List of Wimbledon ladies' singles champions

The Championships, Wimbledon is an annual tennis tournament first contested in 1877 and played on outdoor grass courts[a][b][1] at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club (AELTC) in the Wimbledon suburb of London, United Kingdom.[2] The Ladies' Singles was started in 1884.[3]

Wimbledon Ladies’ Singles Champions
LocationLondon
United Kingdom
VenueAELTC
Governing bodyAELTC / LTA
Created1884
Editions125 (Open era: 51)
SurfaceGrass (1884–Present)
Prize money£ 2,350,000 (2019)
TrophyVenus Rosewater Dish
Websitewimbledon.com
Most titles
Amateur era7: Dorothea Lambert Chambers
(challenge round)
8: Helen Wills Moody
(regular)
Open era9: Martina Navratilova
Most consecutive titles
Amateur era3: Lottie Dod
Suzanne Lenglen
(challenge round)
4: Helen Wills Moody
(regular)
Open era6: Martina Navratilova
Current champion
Simona Halep2019
(first title)

HistoryEdit

Wimbledon has historically been played in the last week of June and the first week of July (though changed to the first two weeks of July in 2017), and has been chronologically the third of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the tennis season since 1987.[2] The event was not held from 1915 to 1918 because of World War I and again from 1940 to 1945 because of World War II.[4]

The Ladies' Singles' rules have undergone several changes since the first edition. From 1886 until 1921, the event started with a knockout phase, the All Comers' Singles, whose winner then faced the defending champion in a challenge round. The All Comers' winner was automatically awarded the title six times (1887, 1891, 1895, 1907, 1908) in the absence of the previous year's champion. The challenge round system was abolished with the 1922 edition.[5] Since the first championships, all matches have been played at the best-of-three sets. Between 1877 and 1883, the winner of the next game at five games-all took the set in every match except the All Comers' final, and the challenge round, which were won with six games and a two games advantage. All sets were decided in two-game advantage format from 1884 to 1970.[5] The lingering death best-of-12 points tie-break was introduced in 1971 for the first two sets, played at eight games-all until 1978 and at six games-all since 1979.[5][6][7]

The Ladies' Singles champion receives a sterling silver salver commonly known as the "Venus Rosewater Dish", or simply the "Rosewater Dish". The salver, which is 18.75 inches (about 48 cm) in diameter, is decorated with figures from mythology.[8] New singles champions are traditionally elected honorary members of the AELTC by the club's committee.[c][9] In 2012, the Ladies' Singles winner received prize money of £1,150,000.[10]

These records include the Amateur Era only, Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1903–1904, 1906, 1910–1911, 1913–1914) holds the record for most titles, with seven, and Lottie Dod (1891–1893) and Suzanne Lenglen (1919–1921) holds the record for most consecutive wins in the Ladies' Singles during the challenge round era, with three victories each. The record for most consecutive and most wins post challenge round during the Amateur Era is Helen Wills Moody (1927–1930), with four straight wins, and Moody holds the record for most victories in this era with eight (1927–1930, 1932–1933, 1935, 1938).[4]

These records only include the Open Era, since the inclusion of the professional tennis players, Martina Navratilova (1978–1979, 1982–1987, 1990) holds the record for most victories with nine. Navratilova holds the record for most consecutive victories with six (1982–1987).[4]

This event has been won without the loss of a set, during the Open Era of Tennis, by the following players: Billie Jean King in 1968, 1972, 1973 and 1975, Margaret Court in 1970, Evonne Goolagong Cawley in 1971 and 1980, Chris Evert in 1974 and 1981, Martina Navratilova in 1979, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, and 1990, Steffi Graf in 1992 and 1996, Jana Novotná in 1998, Lindsay Davenport in 1999, Venus Williams in 2000, 2007 and 2008, Serena Williams in 2002, 2009, 2010, 2015 and 2016, Petra Kvitová in 2011 and 2014 and Marion Bartoli in 2013.

ChampionsEdit

Regular competition
All Comers' winner, Challenge round winner ‡
Defending champion, Challenge round winner †
All Comers' winner, no Challenge round ◊

Amateur EraEdit

 
Lottie Dod was a five-time champion and is the youngest ever winner of the ladies' singles championships (15 years and 285 days).
 
Charlotte Cooper Sterry was a five-time champion and is the oldest ladies’ singles champion (37 year and 282 days).
 
Dorothea Lambert Chambers was a seven-time champion between 1903 and 1914.
 
Suzanne Lenglen was a six-time champion.
 
Helen Wills Moody was an eight-time champion between 1927 and 1938.
 
Maureen Connolly competed in 1952, 1953 and 1954 and won the title on all three occasions.
 
Althea Gibson won the title in 1957, the first tennis player of colour to do so, and successfully defended her title in 1958.
Year[d] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[4]
1884   BRI[e] Maud Watson   BRI Lilian Watson 6–8, 6–3, 6–3
1885   BRI Maud Watson   BRI Blanche Bingley 6–1, 7–5
1886   BRI Blanche Bingley ‡   BRI Maud Watson 6–3, 6–3
1887   BRI Lottie Dod ‡   BRI Blanche Bingley 6–2, 6–0
1888   BRI Lottie Dod †   BRI Blanche Hillyard 6–3, 6–3
1889   BRI Blanche Hillyard ◊   BRI Lena Rice 4–6, 8–6, 6–4
1890   BRI Lena Rice ◊   BRI May Jacks 6–4, 6–1
1891   BRI Lottie Dod ◊   BRI Blanche Hillyard 6–2, 6–1
1892   BRI Lottie Dod †   BRI Blanche Hillyard 6–1, 6–1
1893   BRI Lottie Dod †   BRI Blanche Hillyard 6–8, 6–1, 6–4
1894   BRI Blanche Hillyard ◊   BRI Edith Austin 6–1, 6–1
1895   BRI Charlotte Cooper ◊   BRI Helen Jackson 7–5, 8–6
1896   BRI Charlotte Cooper †   BRI Alice Pickering 6–2, 6–3
1897   BRI Blanche Hillyard ‡   BRI Charlotte Cooper 5–7, 7–5, 6–2
1898   BRI Charlotte Cooper ◊   BRI Louisa Martin 6–4, 6–4
1899   BRI Blanche Hillyard ‡   BRI Charlotte Cooper 6–2, 6–3
1900   BRI Blanche Hillyard †   BRI Charlotte Cooper 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1901   BRI Charlotte Sterry ‡   BRI Blanche Hillyard 6–2, 6–2
1902   BRI Muriel Robb ‡   BRI Charlotte Sterry 7–5, 6–1
1903   BRI Dorothea Douglass ◊   BRI Ethel Larcombe 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
1904   BRI Dorothea Douglass †   BRI Charlotte Sterry 6–0, 6–3
1905   USA May Sutton ‡   BRI Dorothea Douglass 6–3, 6–4
1906   BRI Dorothea Douglass ‡   USA May Sutton 6–3, 9–7
1907   USA May Sutton ‡   BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers 6–1, 6–4
1908   BRI Charlotte Sterry ◊   BRI Agnes Morton 6–4, 6–4
1909   BRI Dora Boothby ◊   BRI Agnes Morton 6–4, 4–6, 8–6
1910   BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers ‡   BRI Dora Boothby 6–2, 6–2
1911   BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers †   BRI Dora Boothby 6–0, 6–0
1912   BRI Ethel Larcombe ◊   BRI Charlotte Sterry 6–3, 6–1
1913   BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers ◊   BRI Winifred McNair 6–0, 6–4
1914   BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers †   BRI Ethel Larcombe 7–5, 6–4
1915 No competition (due to World War I)
1916
1917
1918
1919   FRA Suzanne Lenglen ‡   BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers 10–8, 4–6, 9–7
1920   FRA Suzanne Lenglen †   BRI Dorothea Lambert Chambers 6–3, 6–0
1921   FRA Suzanne Lenglen †   USA Elizabeth Ryan 6–2, 6–0
1922   FRA Suzanne Lenglen   USA Molla Mallory 6–2, 6–0
1923   FRA Suzanne Lenglen   GBR Kitty McKane 6–2, 6–2
1924   GBR Kitty McKane   USA Helen Wills 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1925   FRA Suzanne Lenglen   GBR Joan Fry 6–2, 6–0
1926   GBR Kitty Godfree   ESP Lilí Álvarez 6–2, 4–6, 6–3
1927   USA Helen Wills   ESP Lilí Álvarez 6–2, 6–4
1928   USA Helen Wills   ESP Lilí Álvarez 6–2, 6–3
1929   USA Helen Wills   USA Helen Jacobs 6–1, 6–2
1930   USA Helen Moody   USA Elizabeth Ryan 6–2, 6–2
1931   GER Cilly Aussem   GER Hilde Krahwinkel 6–2, 7–5
1932   USA Helen Moody   USA Helen Jacobs 6–3, 6–1
1933   USA Helen Moody   GBR Dorothy Round 6–4, 6–8, 6–3
1934   GBR Dorothy Round   USA Helen Jacobs 6–2, 5–7, 6–3
1935   USA Helen Moody   USA Helen Jacobs 6–3, 3–6, 7–5
1936   USA Helen Jacobs   DEN Hilde Sperling 6–2, 4–6, 7–5
1937   GBR Dorothy Round   POL Jadwiga Jędrzejowska 6–2, 2–6, 7–5
1938   USA Helen Moody   USA Helen Jacobs 6–4, 6–0
1939   USA Alice Marble   GBR Kay Stammers 6–2, 6–0
1940 No competition (due to World War II)
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946   USA Pauline Betz   USA Louise Brough 6–2, 6–4
1947   USA Margaret Osborne   USA Doris Hart 6–2, 6–4
1948   USA Louise Brough   USA Doris Hart 6–3, 8–6
1949   USA Louise Brough   USA Margaret duPont 10–8, 1–6, 10–8
1950   USA Louise Brough   USA Margaret duPont 6–1, 3–6, 6–1
1951   USA Doris Hart   USA Shirley Fry 6–1, 6–0
1952   USA Maureen Connolly   USA Louise Brough 7–5, 6–3
1953   USA Maureen Connolly   USA Doris Hart 8–6, 7–5
1954   USA Maureen Connolly   USA Louise Brough 6–2, 7–5
1955   USA Louise Brough   USA Beverly Fleitz 7–5, 8–6
1956   USA Shirley Fry   GBR Angela Buxton 6–3, 6–1
1957   USA Althea Gibson   USA Darlene Hard 6–3, 6–2
1958   USA Althea Gibson   GBR Angela Mortimer 8–6, 6–2
1959   BRA Maria Bueno   USA Darlene Hard 6–4, 6–3
1960   BRA Maria Bueno   RSA Sandra Reynolds 8–6, 6–0
1961   GBR Angela Mortimer   GBR Christine Truman 4–6, 6–4, 7–5
1962   USA Karen Susman   TCH Věra Suková 6–4, 6–4
1963   AUS Margaret Smith   USA Billie Jean Moffitt 6–3, 6–4
1964   BRA Maria Bueno   AUS Margaret Smith 6–4, 7–9, 6–3
1965   AUS Margaret Smith   BRA Maria Bueno 6–4, 7–5
1966   USA Billie Jean King   BRA Maria Bueno 6–3, 3–6, 6–1
1967   USA Billie Jean King   GBR Ann Jones 6–3, 6–4

Open EraEdit

 
Billie Jean King is a six-time champion overall and a four-time champion in the open era.
 
Martina Navratilova is a nine-time singles champion, an all-time Grand Slam record in the Open Era for women (Margaret Court won the Australian 11 times). She won six consecutive titles from 1982 to 1987.
 
Steffi Graf is a seven-time champion over a nine-year period from 1988 to 1996.
 
Serena Williams is a seven-time champion.
 
Venus Williams is a five-time champion.
Year[d] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[4]
1968   USA Billie Jean King   AUS Judy Tegart 9–7, 7–5
1969   GBR Ann Jones   USA Billie Jean King 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1970   AUS Margaret Court   USA Billie Jean King 14–12, 11–9
1971   AUS Evonne Goolagong   AUS Margaret Court 6–4, 6–1
1972   USA Billie Jean King   AUS Evonne Goolagong 6–3, 6–3
1973   USA Billie Jean King   USA Chris Evert 6–0, 7–5
1974   USA Chris Evert   URS Olga Morozova 6–0, 6–4
1975   USA Billie Jean King   AUS Evonne Goolagong Cawley 6–0, 6–1
1976   USA Chris Evert   AUS Evonne Goolagong Cawley 6–3, 4–6, 8–6
1977   GBR Virginia Wade   NED Betty Stöve 4–6, 6–3, 6–1
1978   USA Martina Navratilova[i][11]   USA Chris Evert 2–6, 6–4, 7–5
1979   USA Martina Navratilova   USA Chris Evert Lloyd 6–4, 6–4
1980   AUS Evonne Goolagong Cawley   USA Chris Evert Lloyd 6–1, 7–6(7–4)
1981   USA Chris Evert Lloyd   TCH[h] Hana Mandlíková 6–2, 6–2
1982   USA Martina Navratilova   USA Chris Evert Lloyd 6–1, 3–6, 6–2
1983   USA Martina Navratilova   USA Andrea Jaeger 6–0, 6–3
1984   USA Martina Navratilova   USA Chris Evert Lloyd 7–6(7–5), 6–2
1985   USA Martina Navratilova   USA Chris Evert Lloyd 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
1986   USA Martina Navratilova   TCH Hana Mandlíková 7–6(7–1), 6–3
1987   USA Martina Navratilova   FRG[j] Steffi Graf 7–5, 6–3
1988   FRG[j] Steffi Graf   USA Martina Navratilova 5–7, 6–2, 6–1
1989   FRG Steffi Graf   USA Martina Navratilova 6–2, 6–7(1–7), 6–1
1990   USA Martina Navratilova   USA Zina Garrison 6–4, 6–1
1991   GER Steffi Graf   ARG Gabriela Sabatini 6–4, 3–6, 8–6
1992   GER Steffi Graf   YUG Monica Seles 6–2, 6–1
1993   GER Steffi Graf   CZE Jana Novotná 7–6(8–6), 1–6, 6–4
1994   ESP Conchita Martínez   USA Martina Navratilova 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1995   GER Steffi Graf   ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 4–6, 6–1, 7–5
1996   GER Steffi Graf   ESP Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 7–5
1997    SUI Martina Hingis   CZE Jana Novotná 2–6, 6–3, 6–3
1998   CZE Jana Novotná   FRA Nathalie Tauziat 6–4, 7–6(7–2)
1999   USA Lindsay Davenport   GER Steffi Graf 6–4, 7–5
2000   USA Venus Williams   USA Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 7–6(7–3)
2001   USA Venus Williams   BEL Justine Henin 6–1, 3–6, 6–0
2002   USA Serena Williams   USA Venus Williams 7–6(7–4), 6–3
2003   USA Serena Williams   USA Venus Williams 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
2004   RUS Maria Sharapova   USA Serena Williams 6–1, 6–4
2005   USA Venus Williams   USA Lindsay Davenport 4–6, 7–6(7–4), 9–7
2006   FRA Amélie Mauresmo   BEL Justine Henin 2–6, 6–3, 6–4
2007   USA Venus Williams   FRA Marion Bartoli 6–4, 6–1
2008   USA Venus Williams   USA Serena Williams 7–5, 6–4
2009   USA Serena Williams   USA Venus Williams 7–6(7–3), 6–2
2010   USA Serena Williams   RUS Vera Zvonareva 6–3, 6–2
2011   CZE Petra Kvitová   RUS Maria Sharapova 6–3, 6–4
2012   USA Serena Williams   POL Agnieszka Radwańska 6–1, 5–7, 6–2
2013   FRA Marion Bartoli   GER Sabine Lisicki 6–1, 6–4
2014   CZE Petra Kvitová   CAN Eugenie Bouchard 6–3, 6–0
2015   USA Serena Williams   ESP Garbiñe Muguruza 6–4, 6–4
2016   USA Serena Williams   GER Angelique Kerber 7–5, 6–3
2017   ESP Garbiñe Muguruza   USA Venus Williams 7–5, 6–0
2018   GER Angelique Kerber   USA Serena Williams 6–3, 6–3
2019   ROU Simona Halep   USA Serena Williams 6–2, 6–2

StatisticsEdit

Multiple championsEdit

Title defended in the challenge round
Player Amateur Era Open Era All-time Years
  Martina Navratilova (USA)[i] 0 9 9 1978, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1990
  Helen Wills Moody (USA) 8 0 8 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1938
  Dorothea Lambert Chambers (UK) 7 0 7 1903, 1904, 1906, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1914
  Steffi Graf (GER) 0 7 7 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996
  Serena Williams (USA) 0 7 7 2002, 2003, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2016
  Blanche Bingley (UK) 6 0 6 1886, 1889, 1894, 1897, 1899, 1900
  Suzanne Lenglen (FRA) 6 0 6 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1925
  Billie Jean King (USA) 2 4 6 1966, 1967, 1968, 1972, 1973, 1975
  Charlotte Cooper Sterry (UK) 5 0 5 1895, 1896, 1898, 1901, 1908
  Lottie Dod (UK) 5 0 5 1887, 1888, 1891, 1892, 1893
  Venus Williams (USA) 0 5 5 2000, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008
  Louise Brough (USA) 4 0 4 1948, 1949, 1950, 1955
  Maureen Connolly (USA) 3 0 3 1952, 1953, 1954
  Maria Bueno (BRA) 3 0 3 1959, 1960, 1964
  Margaret Court (AUS) 2 1 3 1963, 1965, 1970
  Chris Evert (USA) 0 3 3 1974, 1976, 1981
  Althea Gibson (USA) 2 0 2 1957, 1958
  Dorothy Round (UK) 2 0 2 1934, 1937
  Kathleen McKane Godfree (UK) 2 0 2 1924, 1926
  May Sutton (USA) 2 0 2 1905, 1907
  Maud Watson (UK) 2 0 2 1884, 1885
  Evonne Goolagong Cawley (AUS) 0 2 2 1971, 1980
  Petra Kvitová (CZE) 0 2 2 2011, 2014

Championships by countryEdit

 
The Ladies' Singles plate (right) with the Gentlemen's Singles trophy (left).
Country Amateur Era Open Era All-time First title Last title
  United States (USA) 28 29 57 1905 2016
  United Kingdom (UK) 34 2 36 1884 1977
  Germany (GER)[j] 1 8 9 1931 2018
  France (FRA) 6 2 8 1919 2013
  Australia (AUS) 2 3 5 1963 1980
  Brazil (BRA) 3 0 3 1959 1964
  Czech Republic (CZE) 0 3 3 1998 2014
  Spain (ESP) 0 2 2 1994 2017
   Switzerland (SUI) 0 1 1 1997 1997
  Russia (RUS) 0 1 1 2004 2004
  Romania (ROU) 0 1 1 2019 2019

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  • a Since 2009, Centre Court features a retractable roof, allowing indoor and night-time play.[12]
  • b Wimbledon entered the Open Era with the 1968 edition, allowing professional players to compete alongside amateurs.[3]
  • c John McEnroe is the only player to have been denied membership in 1981, because of his on-court behaviour during the championships.[13][14]
  • d Each year is linked to an article about that particular year's draws, but pre-1922 they did not have draws due to the challenge round system. In 1922 till the present they do have draws, but the years of 1925–1939 do not have draw pages with links, so it is linked to the year's articles instead.
  • e "British Isles" (BRI) is used for players from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922), distinct from "Great Britain" (GBR) used for players from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922–present).[4][15]
  • f The tournament was not held from 1915 to 1918 because of World War I.[4]
  • g The tournament was not held from 1940 to 1945 because of World War II.[4]
  • h Czechoslovakia (TCH, 1918–1992) split into the Czech Republic (CZE, 1992–present) and Slovakia (SVK, 1992–present).
  • i Martina Navratilova was born in Czechoslovakia, but was stripped of her citizenship in 1975 when she defected to the United States. She became a US citizen in 1981.[16]
  • j FRG is West Germany, but after unification became just Germany (GER) after 1990.

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "Ladies' Singles". wimbledon.org. All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  • "Grand Slam Tournaments - Wimbledon" (PDF). usta.com. United States Tennis Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
Specific
  1. ^ "FAQ - Grass Courts" (PDF). wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24.
  2. ^ a b "Tournament profile - Wimbledon". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc. Retrieved 2009-07-05.
  3. ^ a b "About Wimbledon - History: History". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ladies' Singles". wimbledon.org. All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  5. ^ a b c Barrett, John (1986). 100 Wimbledon Championships: A Celebration. Collins Willow. ISBN 978-0-00-218220-1.
  6. ^ Roberts, John (1998-08-05). "Tennis: Fast, fan friendly - but full of faults". The Independent. Retrieved 2009-06-24.
  7. ^ "Breaking with tradition". The Age. The Age Company Ltd. 2004-01-25. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
  8. ^ "About Wimbledon - History: The trophies". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-06-24.
  9. ^ "About Wimbledon - Behind the scenes: The All England Lawn Tennis Club". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Archived from the original on 2010-12-25. Retrieved 2010-11-12.
  10. ^ "2011 Prize Money" (PDF). wimbledon.org. All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
  11. ^ "Ladies' Singles Finals 1884-2017". wimbledon.com. Wimbledon Championships. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  12. ^ Harman, Neil (2009-04-22). "No more soaked strawberries - Centre Court, Wimbledon, gets a roof". The Times. Times Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
  13. ^ "Jolly snub for McEnroe; he's refused All-England". St. Petersburg Times. United Press International. 1981-07-10. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
  14. ^ Zenilman, Avi (2009-06-24). "Back Issues: McEnroe vs. Thatcher". The New Yorker. Condé Nast Publications. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
  15. ^ "History - Rolls of Honour: Country abbreviations". wimbledon.org. IBM, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
  16. ^ McCurry, Justin (11 March 2008). "'Ashamed' Navratilove regains Czech nationality". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 July 2016.

External linksEdit