi al-Akhar 1414
  Iran   Iran   Iran Biography [19]
17 - Allamah Shustari


1995
1415
[19]
18 - Marandi
Mirza Ali Akbar Marandi

1995
1415
[19]
19 - Bahauddini
Syed Radha
1909
1997
1417
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Biography [19]
20   Allamah Ja’fari - علامه جعفرى
Mohammad Taqi Ja’fari
1923
1998
1418
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Official website [19]
21   Rouhani - روحانى
Sayyid Muhammad Rohanai
1919
1338
1998
1418
  Iran   Iran
  Iraq
  Iran -
22 - Azari
Ahmad Azari-Qomi-Bigdeli
1925
1999
1419
  Iran   Iran   Iran - -
23   Sadeq al-Sadr صادق الصدر
Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr
1943
1999
1419
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq - [19]
24   Gharavi
Sheikh Ali Gharavi
1931
1349
1999
1419
  Iran   Iran
  Iraq
  Iraq -
25   Shirazi - شيرازى
Sayyed Mohammad Hussaini Shirazi
1928
2001
1421
  Iraq   Iraq   Official website [19]
26 Movahed Abtahi
Sayyed Muhammad Ali Movahed Abtahi
1922
1340
2002
1422
  Iran   Iran   Iran -
27 Kokabi
Sayyid Abul Qasim al-Kokabi
1926
1334
2005
1425
  Iran   Iran
  Iraq
  Iran -
28   Tabrizi - تبريزى
Mirza Javad Tabrizi
1926
2006
1426
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Official website [19]
29   Qomi - قمى
Hassan Tabatabaei Qomi
1917
1335
2007
1427
  Iran   Iraq   Iran - -
30   Shaykh Lankarani - الشيخ لنكرانى
Mohammad Fazel Lankarani
1931
2007
1427
  Iran   Iran   Iran Official website, Biography -
31 - Bahlool
Ayatullah Shaykh Muhammad Taqi Bahlool
1908
2008
1429
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Biography 1, Biography 2 -
32   Bahjat - بهجت
Mohammad Taghi Bahjat Foumani
1917
2009
1430
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Official website -
33   Montazeri - منتظري
Hossein Ali Montazeri
حسين علي منتظري
1922
1340
2009
1431
  Iran   Iran   Iran Official website -
34   Golpaygani - گلپایگانی
Ali Safi Golpaygani
علی صافی گلپایگانی
1913
1331
2010
1431
  Iran   Iran   Iran Official website -
35   Mousavi - موسوي
Sayyid Mohammad Mofti al-Shi'a Mousavi
السيد محمد مفتي الشيعة موسوي
1928
1347
2010
1431
  Iran   Iran &   Iraq   Iran Official Website -
36   Fadlallah - فضل الله
Sayyid Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah
السيد محمد حسين فضل الله
1935
1353
2010
1431
  Iraq   Iraq   Lebanon Official Website -
37   Kashani - کاشانی
Sayyid Abbas Hosseini Kashani
السید عباس حسيني کاشانی
1931
1350
2010
1431
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Official Website -
38   Faqih - فقيه
Mirza Mohammad Hassan Ahmadi Faqih
ميرزا محمد حسن احمدى فقيه
1951
1370
2010
1431
  Iran   Iran   Iran Official Website -
39   Tehrani - تهرانی
Mohammad Sadeqi Tehrani
محمد صادقی تهرانی
1926
1345
2011
1432
  Iran   Iran   Iran Official Website -
40 - Ansari - انصاري
Mohammad Ebrahim Ansari
محمد إبراهيم الأنصاري
1936
1355
19 February 2011
1432
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq Biography -
41   Koochebaghi - کوچه باغی
Mohsen Koochebaghi Tabrizi
محسن کوچه باغی تبریزی
1924
1343
2011
1432
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Official Website[permanent dead link] -
42   Tehrani - تهراني
Mojtaba Tehrani
مجتبي تهراني
1933
1352
2013
1434
  Iran   Iran   Iran Official Website -
43   Zanjani - زنجانی
Sayyid Mohammad Ezodin Hosseini Zanjani
سید محمد عزالدین حسيني زنجانی
1921
1340
2013
1434
  Iran   Iran &   Iraq   Iran Official Website -
44   Tabrizi - تبریزی
Sayyid Yousef Madani Tabrizi
السيد يوسف مدنی تبریزی
1928
1347
2013
1434
  Iran   Iran   Iran Official Website -
45   Malakouti - ملكوتی
Moslem Malakouti
مسلم ملكوتی
1923
1341
2014
1435
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Official Website -
46   Shirazi - شيرازي
Sayyid Mohammad Baqer Shirazi
السيد محمد باقر شيرازي
1931
1350
2014
1435
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Official Website -
47   Fayaz - فياض
Sayyid Morteza Hosseini Fayaz
السيد مرتضى الحسيني فياض
1928
1347
2014
1435
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq Biography[permanent dead link] -
48   Movahed Abtahi - موحد ابطحي
Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Movahed Abatahi
سيد محمد باقر موحد ابطحي
1928
1346
2014
1435
  Iran   Iran &   Iraq   Iran -
49   Sharbiani - شربياني
Sheikh Abdul Hameed Sharbiani
- 2015
1436
  Iran   Iran   Iran [Official Website] [39]
50   Qomi - قمي
Sayyid Taqi Tabatabaei Qomi
السيد تقي طباطبايي قمي
1923
1341
2016
1437
  Iran   Iraq   Iraq - -
51   Mousavi Ardebili - موسوي اردبيلي
Sayyid Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili
السيد عبدالكريم موسوي اردبيلي
1926
1344
2016
1437
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Official Website -
52 - Fatmi Tabrezi - فاطمي تبريزى
Sayyid Jawad Fatmi Tabrezi
- 2016
1437
  Iran   Iran   Iran [Official Website] [40]
53 Kashani - كاشانى
Houssein Rasti Kashani
حسين راستى كاشانى
1927
1346
2017
1438
  Iran   Iran   Iran [Official Website] [41] [42]
54   Tabatabaei Hassani - طباطبائي حسني
Sayyid Mohammad Ali Tabatabaei Hassani
السيد محمد علي الطباطبائي الحسني
1945
1364
2017
1438
  Iraq   Iraq   Iraq Official Website -
55   Tehrani - تهرانى
Morteza Tehrani
مرتضى تهرانى
2018
1439
  Iran   Iran   Iran Official Website [43][44]
56   Esmailpour Qomsheiy - اسماعيلپور قمشه اي
Mohammad Ali Esmailpour Qomsheiy
محمد علي اسماعيلپور قمشه اي
1940
1359
11 August 2018
1439
  Iran   Iran   Iran Official Website [45] [46]
57   Gharavi Aliari - غروي علياري
Mirza Javad Gharavi Aliari
ميرزا جواد غروي علياري
1935
1353
6 September 2018
1439
  Iran   Iraq   Iran Official Website [47]
58   Shahroudi - شاهرودي
Sayyid Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi
السيد محمود شاهرودي
1948
1367
24 December 2018
1439
  Iraq   Iraq   Iran Official Website [48]
59 Kaboli - كابلى
Mohaqeq Kaboli
محقق كابلى
1928
1346
11 June 2019
1440
 Afghanistan  Afghanistan
 Iraq
 Iran Official Website [49]
60   Shahroudi - شاهرودي
Sayyid Mohammad Shahroudi
السيد محمد شاهرودي
1925
1343
7 July 2019
1440
  Iraq   Iran   Iran Official Website [50]
61   Mohseni - محسني
Mohammad Asif Mohseni
محمد آصف محسني
1936
1354
5 August 2019
1440
  Afghanistan   Iraq   Afghanistan [Official Website] [51]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ John Pike. "Twelvers / Ithna Ashari Islamic Schools of Thought". globalsecurity.org.
  2. ^ a b c d The abbreviation CE refers to the Common Era solar calendar, while AH refers to the Islamic Hijri lunar calendar.
  3. ^ Behar-ul-Anwaar:Vol-02:#80, Appointed by Imam Mohammad al-Baqir for Medina
  4. ^ "Letter 13". Al-Islam.org.
  5. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#103, Appointed by Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq
  6. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#105, Appointed by Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq
  7. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#106, Appointed by Imam Ali ar-Riza
  8. ^ Chapter 4 – Leadership in the era of occultation - Al Muntazar “Sit in Masjid-e-Nabavi and give your verdicts pertaining to religious matters.” .... Imam Reza (a.s.) replied: “Go to Zakaria bin Adam Qummi, he is our turtle in ...
  9. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#107, Appointed by Imam Ali ar-Riza
  10. ^ a b c d e f IMAM AL-KADHIM: HIS SCHOOL AND KNOWLEDGE Archived 2012-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ A Medieval Muslim Scholar at Work: Ibn Ṭāwūs and His Library By Etan Kohlberg, Yahya al-Bajafi Bayya' al-Sabiri (d. 210/825-826)...
  12. ^ Shi'ite Jurists and Authors on Jurisprudence and Hadith Archived 2014-02-04 at the Wayback Machine, ii) Safwan bin Yahya Bayya' Sabari ;
  13. ^ HIS SCHOOL AND KNOWLEDGE Archived 2012-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, Sheikh al-Toosi writes, "The followers of our school of thought have agreed on the probity and trustworthiness of six fuqaha', who were taught and educated by al-Kadhim and al-Ridha (a.s.). They were: Yunus bin Abdul-Rahman, Safwan bin Yahya, Bayya' al-Sabiri, Muhammad bin Abi-Umayr, Abdullah bin al-Mughirah, al-Hassan bin Mahboob al-Rad and Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Abi-Nasr."[34]
  14. ^ [labbaik.ir/en/uploads/book/kafi_part_1.doc Kafi Part 1], Rijal al‑Tusi, By Shaykh al‑Ta'ifah Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn al Hasan al‑Tusi ..... Al‑Hasan ibn Mahbub al‑Sarrad (or al‑Zarrad) al‑Kufi (d.224/839), 6/VIII, Tr 347 ...
  15. ^ Shi'ite Scholars in the Field of Applied Sciences - WWW.AL-SHIA.ORG Archived 2014-02-01 at the Wayback Machine, Hasan bin Mahbub Sarrad, according to Ibn-un-Nadim wrote an exegesis of the Quran. He died in 224 A.H..
  16. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#100, Appointed by Imam Ali al-Naqi
  17. ^ Husein Ibn-e Sa'īd Ahwāzī, Husein Ibn-e Sa'īd Ahwāzī. Abū Muhammad, Husein son of Sa'īd son of Hamād son of Mehrān Ahwāzī, a great Shi'a scholar, was born in Kūfah the city of great ...
  18. ^ Wasail-us-Shia:Vol-18:#107, Appointed by Imam Ali al-Naqi
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em "Addresses of Maraje". islam-laws.com. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  20. ^ The Leading Shia Ulama of Fourth Century Hijrah Archived 2014-02-04 at the Wayback Machine, Ibn Abi Aqeel Ummani This Umman is on the coast of Yemen, and therefore he was also known as Yemeni.
  21. ^ The Science of Jurisprudence among the Shi'ah Archived 2012-09-14 at the Wayback Machine, Shi'ah jurisprudence on the basis of ijtihad was first founded by Ibn Abi 'Aqil 'Ummani (died in the first part of the fourth century AH), a contemporary of al-Kulayni ...
  22. ^ The Place of al-Mufid in the Development of Shi'i Kalam and Fiqh, Ayatullah Sayyid Ali Khamene’i, al Tawhid, vol x, Nos. 2 and 3, Translated from the Persian by Ali Quli Qarai. Its two well-known representatives are al-Hasan ibn 'Ali ibn Abi `Aqil al-`Ummani ...... As to al-`Ummani, this tendency is not ascribed to him. ....... al-Mufid find a valid framework for the practice of fiqh, which was a first step, to which al-'Ummani's work must be considered a prelude.
  23. ^ a b c d e Ulema Timeline Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ a b c "The Famous Shia Ulama of the Eleventh Century Hijrah -- Imam Reza (A.S.) Network". imamreza.net. Archived from the original on 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2010-08-12. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  25. ^ "faiz's space - List of Maraje". Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  26. ^ "The Thirteenth H. Century Scholars". m-mahdi.net.
  27. ^ a b Grand Ayatollah Sayed Muhammad Mufti al-Shia Moosavi Expires, His grandfather’s name was Ayatullah al Uzma Syed Murtaza Khalkhali Ardabaili. He too was one of the venerable Maraje Uzzam. On his return from Najaf-i-Ashraf, he laid the foundation of great Hawza-i-Ilmia in Ardbail, which produced several Ulmas. Students, not only from Iran, but also from various other countries like Badkoba, Sherwan, Siliyan, Ierwan, Nakhchwan, Lankran, and Aazarbaijan came to this Hawza to seek knowledge. He was the pupil of Sahib-i-Karamaat and Sheikh Ansari. He died on 1317 A.H.
  28. ^ "Great Shia personality; Grand Ayatollah Sayed Muhammad Mufti al-Shia Moosavi Expires + pic". Jafria News.
  29. ^ Ayatullah Shaykh Isfahani, He studied fiqh and philosophy under Akhund Mulla Muhammad Kashi and tafsir under Haj Sayyid Muhammad Fishariki and Haj Sayyid Murtaza Kashmiri.
  30. ^ Ayatollah Shah Abaadi, 8- Mirza Hossein Khalili (d.1908)
  31. ^ tahoordanesh.2012-08-14
  32. ^ Lubb al-Lubab (The Kernels of Kernels): A Short Treatise on Wayfaring, The Straight Path is one which Combines the Exoteric and the Esoteric, Among them was the divine gnostic Aqa Sayyid Ahmad Tehrani Karbala'i and his disciple, the pride of the legists and the pearl of the gnostics, Hajj Mirza `Ali Aqa Qadi, may God elevate their noble stations.
  33. ^ Ayatullah al Uzma As-Syed Muhammad Taqi Mufti Ash-Shia Ardbaili was his (Grand Ayatollah Sayed Muhammad Mufti al-Shia Moosavi) father who died in 1361 A.H. He was considered one of much followed theologians. He was also leader of his city. His Risala-i-Amalia (journal) was published on 18th of Zilhajj 1336 A.H under the title of “Shajara-tut-Taqwa”. The second journal “Zakhirat-ul-Uqba” was published in 1344 A.H. he had been the pupil of Akhund Khurasani, Syed Kazim Yazdi, and Syed Muhammad Isfahani Fasharki
  34. ^ Rizvi, Syed Saeed Akhter. "Indian Ulema List (Source- Khursheed Khawar:Tazkratul ulamae hind o pak)". islamic-laws.com. Ma'arif Publications. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
  35. ^ Syed Hassan Moosavi Khadmi Asfahani, Principal Hoza-e-Ilmiya, Asfahaan
  36. ^ "AZADARI - ISLAMIC - LAWS". islamic-laws.com.
  37. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 15, 2010. Retrieved January 29, 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  38. ^ "مصاحبه ها". allameh.ir. Archived from the original on 2010-01-07. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  39. ^ List of Maraji (2016)
  40. ^ List of Maraji (2017)
  41. ^ Ayatollah Kashani died
  42. ^ Ayatollah Rasti Kashani Funeral
  43. ^ Ayatollah Tehrani passed away
  44. ^ List of Maraji in Arabic
  45. ^ Ayatollah Esmailpoor passes away
  46. ^ Ayatollah Esmailpour commemoration ceremony
  47. ^ Grand Ayatollah Mirza Javad Gharavi Alliari passes away
  48. ^ Grand Ayatollah Hashemi Shahroudi passes away
  49. ^ Grand Ayatollah Mohqeq Kabuli passes away at the age of 91
  50. ^ Shahroudi passes away
  51. ^ Well known cleric Sheikh Asif Mohseni passes away

External linksEdit