List of Internet top-level domains

This list of Internet top-level domains (TLD) contains top-level domains, which are those domains in the DNS root zone of the Domain Name System of the Internet. A list of the top-level domains by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is maintained at the Root Zone Database.[1][2] IANA also oversees the approval process for new proposed top-level domains for ICANN. As of June 2020, their root domain contains 1511 top-level domains,[3] with a number of TLDs that have been retired and are no longer functional. As of June 2020, the IANA root database includes 1,584 TLDs, including 55 that are not assigned (revoked), 8 that are retired and 11 test domains and are thus not represented in ICANN's listing[1] and are not in root.zone file.[4]

TypesEdit

IANA distinguishes the following groups of top-level domains:[5]

Original top-level domainsEdit

Seven generic top-level domains were created early in the development of the Internet, and predate the creation of ICANN in 1998.

Name Entity Administrator[6] Notes IDN DNSSEC SLD IPv6
.com commercial Verisign This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Though originally intended for use by for-profit business entities, for a number of reasons it became the "main" TLD for domain names and is currently used by all types of entities including nonprofits, schools, and private individuals. Domain name registrations may be successfully challenged if the holder cannot prove an outside relation justifying reservation of the name,[citation needed] to prevent "squatting". It was originally administered by the United States Department of Defense. Yes Yes Yes Yes
.org organization Public Interest Registry This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Originally intended for use by non-profit organizations, and still primarily used by some. Yes Yes Yes Yes
.net network Verisign This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Originally intended for use by domains pointing to a distributed network of computers, or "umbrella" sites that act as the portal to a set of smaller websites. Yes Yes Yes Yes
.int Internet Assigned Numbers Authority The .int TLD is strictly limited to organizations, offices, and programs endorsed by a treaty between two or more nations. However, a few grandfathered domains do not meet these criteria. No Yes Yes Yes
.edu education Educause (via Verisign) The .edu TLD is limited to specific higher educational institutions such as, but not limited to, trade schools and universities. In the U.S., its use was restricted in 2001 to post-secondary institutions accredited by an agency on the list of nationally recognized accrediting agencies. This domain is therefore almost exclusively used by American colleges and universities. Some institutions, such as the Exploratorium, that do not meet the current registration criteria have grandfathered domain names. No Yes Yes Yes
.gov U.S. national and state government agencies General Services Administration (via Verisign) The .gov TLD is limited to United States governmental entities and agencies as well as qualifying state, county and local municipal government agencies. No Yes Yes Yes
.mil U.S. military United States Department of Defense The .mil TLD is limited to divisions, services and agencies of the United States Department of Defense. No Yes Yes Yes

Infrastructure top-level domainEdit

Infrastructure Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.arpa "Address and Routing Parameter Area" Originally assigned to the Advanced Research Projects Agency in the early days on the Internet, .arpa is now exclusively used as an Internet infrastructure TLD. No Yes

Country code top-level domainsEdit

As of 20 May 2017, there were 255 country-code top-level domains, purely in the Latin alphabet, using two-character codes. As of June 2020, this number is 316, with the addition of internationalized domains.[1]

Table legend
Name – DNS name of the two-letter country-code top-level domain. They follow ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, with some exceptions such as ".ac" for Ascension Island, ".eu" for the European Union, or ".uk" for United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland instead of ".gb".
Entity – Country, dependency, or region
Explanation – Explanation of the code when it is not self-evident from the English name of the country. These are usually domains that arise from native name of the country (e.g. .de for Deutschland, German name for Germany).
Notes – General remarks
Registry Domain name registry operator, sometimes called a network information center (NIC)
IDN – Support for internationalized domain names (IDN)
DNSSEC – Presence of DS records for Domain Name System Security Extensions
SLD – Allows second-level domain registration (restrictions may apply)
IPv6 – Registry fully supports IPv6 access
Overview of Latin-character country-code TLDs
Name[7] Entity Explanation Notes Registry[7] IDN DNSSEC SLD IPv6
.ac   Ascension Island (United Kingdom) Ascension Island (United Kingdom) Commonly used for academic websites, such as universities. However, .ac is not to be confused with the official academic domains used by several countries such as the United Kingdom (.ac.uk), India (.ac.in) or Indonesia (.ac.id). Also used in the accounting, consulting, and air-conditioning industries. Ascension Island Network Information Centre (run by Internet Computer Bureau) Yes Yes Yes Yes
.ad   Andorra Andorra Local trademark, trade name or citizenship required[8][9] Nic.ad Yes Yes
.ae   United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates No Yes
.af   Afghanistan Afghanistan Yes Yes
.ag   Antigua and Barbuda Also unofficially used by German businesses (where AG is an abbreviation of Aktiengesellschaft). Yes Yes
.ai   Anguilla (United Kingdom) Also unofficially used by tech companies specializing in AI (Artificial Intelligence). No Yes
.al   Albania Citizenship no longer required. No Yes
.am   Armenia Also unofficially used by AM radio stations, podcasts or related business. No Yes Yes Yes
.ao   Angola No Un­known
.aq   Antarctica Antarctique Defined by the Antarctic Treaty as everything south of latitude 60°S. AQ domain names are available to government organizations who are signatories to the Antarctic Treaty and to other registrants who have a physical presence in Antarctica. ? No Yes ?
.ar   Argentina Spanish[cctld 1] Yes Yes Yes
.as   American Samoa (United States) In some countries, like Norway and Denmark, "AS" or "A/S" is used as an abbreviation for stock-based or limited companies. Such companies will often make use of the domain. Also unofficially used by the Principality of Asturias, Spain. Yes No Yes
.at   Austria Nic.at Yes[cctld 2] Yes Yes Yes
.au   Australia Restrictions apply. In general, registrants must be Australian, and can be registered anywhere between 1 and 5 years.[10] Includes Ashmore and Cartier Islands and Coral Sea Islands. No Yes No Yes
.aw   Aruba (Kingdom of the Netherlands) Aruba, West Indies Restricted to registered Aruban companies, organisations and citizens Yes Yes
.ax   Åland (Finland) .al and .ad already allocated Yes Yes
.az   Azerbaijan Yes Yes
.ba   Bosnia and Herzegovina No Yes
.bb   Barbados No Yes
.bd   Bangladesh Yes No Yes
.be   Belgium Also unofficially used in the Canton of Bern, Switzerland Latin[11] Yes Yes Yes[12]
.bf   Burkina Faso No Yes
.bg   Bulgaria See also .бг (.bg in cyrillic) for IDN ccTLD Yes Yes Yes
.bh   Bahrain Yes Yes
.bi   Burundi No Yes
.bj   Benin No Yes
.bm   Bermuda (United Kingdom) Local corporate registration required Yes Yes
.bn   Brunei No No
.bo   Bolivia No Yes
.bq   Caribbean Netherlands (  Bonaire,   Saba, and   Sint Eustatius) Not in use.  /  /
.br   Brazil Restricted. Registration is done under several categories (i.e.: .edu.br for higher education institutions, .gov.br for government agencies, etc.).[13] Yes[14] Yes No[cctld 3]
.bs   Bahamas No Yes
.bt   Bhutan Yes No
.bw   Botswana Yes Yes
.by   Belarus Byelarus’ Also unofficially used to denote Bayern (Bavaria), Germany Yes Yes
.bz   Belize Also unofficially used in the province of Bozen (or South Tyrol, see .st) Yes Yes
.ca   Canada Subject to Canadian Presence Requirements. Also unofficially used by some websites in the U.S. state of California. French[cctld 4] Yes Yes
.cc   Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) Australian territory: not to be confused with Cocos islands in Guam. Currently marketed as global domain, registration allowed worldwide, local presence not required; the domain is currently operated by eNIC, a VeriSign company. Yes Yes
.cd   Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo, Democratic Republic Also unofficially used for Compact disc-related domains. No Yes
.cf   Central African Republic Also used as a free domain service to the public. No Yes
.cg   Republic of the Congo No Yes
.ch    Switzerland Confoederatio Helvetica Yes[cctld 5] Yes Yes
.ci   Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire No Yes
.ck   Cook Islands No Yes
.cl   Chile Yes Yes Yes Yes
.cm   Cameroon A local entity/company in Cameroon is required to register a domain name. No Yes
.cn   People's Republic of China China A local company in China is required to register a domain name, or for personal registrations a valid Resident Identity Card. See ICP license for more information regarding registrations. Hong Kong and Macau also maintain TLDs.

Also unofficially used for Cartoon Network-related domains.

Yes Yes Yes Yes
.co   Colombia Marketed as a global domain – recognized as a gccTLD by Google. Anyone can register. Yes Yes
.cr   Costa Rica Yes Yes
.cu   Cuba No Yes
.cv   Cape Verde Also unofficially used for curriculum vitae-related domains. No Yes
.cw   Curaçao (Kingdom of the Netherlands) Curaçao, West Indies No Un­known
.cx   Christmas Island Christmas Xmas Made infamous from Goatse.cx Yes Yes
.cy   Cyprus No No
.cz   Czech Republic No[cctld 6] Yes Yes
.de   Germany Deutschland German postal address for administrative contact (admin-c) required. Proxy registrations are allowed. DENIC Yes[cctld 7] Yes Yes Yes
.dj   Djibouti Also unofficially used by disc jockeys. No Yes
.dk   Denmark Yes[cctld 8] Yes Yes Yes
.dm   Dominica No Yes
.do   Dominican Republic No Yes
.dz   Algeria Dzair Yes Yes
.ec   Ecuador In Japan, "EC" is used as an acronym for "electronic commerce". Because of that, it's used unofficially by companies dedicated to provide online stores like BASE, a company that has two domains related to e-commerce: "base.in" and "official.ec".[16] No Yes
.ee   Estonia Eesti Yes[cctld 9] Yes Yes
.eg   Egypt No Yes
.eh   Western Sahara Unassigned No No
.er   Eritrea Eritrea No Yes
.es   Spain España Yes[17] Yes Yes
.et   Ethiopia Yes No
.eu   European Union Restricted to legal and natural persons in European Union member states. Previously unofficially used for sites in the Basque language, but now .eus is in official use. Yes[cctld 10] Yes Yes Yes[18]
.fi   Finland Registration allowed worldwide, local presence not required. Yes[cctld 11] Yes Yes Yes
.fj   Fiji No Yes
.fk   Falkland Islands (United Kingdom) No No
.fm   Federated States of Micronesia Also unofficially used by FM radio stations, podcasts or related business. Yes Yes
.fo   Faroe Islands (Kingdom of Denmark) royar Yes Yes
.fr   France Restricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.[cctld 12] Yes[cctld 13] Yes Yes
.ga   Gabon Also used as a free domain service to the public. No Yes
.gd   Grenada Yes Yes
.ge   Georgia Available for registration for residents of Georgia (unlimited) or for foreign companies via representation of any local legal person (one domain name per registrant).[19] No No Yes
.gf   French Guiana (France) Guyane Française No
.gg   Guernsey (United Kingdom) Guernsey / Guernesey Also unofficially used by video game related websites. No Yes
.gh   Ghana No No
.gi   Gibraltar (United Kingdom) Yes Yes
.gl   Greenland (Kingdom of Denmark) Previously also unofficially used in Galicia, Spain, but now .gal has been approved for such use and was implemented in mid-2014 Yes Yes
.gm   The Gambia Domain name should match the domain owners name or trademarks. Common nouns are blocked. No Yes
.gn   Guinea A local contact is required Yes No
.gp   Guadeloupe (France) Still used for Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin No Yes
.gq   Equatorial Guinea Guinée équatoriale Also used as a free domain service to the public. No
.gr   Greece Yes[cctld 14] Yes Yes
.gs   South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom) Yes Yes
.gt   Guatemala Yes No Yes Yes
.gu   Guam (United States) Registry has been closed since 2017. No No
.gw   Guinea-Bissau Guinea, West Africa Yes Yes
.gy   Guyana Yes Yes
.hk   Hong Kong Yes Yes Yes
.hm   Heard Island and McDonald Islands Unused for its intended purposes (islands are uninhabited and government sites instead use .aq); registry open to the public. No Yes
.hn   Honduras Yes Yes
.hr   Croatia Hrvatska Yes Yes
.ht   Haiti Yes No Yes
.hu   Hungary Citizens of the European Union or entities established by law within the territory of the EU Yes[20] Yes Yes
.id   Indonesia Restricted to Indonesian companies (co.id), organisations (or.id), academic (ac.id & sch.id) and citizens (biz.id, my.id & web.id). Second-level domains are becoming available now and opened to general registration on 17 August 2014.[21] Yes Yes Yes
.ie   Ireland In 2002, registration was expanded to include persons or businesses with a "real and substantive" connection with the island of Ireland (including Northern Ireland).[22][23] Yes Yes Yes Yes
.il   Israel Yes Yes Yes
.im   Isle of Man (United Kingdom) No Yes
.in   India Under INRegistry since April 2005 (except: gov.in, nic.in, mil.in, ac.in, edu.in, res.in). Yes [cctld 15] Yes Yes Yes
.io   British Indian Ocean Territory (United Kingdom) Used unofficially by technology companies, startups, and web applications because IO can be an acronym for input/output that is useful for domain hacks. NIC.IO (run by Internet Computer Bureau) Yes Yes
.iq   Iraq Partial[24] Yes
.ir   Iran In 2014 a US court awarded a group of American and Israeli victims of Iranian terror the rights to the .ir domain, along with all of Iran’s IP addresses.[25][26] Yes No Yes
.is   Iceland Ísland Also unofficially used and marketed as a domain hack (for example it.is, that.is, etc.). Yes Yes Yes
.it   Italy Restricted to companies and individuals in the European Union. Yes[cctld 16] Yes[27] Yes Yes
.je   Jersey (United Kingdom) No Yes
.jm   Jamaica No No
.jo   Jordan No Yes
.jp   Japan Restricted to individuals or companies with a physical address in Japan. Yes Yes Yes Yes[28]
.ke   Kenya Yes No
.kg   Kyrgyzstan Yes Yes
.kh   Cambodia Khmer No No
.ki   Kiribati Yes Yes
.km   Comoros Komori No Yes
.kn   Saint Kitts and Nevis No Yes
.kp   North Korea Korea Democratic People's Republic Restricted to companies, organizations, or government entities based in North Korea. Despite this, few domains are actually registered because of internet censorship in North Korea. No No No
.kr   South Korea Korea Republic Yes Yes Yes
.kw   Kuwait Yes No
.ky   Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) Yes Yes
.kz   Kazakhstan No Yes
.la   Laos Currently being marketed as the unofficial domain for Los Angeles[29] Yes Yes
.lb   Lebanon Restricted to registration with a company in Lebanon Yes No
.lc   Saint Lucia Yes Yes
.li   Liechtenstein Also unofficially used by entities on Long Island, New York or people with the last name Li. In Russian, li can be used to create domain names that mean a verb with a past tense singular ending li Yes Yes Yes
.lk   Sri Lanka Lanka Yes Yes Yes
.lr   Liberia Partial[24] No
.ls   Lesotho No No
.lt   Lithuania Yes Yes Yes
.lu   Luxembourg Yes Yes Yes
.lv   Latvia Yes Yes Yes
.ly   Libya No Yes
.ma   Morocco Maroc Partial[24] Yes
.mc   Monaco Only for companies with a trademark registered in Monaco Yes Yes
.md   Moldova Restricted to individuals or companies with a physical address in Moldova. Yes Yes
.me   Montenegro Also unofficially used and marketed as a domain hack (for example love.me, meet.me, etc.). Yes Yes
.mg   Madagascar No Yes
.mh   Marshall Islands No
.mk   North Macedonia Makedonija Restricted to registration with a company in North Macedonia No Yes
.ml   Mali Also used as a free domain service to the public. No Yes
.mm   Myanmar No No
.mn   Mongolia The second-level domains '.gov.mn', '.org.mn', and '.edu.mn' are reserved for special use. See .mn for more information. Yes Yes
.mo   Macau Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Registrants must have a registered business in Macau, with the same name as the domain they wish to register. No Yes
.mp   Northern Mariana Islands (United States) Marianas Pacific No Yes
.mq   Martinique (France) No No
.mr   Mauritania Also unofficially used for Mr.-related domains. Yes Yes
.ms   Montserrat (United Kingdom) Also unofficially used for Microsoft-related domains. No Yes
.mt   Malta No No
.mu   Mauritius No Yes
.mv   Maldives No Yes
.mw   Malawi No Yes
.mx   Mexico Yes Yes
.my   Malaysia Restricted to registration by an individual or company in Malaysia Yes[cctld 17] Yes Yes
.mz   Mozambique No No
.na   Namibia Yes Yes
.nc   New Caledonia (France)   Restricted to companies that have a New Caledonian Business Registration Certificate or individuals living in New Caledonia for at least 6 months. Yes Yes
.ne   Niger Also unofficially used and marketed as a Lithuanian-language domain hack (for example o.ne, kaip.ne, etc.) No Yes
.nf   Norfolk Island Yes Yes
.ng   Nigeria No Yes
.ni   Nicaragua No No
.nl   Netherlands First active country-code domain outside the US.[30] No Yes Yes Yes
.no   Norway Businesses and professionals must be registered as an approved type of organization in the Brønnøysund Register Centre. Individual applicants must be of age (18 years) and be registered in Folkeregisteret. All applicants must have a Norwegian postal address.

Also unofficially used and marketed as a domain hack (for example oh.no, what.no, etc.).

Yes Yes Yes Yes
.np     Nepal All .np domains are free to register for individuals and registered businesses. Foreign businesses must provide proof of local presence in Nepal. No No
.nr   Nauru Was previously used as a free domain service to the public as co.nr.[31] No Yes
.nu   Niue Commonly used by Danish, Dutch and Swedish websites, because in those languages "nu" means "now". Yes[cctld 18] Yes Yes Yes
.nz   New Zealand Māori[cctld 19] Yes Yes[32] Yes
.om   Oman Registrant must have company or trademark registered in Oman as well as a local administrative contact. Yes No
.pa   Panama No No
.pe   Peru Yes Yes Yes
.pf   French Polynesia (France) Polynésie française With Clipperton Island No Yes
.pg   Papua New Guinea No No
.ph   Philippines No Yes
.pk   Pakistan Operated by PKNIC since 1992 No Yes
.pl   Poland Yes[cctld 20] Yes Yes
.pm   Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (France) Restricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.[cctld 12] Yes Yes
.pn   Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom) As a part of a marketing campaign, Lionsgate used the TLD for some (now defunct) sites related to The Hunger Games franchise, presenting it as the "official" country code of the fictional nation of Panem, notable sites included thecapitol.pn and revolution.pn. No Yes
.pr   Puerto Rico (United States) Yes Yes
.ps   Palestine[33] West Bank and Gaza Strip. No Yes
.pt   Portugal Portuguese Yes Yes Yes[34]
.pw   Palau Pelew Yes Yes Yes Yes[35]
.py   Paraguay No No
.qa   Qatar No No
.re   Réunion (France) Restricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.[cctld 12] Yes[cctld 13] Yes Yes
.ro   Romania Yes[36] Yes[37] Yes Yes[38]
.rs   Serbia Republika Srbija See also .срб (.srb in Cyrillic). Also unofficially used for Rust (programming language)-related domains. Yes Yes Yes Yes
.ru   Russia See also .su, still in use, and .рф, for IDN. No Yes Yes Yes
.rw   Rwanda No Yes
.sa   Saudi Arabia Registrant must have a registered trademark in Saudi Arabia matching the domain name to register or provide company incorporation documents of a company in Saudi Arabia or for personal registrations a copy of valid ID. A letter on the official letterhead of your organization addressed to SaudiNIC requesting the domain name registration is also required. Local administrative contact required. 2LD registrations rolled out in 2011.[39] Arabic[11] Yes[40] Yes Yes[41]
.sb   Solomon Islands Solomon Islands, British Also unofficially used for SpongeBob SquarePants-related domains. Yes No
.sc   Seychelles Also unofficially used for Snapchat-related domains. Yes Yes
.sd   Sudan No Yes
.se   Sweden S/E are the only letters occurring in both Sverige and Sweden Yes[cctld 21] Yes Yes Yes
.sg   Singapore Yes Yes
.sh   Saint Helena (United Kingdom) NIC.SH (run by Internet Computer Bureau) Yes[cctld 22] Yes Yes
.si   Slovenia Yes[cctld 23] Yes Yes
.sk   Slovakia Restricted to Slovak companies, organisations and citizens. Yes Yes Yes
.sl   Sierra Leone Yes Yes
.sm   San Marino Domain name must be same as company name or trademark. No Yes
.sn   Senegal Registration allowed for companies only. Individuals are not allowed to register. Yes Yes
.so   Somalia Relaunched on 1 November 2010. No No Yes
.sr   Suriname No Yes
.ss   South Sudan Added to the DNS root zone in February 2019. Registry is not yet available. Yes
.st   São Tomé and Príncipe Also unofficially used in South Tyrol (or province of Bozen, see .bz). No Yes
.su   Soviet Union Still in use. Also unofficially used by Student Unions. Yes[cctld 24] Yes Yes Yes[cctld 25]
.sv   El Salvador No No
.sx   Sint Maarten (Kingdom of the Netherlands) .si, .sm, and .ms already allocated. Yes No
.sy   Syria No Yes
.sz   Eswatini Swaziland Registration is restricted to Eswatini organizations with Eswatini Trading Licenses. No No
.tc   Turks and Caicos Islands (United Kingdom) Also marketed in Turkey. The official abbreviation of 'Türkiye Cumhuriyeti' (Republic of Turkey) is TC. No Yes
.td   Chad Tchad Available for registration to entities connected with Chad only. No Yes
.tf   French Southern and Antarctic Lands Terres australes et antarctiques françaises Seldom used. Restricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. Domains must be longer than two characters. It has also been adopted by the community of the game Team Fortress 2.[cctld 12] Yes[cctld 13] Yes Yes
.tg   Togo No Yes
.th   Thailand Yes Yes No
.tj   Tajikistan No Yes
.tk   Tokelau Also used as a free domain service to the public. No Yes
.tl   East Timor Timor-Leste Old code .tp is deactivated since 2015. Yes Yes
.tm   Turkmenistan Yes[cctld 26] Yes Yes
.tn   Tunisia Currently being marketed as the unofficial domain for Tamil Nadu [42] Yes Yes Yes Yes
.to   Tonga Often used unofficially for Torrent, Turin (Torino in Italian), Toronto, Tokyo, or Tocantins, and also as a domain hack in Slavic languages (to meaning it). Yes No Yes
.tr   Turkey .nc.tr used by Northern Cyprus Yes[cctld 27] No Yes Yes[43]
.tt   Trinidad and Tobago Yes Yes
.tv   Tuvalu Used as an abbreviation of television, the domain is currently operated by dotTV, a VeriSign company; the Tuvalu government owns twenty percent of the company. Yes Yes
.tw   Taiwan Registration allowed worldwide, local presence not required. In line with ISO 3166-1, IANA's official position is that "TW" is "designated for use to represent "Taiwan."[44] Yes[cctld 28] Yes Yes
.tz   Tanzania Must have a presence in Tanzania Yes No
.ua   Ukraine Ukraina Ukrainian trademark required Yes Yes
.ug   Uganda Yes Yes
.uk   United Kingdom The ISO 3166-1 code for the United Kingdom is GB. UK is a specially reserved ISO 3166-1 code. However, the creation of the .uk TLD predates the ISO 3166-1 list of ccTLD and is the primary TLD for the United Kingdom.[45] Nominet UK Yes Yes Yes
.us   United States of America Registrants must be United States citizens, residents, or organizations, or a foreign entity with a presence in the United States. Formerly commonly used by U.S. State and local governments, see also .gov TLD. Neustar Yes Yes
.uy   Uruguay 2LD rollout began on 10 July 2012.[46] Yes Yes
.uz   Uzbekistan No Yes
.va    Vatican City Limited to the official sites of the Holy See (including those of the Vatican City State). No No
.vc   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Partial[24] Yes
.ve   Venezuela Registration is at the third level. Yes No
.vg   British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) Yes Yes
.vi   United States Virgin Islands (United States) No Yes
.vn   Vietnam Yes[cctld 29] Yes Yes
.vu   Vanuatu Yes Yes
.wf   Wallis and Futuna Restricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.[cctld 12] Yes[cctld 13] Yes Yes
.ws   Samoa Western Samoa Marketed for use in general Websites Yes Yes[47] Yes
.ye   Yemen No No
.yt   Mayotte Restricted to individuals and companies in European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.[cctld 12]Also unofficially used for YouTube-related domains. Yes[cctld 13] Yes Yes
.za   South Africa Zuid-Afrika Yes Yes
.zm   Zambia No Yes[cctld 30]
.zw   Zimbabwe No No

NotesEdit

  1. ^ (17 November 2009) Spanish-Portuguese specific characters (á, â, ã, à, é, ê, í, ó, ô, õ, ú, ü, ñ, ç) allowed, as approved by law
  2. ^ Mostly latin characters (à á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì í î ï ð ñ ò ó ô õ ö ø ù ú û ü ý þ ÿ œ š ž), see IDN Zeichentabelle (PDF, in german language).
  3. ^ Currently not allowed, but some higher-learning institutions were grandfathered in.
  4. ^ "About Internationalized Domain Names" (PDF). Cira.ca. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  5. ^ Since March 2004, see details
  6. ^ IDN not adopted due to lack of public and corporate interest[15]
  7. ^ 93 non-ASCII characters, see details
  8. ^ (1 January 2004), (æ, ø, å, ö, ä, ü, & é): see details Archived 19 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Estonian domain names to incorporate diacritics (IDN) Starting from 13 June 2011 "Estonian domain names to incorporate diacritics (IDN)". Archived from the original on 7 June 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  10. ^ Supported characters (Latin, Greek, Cyrillic): see details Archived 20 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ (September 2005) Supported characters (Latin): see details
  12. ^ a b c d e f (6 December 2011) "Opening to Europe of the .fr, .wf, .re, .yt, .pm, and .tf TLDs"..
    Before restricted to residents of the corresponding French territory.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Availability of IDN on the .fr, .yt, .pm, .wf, .tf, and .re TLDs". Afnic.fr. Archived from the original on 6 August 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  14. ^ Support for Greek characters since July 2005, see details Archived 5 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Now, get Internet domain names in regional languages". The Hindu. The Hindu. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  16. ^ "Idn: un successo". Nic.it. Archived from the original on 8 March 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  17. ^ ".my Domain Registry". Domainregistry.my. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  18. ^ see [1]
  19. ^ "F.A.Q. for Domain Names with macrons (IDNs) - .nz Domain Name Commission". Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  20. ^ "www.dns.pl: IDN". Archived from the original on 10 August 2003. Retrieved 11 September 2003.
  21. ^ (October 2003), for Swedish characters, summer 2007 also for Finnish, Meänkieli, Romani, Sami, and Yiddish: see details
  22. ^ "IDN Code Points Policy for the .SH Top Level Domain" (PDF). Nic.sh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 September 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  23. ^ Since October 2010, see details
  24. ^ (28 April 2008) see details Archived 19 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "ccTLD.su". Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  26. ^ "IDN Code Points Policy for the .TM Top Level Domain" (PDF). Nic.tm. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  27. ^ (14 November 2006): see details
  28. ^ Traditional Chinese characters: see details
  29. ^ "TRUNG TÂM INTERNET VIÊT NAM – Tên mien tieng viet". Archived from the original on 23 January 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  30. ^ Restricted to ISPs and other undefined entities. See .zm

Internationalized country code top-level domainsEdit

Internationalized country code top-level domains[48]
DNS name IDN ccTLD Country/Region Language Script Transliteration Comments Other ccTLD DNSSEC
xn--lgbbat1ad8j .الجزائر   Algeria Arabic Arabic (Arabic) al-Jazā'ir .dz No
xn--y9a3aq .հայ   Armenia Armenian Armenian hay .am Yes
xn--mgbcpq6gpa1a .البحرين   Bahrain Arabic Arabic al-Bahrain Not in use .bh No
xn--54b7fta0cc .বাংলা   Bangladesh Bengali Bengali Bangla .bd Yes
xn--90ais .бел   Belarus Belarusian Cyrillic bel .by No
xn--90ae .бг[49]   Bulgaria Bulgarian Cyrillic bg .bg No
xn--fiqs8s .中国   China Chinese Chinese (Simplified) Zhōngguó .cn Yes
xn--fiqz9s .中國   China Chinese Chinese (Traditional) Zhōngguó .cn Yes
xn--wgbh1c .مصر   Egypt Arabic Arabic (Arabic) Miṣr / Maṣr[50] .eg Yes
xn--e1a4c .ею   European Union Bulgarian Cyrillic eyu .eu Yes
xn--qxa6a .ευ   European Union Greek Greek ey Not in use .eu
xn--node .გე   Georgia Georgian Georgian (Mkhedruli) GE .ge No
xn--qxam .ελ[49]   Greece Greek Greek el In use since July 2018 .gr No
xn--j6w193g .香港   Hong Kong Chinese Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) Hoeng1 gong2 .hk Yes
xn--h2brj9c .भारत   India Bhojpuri, Marathi, Nepali, Hindi Devanagari Bhārat Became available 27 August 2014[51] .in Yes
xn--mgbbh1a71e .بھارت   India Urdu Arabic (Urdu) Bhārat Became available 2017 .in Yes
xn--fpcrj9c3d .భారత్   India Telugu Telugu Bhārata Became available 2017 .in Yes
xn--gecrj9c .ભારત   India Gujarati Gujarati Bhārat Became available 2017 .in Yes
xn--s9brj9c .ਭਾਰਤ   India Punjabi Gurmukhī Bhārat Became available 2017 .in Yes
xn--xkc2dl3a5ee0h .இந்தியா   India Tamil Tamil Intiyā Became available 2015 .in Yes
xn--45brj9c .ভারত   India Bengali Bengali Bharôt Became available 2017 .in Yes
xn--2scrj9c .ಭಾರತ   India Kannada Kannada Bhārat Not in use .in
xn--rvc1e0am3e .ഭാരതം   India Malayalam Malayalam Bhāratam Not in use .in
xn--45br5cyl .ভাৰত   India Assamese Bengali Bharatam Not in use .in
xn--3hcrj9c .ଭାରତ   India Oriya Oriya Bhārat Not in use .in
xn--mgbbh1a .بارت   India Kashmiri Arabic (Kashmiri) Bārat Not in use .in
xn--h2breg3eve .भारतम्   India Sanskrit Devanagari Bhāratam Not in use .in
xn--h2brj9c8c .भारोत   India Santali Devanagari Bharot Not in use .in
xn--mgbgu82a .ڀارت   India Sindhi Arabic (Sindhi) Bhārat Not in use .in
xn--mgba3a4f16a .ایران   Iran Persian Arabic (Persian) Īrān .ir No
xn--mgbtx2b .عراق   Iraq Arabic Arabic (Arabic) ʿIrāq Not in use .iq No
xn--4dbrk0ce .ישראל   Israel Hebrew Hebrew Israel Not delegated .il No
xn--mgbayh7gpa .الاردن   Jordan Arabic Arabic (Arabic) al-Urdun .jo No
xn--80ao21a .қаз   Kazakhstan Kazakh Cyrillic (Kazakh) qaz .kz No
xn--q7ce6a .ລາວ   Laos Lao Lao Lao Not in use .la
xn--mix082f .澳门   Macao Chinese Chinese (Simplified) Ou3 mun4 / Àomén Not in use .mo No
xn--mix891f .澳門   Macao Chinese Chinese (Traditional) Ou3 mun4 / Àomén Not in use .mo No
xn--mgbx4cd0ab .مليسيا   Malaysia Malay Arabic (Jawi) Malaysīyā .my Yes
xn--mgbah1a3hjkrd .موريتانيا   Mauritania Arabic Arabic (Arabic) Mūrītāniyā .mr No
xn--l1acc .мон   Mongolia Mongolian Cyrillic (Mongolian) mon .mn Yes
xn--mgbc0a9azcg .المغرب   Morocco Arabic Arabic (Arabic) al-Maġrib .ma No
xn--d1alf .мкд   North Macedonia Macedonian Cyrillic (Macedonian) mkd .mk No
xn--mgb9awbf .عمان   Oman Arabic Arabic (Arabic) ʿUmān .om No
xn--mgbai9azgqp6j .پاکستان   Pakistan Urdu Arabic (Urdu) Pākistān .pk Yes
xn--ygbi2ammx .فلسطين   Palestinian Authority Arabic Arabic (Arabic) Filasṭīn .ps No
xn--wgbl6a .قطر   Qatar Arabic Arabic (Arabic) Qaṭar .qa No
xn--p1ai .рф   Russia Russian Cyrillic (Russian) rf .ru Yes
xn--mgberp4a5d4ar .السعودية   Saudi Arabia Arabic Arabic (Arabic) as-Suʿūdīya .sa Yes[40]
xn--90a3ac .срб   Serbia Serbian Cyrillic (Serbian) srb .rs No
xn--yfro4i67o .新加坡   Singapore Chinese Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) Xīnjiāpō .sg Yes
xn--clchc0ea0b2g2a9gcd .சிங்கப்பூர்   Singapore Tamil Tamil Cinkappūr .sg Yes
xn--3e0b707e .한국   South Korea Korean Hangul Han-guk .kr Yes
xn--fzc2c9e2c .ලංකා   Sri Lanka Sinhala Sinhala Lanka .lk Partial[24]
xn--xkc2al3hye2a .இலங்கை   Sri Lanka Tamil Tamil Ilaṅkai .lk Partial[24]
xn--mgbpl2fh .سودان   Sudan Arabic Arabic (Arabic) Sūdān .sd No
xn--ogbpf8fl .سورية   Syria Arabic Arabic (Arabic) Sūriyya .sy Yes
xn--kprw13d .台湾   Taiwan Chinese Chinese (Simplified) Táiwān .tw Yes
xn--kpry57d .台灣   Taiwan Chinese Chinese (Traditional) Táiwān .tw Yes
xn--o3cw4h .ไทย   Thailand Thai Thai Thai .th Yes
xn--pgbs0dh .تونس   Tunisia Arabic Arabic (Arabic) Tūnis .tn Yes
xn--j1amh .укр   Ukraine Ukrainian Cyrillic (Ukrainian) ukr .ua No
xn--mgbaam7a8h .امارات   United Arab Emirates Arabic Arabic (Arabic) Imārāt .ae No
xn--mgb2ddes .اليمن   Yemen Arabic Arabic (Arabic) al-Yaman Not delegated .ye No

Proposed internationalized ccTLDsEdit

Internationalised domain names have been proposed for Japan and Libya.

ICANN-era generic top-level domainsEdit

EnglishEdit

AEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.academy academic institutes Donuts[donuts 1] Yes Yes
.accountant accountants and accounting firms Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.accountants accountants and accounting firms Donuts[donuts 2] Yes Yes
.active general The Active Network Un­known Yes
.actor actors Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.ads advertising Charleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[53]
.adult adult entertainment (pornography) For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography. ICM Registry Yes Yes
.aero air-transport industry Must verify eligibility for registration; only those in various categories of air-travel-related entities may register. SITA No No
.africa African and pan-African topics, African Union ZA Central Registry Un­known Yes
.agency business associations Donuts[donuts 3] Yes[11] Yes
.airforce defense contractors Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.amazon Reserved for Amazon Amazon
.analytics Reserved for SAS Institute Campus IP LLC[53]
.apartments apartments Donuts Yes Yes
.app Apps[54] Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.apple Apple[55] Apple
.archi architects and architect firms[56] Restricted to individuals and organizations that can verify participation in architecture industry.[57] STARTING DOT LIMITED Un­known Yes
.army defense contractors Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.art artists, museums, art galleries, dealers, service providers and contractors UK Creative Ideas Yes Yes
.associates business associations Donuts[donuts 4] Yes Yes
.attorney attorneys and legal organizations Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.auction auctions Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.audible Reserved for Audible Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.audio stereo/sound systems, music Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.author writers and authors Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.auto vehicles Cars Registry Limited[53]
.autos vehicles DERAutos Un­known Yes
.aws Reserved for Amazon Web Services Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]

BEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.baby Johnson & Johnson Services, Inc.[53]
.band Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.bank banks Restricted to banks and savings associations fTLD Registry Services, LLC Un­known Yes
.bar Bars and related industry Punto 2012 Yes Yes
.barefoot Reserved for Gallo Vineyards Inc. Gallo Vineyards, Inc.[53]
.bargains coupons and online sellers Donuts[donuts 5] Yes Yes
.baseball baseball MLB Advanced Media DH, LLC[53]
.basketball basketball Fédération Internationale de Basketball (FIBA)[53]
.beauty beauty products and services L'Oréal[53]
.beer breweries and beer aficionados Minds + Machines[n 3] Un­known Yes
.best BestTLD Pty Ltd Un­known Yes
.bestbuy Reserved for Best Buy BBY Solutions, Inc.[53]
.bet gambling Afilias plc[53]
.bible Respect for "the Bible", "God as He is revealed in the Bible", and "orthodox" Christianity[59][60] American Bible Society[53]
.bid auctions Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Yes Yes
.bike bicycles Donuts[donuts 6] Yes[61] Yes
.bingo bingo Donuts Yes Yes
.bio Organic agriculture[62] Open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrants who are "producers, transformers and retailers, or otherwise involved in the field of agriculture, food and farming" must comply with the Principles of Organic Agriculture.[63][64] Afilias[65] Un­known Yes
.biz business Open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not held by commercial entities in accordance with the domain's charter. This TLD was created to provide relief for the .com TLD, where many names have already been taken. NeuStar Yes[11] Yes
.black those who like the color black[66] Afilias Yes Yes
.blackfriday Black Friday, retail Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.blockbuster Reserved for Blockbuster LLC Dish DBS Corporation[53]
.blog Blogs Automattic[67] Un­known Yes
.blue those who like the color blue[68] Afilias Yes Yes
.boo Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.book books Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.boots Reserved for Boots Company Ltd THE BOOTS COMPANY PLC[53]
.bot Restricted to online "bots" using approved frameworks (Amazon Lex, Dialogflow, Gupshup, Microsoft Bot Framework, and Pandorabots) Amazon allows users to contact them if they have a bot outside of these frameworks. [69] Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.boutique specialized businesses Donuts[donuts 7] Yes Yes
.box individuals and businesses, in order to promote personal cloud storage NS1 Limited Yes Yes
.broadway Broadway theatre Celebrate Broadway, Inc.[53]
.broker DOTBROKER REGISTRY LTD[53]
.build construction industry Open Top Level Domain—[70] Plan Bee LLC Yes Yes
.builders construction workers Donuts[donuts 8] Yes Yes
.business businesses Donuts[donuts 9] Yes Yes
.buy sales Amazon Registry Services, INC[53]
.buzz marketing and social networking DOTSTRATEGY Yes Yes

CEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.cab cabs and taxi companies Donuts[donuts 10] Yes Yes
.cafe coffee industry Donuts Yes Yes
.call Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.cam entertainment[71] Acwebconnecting—[72] Yes Yes
.camera camera-related businesses Donuts[donuts 11] Yes Yes
.camp camps and camping Donuts[donuts 12] Yes Yes
.cancerresearch Organizations, research institutes and individuals interested in ending cancer through research[73] Australian Cancer Research Foundation Un­known Yes
.capital financial firms Donuts[donuts 13] Yes Yes
.car vehicles Cars Registry Limited[53]
.cards general Donuts[donuts 14] Yes Yes
.care healthcare industry Donuts[donuts 15] Yes Yes
.career jobs and job-searching dotCareer LLC Yes Yes
.careers Employment Donuts[donuts 16] Yes Yes
.cars Automotive Uniregistry Yes Yes
.case Reserved for CNH Industrial CNH Industrial N.V.[53]
.cash financial Donuts[donuts 17] Yes Yes
.casino casinos Donuts Yes Yes
.catering Food service Donuts[donuts 18] Yes Yes
.catholic Catholicism Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communications)[53]
.center general Donuts[donuts 19] Yes Yes
.cern CERN CERN Un­known Un­known
.ceo CEOs [74] CEOTLD Pty Ltd Un­known Yes
.cfd contracts for difference trading Reserved for IG Group Holdings plc DOTCFD REGISTRY LTD[53]
.channel Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.chat online chat Donuts Yes Yes
.cheap Resellers Donuts[donuts 20] Yes Yes
.christmas Christmas Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.church churches Donuts[donuts 21] Yes Yes
.circle Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.city general Donuts[donuts 22] Yes Yes
.claims retail, auctions Donuts[donuts 23] Yes Yes
.cleaning Cleaning services Donuts[donuts 24] Yes Yes
.click Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.clinic healthcare clinics Donuts[donuts 25] Yes Yes
.clothing Apparel Donuts[donuts 26] Yes Yes
.cloud Aruba S.p.A.
.club groups, organizations, assemblies, communities, general [75] .CLUB DOMAINS Yes[76] Yes
.coach travel (flights and motor coaches) Donuts Yes Yes
.codes computer and/or encryption code enthusiasts Donuts[donuts 27] Yes Yes
.coffee cafés and coffee aficionados Donuts[donuts 28] Yes Yes
.college Educational XYZ.com Yes Yes
.community social groups, neighborhoods Donuts[donuts 29] Yes Yes
.company business associations Donuts[donuts 30] Yes Yes
.compare Reserved for iSelect Ltd iSelect Ltd[53]
.computer Technology Donuts[donuts 31] Yes Yes
.condos Real estate Donuts[donuts 32] Yes Yes
.construction Construction industry Donuts[donuts 33] Yes Yes
.consulting hired advisors Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.contact Top Level Spectrum, Inc.[53]
.contractors Remodeling and independent businesses Donuts[donuts 34] Yes Yes
.cooking sharing recipes Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.cool General interests Donuts[donuts 35] Yes Yes
.coop cooperatives The .coop TLD is limited to cooperatives as defined by the Rochdale Principles. DotCooperation No Yes
.country general Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.coupon discounts and rebates Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.coupons coupons Donuts Yes Yes
.courses education Open Universities Australia Pty Ltd[53]
.credit Financial institutions Donuts[donuts 36] Yes Yes
.creditcard Financial institutions Donuts[donuts 37] Yes Yes
.cruise cruise vacationing Viking River Cruises (Bermuda) Ltd.[53]
.cricket cricket Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.cruises cruise businesses and travel Donuts[donuts 38] Yes Yes

DEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.dad families Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.dance Dance studios and companies Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.data Dish DBS Corporation[53]
.date online dating Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.dating online dating Donuts[donuts 39] Yes Yes
.day general Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.deal sales Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.deals online shopping and couponing Donuts[donuts 40] Yes Yes
.degree general Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.delivery general Donuts[donuts 41] Yes Yes
.democrat Democratic Party politics Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.dental dentists Donuts[donuts 42] Yes Yes
.dentist dentists Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.design graphic art and fashion Top Level Design Yes Yes
.dev development Google Un­known Yes
.diamonds diamond and jewelry industry Donuts[donuts 43] Yes Yes
.diet dieting and dietary Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.digital general Donuts[donuts 44] Yes Yes
.direct general Donuts[donuts 45] Un­known Yes
.directory general directory Donuts[donuts 46] Yes Yes
.discount general Donuts[donuts 47] Yes Yes
.diy do-it-yourself Lifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[53]
.docs Charleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[53]
.doctor doctors and medical professionals Brice Trail, LLC[53]
.dog dog stores and owners Donuts Yes Yes
.domains domain registries Donuts[donuts 48] Yes Yes
.dot Dish DBS Corporation[53]
.download technology Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.drive vehicles Charleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[53]
.duck Reserved for Duck® Johnson Shareholdings, Inc.[53]

EEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.earth Interlink Co., Ltd.[53]
.eat restaurants and foodies Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.eco Sustainability minded companies, non-profits and professionals.[77] Open to anyone pledging a commitment to sustainability action.[78] Big Room Inc.[79] No Yes
.education educational institutes Donuts[donuts 49] Yes Yes
.email email Donuts[donuts 50] Yes Yes
.energy energy industry and marketing Donuts[donuts 51] Yes Yes
.engineer engineers and engineering firms Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.engineering engineering firms Donuts[donuts 52] Yes Yes
.edeka edeka firms EDEKA Verband kaufmännischer Genossenschaften e.V. Yes Yes
.enterprises business associations Donuts[donuts 53] Yes Yes
.equipment equipment-related businesses Donuts[donuts 54] Yes Yes
.esq lawyers, law firms, legal professionals To be restricted to verified lawyers and attorneys[80] Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.estate real estate businesses Donuts[donuts 55] Yes Yes
.events happenings Donuts[donuts 56] Yes Yes
.exchange generic trade Donuts[donuts 57] Yes Yes
.expert generic expertise Donuts[donuts 58] Yes Yes
.exposed general interest Donuts[donuts 59] Yes Yes
.express shipping Donuts Yes Yes

FEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.fail criticism, editorializing, providing input or satire Donuts[donuts 60] Un­known Yes
.faith religion and churches Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.family families Un­known Yes
.fan Asiamix Digital Ltd[53]
.fans general Un­known Yes
.farm farms and agriculture Donuts[donuts 61] Yes Yes
.fashion clothing industry Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.fast Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.feedback feedback and reviews Top Level Spectrum Un­known Yes
.fiat Only FIAT S.P.A. and its Affiliates (and qualifying Trademark Licensees as defined in, and in accordance with Specification 13 of the Registry Agreement (“Specification 13”) where applicable) are eligible to register a Domain Name under the .FIAT TLD.[81] Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V.[82] Un­known Yes
.film films Motion Picture Domain Registry Pty Ltd[53]
.final final versions of anything Núcleo de Informação e Coordenação do Ponto BR - NIC.br[53]
.finance financial Donuts[donuts 62] Yes Yes
.financial financial Donuts[donuts 63] Yes Yes
.fire Reserved for Amazon (promotion of Fire devices) Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.fish fishing businesses, sports, and interests Donuts[donuts 64] Yes Yes
.fishing fishing businesses, sports, and interests Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.fit Fitness and exercise Minds + Machines[n 3] Un­known Yes
.fitness Fitness and exercise Donuts[donuts 65] Yes Yes
.flights airline businesses and travel Donuts[donuts 66] Yes Yes
.florist florists Donuts[donuts 67] Yes Yes
.flowers florists and gardens Uniregistry Yes Yes
.fly travel To be restricted to verified airlines, travel agencies and travel resellers[83] Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.foo web development [84] Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.food Lifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[53]
.foodnetwork Reserved for Food Network Lifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[53]
.football soccer and American football Donuts Yes Yes
.forsale online retail Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.forum forums Fegistry, LLC[53]
.foundation charitable organizations Donuts[donuts 68] Yes Yes
.free sales Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.frontdoor Lifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[53]
.fun Radix Registry Un­known Un­known
.fund financial Donuts[donuts 69] Yes Yes
.furniture furniture businesses Donuts[donuts 70] Yes Yes
.futbol association football
.fyi "for your information" Donuts Yes Yes

GEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.gallery photo and art galleries Donuts[donuts 71] Yes Yes
.game gaming Uniregistry, Corp.[53]
.games gaming United TLD Holdco Ltd.[53]
.garden gardening Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.gay gay individuals or supportive organisations Top Level Design [n 4] Yes Yes

[85]

.gdn general GDN Registry Un­known Un­known
.gift gift-giving Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.gifts gift-giving Donuts[donuts 72] Yes Yes
.gives charities and gift-giving Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.glass window sales and repairs Donuts[donuts 73] Yes Yes
.gle Google abbreviations In use for some URL abbreviations related to Google such as forms.gle and goo.gle. Charleston Road Registry Inc. (a Google subsidiary)[86] Un­known Yes
.global general Dot GLOBAL Yes Yes
.gold gold and luxury Donuts Un­known Yes
.golf golf Donuts Yes Yes
.google Google In use for some websites related to Google such as blog.google. Alphabet Inc. Un­known Yes
.gop Republican Party politics Republican State Leadership Committee Spanish[87] Yes
.graphics graphics Donuts[donuts 74] Yes Yes
.green the environmentally-focused "As a Registrant you may not ... use a .green name or its content in a way that negatively affects the mission, purpose of the .green TLD, or its brand."[88] Afilias Un­known Yes
.gripe opinion sites Donuts[donuts 75] Yes Yes
.grocery grocery stores Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.[53]
.group Romeo Town, LLC[53]
.guide help sites Donuts[donuts 76] Yes Yes
.guitars Guitars Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.guru generic expertise Donuts[donuts 77] Yes[89] Yes

HEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.hair haircare products and services L'Oreal[53]
.hangout Reserved for Google Hangouts Charleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[53]
.health health and related topics DotHealth, LLC[53]
.healthcare healthcare industry Donuts[donuts 78] Un­known Yes
.help help sites Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.here generic geographic Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.hiphop Hip hop culture Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.hiv AIDS and HIV dotHIV Un­known Yes
.hockey hockey Donuts Yes Yes
.holdings real estate or financial business Donuts[donuts 79] Yes Yes
.holiday holiday gift industry Donuts[donuts 80] Yes Yes
.homegoods Reserved for HomeGoods The TJX Companies, Inc.[53]
.homes real estate professionals Dominion Enterprises Un­known Yes
.homesense Reserved for HomeSense The TJX Companies, Inc.[53]
.horse horse-related businesses and interest Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.hospital hospitals and healthcare centres Ruby Pike, LLC[53]
.host network companies Radix Registry Un­known Yes
.hosting Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.hot Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.hotels hotels and hospitality services Booking.com B.V.[53]
.house real estate and construction businesses Donuts[donuts 81] Yes Yes
.how how-to guides Google[n 2] Un­known Yes

IEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.ice Reserved for Intercontinental Exchange IntercontinentalExchange, Inc.[53]
.icu entrepreneurs and business owners ShortDot SA
.industries industrial businesses Donuts[donuts 82] Yes Yes
.info information Afilias German[11] Yes
.ing Verbal suffix: e.g., "jump.ing". Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.ink creative printing or tattooing[90] Top Level Design Yes Yes
.institute[91] Donuts[donuts 83] Yes Yes
.insurance insurance companies fTLD Registry Services LLC[53]
.insure insurance companies Donuts[donuts 84] Yes Yes
.international international entities Donuts[donuts 85] Yes Yes
.investments financial Donuts[donuts 86] Yes Yes

JEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.jewelry jewelry stores Donuts Yes Yes
.jobs Employment For websites with job opportunities and job listings.[92] Employ Media No Yes
.joy Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]

KEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.kim Kim (Korean surname) Afilias Un­known Yes
.kitchen food industry and remodeling Donuts[donuts 87] Yes Yes

LEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.land real estate Donuts[donuts 88] Yes Yes
.lat for Latin American communities and users wherever they may reside ECOM-LAC[53]
.law practitioners and educators in law Restricted to qualified lawyers, courts of law, law schools, and legal regulators.[93] Minds + Machines Group Limited[53]
.lawyer lawyers and legal organizations Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.lease financing Donuts[donuts 89] Yes Yes
.legal lawyers and legal organizations Donuts Yes Yes
.lgbt the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community "Registrants are prohibited from using the .LGBT domain in a manner that is harmful, threatening, abusive, harassing, defamatory, or hateful with respect to the LGBT community."[94] Afilias Un­known Yes
.life general Donuts[donuts 90] Yes Yes
.lifeinsurance life insurance American Council of Life Insurers[53]
.lighting lighting Donuts[donuts 91] Yes Yes
.like Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.limited limited companies and private companies limited by shares Donuts[donuts 92] Yes Yes
.limo limousine businesses Donuts[donuts 93] Yes Yes
.link connecting to information[95] Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.live United TLD Holdco Ltd.[53]
.living Lifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[53]
.loan banks and lenders Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.loans banks and lenders Donuts[donuts 94] Yes Yes
.locker Reserved for DISH DBS Corporation Dish DBS Corporation[53]
.lol LOL: laughing out loud Uniregistry[96] Un­known Yes
.lotto lottery Afilias Un­known Yes
.love dating sites Un­known Yes
.ltd limited companies and private companies limited by shares Donuts Un­known Yes
.luxury businesses catering to the wealthy Luxury Partners Yes Yes

MEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.makeup cosmetics products and retailers L'Oréal[53]
.management business management Donuts[donuts 95] Yes Yes
.map maps and navigation Charleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[53]
.market marketing services and retailers Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.marketing marketing services Donuts[donuts 96] Yes Yes
.markets financial and stock markets IG Group Un­known Yes
.mba Masters in Business Administration Donuts Yes Yes
.med medicine and related topics Medistry LLC[53]
.media general media interests Donuts[donuts 97] Yes Yes
.meet social gatherings, meeting new people Afilias Un­known Yes
.meme Internet memes Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.memorial memorial sites Donuts Yes Yes
.men men Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.menu restaurants Wedding TLD2 Yes Yes
.mint Reserved for Intuit Mint Intuit Administrative Services, Inc.[53]
.mobi mobile devices Must be used for mobile-compatible sites in accordance with standards. Afilias Yes Yes
.mobile Dish DBS Corporation[53]
.mobily Reserved for Mobily GreenTech Consultancy Company W.L.L.[53]
.moe Japanese otaku culture; see moe (slang) Interlink Yes Yes
.mom Uniregistry, Corp.[53]
.money financial Donuts Yes Yes
.monster organizations xyz.com Yes Yes
.mortgage mortgage lenders Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.motorcycles motorcycles DERMotorcycles Un­known Yes
.mov digital video Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.movie movies and cinemas Donuts Yes Yes
.museum museums Must be verified as a legitimate museum. Museum Domain Management Association Latin script[11] Yes
.music Music dissemination and appreciation Under contention

NEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.name individuals, by name Open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not by individuals (or the owners of fictional characters) in accordance with the domain's charter. Verisign Yes[11] Yes
.navy defense contractors Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.network general Donuts[donuts 98] Yes Yes
.new websites where people can create something The second-level domain name must be the thing to be created immediately when a user visits the .new website. Most likely, the .new will redirect to a company's main website. Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.news news sites Un­known Yes
.ngo Non-governmental organizations.
Sold packaged with .ong.
Restricted to validated NGOs, as determined by PIR. See the eligibility requirements. Public Interest Registry Un­known Yes
.ninja general expertise Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.now Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.ntt businesses Restricted to use by NTT Japan. Refer to the .ntt Registration Policies page for more information. Nippon Telegraph And Telephone Corporation.[53] Un­known

OEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.observer Reserved for The Observer Top Level Spectrum, Inc.
.off Reserved for Off! Johnson Shareholdings, Inc.[53]
.org general Public Interest Registry
.one general .one (top-level domain) Un­known Yes
.ong Non-governmental organizations.
Sold packaged with .ngo.
Restricted to validated NGOs, as determined by PIR. See the eligibility requirements. Public Interest Registry Un­known Yes
.onl short for "online" I-REGISTRY Un­known Yes
.online generic Radix Registry Un­known Yes
.ooo general Infibeam No Yes
.open private to the "Registry Operator and its qualified Affiliates and Trademark Licensees"[97] American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc.[53]
.organic organic gardeners, farmers, foods, etc. Registrants must be verified as a member of the organic community.[98] Afilias Un­known Yes
.origins Reserved for Origins The Estée Lauder Companies Inc.[53]

PEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.page Reserved for Google and related content Charleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[53]
.partners businesses Donuts[donuts 99] Yes Yes
.parts manufacturing and consumer auto Donuts[donuts 100] Yes Yes
.party nightclubs and social gatherings Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.pay electronic payments Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.pet animals and pets Afilias plc[53]
.pharmacy pharmacies "All registrants within the .pharmacy gTLD are vetted prior to registration to confirm that they meet all applicable regulatory standards, including pharmacy licensure and valid prescription requirements, in the jurisdictions where they are based and where they serve patients."[99] National Association of Boards of Pharmacy Un­known Yes
.phone Dish DBS Corporation[53]
.photo photography and photo-sharing Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.photography photography and photo-sharing Donuts[donuts 101] Yes Yes
.photos photography and photo-sharing Donuts[donuts 102] Yes Yes
.physio physical therapists Must be eligible for membership within an association that is a member of the World Confederation for Physical Therapy, have proper training as a physical therapist outside WCPT's reach, or otherwise supports physical therapy.[100][101] PhysBiz Un­known Yes
.pics photography and photo-sharing Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.pictures photography and photo-sharing Donuts[donuts 103] Yes Yes
.pid Top Level Spectrum Un­known Yes
.pin Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.pink those who like the color pink Afilias Yes Yes
.pizza pizza parlors Donuts[donuts 104] Yes Yes
.place general Donuts[donuts 105] Yes Yes
.plumbing plumbing businesses Donuts[donuts 106] Yes Yes
.plus generic Donuts Yes Yes
.poker Poker players and sites Afilias[n 5] Un­known Yes
.porn adult entertainment (pornography) For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography. Yes Yes
.post postal services The .post TLD is restricted to Postal Administrations as defined in the Universal Postal Union constitution, and their large customers who wish to provide "Trusted Postal Services".[102] Universal Postal Union No[103] Yes
.press publishing and journalism Radix Registry Un­known Yes
.prime Reserved for Amazon Prime Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.pro professions/professionals Registry Services Corporation No Yes
.productions studio/art businesses Donuts[donuts 107] Yes Yes
.prof Professors, teachers and learning Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.promo advertising Afilias plc[53]
.properties real estate Donuts[donuts 108] Yes Yes
.property real estate Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.protection security XYZ.COM LLC[53]
.pub bars and pubs Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes

QEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.qpon coupons dotCOOL Un­known Yes

REdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.racing racing Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.radio radio stations European Broadcasting Union (EBU)[53]
.read ebook websites Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.realestate real estate dotRealEstate LLC[53]
.realtor realtors To be restricted to members of the National Association of Realtors and the Canadian Real Estate Association, and related associations.[104] Real Estate Domains Un­known Yes
.realty realty and housing Fegistry, LLC[53]
.recipes recipes and cooking Donuts[donuts 109] Yes Yes
.red those who like the color red[105]
Also Spanish variant of .net
Also likely to be attractive for domain hacks for words that end with '-red'.
Afilias Yes Yes
.rehab rehab centers and support sites Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.reit real estate investment trusts Restricted to REITs, as determined by national law.[106] National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts Un­known Yes
.rent Real estate professionals and small businesses xyz.xyz Un­known Yes
.rentals short-term ownership Donuts[donuts 110] Yes Yes
.repair general repair/maintenance businesses Donuts[donuts 111] Yes Yes
.report business services Donuts[donuts 112] Yes Yes
.republican Republican Party politics Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.rest Restaurants and related industry Punto 2012 Yes[107] Yes
.restaurant restaurants Donuts[donuts 113] Yes Yes
.review public reviews Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.reviews public reviews Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.rich businesses catering to the wealthy I-REGISTRY Un­known Yes
.rip memorial sites[108] Rightside Group[n 1] Un­known Yes
.rocks general Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.rodeo Rodeo interest Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.room Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.rugby rugby World Rugby Strategic Developments Limited[53]
.run running and jogging Donuts Yes Yes

SEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.safe Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.sale retail Un­known Yes
.save Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.sbi State Bank of India
.scholarships scholarship related Scholarships.com[109][110] Un­known Un­known
.school schools Donuts[donuts 114] Yes Yes
.science science-related sites Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.search search engines Charleston Road Registry Inc. (Google)[53]
.secure Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.security XYZ.COM LLC[53]
.select iSelect Ltd[53]
.services business services Donuts[donuts 115] Yes Yes
.sex adult entertainment (pornography) For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography. ICM Registry Yes Yes
.sexy adult entertainment Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.shoes shoes Donuts[donuts 116] Yes Yes
.shop GMO Registry, Inc.[53]
.shopping Over Keep, LLC[53]
.show entertainment and vlogs Donuts Yes Yes
.showtime CBS Domains Inc.[53]
.silk Reserved for Amazon Silk Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.singles online dating Donuts[donuts 117] Yes Yes
.site general Un­known Yes
.ski STARTING DOT LIMITED[53]
.skin skincare products and services L'Oréal[53]
.sky Sky International AG[53]
.sling Reserved for Sling Media Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation[53]
.smile Reserved for Amazon Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.sncf Reserved to the SNCF company. SNCF
.soccer soccer Donuts Yes Yes
.social general interest Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.software computer software Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.solar solar-power Donuts[donuts 118] Yes Yes
.solutions business services Donuts[donuts 119] Yes Yes
.song Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.space as a creative space Radix Registry Un­known Yes
.spreadbetting DOTSPREADBETTING REGISTRY LTD[53]
.spot Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.sport sport institutions Global Association of International Sports Federations (GAISF)
.storage Self Storage Company LLC[53]
.store stores Radix Registry Yes Yes
.stream streaming media Global Registry Services Ltd[52]
.studio art, fitness, & entertainment Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.study education OPEN UNIVERSITIES AUSTRALIA PTY LTD[53]
.style fashion Donuts Yes Yes
.sucks gripe sites Vox Populi Un­known Yes
.supplies manufacturing industries Donuts[donuts 120] Yes Yes
.supply manufacturing industries Donuts[donuts 121] Yes Yes
.support help pages Donuts[donuts 122] Yes[111] Yes
.surf surfing Minds + Machines[n 3] Un­known Yes
.surgery healthcare industry Donuts[donuts 123] Yes Yes
.systems technology Donuts[donuts 124] Yes Yes

TEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.talk Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.tattoo tattoo aficionados Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.tax financial Donuts Yes Yes
.taxi taxi services Donuts Yes Yes
.team team sports Donuts Yes Yes
.tech technology Radix Registry Yes Yes
.technology technology Donuts Yes Yes
.tel Internet communication services A contact directory housing all types of contact information directly in the Domain Name System. Yes[112] Yes
.tennis tennis Donuts Yes Yes
.theater theaters and cinemas Donuts Yes Yes
.theatre theatre XYZ.COM LLC[53]
.tickets ticket resale Accent Media Limited[53]
.tips general help topics Donuts Yes Yes
.tires tire manufacturers Donuts Yes Yes
.today general Donuts Yes Yes
.tools manufacturing industries Donuts Yes Yes
.top general Jiangsu Bangning Un­known Yes
.tours tourism Donuts Yes Yes
.town generic geographic Donuts Yes Yes
.toys toy businesses Donuts Yes Yes
.trade businesses Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Yes Yes
.trading DOTTRADING REGISTRY LTD[53]
.training sports and fitness Donuts Yes Yes
.travel travel and tourism industry related sites Must be verified as a legitimate travel-related entity. No Yes
.travelersinsurance Reserved for Travelers Insurance Travelers TLD, LLC[53]
.trust Artemis Internet Inc[53]
.tube Latin American Telecom LLC[53]
.tunes Reserved for Amazon Music Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]

UEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.uconnect FCA US LLC[53]
.university young adults, university life Donuts Yes Yes
.uno

VEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.vacations travel Donuts Yes Yes
.ventures funding for start-ups Donuts Yes Yes
.vet veterans and veterinarians Yes Yes
.video video sharing Un­known Yes
.villas real estate and/or travel businesses Donuts Yes Yes
.vip Minds + Machines Group Limited[53]
.vision eye-care businesses Donuts Yes Yes
.vodka vodka-related businesses and interest Yes Yes
.vote democratic elections and campaign websites Must use the domain in connection with a "clearly identified political/democratic process."[113] Afilias Un­known Yes
.voting polling sites Latin and Cyrillic scripts[11] Yes
.voyage travel Donuts Yes Yes

WEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.wang general
Wǎng is a Chinese Mandarin pinyin rendering of 网 (traditional 網) meaning "web" or "portal".[114]
Wang is also a common surname in mainland China.
Zodiac Registry Yes[115] Yes
.watch watches Donuts Yes Yes
.watches watches Richemont DNS Inc.[53]
.weather weather and meteorology Reserved for The Weather Channel International Business Machines Corporation[53]
.webcam web cam shows and video sharing Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Yes Yes
.website general Radix Registry Un­known Yes
.wed engaged couples and wedding-oriented businesses This TLD is intended primarily for engaged couples on a short-term basis (two years with large third-year renewal fees for second-level domains).[116]
And although the registry is advertising for multiple world languages, all domains appear to need to be in Latin script.[117]
No Yes
.wedding wedding-oriented businesses Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.whoswho general An open TLD, any person or entity is permitted to register. Conceived for those cited in one of the Who's Who reference titles published around the world, the registry was opened for use by private individuals, and for-profit and nonprofit entities, including those with social media aspirations. Registry policies allow for rapid takedown of non-compliant domains, for violations including imposturous registration of another's names, and proscribed uses, including pornography or adult services/applications. Who's Who Registry Yes Yes
.wiki wikis "An open TLD for anyone interested in community resource creation" Top Level Design Yes Yes
.win games, Microsoft Windows Global Registry Services Ltd[52] Un­known Yes
.wine Wine Un­known Un­known
.winners Reserved for TJX Companies The TJX Companies, Inc.[53]
.work general Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.works general Donuts Yes Yes
.world general Donuts Yes Yes
.wow Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.wtf general Donuts Yes Yes

XEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.xxx adult entertainment (pornography) For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography. Uniregistry Yes Yes
.xyz general XYZ.com Yes[118] Yes

YEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.yachts yachts DERYachts, LLC [53]
.yoga yoga Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.you Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]

ZEdit

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.zero Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
.zone general Donuts Yes Yes

ChineseEdit

Name Chinese term Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.ren rén "people/person" in Mandarin pinyin Restricted TLD[119] (Cancelled)[120] Un­known Yes
.shouji 手机 shŏujī mobile phone QIHOO 360 TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
.tushu 图书 túshū books Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
.wanggou 网购 wǎnggòu online shopping Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
.weibo 微博 wēibó microblogging Sina Corporation
.xihuan 喜欢 xǐhuān like QIHOO 360 TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
.xin xìn credit; honest Alibaba Group

FrenchEdit

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.arte Association Relative à la Télévision Européenne G.E.I.E. [53]
.clinique "hospital" The Estée Lauder Companies Inc. [53]
.luxe "luxury" Minds + Machines[n 3] Un­known Yes
.maison "house" Donuts[donuts 125] Chinese, French, German, Spanish[121] Yes
.moi "me" Amazon Registry Services, Inc. [53]
.rsvp Invitations and replies Google[n 2] Un­known Yes
.sarl Société à responsabilité limitée, Francophone Limited liability company Donuts[donuts 126] Yes Yes

GermanEdit

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.epost e-mail Deutsche Post AG
.gmbh GmbH Upon request, you will be required to demonstrate current or pending designation as a GmbH company whose existence can be validated with the respective public authorities in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein or Switzerland. Extra Dynamite, LLC
.haus "house" Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.immobilien "real estate" Rightside Group[n 1] German[11] Yes
.jetzt "now" New TLD Company Yes Yes
.kaufen "buy" Rightside Group[n 1] German[11] Yes
.kinder "children" restricted .brand TLD Ferrero Trading Lux S.A.
.reise "travel" Must be an eligible member of the travel business community; also, domain must be used for travel-related purposes.[122] dotreise Latin script[11] Yes
.reisen "traveling" Donuts[donuts 127] German[11] Yes
.schule "school" Donuts[donuts 128] Yes Yes
.versicherung "insurance" Latin script[11] Yes

HindiEdit

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.desi देसी, Hindi for the peoples and cultures of South Asia
See also Desi
Desi Networks Un­known Yes
.shiksha शिक्षा, Marathi and Hindi for "education". Afilias Un­known Yes

ItalianEdit

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.casa "house" Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.immo French, German,[123] and Italian abbreviation for "real estate" Donuts[donuts 129] Yes Yes
.moda "fashion" Rightside Group[n 1] Spanish[11] Yes
.voto "vote", for election and campaign websites Must use the domain in connection with a "clearly identified political/democratic process."[124] Initially only available to registrations in the United States.[125] Afilias Un­known Yes

PortugueseEdit

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.bom good Núcleo de Informação e Coordenação do Ponto BR - NIC.br
.passagens ticket Travel Reservations SRL

SpanishEdit

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.abogado "lawyer" To be restricted to licensed lawyers or law firms.[126] Minds + Machines[n 3] Un­known Yes
.futbol "Football" (soccer) Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.gratis "free" Donuts[donuts 130] Yes Yes
.hoteles "hotels" Travel Reservations SRL
.juegos "games" Uniregistry Yes[58] Yes
.ltda companies in South America Domains are limited to registered LTDAs (like LLCs) in Brazil, Colombia, Chile, and Ecuador.[127] InterNetX Un­known Yes
.soy "I am"
Also refers to the soybean and its food derivatives
Google[n 2] Latin script, Japanese[128] Yes
.tienda "shop", "store" Donuts Spanish Yes
.uno "one", for websites targeting Spanish speaking consumers Spanish Yes
.viajes "travel" or "trips" Donuts Spanish Yes
.vuelos "flights" Travel Reservations SRL

Internationalized generic top-level domainsEdit

All of these TLDs are internationalized domain names (IDN) and support second-level IDNs.

Arabic scriptEdit

DNS Name IDN Language Script Transliteration English Translation Notes DNSSEC
xn--4gbrim[129] .موقع Arabic Arabic mawqiʿ "site" or "location" Open TLD Yes
xn--fhbei[129] .كوم Arabic kwm com Owned by: VeriSign Sarl[53]
xn--mgbb9fbpob[129] .موبايلي Arabic mūbāylī My mobile (phone) Owned by: GreenTech Consultancy Company W.L.L.[53]
xn--mgbi4ecexp[129] .كاثوليك Arabic kāthūlīk Catholic Owned by: Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communication)[53]
xn--ngbc5azd[129] .شبكة Arabic Arabic shabaka "network" Open TLD Yes
xn--ngbe9e0a[129] .بيتك Arabic baytak your home Owned by: Kuwait Finance House[53]
xn--mgbab2bd[129] .بازار Persian Arabic bâzâr "market", "bazaar" Open TLD Yes

Chinese charactersEdit

DNS Name IDN Language Script Transliteration English Translation Notes DNSSEC
xn--3ds443g[129] .在线 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) zàixiàn "online" Open TLD.
The Chinese Government quickly bought 20,000 internationalized subdomains for localities.[130]
Yes
xn--fiq228c5hs[129] .中文网 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) Zhōngwén wǎng "(written) Chinese (language) network" Open TLD.
The Chinese Government quickly bought 20,000 IDN for localities.[130]
Yes
xn--ses554g[129] .网址 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) wǎngzhǐ "network address" or "website" Open TLD Yes
xn--5tzm5g[129] .网站 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) wǎngzhàn "website" Open TLD Yes
xn--io0a7i[129] .网络 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) wǎngluò "network" Open TLD Yes
xn--55qx5d[129] .公司 Chinese Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) gōngsī "business organization" or "company" Open TLD Yes
xn--czru2d[129] .商城 Chinese Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) shāngchéng "mall" Open TLD Yes
xn--nqv7f[129] .机构 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) jīgòu "agency" Open TLD Yes
xn--6qq986b3xl[129] .我爱你 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) wǒ ài nǐ "I love you" Open TLD Yes
xn--czr694b[129] .商标 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) shāngbiāo "trademark" Open TLD Yes
xn--rhqv96g[129] .世界 Chinese Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) shìjiè "world" Open TLD Yes
xn--3bst00m[129] .集团 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) jítuán "conglomerate" Open TLD Yes
xn--30rr7y[129] .慈善 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) Císhàn "philanthropy" Open TLD Yes
xn--45q11c[129] .八卦 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) Bāguà "gossip" Open TLD Yes
xn--55qw42g[129] .公益 Chinese Chinese (Simplified) Gōngyì "philanthropy" Open TLD Yes

Cyrillic scriptEdit

DNS Name IDN Language Script Transliteration English Translation Notes DNSSEC
xn--d1acj3b[129] .дети Russian Cyrillic (Russian) dyeti "kids" or "children" Open TLD Yes
xn--80aqecdr1a[129] .католик Cyrillic Katolik Catholic Owned by: Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (Pontifical Council for Social Communications)[53]
xn--j1aef[129] .ком Russian Cyrillic (Russian) kom com
xn--80asehdb[129] .онлайн Russian Cyrillic (Russian) onlain "online" Open TLD Yes
xn--c1avg[129] .орг Russian Cyrillic (Russian) org "org" or "organization" Open TLD Yes
xn--80aswg[129] .сайт Russian Cyrillic (Russian) sait "site" Open TLD Yes

Other scriptEdit

DNS Name IDN Language Script Transliteration English Translation Notes DNSSEC
xn--i1b6b1a6a2e[129] .संगठन Marathi, Hindi Devanagari saṅgaṭhana "organization" Open TLD Yes
xn--11b4c3d[129] .कॉम Marathi, Hindi Devanagari kom com
xn--c2br7g[129] .नेट Marathi, Hindi Devanagari net net
xn--mk1bu44c[129] .닷컴 Korean Hangul datkeom / tatk'ŏm dotcom
xn--t60b56a[129] .닷넷 Korean Hangul datnet / tatnet dotnet
xn--9dbq2a[129] .קום Hebrew Hebrew qwm "com" Open TLD Yes
xn--q9jyb4c[129] .みんな Japanese Hiragana minna everyone Open TLD[131] Yes
xn--1ck2e1b[129] .セール Japanese Katakana sēru sale Owned by: Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[53]
xn--bck1b9a5dre4c[129] .ファッション Japanese Katakana fasshon fashion
xn--cck2b3b[129] .ストア Japanese Katakana sutoa store
xn--eckvdtc9d[129] .ポイント Japanese Katakana pointo point
xn--gckr3f0f[129] .クラウド Japanese Katakana kuraudo cloud
xn--tckwe[129] .コム Japanese Katakana komu com Owned by: VeriSign Sarl[53]
xn--42c2d9a[129] .คอม Thai Thai khom com

Geographic top-level domainsEdit

AfricaEdit

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.africa Africa [53][132] Yes
.capetown Cape Town, South Africa [133] Un­known Yes
.durban Durban, South Africa [134] Un­known Yes
.joburg Johannesburg, South Africa [135] Un­known Yes

AsiaEdit

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.abudhabi Abu Dhabi [53]
.arab League of Arab States [53]
.asia Asia-Pacific region This is a TLD for companies, organizations, and individuals based in the region of Asia, Australia, and the Pacific. Chinese, Japanese, Korean[11] Yes
.doha Doha [53]
.dubai Dubai [53]
.krd   Kurdistan This is a TLD for companies, organizations, and individuals based in the region of Kurdistan[136][137] Kurdish Yes
.kyoto Kyoto, Japan [138]
.nagoya Nagoya, Japan [139] Japanese[11] Yes
.okinawa Okinawa, Japan Japanese Yes
.osaka Osaka, Japan [53]
.ryukyu Ryukyu Islands, Japan [140] Un­known Yes
.taipei Taipei, Taiwan Introduced in September 2014[141] Un­known Yes
.tatar Tatar peoples and places Tatarstan is a region in Russia, though this TLD is meant for the global Tatar community.[142] Un­known Yes
.tokyo Tokyo, Japan [143] Yes Yes
.yokohama Yokohama, Japan [144] Japanese Yes

EuropeEdit

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.alsace   Alsace, France [145] Un­known Yes
.amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands [146] Un­known Yes
.bar   Bar, Montenegro [53] Mostly used for bars and other alcohol facilities worldwide
.bcn Barcelona, Spain [53]
.barcelona Barcelona, Spain Un­known Yes
.bayern   Bavaria, Germany [147] Yes Yes
.berlin   Berlin, Germany Must have a connection to Berlin, Germany for example a company based in Berlin or a person from Berlin etc. [148] Latin and Cyrillic scripts[11] Yes
.brussels Brussels, Belgium [149] Latin script[11] Yes
.budapest Budapest, Hungary [150] Un­known Yes
.bzh   Brittany, France; Breton language and culture Breizh in Breton.[151] This is a TLD for Web sites in the Breton language or related to Breton culture French[11] Yes
.cat   Catalonia, Spain; Catalan language and culture This is a TLD for Web sites in the Catalan language or related to Catalan culture.[152] Catalan[11] Yes
.cologne Cologne, Germany [153] Yes Yes
.corsica   Corsica, France TLD Related to Corsican Culture Un­known Yes
.cymru   Wales, United Kingdom [154] Welsh[11] Yes
.eus Basque, Spain and France Euskal Herria in Basque. Web sites must be in the Basque language and are checked periodically.[155] Un­known Yes
.frl   Friesland, Netherlands Fryslân in (West) Frisian, one of the twelve provinces in the Netherlands.[156] Un­known Yes
.gal   Galicia, Spain This is a TLD for Web sites in the Galician language or related to Galician culture.[157] Un­known Yes
.gent Ghent, Belgium [158] Un­known Yes
.hamburg Hamburg, Germany Latin script[11] Yes
.helsinki Helsinki, Finland
.irish   Ireland; global Irish community Un­known Yes
.ist İstanbul, Turkey Un­known Un­known
.istanbul İstanbul, Turkey Un­known Un­known
.koeln Cologne, Germany [159] Yes Yes
.london London, United Kingdom [160] Yes Yes
.madrid Madrid, Spain [161] Un­known Yes
.moscow [ru] Moscow, Russia [162] Yes Yes
.nrw North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany [163] Yes Yes
.paris Paris, France [164] French[11] Yes
.ruhr Ruhr, Germany [165] German[11] Yes
.saarland   Saarland, Germany [166] Un­known Yes
.scot   Scotland, United Kingdom [167] Un­known Yes
.stockholm Stockholm, Sweden [53]
.swiss    Switzerland [53] Yes[168] Yes
.tirol   Tyrol, Austria [169] Yes[11] Yes
.vlaanderen   Flanders, Belgium [170] Latin script[11] Yes
.wales   Wales, United Kingdom [154] Welsh[11] Yes
.wien   Vienna, Austria [171] Latin script[11] Yes
.zuerich Zurich, Switzerland [172] Un­known Yes

North AmericaEdit

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC Alternatives
.boston Boston, Massachusetts [53] .boston.ma.us
.miami Miami, Florida [173] Un­known Yes
.nyc New York City, New York [174] Spanish[11] Yes .new-york.ny.us
.quebec Québec, Canada [175] Un­known Yes .qc.ca
.vegas Las Vegas, Nevada [176] Yes Yes .las-vegas.nv.us

OceaniaEdit

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.kiwi New Zealanders [177] Latin script[11] Yes
.melbourne Melbourne, Australia [178] Un­known Yes
.sydney Sydney, Australia [179] Un­known Yes

South AmericaEdit

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.lat Latin America [180] Spanish[181] Yes
.rio Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [182] Un­known Yes

Internationalized geographic top-level domainsEdit

DNS name Display name Entity Language Script Transliteration Notes Other TLD IDN DNSSEC
xn--1qqw23a[129] .佛山 Foshan, China Chinese Chinese (Simplified) fóshān [183] Yes Yes
xn--xhq521b[129] .广东 Guangdong, China Chinese Chinese (Simplified) guǎngdōng [53]
xn--80adxhks[129] .москва [ru] Moscow, Russia Russian Cyrillic (Russian) moskva [184] .moscow Russian[11] Yes
xn--p1acf[129] .рус [ru] Russia Russian Cyrillic (Russian) rus [53] .ru / .рф
xn--mgbca7dzdo[129] .ابوظبي Abu Dhabi Arabic Arabic Abū Ẓabī [53] .abudhabi
xn--ngbrx[129] .عرب Arab Arabic Arabic ‘Arab [53]

Brand top-level domainsEdit

Name Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.aaa American Automobile Association [53]
.aarp AARP [53]
.abarth Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (Abarth) [53]
.abb ABB [53]
.abbott Abbott Laboratories [53]
.abbvie AbbVie [53]
.abc American Broadcasting Company[185] [53]
.accenture Accenture [53]
.aco ACO Severin Ahlmann GmbH & Co. KG [53]
.aeg Aktiebolaget Electrolux [53]
.aetna Aetna [53]
.afl Australian Football League [53]
.agakhan Aga Khan Foundation [53]
.aig American International Group [53]
.aigo Aigo [53]
.airbus Airbus [53]
.airtel Bharti Airtel [53]
.akdn Aga Khan Foundation [53]
.alfaromeo Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (Alfa Romeo) [53]
.alibaba Alibaba Group [53]
.alipay Alibaba Group [53]
.allfinanz Allfinanz Deutsche Vermögensberatung Aktiengesellschaft [186] Un­known Yes
.allstate Allstate [53]
.ally Ally Financial [53]
.alstom Alstom [53]
.amazon Amazon https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.amazon
.americanexpress American Express [53]
.amex American Express [53]
.amica Amica Mutual Insurance [53]
.android Google (Android) [187] Un­known Yes
.anz Australia and New Zealand Banking Group [53]
.aol AOL [53]
.apple Apple [53]
.aquarelle Aquarelle.com Group [188] Un­known Yes
.aramco Aramco [53]
.audi Audi [53]
.auspost Australia Post [53]
.axa Axa [189] Yes[11] Yes
.azure Microsoft [53]
.baidu Baidu [53]
.bananarepublic Gap [53]
.barclaycard Barclays [190] Un­known Yes
.barclays Barclays [190] Un­known Yes
.basketball FIBA [191]
.bauhaus Werkhaus GmbH [53]
.bbc BBC [53]
.bbt BB&T [53]
.bbva Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria [53]
.bcg Boston Consulting Group [53]
.bentley Bentley [53]
.bharti Bharti Enterprises [53]
.bing Microsoft [53]
.blanco BLANCO GmbH + Co KG [53]
.bloomberg Bloomberg [192] Un­known Yes
.bms Bristol-Myers Squibb [53]
.bmw BMW [193] No Yes
.bnl Banca Nazionale del Lavoro [194] Un­known Yes
.bnpparibas BNP Paribas [195] Un­known Yes
.boehringer Boehringer Ingelheim [53]
.bond Bond University [53]
.booking Booking.com [53]
.bosch Robert Bosch GmbH [53]
.bostik Bostik [53]
.bradesco Bradesco [196] Un­known Yes
.bridgestone Bridgestone [53]
.brother Brother Industries [53]
.bugatti Bugatti [53]
.cal Google (Google Calendar) [197] Un­known Yes
.calvinklein PVH [53]
.canon Canon [53]
.capitalone Capital One [53]
.caravan Caravan International [198] Un­known Yes
.cartier Richemont DNS [53]
.cba Commonwealth Bank [53]
.cbn Christian Broadcasting Network [53]
.cbre CBRE Group [53]
.cbs CBS [53]
.cern CERN [199] Un­known Yes
.cfa CFA Institute [53]
.chanel Chanel [53]
.chase Chase Bank [53]
.chintai Chintai Corporation [53]
.chrome Google (Google Chrome) [200] Un­known Yes
.chrysler Chrysler [53]
.cipriani Hotel Cipriani Srl [53]
.cisco Cisco Systems [53]
.citadel Citadel Domain [53]
.citi Citigroup [53]
.citic CITIC Group [201] No Yes
.clubmed Club Med [53]
.comcast Comcast [53]
.commbank Commonwealth Bank [53]
.creditunion CUNA Performance Resources [53]
.crown Crown Equipment Corporation [53]
.crs Federated Co-operatives
(Co-Operative Retailing System)
[202] Un­known Yes
.csc DXC Technology
.cuisinella Société Alsacienne de Meubles (Cuisinella) [203] Un­known Yes
.dabur Dabur [53]
.datsun Nissan [53]
.dealer Dealer Dot Com [53]
.dell Dell [53]
.deloitte Deloitte [53]
.delta Delta Air Lines [53]
.dhl Deutsche Post [53]
.discover Discover Financial Services [53]
.dish Dish Network [53]
.dnp Dai Nippon Printing [204] Un­known Yes
.dodge Chrysler (Dodge) [53]
.dunlop Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company [53]
.dupont DuPont [53]
.dvag Deutsche Vermögensberatung [205] Un­known Yes
.edeka Edeka [206] Un­known Yes
.emerck Merck Group [207] Un­known Yes
.epson Seiko Epson [53]
.ericsson Ericsson [53]
.erni ERNI Group Holding AG [53]
.esurance Esurance [53]
.etisalat Etisalat [53]
.eurovision European Broadcasting Union (Eurovision) [53]
.everbank EverBank [208] Un­known Yes
.extraspace Extra Space Storage [53]
.fage Fage [53]
.fairwinds FairWinds Partners [53]
.farmers Farmers Insurance Exchange [53]
.fedex FedEx [53]
.ferrari Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (Ferrari) [53]
.ferrero Ferrero [53]
.fiat Fiat Chrysler Automobiles [53]
.fidelity Fidelity Investments [53]
.firestone Bridgestone [53]
.firmdale Firmdale Holdings [209] Un­known Yes
.flickr Yahoo! (Flickr) [53]
.flir FLIR Systems [53]
.flsmidth FLSmidth [210] Un­known Yes
.ford Ford Motor Company [53]
.fox Fox Broadcasting Company [53]
.fresenius Fresenius Immobilien-Verwaltungs-GmbH [53]
.forex Dotforex Registry Ltd [53]
.frogans OP3FT Solely for use by the Frogans technology[211] Yes[11] Yes
.frontier Frontier Communications [53]
.fujitsu Fujitsu [53]
.fujixerox Fuji Xerox [53]
.gallo E & J Gallo Winery [53]
.gallup Gallup [53]
.gap Gap [53]
.gbiz Google [212] Un­known Yes
.gea GEA Group [53]
.genting Genting Group [53]
.giving Giving Limited [53]
.gle Google [213] Un­known Yes
.globo Grupo Globo [214] No Yes
.gmail Google (Gmail) [215] Un­known Yes
.gmo GMO Internet [216] Un­known Yes
.gmx 1&1 Mail & Media (Global Message Exchange) [217] Un­known Yes
.godaddy Go Daddy [53]
.goldpoint Yodobashi Camera [53]
.goodyear Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company [53]
.goog Google [218] Un­known Yes
.google Google [219] Un­known Yes
.grainger Grainger Registry Services, LLC [53]
.guardian Guardian Life Insurance Company of America [53]
.gucci Gucci [53]
.hbo HBO [53]
.hdfc Housing Development Finance Corporation [53]
.hdfcbank HDFC Bank [53]
.hermes Hermès [53]
.hisamitsu Hisamitsu Pharmaceutical [53]
.hitachi Hitachi [53]
.hkt Hong Kong Telecom [53]
.honda Honda Motor Company [53]
.honeywell Honeywell [53]
.hotmail Microsoft [53]
.hsbc HSBC [220] Un­known Yes
.hughes Hughes Network Systems [53]
.hyatt Hyatt [53]
.hyundai Hyundai Motor Company [53]
.ibm IBM [221] Un­known Yes
.ieee Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers [53]
.ifm ifm electronic gmbh [53]
.ikano Ikano [53]
.imdb Amazon [53]
.infiniti Nissan (Infiniti) [53]
.intel Intel [53]
.intuit Intuit [53]
.ipiranga Ipiranga [53]
.iselect iSelect [53]
.itau Itaú Unibanco [53]
.itv ITV [53]
.iveco CNH Industrial [53]
.jaguar Jaguar Land Rover [53]
.java Oracle Corporation (Java) [53]
.jcb JCB [53]
.jcp JCP Media [53]
.jeep Chrysler (Jeep) [53]
.jpmorgan JPMorgan Chase [53]
.juniper Juniper Networks [53]
.kddi KDDI [53]
.kerryhotels Kerry Trading Co. Limited [53]
.kerrylogistics Kerry Trading Co. Limited [53]
.kerryproperties Kerry Trading Co. Limited [53]
.kfh Kuwait Finance House [53]
.kia Kia Motors Corporation [53]
.kinder Ferrero [53]
.kindle Amazon (Amazon Kindle) [53]
.komatsu Komatsu [53]
.kpmg KPMG [53]
.kred KredTLD [222] Un­known Yes
.kuokgroup Kerry Trading Co. Limited [53]
.lacaixa Caixa d’Estalvis i Pensions de Barcelona [223] Un­known Yes
.ladbrokes Ladbrokes [53]
.lamborghini Lamborghini [53]
.lancaster Lancaster [53]
.lancia Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (Lancia) [53]
.lancome L'Oréal [53]
.landrover Jaguar Land Rover [53]
.lanxess Lanxess [53]
.lasalle JLL [53]
.latrobe La Trobe University [224] Un­known Yes
.lds The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church)[225] [226] Un­known Yes
.leclerc E.Leclerc [227]
.lego Lego Group [53]
.liaison Liaison Technologies [53]
.lexus Toyota (Lexus) [53]
.lidl Lidl [53]
.lifestyle Lifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc. [53]
.lilly Eli Lilly & Company [53]
.lincoln Ford (Lincoln) [53]
.linde Linde [53]
.lipsy Lipsy Ltd [53]
.lixil Lixil Group [53]
.locus Locus Analytics [53]
.lotte Lotte Holdings [53]
.lpl LPL Financial [53]
.lplfinancial LPL Financial [53]
.lundbeck Lundbeck [53]
.lupin Lupin Limited [53]
.macys Macy's [53]
.maif Mutuelle Assurance Instituteur France (MAIF) [53]
.man MAN [53]
.mango Mango [228] Latin script[11] Yes
.marriott Marriott International [53]
.maserati Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (Maserati) [53]
.mattel Mattel [53]
.mckinsey McKinsey & Company [53]
.metlife MetLife [53]
.microsoft Microsoft [53]
.mini BMW (Mini) [229] No Yes
.mit Massachusetts Institute of Technology [53]
.mitsubishi Mitsubishi Corporation [53]
.mlb MLB Advanced Media [53]
.mma MMA IARD [53]
.monash Monash University [230][231] No Yes
.mormon The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church)[225] [232] Un­known Yes
.moto Motorola [53]
.movistar Telefónica [53]
.msd MSD Registry Holdings, Inc. [53]
.mtn MTN [53]
.mtr MTR Corporation [53]
.mutual Northwestern Mutual [53]
.nadex Nadex [53]
.nationwide Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company [53]
.natura Natura & Co [53]
.nba National Basketball Association [53]
.nec NEC [53]
.netflix Netflix [53]
.neustar Neustar [233] No Yes
.newholland CNH Industrial [53]
.nexus Google (Google Nexus) [234] Un­known Yes
.nfl National Football League [53]
.nhk NHK [235] Un­known Yes
.nico Dwango (Niconico) [236] Un­known Yes
.nike Nike [53]
.nikon Nikon [53]
.nissan Nissan [53]
.nissay Nippon Life [53]
.nokia Nokia [53]
.northwesternmutual Northwestern Mutual [53]
.norton NortonLifeLock [53]
.nra National Rifle Association [237] Un­known Yes
.ntt Nippon Telegraph & Telephone [53]
.obi OBI Group Holding SE & Co. KGaA [53]
.office Microsoft [53]
.omega Swatch Group (Omega) [53]
.oracle Oracle Corporation [53]
.orange Orange [53]
.otsuka Otsuka Pharmaceutical [238] Un­known Yes
.ovh OVH [239] French[11] Yes
.panasonic Panasonic [53]
.pccw PCCW [53]
.pfizer Pfizer [53]
.philips Philips