List of National Historic Landmarks in New Mexico

This is a complete List of National Historic Landmarks in New Mexico. New Mexico has 46 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs), including Raton Pass which is shared with Colorado, and listed by the National Park Service as in that state.

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Current NHLsEdit

The NHLs are distributed across 22 of New Mexico's 33 counties.

[1] Landmark name Image Date designated[2] Location County Description
1 Abó June 13, 1962
34°26′56″N 106°22′17″W / 34.448889°N 106.371389°W / 34.448889; -106.371389 (Abó)
Torrance Pueblo ruins, and ruins of a Spanish mission, Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
2 Acoma Pueblo October 9, 1960
Acoma Pueblo
34°53′47″N 107°34′55″W / 34.896389°N 107.581944°W / 34.896389; -107.581944 (Acoma Pueblo)
Cibola Native American pueblo built atop a 225-foot sandstone mesa; one of longest-occupied places in North America
3 Bandelier CCC Historic District May 28, 1987
Bandelier National Monument
35°46′46″N 106°16′13″W / 35.77942°N 106.270287°W / 35.77942; -106.270287 (Bandelier CCC Historic District)
Los Alamos and Sandoval Civilian Conservation Corps buildings and infrastructure
4 Barrio De Analco Historic District October 18, 1968
Santa Fe
35°41′00″N 105°56′11″W / 35.683333°N 105.936389°W / 35.683333; -105.936389 (Barrio De Analco Historic District)
Santa Fe Historic district including the oldest house in the state of New Mexico, and the oldest Catholic church in the continental United States

(Oldest Churches, Annexed Territories vs original founding Colony States).[3]

5 Big Bead Mesa July 19, 1964
Casa Salazar
Sandoval Fortified Navajo village site; served as a base for trade and raiding from 1745 to 1812
6 Blackwater Draw January 20, 1961
34°16′40″N 103°19′28″W / 34.277874°N 103.32458°W / 34.277874; -103.32458 (Blackwater Draw)
Roosevelt Archaeological type site of the Clovis culture
7 Ernest L. Blumenschein House December 21, 1965
36°24′21″N 105°34′37″W / 36.405954°N 105.576890°W / 36.405954; -105.576890 (Ernest L. Blumenschein House)
Taos Home of painter Ernest L. Blumenschein, co-founder of Taos Art Colony
8 Carlsbad Irrigation District July 19, 1964
32°29′27″N 104°15′08″W / 32.490796°N 104.252119°W / 32.490796; -104.252119 (Carlsbad Irrigation District)
Eddy Early 20th-century water reclamation project
9 Kit Carson House May 23, 1963
36°24′19″N 105°34′20″W / 36.405159°N 105.572131°W / 36.405159; -105.572131 (Kit Carson House)
Taos Home of frontiersman Kit Carson
10 Denver & Rio Grande Railroad San Juan Extension (Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad) October 16, 2012
Antonito, CO and Chama, NM
36°59′04″N 106°18′20″W / 36.98442°N 106.305563°W / 36.98442; -106.305563 (Denver & Rio Grande Railroad San Juan Extension)
Archuleta, CO, Conejos, CO, and Rio Arriba, NM Longest and most complete representation of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century railroading.
11 El Santuario de Chimayó April 15, 1970
35°59′21″N 105°55′54″W / 35.989167°N 105.931667°W / 35.989167; -105.931667 (El Santuario de Chimayó)
Santa Fe Roman Catholic church, famous for the story of its founding and as a contemporary pilgrimage site
12 Folsom Site January 20, 1961
36°52′54″N 104°04′16″W / 36.88169°N 104.07108°W / 36.88169; -104.07108 (Folsom Site)
Colfax Archaeological site; type site for the Folsom tradition
13 Fort Bayard Site March 19, 2004
Santa Clara
32°47′47″N 108°08′56″W / 32.796389°N 108.148889°W / 32.796389; -108.148889 (Fort Bayard Site)
Grant Site of an 1866 post of Buffalo Soldiers
14 Glorieta Pass Battlefield November 5, 1961
35°33′36″N 105°47′08″W / 35.56°N 105.785556°W / 35.56; -105.785556 (Glorieta Pass Battlefield)
Santa Fe Site of American Civil War Battle of Glorieta Pass
15 Hawikuh October 9, 1960
34°56′18″N 108°59′57″W / 34.938404°N 108.999155°W / 34.938404; -108.999155 (Hawikuh)
Cibola Largest of the Zuni pueblos; founded in the 13th century
16 Las Trampas Historic District May 28, 1967
Las Trampas
36°07′51″N 105°45′48″W / 36.130701°N 105.763285°W / 36.130701; -105.763285 (Las Trampas Historic District)
Taos Founded in 1751 by twelve Spanish families from Santa Fe; known for the church of San José de Gracia
17 Lincoln Historic District December 19, 1960
33°29′41″N 105°22′56″W / 33.494722°N 105.382222°W / 33.494722; -105.382222 (Lincoln Historic District)
Lincoln Well-preserved cow town
18 Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory December 21, 1965
Los Alamos
35°52′32″N 106°19′27″W / 35.875556°N 106.324167°W / 35.875556; -106.324167 (Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory)
Los Alamos United States Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory; major site of the Manhattan Project
19 Mabel Dodge Luhan House December 4, 1991
36°24′29″N 105°33′52″W / 36.408056°N 105.564444°W / 36.408056; -105.564444 (Mabel Dodge Luhan House)
Taos Artists' haven of Mabel Dodge Luhan, now an inn
20 Manuelito Complex July 19, 1964
McKinley Major post-Chaco culture sites
21 Mesilla Plaza July 4, 1961
32°16′28″N 106°47′44″W / 32.274311°N 106.795462°W / 32.274311; -106.795462 (Mesilla Plaza)
Doña Ana Town center historically associated with US acquisition of New Mexico
22 National Park Service Region III Office May 28, 1987
Santa Fe
35°39′54″N 105°55′21″W / 35.665134°N 105.922622°W / 35.665134; -105.922622 (National Park Service Region III Office)
Santa Fe Masterpiece of Spanish/Pueblo revival architecture
23 Georgia O'Keeffe Home and Studio August 5, 1998
36°12′22″N 106°19′01″W / 36.206172°N 106.316872°W / 36.206172; -106.316872 (Georgia O'Keeffe Home and Studio)
Rio Arriba Home and studio of artist Georgia O'Keeffe
24 Palace of the Governors October 9, 1960
Santa Fe
35°41′09″N 105°56′15″W / 35.685936°N 105.937504°W / 35.685936; -105.937504 (Palace of the Governors)
Santa Fe Adobe structure; construction began in 1610; served as the seat of government in New Mexico for centuries; oldest continuously occupied public building in the United States
25 Pecos Pueblo October 9, 1960
35°33′00″N 105°41′22″W / 35.549905°N 105.68939°W / 35.549905; -105.68939 (Pecos Pueblo)
San Miguel Large pueblo abandoned in 19th century; in Pecos National Historical Park
26 Puye Ruins May 23, 1966
35°58′32″N 106°13′39″W / 35.975556°N 106.2275°W / 35.975556; -106.2275 (Puye Ruins)
Rio Arriba and Sandoval Ancestral Puebloan cliff dwellings
27 Ernie Pyle House September 20, 2006
35°04′13″N 106°36′45″W / 35.070156°N 106.612581°W / 35.070156; -106.612581 (Ernie Pyle House)
Bernalillo Former home of famed war correspondent Ernie Pyle
28 Quarai June 13, 1962
34°35′45″N 106°17′42″W / 34.595833°N 106.295°W / 34.595833; -106.295 (Quarai)
Torrance Pueblo and Spanish mission ruins; part of Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
29 Rabbit Ears May 23, 1963
36°35′32″N 103°13′28″W / 36.592222°N 103.224444°W / 36.592222; -103.224444 (Rabbit Ears)
Union Twin mountain peaks that were landmarks to wagon trains on Santa Fe Trail
30 Ratón Pass December 19, 1960
Raton, NM and Trinidad, CO
36°59′28″N 104°29′12″W / 36.991134°N 104.486654°W / 36.991134; -104.486654 (Ratón Pass)
Colfax Mountain pass on the Santa Fe Trail along the Colorado-New Mexico border. Extends into Las Animas County, Colorado.
31 San Estévan del Rey Mission Church April 15, 1970
34°53′42″N 107°34′57″W / 34.895068°N 107.582476°W / 34.895068; -107.582476 (San Estévan del Rey Mission Church)
Cibola Church founded in 1629
32 San Francisco de Asís Mission Church April 15, 1970
Ranchos de Taos
36°21′31″N 105°36′28″W / 36.3586°N 105.6078°W / 36.3586; -105.6078 (San Francisco de Asís Mission Church)
Taos Mission church on Ranchos de Taos Plaza
33 San Gabriel de Yungue-Ouinge July 19, 1964
Ohkay Owingeh
36°03′26″N 106°05′01″W / 36.057306°N 106.083593°W / 36.057306; -106.083593 (San Gabriel de Yungue-Ouinge)
Rio Arriba Site of the first Spanish capital of New Mexico
34 San José de Gracia Church April 15, 1970
Las Trampas
36°07′53″N 105°45′28″W / 36.131389°N 105.757778°W / 36.131389; -105.757778 (San José de Gracia Church)
Taos Built between 1760 and 1776; model of the adobe architecture; once used by Los Hermanos Penitentes
35 San José de los Jémez Mission and Gíusewa Pueblo Site October 16, 2012
Jemez Springs
35°46′42″N 106°41′11″W / 35.778445°N 106.686498°W / 35.778445; -106.686498 (San José de los Jémez Mission and Gíusewa Pueblo Site)
36 San Lazaro July 19, 1964
Santa Fe
Santa Fe
37 Sandia Cave January 20, 1961
35°15′08″N 106°24′27″W / 35.252221°N 106.407583°W / 35.252221; -106.407583 (Sandia Cave)
Sandoval Cave in which prehistoric artifacts were found and excavated in the 1930s. Accessible via a USFS hiking trail.
38 Santa Fe Plaza December 19, 1960
Santa Fe
35°41′07″N 105°56′15″W / 35.685396°N 105.937498°W / 35.685396; -105.937498 (Santa Fe Plaza)
Santa Fe Central park lined with grass, trees, and benches; Indian War Memorial monument; performing arts stage
39 Seton Village December 21, 1965
Santa Fe
35°35′56″N 105°55′54″W / 35.598889°N 105.931667°W / 35.598889; -105.931667 (Seton Village)
Santa Fe
40 Taos Pueblo October 9, 1960
36°26′21″N 105°32′44″W / 36.43917°N 105.54559°W / 36.43917; -105.54559 (Taos Pueblo)
Taos This ancient pueblo belongs to a Northern Tiwa speaking Native American tribe of Pueblo people. Being approximately 1000 years old, it is believed to be the oldest continuously inhabited building in North America. It is a multi-storied residential complex of reddish-brown adobe divided into two parts by the Rio Pueblo de Taos.
41 Trinity Site December 21, 1965
33°40′38″N 106°28′31″W / 33.6773°N 106.4754°W / 33.6773; -106.4754 (Trinity Site)
Socorro Site of the first nuclear weapon detonation.
42 Village of Columbus and Camp Furlong May 15, 1975
31°49′39″N 107°37′50″W / 31.8275°N 107.630556°W / 31.8275; -107.630556 (Village of Columbus and Camp Furlong)
Luna Site of 1914 raid by Pancho Villa that had wide impacts
43 Wagon Mound May 23, 1963
Wagon Mound
36°00′01″N 104°41′41″W / 36.000278°N 104.694722°W / 36.000278; -104.694722 (Wagon Mound)
Mora Landmark on the Santa Fe Trail
44 Watrous (La Junta) May 23, 1963
35°48′03″N 105°00′05″W / 35.800833°N 105.001389°W / 35.800833; -105.001389 (Watrous (La Junta))
Mora Mountain and Cimarron Cutoff routes of Santa Fe Trail joined here
45 White Sands V-2 Launching Site October 3, 1985
White Sands Missile Range
32°23′58″N 106°22′40″W / 32.399378°N 106.377814°W / 32.399378; -106.377814 (White Sands V-2 Launching Site)
Doña Ana
46 Zuni-Cibola Complex December 2, 1974
Zuni Pueblo
34°56′17″N 108°59′56″W / 34.938°N 108.999°W / 34.938; -108.999 (Zuni-Cibola Complex)
Cibola and McKinley Complex of prehistoric and historic archaeological sites on Zuni Reservation

Historic areas of the NPS in New MexicoEdit

National Historical Parks, some National Monuments, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are nine of these in New Mexico. The National Park Service lists these fourteen together with the NHLs in the state.[4]

Landmark name
Image Date established[5] Location County Description
1 Aztec Ruins National Monument   January 24, 1923 Aztec San Juan Preserves ancestral Pueblo structures in north-western New Mexico
2 Bandelier National Monument   February 11, 1916 Santa Fe Sandoval and Los Alamos Includes Frijoles Canyon; contains (restored) ruins of dwellings, kivas, rock paintings and petroglyphs
3 Chaco Culture National Historical Park   March 11, 1907 Farmington San Juan and McKinley Densest and most exceptional concentration of pueblos in the American Southwest
4 El Morro National Monument   December 8, 1906 Ramah Cibola Sandstone promontory with a pool of water at its base; shaded oasis in the western U.S. deser; Zuni Indians call it "A'ts'ina" (Place of writings on the rock); Anglo-Americans called it "Inscription Rock"; travelers left signatures, names, dates, and stories of their treks
5 Fort Union National Monument   April 5, 1956 Las Vegas, NM Mora Preserves the second of three forts constructed on the site beginning in 1851; also ruins of the third; visible network of ruts from the old Santa Fe Trail
6 Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument   November 16, 1907 Silver City Catron Cliff dwellings from the 1280s through the early 1300s
7 Pecos National Historical Park   June 28, 1965 Santa Fe Santa Fe and San Miguel Includes parts of Glorieta Pass Battlefield, an NHL, as well as a mission and other areas.
8 Petroglyph National Monument   June 27, 1990 Albuquerque Bernalillo Variety of cultural and natural resources including five volcanic cones, hundreds of archeological sites and an estimated 25,000 images carved by native peoples and early Spanish settlers
9 Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument   November 1, 1909 Albuquerque Torrance and Socorro Reminders of this earliest contact between Pueblo Indians and Spanish Colonials: the ruins of four mission churches and the partially excavated pueblo of Las Humanas

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  3. ^ List of the oldest churches in the United States
  4. ^ These are listed on p.114 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State", November 2007 version.
  5. ^ Date of listing as National Historic Site or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.

External linksEdit

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

"National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.