List of chairmen of the State Duma

This page contains the list of chairmen of the State Duma of Russia.

The post of Chairman of the State Duma existed in Russia two times. First time in the Russian Empire from 1906 to 1917, during this period the post of Chairman was occupied by 5 people. The second time, in the Russian Federation since 1993.

By party affiliation are:

Current Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin was elected October 5, 2016.[1]

ListEdit

Colour key
(for political parties)
Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Duma
State Duma of the Russian Empire
(1906–1917)
1   Sergey Muromtsev
(1850–1910)
10 May [O.S. 27 April], 1906 21 July [O.S. 8 July], 1906 Constitutional Democratic Party 1st
2   Fyodor Golovin
(1867–1937)
5 March [O.S. 20 February], 1907 16 June [O.S. 3 June], 1907 Constitutional Democratic Party 2nd
3   Nikolay Khomyakov
(1850–1925)
14 November [O.S. 1 November], 1907 19 March [O.S. 6 March], 1910 Union of October 17 3rd
4   Alexander Guchkov
(1862–1936)
23 March [O.S. 10 March], 1910 28 March [O.S. 15 March], 1911 Union of October 17
5   Mikhail Rodzianko
(1852–1924)
4 April [O.S. 22 March], 1911 22 June [O.S. 9 June], 1912 Union of October 17
28 November [O.S. 15 November], 1912 19 October [O.S. 6 October], 1917 4th
State Duma of the Russian Federation
(Since 1993)
6   Ivan Rybkin
(1946–)
January 14, 1994 January 17, 1996 Agrarian Party 1st
7   Gennadiy Seleznyov
(1947–2015)
January 17, 1996 January 18, 2000 Communist Party (prior June 4, 2002)

Non-partisan / Independent (June 4, 2002 - October 29, 2002)

Non-partisan / Party of Russia's Rebirth (since October 29, 2002)
2nd
January 18, 2000 December 29, 2003 3rd
8   Boris Gryzlov
(1950–)
December 29, 2003 December 24, 2007 United Russia 4th
December 24, 2007 December 21, 2011 5th
9   Sergey Naryshkin
(1954–)
December 21, 2011 October 5, 2016 United Russia 6th
10   Vyacheslav Volodin
(1964–)
October 5, 2016 Incumbent United Russia 7th

Chairmen by time in officeEdit

 
Boris Gryzlov, longest tenure of office, 7 years, 355 days
 
Sergey Muromtsev, shortest tenure of office, 72 days
Rank Speaker Time in office TE No
1 Boris Gryzlov 7 years, 355 days 2 8
2 Gennadiy Seleznyov 7 years, 346 days 2 7
3 Mikhail Rodzianko 6 years, 198 days 2 5
4 Sergey Naryshkin 4 years, 289 days 1 9
5 Vyacheslav Volodin 4 years, 54 days 1 10
6 Nikolay Khomyakov 2 years, 125 days 1 3
7 Ivan Rybkin 2 years, 3 days 1 6
8 Alexander Guchkov 1 year, 5 days 1 4
9 Fyodor Golovin 103 days 1 2
10 Sergey Muromtsev 72 days 1 1

The Fathers and Mothers of the house who started the new legislaturesEdit

Traditionally when a new Russian parliament is formed the eldest deputy opens and leads the first session until a chairman or a speaker is elected. Since 2011, opens and leads the first session the two oldest Deputies. In 2016, Valentina Tereshkova became the first Mother of the house.

In the history of the post-Soviet Dumas these were:

Year Name Born Age
1994 Georgy Lukawa 1925 69
1996 Grigory Galaziy 1925 73
2000 Yegor Ligachev 1920 79
2003 Valentin Varennikov 1923[2] 80
2007 Zhores Alferov 1930[3] 77
2011 Vladimir Dolgikh[4] 1924 87
Zhores Alferov 1930 81
2016 Zhores Alferov[5] 1930 86
Valentina Tereshkova 1937 79

Living former chairmenEdit

As of November 2020, there are three living former Chairmans. The most recent death of a former Chairman was that of Gennadiy Seleznyov (1996–2003) on 19 July 2015, aged 67.

Name Term of office Born
Ivan Rybkin 1994–1996 (1946-10-20) 20 October 1946 (age 74)
Boris Gryzlov 2003–2011 (1950-12-15) 15 December 1950 (age 69)
Sergey Naryshkin 2011–2016 (1954-10-27) 27 October 1954 (age 66)

ReferencesEdit