List of Catholic dioceses in China
The Catholic Church in China comprises 152 Latin jurisdictions:
- 21 ecclesiastical provinces (including one for Taiwan), consisting of 21 Metropolitan archdioceses and 100 suffragan dioceses
- 29 Apostolic Prefectures
- 1 exempt diocese, the diocese of Macau
- 1 Apostolic Administration, the Apostolic Administration of Harbin
There is an Apostolic Nunciature as papal diplomatic representation (embassy-level) to China, in Taipei, national capital of Taiwan, also charged with PRC, Hong Kong and Macau.
The Catholic Church recognizes the Republic of China as the sole government for all of China; nevertheless, it does not recognize all of its territorial claims. The term “China” has to be understood as including Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan in its 1949 provincial boundaries and Mainland China as effectively controlled by the People's Republic of China. Due to the non-recognition of the People's Republic of China, however, the authority of the Taipei-based Chinese Regional Bishops' Conference is effectively limited to the islands of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu. The dioceses of Hong Kong (suffragan of Guangzhou) and Macao (exempt) do not belong to that conference. The dioceses of Mainland China take part in the Beijing-based Chinese Bishops Conference, which is not recognized by the Holy See.
Current Latin dioceses in Greater ChinaEdit
Note that the diocese of Hong Kong belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Guangzhou, whereas the diocese of Macau is exempt. Also note that a small part of the diocese of Xiamen, the island of Kinmen, is administered by the Republic of China. At this moment, this part of the diocese is administered by the archdiocese of Taipei.
In all of greater China, only one non-Latin jurisdiction exists: an apostolic exarchate of the Russian Greek Catholic Church in Harbin. It has, however, been vacant since 1939.
|Area||Archdioceses||Dioceses||Apostolic prefectures||Apostolic administrations||Total|
However, the Chinese government has its own division of the dioceses, which is not necessarily identical to that of the Holy See. For example, many dioceses have been merged, and the difference between archdioceses, dioceses, apostolic prefectures and apostolic administrations has been abolished. Thus, according to the Chinese government, Mainland China is divided into 104 jurisdictions, all dioceses.
Originally, the ecclesiastical provinces were closely aligned with the civil provinces of China. However, the borders of most provinces have not been redrawn again for decades. As a general guideline, however, the ecclesiastical provinces largely correspond with the following civil provinces:
|Ecclesiastical province||Civil province||Jurisdictions (Holy See)||Jurisdictions (CPCA)|
|Beijing||Beijing, Hebei, Tianjin||15 (16 if including Xiwanzi)||12|
|Chongqing||Chongqing, Sichuan, Tibet||8||8|
|Guangzhou||Guangdong, Hong Kong(, Macau, Hainan)||9 (including Hong Kong and Macau; 8 if excluding Beihai)||7 (9 including Hong Kong and Macau)|
|Lanzhou||Gansu(, Qinghai, Xinjiang)||5||5|
|Nanning||Guangxi||3 (4 if including Beihai)||1|
|Shenyang||Jilin, Liaoning(, Heilongjiang)||12 (11 if excluding Chifeng)||3|
|Suiyuan||Inner Mongolia, Ningxia||4 (also 4 if including Chifeng and excluding Xiwanzi)||6|
|Taipei||Taiwan, Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, Taipei, Taoyuan, Fujian (Kinmen-Matsu)||7||—|
|Total||152||104 (106 including Hong Kong, Macau)|
The ecclesiastical jurisdictions in Hainan, Macao, Qinghai and Xinjiang are all exempt, though Macao is a diocese (the others are apostolic prefectures or apostolic administrations). Heilongjiang is also exempt, being administered by three apostolic prefectures, with the exception of some parts of Mudanjiang, which belong to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Yanji, which is located in Jilin province (Ecclesiastical Province of Shenyang).
In the Apostolic Constitution of 11 April 1946, all provinces are named by the name of the civil province as well as by the name of the archdiocese. The province of Suiyuan is described as the province of Mongolia, and the province of Shenyang as the province of Manchuria. However, these two names are not used anymore.
Current Latin provinces and dioceses in PR China incl. Hong KongEdit
Ecclesiastical Province of AnqingEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Anqing roughly covers the territory of Anhui province. The archdiocese is located in Anqing, even though Hefei has been the provincial capital since the 1940s - in fact, no diocese is located in Hefei. Also, apart from the archdiocese and the two diocese, there is also one exempt jurisdiction, the Apostolic Prefecture of Tunxi.
Ecclesiastical Province of BeijingEdit
The territory of the Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing is largely equal to that of Hebei province, when including Beijing and Tianjin. An important exception was Chengde; however, in 2018, the diocese of Chengde was erected, a suffragan of the archdiocese of Beijing, covering the entire prefecture-level city of Chengde. Furthermore, Puyang and Xinxiang's Changyuan County (Henan province) belong to the diocese of Daming (Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing), whereas Handan's Linzhang County, She County and Wu'an (all located in Hebei) belong to the diocese of Weihui (Ecclesiastical Province of Kaifeng). Shandongs Ningjin County also belongs to the diocese of Jingxian. Parts of Qinhuangdao and Zhangjiakou do not belong to the Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing. Furthermore, the Apostolic Prefecture of Yixian has not yet been elevated to the rank of diocese, and as such is not yet part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing, but is still exempt. Furthermore, the Diocese of Xiwanzi belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Suiyuan (Inner Mongolia), even though its seat is located in Hebei province.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Beijing 北京
- Diocese of Anguo 安國
- Diocese of Baoding 保定
- Diocese of Chengde 承德
- Diocese of Daming 大名
- Diocese of Jingxian 景縣 (also known as Hengshui)
- Diocese of Shunde 順得
- Diocese of Tianjin 天津
- Diocese of Xianxian 獻縣 (also known as Cangzhou)
- Diocese of Xuanhua 宣化 (also known as Zhangjiakou)
- Diocese of Yongnian 永年
- Diocese of Yongping 永平 (also known as Tangshan)
- Diocese of Zhaoxian 趙縣
- Diocese of Zhengding 正定
Ecclesiastical Province of ChangshaEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Changsha roughly covers the territory of Hunan province. In Hunan province, five exempt jurisdictions are also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Baoqing, the Apostolic Prefecture of Lixian, the Apostolic Prefecture of Xiangtan, the Apostolic Prefecture of Yongzhou and the Apostolic Prefecture of Yueyang.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Changsha 長沙
Ecclesiastical Province of ChongqingEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Chongqing roughly corresponds to Sichuan and Chongqing (Chongqing was separated from Sichuan in 1997) and also covers Tibet, though the diocese serving Tibet, the diocese of Kangding, is located in Sichuan. All the dioceses are located in Sichuan, except for Chongqing and Wanxian, which are located in Chongqing.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Chongqing 重慶
Ecclesiastical Province of FuzhouEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Fuzhou roughly covers the territory of Fujian province. In Fujian province, two exempt jurisdictions are also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Jian'ou and the Apostolic Prefecture of Shaowu. Note that Kinmen belongs to the diocese of Xiamen, but is administered by the archdiocese of Taipei.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Fuzhou 福州
Ecclesiastical Province of GuangzhouEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Guangzhou roughly covers Guangdong and Hong Kong. Nearby Macau and Hainan are both exempt: the diocese of Macau and the Apostolic Prefecture of Hainan. Also, note that the diocese of Beihai is located in Guangxi.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Guangzhou 廣州
Ecclesiastical Province of GuiyangEdit
Ecclesiastical Province of HangzhouEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Hangzhou roughly covers the territory of Zhejiang.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Hangzhou 杭州
Ecclesiastical Province of HankouEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Hankou roughly corresponds with Hubei. Hankou has been merged with Wuchang and Hanyang to form Wuhan in 1927. Apart from the dioceses, two exempt jurisdictions exist, the Apostolic Prefecture of Shashi and the Apostolic Prefecture of Suixian.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Hankou 漢口
Ecclesiastical Province of JinanEdit
Apart from the dioceses, Shandong province also has three apostolic prefectures: the Apostolic Prefecture of Weihai, the Apostolic Prefecture of Yiduxian (Qingzhou) and the Apostolic Prefecture of Linqing. However, even after taking this into account, the boundaries do not completely correspond with Shandong province.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Jinan 濟南
Ecclesiastical Province of KaifengEdit
The territory of the Ecclesiastical Province of Kaifeng is almost equal to that of Henan province. However, Puyang and Xinxiang's Changyuan County belong to the diocese of Daming (Ecclesiastical Province of Beijing), whereas Handan's Linzhang County, She County and Wu'an (all located in Hebei) belong to the diocese of Weihui. Furthermore, the Apostolic Prefecture of Xinxiang has not yet been elevated to the rank of diocese, and as such is not yet part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Kaifeng, but is still exempt.
Note that the archdiocese is located in Kaifeng, and not in Zhengzhou, the provincial capital of Henan since 1954.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Kaifeng 開封
Ecclesiastical Province of KunmingEdit
Ecclesiastical Province of LanzhouEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Lanzhou roughly covers the territory of Gansu. Note that Xinjiang is covered by the Apostolic Prefecture of Xinjiang-Urumqi and Qinghai by the Apostolic Prefecture of Xining. Historically, both provinces were part of the Apostolic Vicariate (now Archdiocese) of Lanzhou.
Ecclesiastical Province of NanchangEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Nanchang roughly covers the territory of Jiangxi.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Nanchang 南昌
Ecclesiastical Province of NanjingEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Nanjing roughly covers the territory of Jiangsu and Shanghai. In Jiangsu province, two exempt jurisdictions are also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Haizhou and the Apostolic Prefecture of Yangzhou.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Nanjing 南京
Ecclesiastical Province of NanningEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Nanning roughly covers the territory of Guangxi. In Guangxi, one exempt jurisdiction is also located: the Apostolic Prefecture of Guilin. Also, note that the diocese of Beihai, which is located in Guangxi, is part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Guangdong.
Ecclesiastical Province of ShenyangEdit
The Ecclesiastical Province of Shenyang (Shenyang is the capital of Liaoning) roughly covers Liaoning and Jilin. However, the Diocese of Chifeng belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Shenyang, but is located in Inner Mongolia. Furthermore, the diocese of Yanji (in Jilin) also covers a very small part of Heilongjiang. Some parts of the North-East are covered by exempt jurisdictions: the Apostolic Administration of Harbin, the Apostolic Prefecture of Jiamusi, the Apostolic Prefecture of Lindong and the Apostolic Prefecture of Qiqihar.
Harbin is also the seat of the Eastern Catholic Russian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Harbin, which, however, has been vacant since 1939 and only exists on paper.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Shenyang 瀋陽
Ecclesiastical Province of SuiyuanEdit
Suiyuan is now known as Hohhot; the dioceses roughly cover Inner Mongolia and Ningxia, though the diocese of Xiwanzi is actually located in Hebei. Also, the Diocese of Chifeng is located in Inner Mongolia, but belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Shenyang.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Suiyuan 綏遠 (also known as Hohhot)
Ecclesiastical Province of TaiyuanEdit
The territory of the Ecclesiastical Province of Taiyuan is almost equal to that of Shanxi province. However, the Apostolic Prefecture of Xinjiang (also referred to as Yuncheng or Jiangzhou) has not yet been elevated to the rank of diocese, and as such is not yet part of the Ecclesiastical Province of Taiyuan, but is still exempt.
- Metropolitan Archdiocese of Taiyuan 太原
Ecclesiastical Province of Xi'anEdit
Apart from the dioceses, Shaanxi province also has two apostolic prefectures: the Apostolic Prefecture of Tongzhou and the Apostolic Prefecture of Xing’anfu. However, even after taking this into account, the boundaries do not completely correspond with Shaanxi province.
Current Latin province and dioceses in TaiwanEdit
Ecclesiastical Province of TaipeiEdit
Note that Kinmen and the Matsu Islands belong to the diocese of Xiamen, but are administered by the archdiocese of Taipei with its Archbishop serving as an Apostolic Administrator in respect of the islands.
Current exempt jurisdictions, immediately subject to the Holy SeeEdit
- Apostolic Administration of Harbin in Heilongjiang
- Apostolic Prefecture of Baoqing (Paoking/Shaoyang) in Hunan
- Apostolic Prefecture of Guilin (Kweilin) in Guangxi
- Apostolic Prefecture of Hainan in Hainan
- Apostolic Prefecture of Haizhou (Donghai/ Haichow) in Jiangsu
- Apostolic Prefecture of Jiamusi (Kiamusze) in Heilongjiang
- Apostolic Prefecture of Jian'ou (Jianning/Kienning/Kienow) in Fujian
- Apostolic Prefecture of Lindong (Lintung) in Inner Mongolia
- Apostolic Prefecture of Linqing (Lintsing) in Shandong
- Apostolic Prefecture of Lixian(Lizhou/Lichow) in Hunan
- Apostolic Prefecture of Qiqihar (Tsitsikar) in Heilongjiang
- Apostolic Prefecture of Shaowu in Fujian
- Apostolic Prefecture of Shashi (Shasi) in Hubei
- Apostolic Prefecture of Shiqian (Shihtsien) in Guizhou
- Apostolic Prefecture of Suixian (Suihsien) in Hubei
- Apostolic Prefecture of Tongzhou (Tungchow) in Shaanxi
- Apostolic Prefecture of Tunxi (Tunki) in Anhui
- Apostolic Prefecture of Weihai (Weihaiwei) in Shandong
- Apostolic Prefecture of Xiangtan (Siangtan) in Hunan
- Apostolic Prefecture of Xing’anfu (Ankang/Hinganfu) in Shaanxi
- Apostolic Prefecture of Xining (Sining) in Qinghai
- Apostolic Prefecture of Xinjiang (Jiangzhou/ Kiangchow) in Shanxi
- Apostolic Prefecture of Xinjiang-Urumqi (Urumqi/Sinkiang/Xinjiang) in Xinjiang
- Apostolic Prefecture of Xinxiang (Sinsiang) in Henan
- Apostolic Prefecture of Yangzhou (Yangchow) in Jiangsu
- Apostolic Prefecture of Yiduxian (Iduhsien) in Shandong
- Apostolic Prefecture of Yixian (Yihsien) in Hebei
- Apostolic Prefecture of Yongzhou (Lingling/Yungchow) in Hunan
- Apostolic Prefecture of Yueyang (Yuezhou/Yochow) in Hunan
- Apostolic Prefecture of Zhaotong (Chaotung) in Yunnan
Eastern Catholic : Byzantine RiteEdit
Most former jurisdictions have current successor sees (although many are vacant).
Suppressed without 'direct' successor (all in continental China) :
There are no titular sees, and the Latin
- Titular Patriarchal See of All the East was suppressed in 1370 after a single incumbent, the Archbishop of Khanbalik.
- Archdiocese of Khanbalik
- Diocese of Citong
- Diocese of Ili-baluc alias Amaliaq alias Kulja (1320-1330)
(some had their title preserved when merged into another)
Dioceses according to the Chinese Patriotic Catholic AssociationEdit
The structure of dioceses of the CPCA is not the same one as the one of the Holy See. First of all, the distinction between archdioceses, dioceses, apostolic prefectures and apostolic administrations is not maintained: only dioceses exist. Secondly, the dioceses are structured according to the administrative divisions of the PRC. Many dioceses have been merged; some provinces are only served by a single diocese. Except for the diocese of Kangding, which also covers Tibet, all dioceses are restricted to territory within a single province.
In total the CPCA has 104 dioceses, whereas according to the Holy See, Mainland China has 143 jurisdictions. In the course of time, the CPCA has established five new dioceses (the Diocese of Jincheng and the Diocese of Xinzhou in Shanxi, the Diocese of Bayannur and the Diocese of Baotou in Inner Mongolia, and the Diocese of Zhanjiang in Guangdong. Forty-four other jurisdictions have been merged with other dioceses. For example, according to the Holy See, Hunan proince exists of one archdiocese, three dioceses and four apostolic prefectures. These eight jurisdictions have all been merged by the CPCA to form a single diocese of Hunan. Furthermore, many dioceses have been renamed or have had their seat relocated to a nearby city; most of the dioceses boundaries have also been redrawn to correspond with current PRC administrative divisions. In general, Chinese prefectures have no more than one diocese, but there are exceptions: the prefecture of Baoding is divided in the Diocese of Baoding and the Diocese of Anguo.
This results in the following list of dioceses:
The CPCA has abolished and merged:
3 jurisdictions in Anhui
2 jurisdictions in Fujian
3 jurisdictions in Guangxi
2 jurisdictions in Guizhou
4 jurisdictions in Hebei
3 jurisdictions in Heilongjiang
6 jurisdictions in Hebei
7 jurisdictions in Hunan
1 jurisdiction in Inner Mongolia
2 jurisdictions in Jiangsu
4 jurisdictions in Jiangxi
2 jurisdictions in Jilin
3 jurisdictions in Liaoning
2 jurisdictions in Shandong
In total, 44 Holy See jurisdictions have been abolished and merged. This includes 26 out of 93 dioceses and 18 out of 29 apostolic prefectures.
The CPCA has established:
1 jurisdiction in Guangdong
2 jurisdictions in Inner Mongolia
2 jurisdictions in Shanxi
In total, 5 new CPCA jurisdictions have been established, all dioceses. Apart from these 5, the CPCA has also established a new diocese in Hebei, the Diocese of Chengde, but this diocese was recognized by the Holy See in 2018.
In the following provinces, no new dioceses were established and existing dioceses were not abolished: Beijing, Chongqing, Gansu, Hainan, Henan, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanghai, Sichuan, Tianjin, Tibet, Xinjiang, Yunnan and Zhejiang. In Guangdong and Zhejiang, no dioceses were abolished, but new diocese were established.
However, names of dioceses may have been changed, dioceses may have been elevated, and the boundaries of dioceses may have changed.
- "Diocese of Xiamen 廈門, China". GCatholic.