Lion Rock Tunnel

The Lion Rock Tunnel, the first major road tunnel in Hong Kong, is a twin-bored toll tunnel, connecting Sha Tin in the New Territories and New Kowloon near Kowloon Tong. It has two lanes in each direction, with toll booths located at the Sha Tin end. It is a vital component of Route 1.

Lion Rock Tunnel
Lion Rock Tunnel 201605.jpg
Entrance of the Lion Rock Tunnel in Sha Tin, Hong Kong
LocationThrough Lion Rock, connecting Kowloon Tong to Tai Wai in Hong Kong
Coordinates22°21′21″N 114°10′22″E / 22.35583°N 114.17278°E / 22.35583; 114.17278Coordinates: 22°21′21″N 114°10′22″E / 22.35583°N 114.17278°E / 22.35583; 114.17278
Route Route 1
StartKowloon Tong
EndTai Wai
Work begunJanuary 1962
Opened14 November 1967 (1967-11-14) (Lion Rock Tunnel)
18 January 1978 (Second Lion Rock Tunnel)
OwnerHong Kong Government
OperatorGreater Lucky (H.K.) Co., Ltd
TollYes (HK$8)
Vehicles per day90,608
Design engineerYoung Au Young
Length1.4 kilometres (0.87 mi)
No. of lanes4 (2 per direction)
Operating speed70 kilometres per hour (43 mph)
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese獅子山隧道
Simplified Chinese狮子山隧道
Lion Rock Tunnel toll plaza, on the Sha Tin side.
New Kowloon side. The "new" tunnel is on the left, the "old" tunnel is on the right. Lion Rock is visible in the top right corner.


The construction of Lion Rock Tunnel started in January 1962.[1] The tunnel was opened on 14 November 1967, as a 1.43 km dual-one single bore tunnel. This tunnel is often described as a by-product of the Plover Cove Scheme, which was a project to build a water supply tunnel through the range of hills separating New Kowloon and the rest of the New Territories.[2] The Tunnel was designed by Young Au Young, a civil engineer from Shunde.

The government later saw the need for another road link between New Kowloon and Sha Tin when it decided to develop the latter as a new town. The Second Lion Rock Tunnel, which is 1.41 km long and situated to the west of, and lying parallel to, the old tunnel, was opened to traffic on 18 January 1978.

The new tunnel serves northbound traffic towards Sha Tin, while the old one serves southbound traffic towards Kowloon. Traffic in both directions share one of the tunnels when the other undergoes maintenance works.


Since 1993, Serco has been contracted to manage, operate and maintain the tunnel, having successfully retained the contract in 1996 and 2000.[3]

The Tunnel has achieved both ISO 9001 and OHASA18001 in 2004. The toll to traverse the Lion Rock Tunnel is HK$8 each way.

On 23 April 2012, Greater Lucky (H.K.) Company Limited successfully bid the contract and took over the management with effect from 1 August 2012.

Renovation of the tunnelEdit

As the facilities within the tubes of Lion Rock Tunnel suffered from serious deterioration due to ageing, as well as broken concrete on the road surface which caused bumping when vehicles pass through, the Highways Department decided to undergo renovation works upon the tunnels in 2008. It will extend the lives of the tunnels for around 80 years more.

However, the renovation may cause even more serious congestion of the tunnels and may change the starting time for one-tube-two-way traffic (using one tube only for both direction of traffic) from 12 am to 9 or 10 pm. The fire-resisting shields on the wall of the tunnels and the ceilings would be renovated, while the words "LION ROCK TUNNEL" and its Chinese counterparts would be retained on the sides of the entrances and exits of the tunnels.

Current usageEdit

With the rapid development of the new towns, the tunnels have already reached its saturation flow just like Cross Harbour Tunnel. The flow was eased by other tunnels being put into service later, such as Shing Mun Tunnel, Tate's Cairn Tunnel, Tsing Sha Highway. Nonetheless the convenience of its connection and directness, with a lower fee than the Tate's Cairn Tunnel, Lion Rock Tunnel contributes to the highest daily average vehicles flow of all non-harbour-crossing tunnels. 90,608 vehicles used the tunnels everyday on average in 2014.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Lion Rock Tunnel: Breakthrough This Afternoon". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. 20 November 1963. p. 6.
  2. ^ Siu, Phila and Chan, Candy "More tunnel chaos ahead" Archived 25 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine The Standard. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2012
  3. ^ "Transport–Lion Rock Tunnel" Archived 2 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Traffic Statistics – Lion Rock Tunnel". Transport Department. Hong Kong. 2015.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Waterloo Road
Hong Kong Route 1
Lion Rock Tunnel
Succeeded by
Lion Rock Tunnel Road