Lintao County simplified Chinese: 临洮县; traditional Chinese: 臨洮縣; pinyin: Líntáo Xiàn) is administratively under the control of Dingxi, Gansu province. In ancient times, Lintao was centered on present day Min County.[citation needed]

Lintao County

临洮县
高速路景色-2 - panoramio.jpg
Lintao is located in Gansu
Lintao
Lintao
Location of the seat in Gansu
Coordinates: 35°22′45.92″N 103°51′23.04″E / 35.3794222°N 103.8564000°E / 35.3794222; 103.8564000
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGansu
Prefecture-level cityDingxi
Population
 (2011)
 • Total545,400
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Websitewww.lintao.gov.cn

GeographyEdit

The county is located mostly on the right (eastern) bank of the Tao River, a right tributary of the Yellow River. It borders with Lanzhou in the northeast, with Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture in the west, and with other parts of Dingxi Prefecture-level City in the east and south.

The county seat of Lintao County is in Taoyang Town (洮阳镇; 洮陽鎮; Táoyáng Zhèn); as it is usually the case with Chinese county seats, this is the location that most less-detailed maps label as "Lintao County" or simply "Lintao".

HistoryEdit

Until the 20th century, Lintao was known as Didao (狄道).

The Battle of Didao was fought in the area in 255 CE, during the Three Kingdoms era.

In the 8th century, an anonymous poet of the Tang Dynasty places General Geshu Han and the Chinese army in Lintao, battling the Tibetans. [1]Poet Li Bai reference Lintao in his poem, "Ballads of Four Seasons: Winter."[2]

Located at an important Tao River crossing, Didao City (i.e., today's Taoyang Town[3]) was an important trade center during the Northern Song Dynasty (ca. 11-12th century), when the more northern route of the Silk Route was blocked by the Xi Xia state. It is known to have been home to hundreds of foreign merchants at the time, some of whom may have been the ancestors of today's Hui people of Gansu.[4]

TransportEdit

China National Highway 212 crosses the county from the north to the south, on its way from Lanzhou to south-eastern Gansu. Most of the section of this highway within Lintao County has now been superseded by the Lanhai Expressway (G75).

A military airfield, Lintao Air Base, is located south of the county seat.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://100tangpoems.wordpress.com/2016/08/27/100-tang-poems/
  2. ^ https://100tangpoems.wordpress.com/2018/12/29/li-bai-ballad-of-four-seasons-winter/
  3. ^ Unless the town has actually been moved at some point since...
  4. ^ Lipman, Jonathan Neaman (1998). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. Hong Kong University Press. p. 30. ISBN 962-209-468-6.