The Libyan resistance movement was the rebel force opposing the Italian Empire during its Pacification of Libya between 1923 and 1932.

Libyan resistance movement (1923-1932)
Date1923-32
Location
Result
  • Suppression of the rebellion by the Italians
  • Omar Mukhtar executed
  • Allied occupation of Libya and eventually Libyan independence in 1951
Belligerents

 Kingdom of Italy

Libya
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of Italy Rodolfo Graziani Emir Idris of Cyrenaica
Omar Mukhtar Executed
Strength
~856,000 soldiers Thousands
Casualties and losses
Unknown

40,000[1]-70,000 dead[2] (battles, deportation, starvation etc.).

250,000-300,000 total loss (migration of indigenous) [3]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Second Italo-Libyan War (1923–1932)Edit

The Libyan resistance was initially led by Omar Mukhtar (Arabic عمر المختار ‘Umar Al-Mukhtār, 1862–1931), who was from the tribe of Mnifa.

Later King Idris and his Senussi tribe in the provinces of Cyrenaica and Tripolitania started to become opposed to the Italian colonization after 1929, when Italy changed its political promises of moderate "protectorate" to the Senussi (done in 1911) and—because of Benito Mussolini—started to take complete colonial control of Libya.

Resistance was totally crushed by General Rodolfo Graziani in the 1930s and the country was again controlled by the Italians with the help of Arab fascists, to the point that many Libyan colonial troops fought on the side of Italy between 1940 and 1943: two divisions of Libyan colonial troops were created in the late 1930s and 30,000 native Libyans fought for Italy during World War II.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mohamed Fekini and the Fight to Free Libya - Angelo Del Boca,Antony Shugaar [1]
  2. ^ A Historical Companion to Postcolonial Literatures - Prem Poddar,Rajeev Shridhar Patke,Lars Jensen [2]
  3. ^ John L. Wright, Libya, a Modern History, Johns Hopkins University Press, p. 42.

External linksEdit