List of pre-modern Arab scientists and scholars

Arab scholars at an Abbasid library in Baghdad. Maqamat of al-Hariri Illustration, 1237.

This is a list of Arab scientists and scholars from the Muslim World and Spain (Al-Andalus) who lived from antiquity up until the beginning of the modern age, consisting primarily of scholars during the Middle Ages. For a list of contemporary Arab scientists and engineers see List of modern Arab scientists and engineers

Both the Arabic and Latin names are given. The following Muslim naming articles are not used for indexing:

  • Al - the
  • Ibn, bin, banu - son of
  • abu, abi - father of, the one with

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  • Ja'far al-Sadiq theologian and Alchemist
  • Jabir ibn Aflah (1100–1150), astronomer and mathematician who invented torquetum
  • Jabir ibn Hayyan (821–915), polymath who is considered the father of chemistry, emphasized systematic experimentation and did much to free alchemy from superstition and turn it into a science
  • Jābir ibn Zayd, theologian and jurist
  • Al-Jawaliqi grammarian and philologist
  • Al-Jahiz (776, Basra, Iraq–869, Basra, Iraq), historian, biologist and author
  • Al-Jayyānī (989, Cordoba, Spain–1079, Jaen, Spain), mathematician and author
  • Al-Jawbari alchemist and writer
  • Al-Jabali, physician and mathematician from Al-Andalus
  • Al-Jubba'i (d. c. 915), Mu'tazili theologian and philosopher
  • Al-Jazari (1136–1206), inventor, engineer, artisan, mathematician
  • Al-Jarmi (d. 840), grammarian of Arabic Language
  • Ibn al-Jazzar (10th century, Qairwan, Tunis), influential 10th-century physician and author
  • Ibn al-Jawzi heresiographer, historian, hagiographer and philologist
  • Ibn Juzayy (d. 1357), historian, scholar and writer of poetry
  • Ibn Juljul (c. 944–c. 994), physician and pharmacologist
  • Ibn Jazla (11th century), physician and author of influential treatise on regimen
  • Ibn Jubayr (1145, Valencia, Spain–1217, Egypt), geographer, traveller and poet, known for his detailed travel journals

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  • Waddah al-Yaman (Yemen, ?–Syria, Damscus, 709), poet, famous for his erotic and romantic poems
  • Wasil ibn Ata (700–748), theologian and founder of the Mutazilite school of Islamic thought
  • Wang Daiyu (1292–1342), Chinese Muslim scholar and Philosopher of Arab descent
  • Al-Warraq (889–994), scholar and critic of religions
  • Al-Wafa'i (1408–1471), astronomer
  • Ibn al-Wafid (997–1074), pharmacologist and physician
  • Ibn al-Wardi (1292–1342), historian
  • Ibn Wahb (743 – 813 CE), jurist of Maliki school
  • Ibn Wahshiyya Arab alchemist and agriculturalist

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