List of members of the United States Congress by longevity of service

This is a list of United States congresspersons by longevity of service. It includes Representatives and Senators who have served at least 36 years. It is divided up into several categories.

In cases where there is a tie in time the following criteria will sort people higher:

  1. Achieved time uninterrupted (total tenure rank only)
  2. Achieved time first
  3. Senators over Representatives (House and Senate list only)
  4. Senate or House seniority (Dan Rostenkowski versus Neal Edward Smith)

Contents

KeyEdit

In green Currently serving
H Served in House (only for House and Senate combined categories)
S Served in Senate (only for House and Senate combined categories)
I Interruptions in service (only for total tenure categories)

Combined U.S. House and Senate timeEdit

Total tenure Uninterrupted Name Party affiliation Reason for leaving Lifespan
1 59 years, 21 days 1 59 years, 21 days John Dingell (H) Democratic Retired 1926–2019
2 57 years, 176 days 2 57 years, 176 days Robert Byrd (H, S) Democratic Died 1917–2010
3 56 years, 319 days 3 56 years, 319 days Carl Hayden (H, S) Democratic Retired 1877–1972
4 53 years, 118 days 4 53 years, 118 days Daniel Inouye (H, S) Democratic Died 1924–2012
5 53 years, 60 days 5 53 years, 60 days Jamie Whitten (H) Democratic Retired 1910–1995
6 52 years, 336 days 6 52 years, 336 days John Conyers (H) Democratic Resigned 1929–
7 50 years, 61 days 7 50 years, 61 days Carl Vinson (H) Democratic Retired 1883–1981
8 49 years, 305 days 8 49 years, 305 days Emanuel Celler (H) Democratic Lost renomination 1888–1981
9 48 years, 257 days 9 48 years, 257 days Sam Rayburn (H) Democratic Died 1882–1961
10 48 years, 0 days 999 N/A Sidney R. Yates (H, I) Democratic Retired 1909–2000
11 47 years, 159 days 13 46 years, 57 days Strom Thurmond (S, I) Democratic,
Republican
Resigned, retired 1902–2003
12 47 years, 3 days 10 47 years, 3 days Wright Patman (H) Democratic Died 1893–1976
13 46 years, 292 days 11 46 years, 292 days Ted Kennedy (S) Democratic Died 1932–2009
14 46 years, 165 days 12 46 years, 165 days Don Young (H) Republican 1933–
15 46 years, 0 days 14 46 years, 0 days Charles Rangel (H) Democratic Retired 1930–
16 46 years, 0 days 999 N/A Joseph Gurney Cannon (H, I) Republican Defeated, defeated, retired 1836–1926
17 45 years, 247 days 15 45 years, 247 days Adolph J. Sabath (H) Democratic Died 1866–1952
18 45 years, 142 days 16 45 years, 142 days J. Lister Hill (H, S) Democratic Retired 1894–1984
19 45 years, 87 days 17 45 years, 87 days Thad Cochran (H, S) Republican Resigned 1937–2019
20 44 years, 227 days 18 44 years, 227 days Patrick Leahy (S) Democratic 1940–
21 44 years, 227 days 19 44 years, 227 days Chuck Grassley (H, S) Republican 1933–
22 44 years, 0 days 20 44 years, 0 days George H. Mahon (H) Democratic Retired 1900–1985
23 44 years, 0 days 21 44 years, 0 days Warren Magnuson (H, S) Democratic Defeated 1905–1989
24 44 years, 0 days 22 44 years, 0 days Charles Edward Bennett (H) Democratic Retired 1910–2003
25 43 years, 299 days 23 43 years, 299 days Justin Smith Morrill (H, S) Whig,
Republican
Died 1810–1898
26 43 years, 152 days 999 N/A William B. Allison (H, S, I) Republican Retired, died 1829–1908
27 43 years, 110 days 24 43 years, 110 days Charles Melvin Price (H) Democratic Died 1905–1988
28 42 years, 289 days 26 42 years, 289 days Ed Markey (H, S) Democratic 1946–
29 42 years, 288 days 25 42 years, 288 days Bill Young (H) Republican Died 1930–2013
30 42 years, 241 days 27 42 years, 241 days Henry M. Jackson (H, S) Democratic Died 1912–1983
31 42 years, 157 days 999 N/A Carter Glass (H, S, I) Democratic Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, died 1858–1946
32 42 years, 58 days 28 42 years, 58 days John W. McCormack (H) Democratic Retired 1891–1980
33 42 years, 0 days 29 42 years, 0 days John Sparkman (H, S) Democratic Retired 1899–1985
34 42 years, 0 days 30 42 years, 0 days Jack Brooks (H) Democratic Defeated 1922–2012
35 42 years, 0 days 31 42 years, 0 days Orrin Hatch (S) Republican Retired 1934–
36 41 years, 362 days 32 41 years, 362 days William R. Poage (H) Democratic Retired 1899–1987
37 41 years, 305 days 33 41 years, 305 days Robert L. Doughton (H) Democratic Retired 1863–1954
38 41 years, 305 days 34 41 years, 305 days Joseph W. Martin Jr. (H) Republican Lost renomination 1884–1968
39 41 years, 276 days 35 41 years, 276 days Dave Obey (H) Democratic Retired 1938–
40 41 years, 69 days 36 41 years, 69 days Clarence Cannon (H) Democratic Retired 1879–1964
41 41 years, 59 days 37 41 years, 59 days John C. Stennis (S) Democratic Retired 1901–1995
42 41 years, 30 days 38 41 years, 30 days Kenneth McKellar (H, S) Democratic Lost renomination 1869–1957
43 40 years, 240 days 39 40 years, 240 days William Natcher (H) Democratic Died 1909–1994
44 40 years, 227 days 40 40 years, 227 days Richard Shelby (H, S) Democratic,
Republican
1934–
45 40 years, 227 days 41 40 years, 227 days Jim Sensenbrenner (H) Republican 1943–
46 40 years, 207 days 999 N/A Claude Pepper (H, S, I) Democratic Lost renomination, died 1900–1989
47 40 years, 157 days 42 40 years, 157 days William P. Frye (H, S) Republican Died 1830–1911
48 40 years, 10 days 43 40 years, 10 days Ted Stevens (S) Republican Defeated 1923–2010
49 40 years, 0 days 44 40 years, 0 days Carl Curtis (H, S) Republican Retired 1905–2000
50 40 years, 0 days 45 40 years, 0 days Peter W. Rodino (H) Democratic Retired 1909–2005
51 40 years, 0 days 46 40 years, 0 days Pete Stark (H) Democratic Defeated 1931–
52 40 years, 0 days 47 40 years, 0 days Tom Harkin (H, S) Democratic Retired 1939–
53 40 years, 0 days 48 40 years, 0 days George Miller (H) Democratic Retired 1945–
54 40 years, 0 days 49 40 years, 0 days Henry Waxman (H) Democratic Retired 1939–
55 40 years, 0 days 50 40 years, 0 days Barbara Mikulski (H, S) Democratic Retired 1936–
56 40 years, 0 days 999 N/A Eugene Hale (H, S, I) Republican Defeated, retired 1836–1918
57 39 years, 364 days 999 N/A Jennings Randolph (H, S, I) Democratic Defeated, retired 1902–1998
58 39 years, 362 days 51 39 years, 362 days Leslie C. Arends (H) Republican Retired 1895–1985
59 39 years, 352 days 52 39 years, 352 days Daniel A. Reed (H) Republican Died 1875–1959
60 39 years, 305 days 53 39 years, 305 days George W. Norris (H, S) Republican,
Independent
Defeated 1861–1944
61 39 years, 305 days 54 39 years, 305 days John Taber (H) Republican Retired 1880–1965
62 39 years, 305 days 55 39 years, 305 days William M. Colmer (H) Democratic Retired 1890–1980
63 39 years, 34 days 56 39 years, 34 days Max Baucus (H, S) Democratic Appointed Ambassador to China 1941–
64 39 years, 9 days 999 N/A Samuel Smith (H, S, I) Democratic-Republican,
Democratic
Retired 1752–1839
65 38 years, 329 days 999 N/A John L. McClellan (H, S, I) Democratic Retired, died 1896–1977
66 38 years, 227 days 57 38 years, 227 days Ron Wyden (H, S) Democratic 1949–
67 38 years, 227 days 58 38 years, 227 days Pat Roberts (H, S) Republican 1936–
68 38 years, 227 days 59 38 years, 227 days Chuck Schumer (H, S) Democratic 1950–
69 38 years, 227 days 60 38 years, 227 days Hal Rogers (H) Republican 1937–
70 38 years, 227 days 61 38 years, 227 days Chris Smith (H) Republican 1953–
71 38 years, 145 days 62 38 years, 145 days Morris Sheppard (H, S) Democratic Died 1875–1941
72 38 years, 91 days 63 38 years, 91 days Steny Hoyer (H) Democratic 1939–
73 38 years, 55 days 64 38 years, 55 days Fritz Hollings (S) Democratic Retired 1922–2019
74 38 years, 9 days 65 38 years, 9 days Richard Russell Jr. (S) Democratic Died 1897–1971
75 38 years, 4 days 999 N/A John Sherman (H, S, I) Oppositionist,
Republican
Appointed U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, appointed U.S. Secretary of State 1823–1900
76 38 years, 3 days 66 38 years, 3 days Russell B. Long (S) Democratic Retired 1918–2003
77 38 years, 0 days 67 38 years, 0 days Frederick H. Gillett (H, S) Republican Retired 1851–1935
78 38 years, 0 days 68 38 years, 0 days Wilbur Mills (H) Democratic Retired 1909–1992
79 38 years, 0 days 69 38 years, 0 days Dante Fascell (H) Democratic Retired 1917–1998
80 38 years, 0 days 70 38 years, 0 days Robert H. Michel (H) Republican Retired 1923–2017
81 38 years, 0 days 71 38 years, 0 days Nick Rahall (H) Democratic Defeated 1949–
82 37 years, 305 days 999 N/A Robert Crosser (H, I) Democratic Lost renomination 1874–1957
83 37 years, 290 days 999 N/A Bob Sikes (H, I) Democratic Resigned, retired 1906–1994
84 37 years, 255 days 72 37 years, 255 days Nathaniel Macon (H, S) Anti-Administration,
Democratic-Republican
Resigned 1757–1837
85 37 years, 250 days 73 37 years, 250 days Henry Cabot Lodge (H, S) Republican Died 1850–1924
86 37 years, 74 days 999 N/A Alben W. Barkley (H, S, I) Democratic Elected Vice President of the United States, died 1877–1956
87 37 years, 60 days 74 37 years, 60 days Henry B. González (H) Democratic Retired 1916–2000
88 37 years, 6 days 999 N/A Francis E. Warren (S, I) Republican Defeated, died 1844–1929
89 36 years, 227 days 75 36 years, 227 days Dick Durbin (H, S) Democratic 1944–
90 36 years, 227 days 76 36 years, 227 days Marcy Kaptur (H) Democratic 1946–
91 36 years, 83 days 999 N/A James Eastland (S, I) Democratic Resigned 1904–1986
92 36 years, 12 days 77 36 years, 12 days Joe Biden (S) Democratic Elected Vice President of the United States 1942–
93 36 years, 3 days 78 36 years, 3 days John Murtha (H) Democratic Died 1932–2010
94 36 years, 0 days 79 36 years, 0 days Henry L. Dawes (H, S) Republican Retired 1816–1903
95 36 years, 0 days 80 36 years, 0 days F. Edward Hébert (H) Democratic Retired 1901–1979
96 36 years, 0 days 81 36 years, 0 days Edward Boland (H) Democratic Retired 1911–2001
97 36 years, 0 days 82 36 years, 0 days William Broomfield (H) Republican Retired 1922–2019
98 36 years, 0 days 83 36 years, 0 days Dan Rostenkowski (H) Democratic Defeated 1928–2010
99 36 years, 0 days 84 36 years, 0 days Neal Edward Smith (H) Democratic Defeated 1920–
100 36 years, 0 days 85 36 years, 0 days Claiborne Pell (S) Democratic Retired 1918–2009
101 36 years, 0 days 86 36 years, 0 days Joseph M. McDade (H) Republican Retired 1931–2017
102 36 years, 0 days 87 36 years, 0 days Paul Sarbanes (H, S) Democratic Retired 1933–
103 36 years, 0 days 88 36 years, 0 days Pete Domenici (S) Republican Retired 1932–2017
104 36 years, 0 days 89 36 years, 0 days Ralph Regula (H) Republican Retired 1924–2017
105 36 years, 0 days 90 36 years, 0 days Chris Dodd (H, S) Democratic Retired 1944–
106 36 years, 0 days 91 36 years, 0 days Jim Oberstar (H) Democratic Defeated 1934–2014
107 36 years, 0 days 92 36 years, 0 days Richard Lugar (S) Republican Lost renomination 1932–2019
108 36 years, 0 days 93 36 years, 0 days Daniel Akaka (H, S) Democratic Retired 1924–2018
109 36 years, 0 days 94 36 years, 0 days Norm Dicks (H) Democratic Retired 1940–
110 36 years, 0 days 95 36 years, 0 days Dale Kildee (H) Democratic Retired 1929–
111 36 years, 0 days 96 36 years, 0 days Carl Levin (S) Democratic Retired 1934–
112 36 years, 0 days 97 36 years, 0 days Sander Levin (H) Democratic Retired 1931–
113 36 years, 0 days 999 N/A Shelby Moore Cullom (H, S, I) Republican Retired 1829–1914

Senate timeEdit

The 90th Congress was notable because for a period of 10 days (December 24, 1968 – January 3, 1969), it contained within the Senate all 10 of the longest-serving senators in history until January 7, 2013, when Patrick Leahy surpassed Russell B. Long as the 10th longest-serving senator in history. This period stretched from the installation of Ted Stevens of Alaska after his appointment to fill a vacancy to the retirement of Carl Hayden of Arizona early the next year.

The 96th Congress and 97th Congress were the periods in which most people from this list were serving together (all but Hayden, Russell Jr., Warren, Eastland, and Grassley in the former and all but Hayden, Russell Jr., Warren, Eastland, and Magnuson in the latter).

Total tenure Uninterrupted Name State Dates of service Lifespan
1 51 years, 176 days 1 51 years, 176 days Robert Byrd West Virginia January 3, 1959 – June 28, 2010 1917–2010
2 49 years, 349 days 2 49 years, 349 days Daniel Inouye Hawaii January 3, 1963 – December 17, 2012 1924–2012
3 47 years, 159 days 4 46 years, 57 days Strom Thurmond (I) South Carolina December 24, 1954 – April 7, 1956
November 7, 1956 – January 3, 2003
1902–2003
4 46 years, 292 days 3 46 years, 292 days Ted Kennedy Massachusetts November 7, 1962 – August 25, 2009 1932–2009
5 44 years, 227 days 5 44 years, 227 days Patrick Leahy Vermont Since January 3, 1975 1940–
6 42 years, 0 days 6 42 years, 0 days Orrin Hatch Utah January 3, 1977 – January 3, 2019 1934–
7 41 years, 305 days 7 41 years, 305 days Carl Hayden Arizona March 4, 1927 – January 3, 1969 1877–1972
8 41 years, 59 days 8 41 years, 59 days John C. Stennis Mississippi November 7, 1947 – January 3, 1989 1901–1995
9 40 years, 10 days 9 40 years, 10 days Ted Stevens Alaska December 24, 1968 – January 3, 2009 1923–2010
10 39 years, 94 days 10 39 years, 94 days Thad Cochran Mississippi December 27, 1978 – April 1, 2018 1937–2019
11 38 years, 227 days 11 38 years, 227 days Chuck Grassley Iowa Since January 3, 1981 1933–
12 38 years, 55 days 12 38 years, 55 days Fritz Hollings South Carolina November 8, 1966 – January 3, 2005 1922–2019
13 38 years, 9 days 13 38 years, 9 days Richard Russell Jr. Georgia January 12, 1933 – January 21, 1971 1897–1971
14 38 years, 3 days 14 38 years, 3 days Russell B. Long Louisiana December 31, 1948 – January 3, 1987 1918–2003
15 37 years, 6 days 999 N/A Francis E. Warren (I) Wyoming November 18, 1890 – March 4, 1893
March 4, 1895 – November 24, 1929
1844–1929
16 36 years, 83 days 999 N/A James Eastland (I) Mississippi June 30 – September 28, 1941
January 3, 1943 – December 27, 1978
1904–1986
17 36 years, 20 days 15 36 years, 20 days Warren Magnuson Washington December 14, 1944 – January 3, 1981 1905–1989
18 36 years, 12 days 16 36 years, 12 days Joe Biden Delaware January 3, 1973 – January 15, 2009 1942–
19 36 years, 0 days 17 36 years, 0 days Claiborne Pell Rhode Island January 3, 1961 – January 3, 1997 1918–2009
20 36 years, 0 days 18 36 years, 0 days Pete Domenici New Mexico January 3, 1973 – January 3, 2009 1932–2017
21 36 years, 0 days 19 36 years, 0 days Richard Lugar Indiana January 3, 1977 – January 3, 2013 1932–2019
22 36 years, 0 days 20 36 years, 0 days Carl Levin Michigan January 3, 1979 – January 3, 2015 1934–

House timeEdit

Total tenure Uninterrupted Name State Dates of service Lifespan
1 59 years, 21 days 1 59 years, 21 days John Dingell Michigan December 13, 1955 – January 3, 2015 1926–2019
2 53 years, 60 days 2 53 years, 60 days Jamie Whitten Mississippi November 4, 1941 – January 3, 1995 1910–1995
3 52 years, 336 days 3 52 years, 336 days John Conyers Michigan January 3, 1965 – December 5, 2017 1929–
4 50 years, 61 days 4 50 years, 61 days Carl Vinson Georgia November 3, 1914 – January 3, 1965 1883–1981
5 49 years, 305 days 5 49 years, 305 days Emanuel Celler New York March 4, 1923 – January 3, 1973 1888–1981
6 48 years, 257 days 6 48 years, 257 days Sam Rayburn Texas March 4, 1913 – November 16, 1961 1882–1961
7 48 years, 0 days 999 N/A Sidney R. Yates (I) Illinois January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1963
January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1999
1909–2000
8 47 years, 3 days 7 47 years, 3 days Wright Patman Texas March 4, 1929 – March 7, 1976 1893–1976
9 46 years, 165 days 8 46 years, 165 days Don Young Alaska Since March 6, 1973 1933–
10 46 years, 0 days 9 46 years, 0 days Charles Rangel New York January 3, 1971 – January 3, 2017 1930–
11 46 years, 0 days 999 N/A Joseph Gurney Cannon (I) Illinois March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1891
March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1913
March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1923
1836–1926
12 45 years, 247 days 10 45 years, 247 days Adolph J. Sabath Illinois March 4, 1907 – November 6, 1952 1866–1952
13 44 years, 0 days 11 44 years, 0 days George H. Mahon Texas January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1979 1900–1985
14 44 years, 0 days 12 44 years, 0 days Charles Edward Bennett Florida January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1993 1910–2003
15 43 years, 110 days 13 43 years, 110 days Charles Melvin Price Illinois January 3, 1945 – April 22, 1988 1905–1988
16 42 years, 288 days 14 42 years, 288 days Bill Young Florida January 3, 1971 – October 18, 2013 1930–2013
17 42 years, 58 days 15 42 years, 58 days John W. McCormack Massachusetts November 6, 1928 – January 3, 1971 1891–1980
18 42 years, 0 days 16 42 years, 0 days Jack Brooks Texas January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1995 1922–2012
19 41 years, 362 days 17 41 years, 362 days William R. Poage Texas January 3, 1937 – December 31, 1978 1899–1987
20 41 years, 305 days 18 41 years, 305 days Robert L. Doughton North Carolina March 4, 1911 – January 3, 1953 1863–1954
21 41 years, 305 days 19 41 years, 305 days Joseph W. Martin Jr. Massachusetts March 4, 1925 – January 3, 1967 1884–1968
22 41 years, 276 days 20 41 years, 276 days Dave Obey Wisconsin April 1, 1969 – January 3, 2011 1938–
23 41 years, 69 days 21 41 years, 69 days Clarence Cannon Missouri March 4, 1923 – May 12, 1964 1879–1964
24 40 years, 240 days 22 40 years, 240 days William Natcher Kentucky August 1, 1953 – March 29, 1994 1909–1994
25 40 years, 227 days 23 40 years, 227 days Jim Sensenbrenner Wisconsin Since January 3, 1979 1943–
26 40 years, 0 days 24 40 years, 0 days Peter W. Rodino New Jersey January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1989 1909–2005
27 40 years, 0 days 25 40 years, 0 days Pete Stark California January 3, 1973 – January 3, 2013 1931–
28 40 years, 0 days 26 40 years, 0 days George Miller California January 3, 1975 – January 3, 2015 1945–
29 40 years, 0 days 27 40 years, 0 days Henry Waxman California January 3, 1975 – January 3, 2015 1939–
30 39 years, 362 days 28 39 years, 362 days Leslie C. Arends Illinois January 3, 1935 – December 31, 1974 1895–1985
31 39 years, 352 days 29 39 years, 352 days Daniel A. Reed New York March 4, 1919 – February 19, 1959 1875–1959
32 39 years, 305 days 30 39 years, 305 days John Taber New York March 4, 1923 – January 3, 1963 1880–1965
33 39 years, 305 days 31 39 years, 305 days William M. Colmer Mississippi March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1973 1890–1980
34 38 years, 227 days 32 38 years, 227 days Hal Rogers Kentucky Since January 3, 1981 1937–
35 38 years, 227 days 33 38 years, 227 days Chris Smith New Jersey Since January 3, 1981 1953–
36 38 years, 91 days 34 38 years, 91 days Steny Hoyer Maryland Since May 19, 1981 1939–
37 38 years, 0 days 35 38 years, 0 days Wilbur Mills Arkansas January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1977 1909–1992
38 38 years, 0 days 36 38 years, 0 days Dante Fascell Florida January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1993 1917–1998
39 38 years, 0 days 37 38 years, 0 days Robert H. Michel Illinois January 3, 1957 – January 3, 1995 1923–2017
40 38 years, 0 days 38 38 years, 0 days Nick Rahall West Virginia January 3, 1977 – January 3, 2015 1949–
41 37 years, 305 days 999 N/A Robert Crosser (I) Ohio March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1919
March 4, 1923 – January 3, 1955
1874–1957
42 37 years, 290 days 999 N/A Bob Sikes (I) Florida January 3, 1941 – October 19, 1944
January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1979
1906–1994
43 37 years, 60 days 39 37 years, 60 days Henry B. González Texas November 4, 1961 – January 3, 1999 1916–2000
44 36 years, 256 days 40 36 years, 256 days Ed Markey Massachusetts November 2, 1976 – July 3, 2013 1946–
45 36 years, 227 days 41 36 years, 227 days Marcy Kaptur Ohio Since January 3, 1983 1946–
46 36 years, 3 days 42 36 years, 3 days John Murtha Pennsylvania February 5, 1974 – February 8, 2010 1932–2010
47 36 years, 0 days 43 36 years, 0 days F. Edward Hébert Louisiana January 3, 1941 – January 3, 1977 1901–1979
48 36 years, 0 days 44 36 years, 0 days Edward Boland Massachusetts January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1989 1911–2001
49 36 years, 0 days 45 36 years, 0 days William Broomfield Michigan January 3, 1957 – January 3, 1993 1922–2019
50 36 years, 0 days 46 36 years, 0 days Dan Rostenkowski Illinois January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1995 1928–2010
51 36 years, 0 days 47 36 years, 0 days Neal Edward Smith Iowa January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1995 1920–
52 36 years, 0 days 48 36 years, 0 days Joseph M. McDade Pennsylvania January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1999 1931–2017
53 36 years, 0 days 49 36 years, 0 days Ralph Regula Ohio January 3, 1973 – January 3, 2009 1924–2017
54 36 years, 0 days 50 36 years, 0 days Jim Oberstar Minnesota January 3, 1975 – January 3, 2011 1934–2014
55 36 years, 0 days 51 36 years, 0 days Norm Dicks Washington January 3, 1977 – January 3, 2013 1940–
56 36 years, 0 days 52 36 years, 0 days Dale Kildee Michigan January 3, 1977 – January 3, 2013 1929–
57 36 years, 0 days 53 36 years, 0 days Sander Levin Michigan January 3, 1983 – January 3, 2019 1931–

ReferencesEdit