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Lippstadt (German: [ˈlɪpʃtat] (listen)) is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the largest town within the district of Soest. Lippstadt is situated about 60 kilometres east of Dortmund, 40 kilometres south of Bielefeld and 30 kilometres west of Paderborn.
Lutheran Saint Mary's Church
|• Mayor||Christof Sommer (CDU)|
|• Total||113.3 km2 (43.7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||79 m (259 ft)|
|• Density||600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||SO, LP|
- 1 Geography
- 2 Twin towns — sister cities
- 3 History
- 4 Notable natives and residents
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transport
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Lippstadt is situated in the Lippe valley, roughly 70 kilometres east of Dortmund and roughly 30 kilometres west of Paderborn. The historic town centre is situated between an artificial canal of the river Lippe and the river itself.
Division of the townEdit
Lippstadt consists of 18 districts:
Twin towns — sister citiesEdit
Lippstadt was founded by Bernhard II zur Lippe. In the early 13th century Lippstadt, with a population of 2700, had four parish churches. There was an Augustinian abbey which had existed since 1281.
From 1400, the enclave and town of Lippstadt were to be a condominium shared by the county of Lippe and the counts of Cleves-Mark, who were succeeded by the Hohenzollerns (Brandenburg/Prussia), a situation that endured until the middle of the 19th. century.
Augustinians studying at the University of Wittenberg brought Martin Luther's doctrine home with them. Thus in 1524 Lutheran doctrines were preached at Lippstadt by their prior Westermann, and the town was one of the first to embrace Lutheranism officially, though it resisted the rise of Calvinism in rural areas of Westphalia.
Colonel Edward Morgan, (c.1616- after 1665), a Royalist during English Civil War 1642-9, was Captain General of the Kings (Charles I) forces in South Wales. After the King's arrest and execution, he fled to the continent, and married Anna Petronilla the daughter of Baron von Pöllnitz from Westphalia, Governor of Lippstadt. They had six children, two sons, and four daughters. He was later appointed Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica 1664-65. His nephew Henry Morgan left his Jamaican property to his godsons Charles Byndloss (b.1668) and Henry Archbold on condition they adopted the surname of Morgan. These were the children of his two cousins Anna Petronilla Byndloss (née Morgan), and Johanna Archbold (née Morgan).
In 1821 the Papal Bull "De salute animarum", made over to the Bishopric of Paderborn the Lippian parishes of Cappel, Lipperode and Lippstadt, which had previously belonged to the Archbishopric of Cologne without producing any ensuing agreement with the state of Lippe.
In 1944 a women's subcamp of Buchenwald was founded in Lippstadt. It was also the site of a displaced persons camp in the years following World War II. On 1 April 1945 the US 2nd Armored Division made contact with the 3rd Armored Division at Lippstadt, effecting junction of the US Ninth Army with the US First Army, and seized the city against scattered resistance.
Notable natives and residentsEdit
- David Gans Hebrew: דָּוִד בֶּן שְׁלֹמֹה גנז (b. 1541 in Lippstadt, d. 1613 in Prague), Jewish mathematician, historian, astronomer and astrologer
- Anton Praetorius (b. 1560 in Lippstadt, d. 1613), theologian, fighter against witchcraft trials and torture
- Anthony Eickhoff (b. 1827 in Lippstadt-Benninghausen, d. 1901 in New York City), German-American author and politician
- Martin Niemöller (b. 1892 in Lippstadt, d. 1984), theologian
- Kaspar Ulenberg, Lutheran convert to Catholicism, theological writer and translator of the Bible into German
- Rudolph Blankenburg, b. in Lippstadt, became a naturalized United States citizen and mayor of Philadelphia
- Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (b. 1955 in Lippstadt), former German footballer
- Will Schmitz (b. 1950 in Lippstadt) American Writer
Lippstadt serves as headquarters of international automotive supplier's Hella and HBPO Group. It is also home to a factory of large-diameter antifriction bearings, seamless-rolled rings manufacturer Rothe Erde.
The important road to get to Lippstadt is the Bundesstraße 55.This street goes from north to south of the city. At north, Lippstadt connects with Rheda-Wiedenbrück and the Autobahn 2(Dortmund-Hannover). In addition, South-Lippstadt connects with the Bundesstraße 1 and the Autobahn 44(Dortmund-Kassel) by passing through the Erwitte.
The Lippstadt train station (Bahnhof Lippstadt) lies on the Hamm-Warburg railway. It has a railway service with ICE, IC and region train. Passengers can change direction with Kassel, Dresden, München and Düsseldorf networks.
Region Train NetworksEdit
- RE 1,Nordrhein-Westfalen-Express,comes from Parderborn through Ruhrgebiet region and Düsseldorf, and it also passes Cologne and end up at Aachen station.
- RB 89,Ems-Börde-Bahn, takes only 30 minutes to Hamm-Münster
The bus system in Lippstadt is provided by Regionalverkehr Ruhr-Lippe (RLG). The system consists of 3 major types of bus networks. City-Bus Networks
The city-bus networksEdit
The city-bus networks in Lippstadt consist of five lines (C1-C5). The bus lines start every 30 minutes from Bustreff am Bahnhof and travel via five different routes to different destinations.
- C1: From Bustreff am Bahnhof to Wohnpark Süd - Landsberger Rd
- C2: From Bustreff am Bahnhof to Pappelallee - Landsberger Rd.
- C3 : From Bustreff am Bahnhof to Cappel
- C4 : From Bustreff am Bahnhof to Lipperbruch
- C5 : From Bustreff am Bahnhof to Lipperode
The City-Bus Network does not provide coverage in some areas. However, passengers can use Region-Bus Networks instant. Region-Bus Networks, a bus network providing transportation between cities, has individual timetables and destinations. The regular service Region-buses (S60, R61-64, R66, R73, 70 and 80.1) covers Beakum, Rheda-Wiedenbrück and Rietberg. In addition, there is the Schnellbus from Lippstadt passing through Erwitte to Warstein every hour.
Bus at the weekendEdit
On the weekend, there are a few buses in the evening so passengers have to use Nachtbusse or Anrufsammeltaxis which passengers have to call before travelling.
The nearest airport from Lippstadt is Paderborn/Lippstadt Airport. The airport is located in Büren-Ahden. They do not have direct public transport from Lippstadt to the airport. However, passengers can catch the RE1 train to Paderborn Hbf and then go to the terminal by Schnellbus S60 from Paderborn Hbf.
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- G. Benecke, Society and Politics in Germany 1500-1750, University of Toronto Press, 1974, p. 42
- Stanton, Shelby, World War II Order of Battle: An Encyclopedic Reference to U.S. Army Ground Forces from Battalion through Division, 1939-1946 (Revised Edition, 2006), p. 50
- Lippstadt, StadtBus. fahrplaene. http://ruhr-lippe-tarif.de. [Online] [Cited: 11 13, 2014.] http://ruhr-lippe-tarif.de/fahrplaene/liniennetz.html?file=files/uploads/liniennetzplaene/Liniennetz_Lippstadt_Stadtbusse_2014.pdf
- Ostwestfalen-Lippe-Bus. http://www.airport-pad.com. [Online] [Cited: 11 13, 2014.] http://www.airport-pad.com/file.php?file=/download/Aktuelles/Aktuelles%202014/DBB_KasPa_Hatestellenaushnge_V4.pdf&type=down.