Lana Lang is a fictional supporting character appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. She has appeared in other media adaptations of Superman, typically as a teenager. These portrayals include the Adventures of Superboy television series in which Stacy Haiduk played her, and the WB television series Smallville played by Kristin Kreuk. In Superman: The Movie Lana was played by Diane Sherry. In the 1983 film Superman III, she is played by Annette O'Toole, who would later portray Martha Kent on Smallville.
Lana Lang in Superman #20 (February 2020) Art by Ivan Reis
|First appearance||Superboy #10|
|Created by||Bill Finger|
|Full name||Lana Lang|
|Supporting character of||Superboy|
|Notable aliases||Insect Queen, Superwoman|
Created by writer Bill Finger and artist John Sikela, the character first appears in Superboy #10 (September/October 1950). Across decades of Superman comics and adaptations into other media, Lana has most consistently been depicted as Superman's teenage romantic interest growing up in Smallville; as an adult, she is a distant friend of Superman in his civilian identity as Clark Kent.
Lana is one of many Superman characters with the alliterative initials "LL", the most notable other examples being Superman's primary love interest Lois Lane and nemesis, Lex Luthor. In the Silver Age, she regularly appeared in comic books depicting the adventures of Superman's teenaged self, Superboy, and also appeared as an adult in numerous Superman titles, vying with Lois Lane for his attention. In modern revisions of DC Comics continuity, she and Clark are shown to have remained friends since their teenage years. The story varies across different revisions of Superman's origin story. For example, in Superman: Secret Origin, Lana becomes privy to Clark's unusual abilities at an early age and becomes his earliest confidant outside of his parents and the futuristic Legion of Super-Heroes.
Fictional character biographyEdit
Silver Age and Bronze AgeEdit
In the original Superboy stories, Lana was the girl who lived next door to the Kent family in Smallville, and was a romantic interest of Superboy. In the Silver Age stories, Lana often behaved like a younger version of Lois Lane, spending much of her time trying to prove that Superboy and Clark Kent were one and the same.
At one point, Lana once rescued an insect-like alien trapped by a fallen tree in Smallville. In gratitude, the alien gave her a "bio-genetic" ring which allowed Lana to gain insect (and insect-like, such as arachnids) characteristics. Lana created a yellow honeybee-like costume and mask, and took the name "Insect Queen", under which identity Lana had several adventures.
Lana also had various adventures with Superboy, and several with the futuristic superhero team the Legion of Super-Heroes. Also appearing in some Silver Age stories was Lana's uncle, Professor Potter, an eccentric inventor.
After Clark and Lana graduated from high school, Lana went to college, and eventually became a television reporter for Metropolis TV station WMET-TV. As an adult, Lana became a rival to Lois Lane for Superman's affection in various 1960s stories, often appearing in the Lois Lane comics series Superman's Girlfriend, Lois Lane.
During the 1970s and early 1980s, Lana became an anchorwoman for WGBS-TV's evening news in Metropolis, as a co-anchor to Clark Kent. Her attraction to Superman during this time had also died off, leaving Superman to Lois Lane. Lana later became romantically linked to the alien super-hero Vartox. Eventually, she and Clark Kent became romantically involved in stories prior to the Crisis on Infinite Earths.
In the early 1980s, with the use of the multiverse system DC had in place, Lana Lang was also shown in several stories to have had an Earth-Two counterpart (Earth-Two at the time the home of the Justice Society of America and DC's Golden Age versions of its characters, versus its mainstream universe of "Earth-One"). The Earth-Two Lana Lang was introduced in Superman Family #203. In this story, Lana Lang joins the Daily Star as a television critic. On Earth-two Lana's father left Smallville and moved to Metropolis as a young man, so Clark did not know Lana in his youth.
Later, she became an Insect Queen like her Earth-One counterpart; in this case, Lana had received a mystic amulet from her archaeologist father, said amulet having been created to allow a Pharaoh to control and divert the locust hordes that threatened ancient Egypt. Unfortunately, the sound of approaching insect wings was set to energize the charm associated with the amulet; by unfortunate coincidence, the sound of Superman's super-speed flying was similar enough to activate the spell. Lana was thus compelled to create a Chitinous golden-brown costume (woven by silkworms under her control) and adopt a villainous alter ego, the Insect Queen. After an initial clash with Superman, the Insect Queen fell under the mental influence of Superman's enemy, the Ultra-Humanite, who kept her under the spell's compulsion and prevented her from reverting to normal. Earth-Two's Superman was able to locate an antidote to the spell, which Lois Lane used to remove the compulsion (Superman Family #213), letting Lana break free of Ultra's influence and making her able to use the amulet's power at her own discretion. The Earth-2 Insect Queen would later use her abilities to aid Superman in times of need. This version of Lana Lang was retconned out of existence after the events of Crisis on Infinite Earths.
After the 1985-1986 miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths was written, various aspects of Lana's history were retconned, starting with comics writer John Byrne's miniseries The Man of Steel, which was designed to rewrite Superman's origin from scratch. In the post-Crisis version of events, Lana was a childhood friend of Clark, with a certain degree of romantic tension in the air as Lana had long pined after Clark, who had loved her only platonically in return.
After they graduated from high school Clark took Lana on a private walk, saying that he had to tell her something important, which Lana honestly expected to be a marriage proposal. He then divulged to her that he had superpowers, displayed by flying her around the world, before explaining that he felt he had to leave Smallville to help humanity as a whole. Kissing her goodbye "like a brother," Lana was left in considerable shock, not only over the revelation of Clark's superpowers, but also over the final realization that he held no reciprocal romantic feelings towards her, leaving Lana heartbroken and alone. When Lana finally aired her grievance with him years later (The Man of Steel #6), Clark felt very badly over how he had hurt her.
When Clark appeared in public as Superman some years later, the lonely and depressed Lana deduced his true identity and became something of a stalker, to the extent that Lex Luthor noticed the frequency with which she appeared in the vicinity of the hero and actually had her tortured in an attempt to gain whatever inside knowledge of Superman she might have.[volume & issue needed] However, Lana bravely kept Clark's identity a secret and upon his rescuing her their relationship became more healthy once again, albeit still at a distance. A long-term conspiracy of the Oan-created androids, the Manhunters, from whose control Lana and the rest of Smallville's children born around the same time as her were eventually freed, proved to be the cause of this stalking. Unlike the pre-Crisis Earth-One continuity, Lana did not go on to have a journalistic career or compete with Lois for Superman's affections, nor play a significant role in Clark's life in Metropolis.
Lana's relationship with Clark is again altered in 2003's Superman: Birthright limited series by Mark Waid, which again revises Superman's origins. This storyline, which takes some inspiration from the TV show Smallville (such as the appearance of Ma and Pa Kent), also shows Clark and Lana to have had a mutual romantic relationship during their youth. At the start of the storyline, Lana has already left Smallville prior to Clark's return from his world journey. Upon his arrival home, Clark is told that Lana left some time prior and no one has heard from her since. Following this storyline, there is never again any mention of her history regarding Clark or Superman.
Lana's "Birthright" history has been yet again re-made following the events of the Infinite Crisis, which has revived Clark's pre-Crisis Superboy alter-ego. In this new history, Lana's two obnoxious brothers, whom she lacked in previous versions, often interrupted her romantic relationship with Clark. The full extent of her history and her connection to Superboy/Clark has not been fully disclosed. Again, her previous history has not been mentioned since this revision.
Years later, the post-Crisis Lana eventually married Pete Ross.[volume & issue needed] The two settled into a quiet life in Smallville, where they had a son they named after their mutual friend, Clark. They picked this name for their son after Lana asked Clark to save his life when a car accident caused him to be born eight weeks premature. Although the attack of the Brainiac-controlled Doomsday interrupted Clark's efforts to take the baby to receive care, Brainiac's subsequent attempts to use the baby's DNA to create a new body for himself brought the baby to full term.[volume & issue needed] Pete began a career in politics that got him elected to the Senate.[volume & issue needed] In 2000, Senator Ross became Lex Luthor's vice presidential running mate in Luthor's bid to become President, and after the two won, Lana moved to Washington, D.C. Eventually, Luthor was forced from his office, and Pete Ross became President (and Lana the First Lady). As she and Pete began to drift apart, Lana began to subtly attempt to regain Clark's affections, much to the anger of his (now) wife Lois Lane. Pete and Lana briefly reunited after Superman saved them from a murder attempt by the villainous Ruin.
In Superman #654, Perry White reported that Lana had become CEO of Lexcorp following the ousting of founder Lex Luthor. In Superman/Batman #49, it is revealed that she sold Kryptonite to the government to prevent Lexcorp from going under and had caches of Kryptonite placed all over the planet, as a last-ditch defense if Superman should ever go rogue. When Superman and Batman come to remove the Kryptonite, Lana refuses to hand it over and pushes a button which turns the caches into "dirty bombs" which spread Kryptonite molecules through the entire planet, forcing all Kryptonians to vacate. However, Toyman uses special nanobots to remove all of the Kryptonite molecules, undoing the damage. Superman meets with Lana again, with Lana telling him she was left with no choice. Superman responds by telling her that, while he does sometimes wonder what things would have been like if he had married her rather than Lois, there is a reason he is with Lois instead of her: Lois would never have pushed the button. After Superman flies off, someone is shown watching Lana crying on a screen, saying to her "you did perfect". In Superman/Batman #63 suggests that this was Gorilla Grodd, when Batman mentions that "Grodd finally finished what he started when he controlled Lana all those years ago." However, this scenario is later revealed to be a simulation created in the Batcomputer.
She later tries to help Superman, facing the time-traveling strongman Atlas, by sending the Luthor Squad. This act activates a dormant program inside the Lexcorp mainframes, an holographic version of Luthor. The holographic copy of Luthor informs Lana that by helping Superman she has violated the Lexcorp standard contract of employment ("very, very fine print"), that forbids Lexcorp employees to use Lexcorp resources for helping Kryptonians, under the penalty of termination. Lana is given five minutes to leave the building, or they will shoot her to death.
In 2008, new Supergirl writer Sterling Gates told Newsarama: "We're integrating Supergirl's book more into the Superman universe, and that includes having a supporting cast that overlaps with that world. I'm very interested in tying her back in to Metropolis and making sure that her world is a part of the Superman universe. Cat Grant will be a regular supporting cast member, as will Lana Lang."
Lana takes it upon herself to reach out to Supergirl. She offers her advice and friendship. Around the same time, Perry White has been actively pursuing Lana to take over the Business section of the Daily Planet, a position which Lana was afraid to accept, following her bad experience with Lexcorp. Eventually, Lana and Supergirl decide together that Lana will accept the position, and that Supergirl will take on the secret identity of Linda Lang, niece of Lana Lang. Lana now lives in Metropolis with Supergirl, and is working as the editor of the Business section of the Daily Planet.
While attending a student journalism award ceremony with Jimmy Olsen and Cat Grant, Lana suddenly collapses, with blood pouring out her nose.; She receives a call from her doctor telling her that he has "bad news" for her. After Lana has another collapse, she is taken to the hospital and brought into surgery. She apparently dies on the operating table, but black insect-like creatures later encase her body in a cocoon, which then starts to crack open. A gigantic cocoon-like structure soon engulfs the hospital, and an army of giant insects takes hostage a number of workers as well as the Science Police and the Guardian. Supergirl is soon captured and awakens bound and gagged at the feet of Lana, whom the Insect Queen now possesses. The Queen reveals to Supergirl that during her last encounter with Lana, she injected her with a portion of her DNA and has been slowly taking control of her body for the past year, with the ultimate goal of capturing a Kryptonian to use as a template for an army of hybrid insects. Supergirl breaks free and is able to expel the Queen from Lana's body with help from Kryptonian technology, and Lana returns to her normal state. While Lana is recovering, Supergirl visits her. Supergirl tells Lana she can no longer be a part of her family because of her lies about her condition. Lana and "Linda" have since reconciled and are currently living in the Hammersmith tower building in Metropolis.
The New 52Edit
In September 2011, DC Comics rebooted their continuity. In this new timeline, Lana is a childhood friend of Clark and has been privy to Clark's unusual abilities from an early age. They also share mutual romantic feelings for each other during their youth, and they would have gone to the Senior Prom together if that had not been the night that Clark's parents died. Lana eventually leaves Clark behind in Smallville to make her own mark on the world, but not before reassuring him that she will always love him. In the present day continuity, Lana works as an electrical engineer on various projects around the world. It is hinted that adult Clark still harbors romantic feelings for Lana.
In The New 52: Futures End, Lang was among the countless Earth 2 refugees who escaped Darkseid and his Parademon army's destruction of their home world and relocated to Prime Earth. Ending up working in the Cadmus Island sub-basement under King Faraday, Lana was able to conceal her meta-human biology from everyone, except Cole Cash. Lana and Cole eventually escaped the island together but were then forced to visit the Earth Registration Authority, where it was reported that Cole Cash had died nine years prior, forcing him to re-register under the legal name "Cole Lang"- Lana's husband and an Earth-2 native. Shortly afterwards, Lana adopted Susan Lang, formerly Fifty Sue, a super-powered little girl she had met on Cadmus island.
In 2016, DC Comics started a company-wide crossover event titled Rebirth. A pre-Flashpoint Clark Kent discovered Lana under a memorial for Superman, where she revealed that she had made a promise to move Clark's remains next to his family's in Smallville, Kansas. The Pre-Flashpoint Clark had her take him to the Fortress of Solitude to see if he could revive Superman as he had assumed but realized that he couldn't. He then took Lana to Smallville and helped her to re-bury Superman's remains.
It is subsequently revealed that, apparently due to their presence at the death of the New 52 Clark Kent, Lana and Lois have acquired powers, each calling themselves 'Superwoman', with Lois demonstrating Superman's traditional powers while Lana manifests a form similar to the more recent 'Superman Red', able to absorb and generate multiple forms of energy. Although Lana initially plans to operate in secret, after Lois is killed, she begins taking on a more active role as Superwoman. She continues to function as Superwoman but is ultimately de-powered and returns to normal life.
Batman: The Dark Knight ReturnsEdit
In Frank Miller's classic miniseries Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, Lana is an overweight, middle-aged woman, and The Daily Planet's managing editor. Over the course of the story, she becomes Batman's most outspoken supporter, appearing in a series of TV debates in which she and others argue over his methods and influence.
In the first volume of Superman & Batman: Generations Lana has become immortal, gained metahuman abilities, and lived hundreds of years into the future, due to her constant exposure to magics and biochemicals. She has joined Superman in space as his wife, after searching for him for centuries and agrees to work with him and Batman to police the far, wild corners of known space.
JLA: The NailEdit
In JLA: The Nail, Lana is a doctor at a research facility dedicated to studying metahumans in the belief that they are alien invaders, although she secretly helps smuggle various heroes out of the facility to hide with the Kents (who in this reality never found Kal-El's ship).
In the seventh installment of the DC Multiverse-spanning series, Multiversity Mastermen. Lana appears as Lena in the story, on an alternate Earth where Kal-L's rocket landed in Sudetenland, in Nazi Germany's pre-war empire in 1938. Reverse-engineering Kal-L's spacecraft enables the Nazis to achieve world domination and win the Second World War. On this Earth the United States falls in April 1956, Sixty years later, Lena is Overman's consort, but their relationship is cold and loveless. She is concerned and angered about the loss of her acquired youth and chides him for mourning Overgirl, dismissing her as a mere clone, and is nervous about Freedom Fighters terrorism. She was attending a performance of 'The Ring Trilogy' in New Bayreuth, when New Reichman's Eagle's Nest space station impacted and destroyed Metropolis, killing millions. In the New 52 DC Multiverse it is Earth 10.
Superman: Red SonEdit
In Superman: Red Son by Mark Millar, Lana is re-imagined as Lana Lazarenko. Lana grew up in Soviet Ukraine along with the young Superman after his escape vessel landed there while he was an infant. She becomes a tour guide in a Superman museum and occasionally accompanies Superman to public events in the sixties. This continuity is now known as Earth-30 in the current New 52 DC Multiverse. Lana Lazarenko's ultimate fate is uncertain, as she does not appear in the final segment of that graphic novel, set in 2001.
In other mediaEdit
- Beginning in 1966, Lana appeared in The Adventures of Superboy segments that were featured in the animated series The New Adventures of Superman, The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure and The Batman/Superman Hour. Janet Waldo voiced her in all three seasons.
- Lana also appeared in the Superman 1988 animated. Russi Taylor voiced Lana as a young girl, and Liz Georges voiced the teenage Lana.
- The pilot episode of Superman: The Animated Series followed the "post-Crisis" comics, with Lana being the first person Clark confided in about his superpowers. Kelley Schmidt voiced the young Lana, and Joely Fisher voiced the adult version of her. She mentioned that she had a crush on Clark since the age of three. Lana, as an adult, first appears in "My Girl", as a famous fashion designer who already knows Superman's secret identity. Lana's relationship with Lex Luthor breaks off after she tries to pass information on to Clark about Luthor's plots. She later appears in "Obsession" and makes a cameo in the ending of the episode "The Late Mr. Kent", providing a cover story for Clark's reappearance after he was presumed dead after an attempt on his life.
- Lana appears in a cameo in Justice League the episode "Hereafter." She is seen at Superman's funeral. In the episode "For the Man Who Has Everything", Mongul puts Superman into a dream-like state. In this dream world, Superman is living on Krypton with a wife. The physical appearance of Superman's wife suggests a combination of Lois and Lana, as the character has the voice and appearance of Lois but with red hair, and she is listed as Loana. Superman and his wife have a son named Van-El. Superman's father, Jor-El, is also living with them. Dana Delany, who voices Lois Lane in Superman: The Animated Series and Justice League voices Superman's wife in this episode.
- Lana makes a non-speaking cameo appearance in the Batman: The Brave and the Bold episode "The Battle of the Superheroes!", an episode that pays tribute to a number of Silver Age Superman stories. In a scene that directly homages the cover to Superman's Girlfriend Lois Lane #26, Lana and a Red Kryptonite-infected Superman are shown relaxing together on a beach while a stunned Lois watches them in horror.
- In the failed 1961 TV pilot The Adventures of Superboy, Lana Lang made her first live-action appearance. Bunny Henning portrayed Lana, alongside Johnny Rockwell as Superboy.
- In the 1980s Superboy television series, Stacy Haiduk played Lana. In this version, she was a lifelong friend of Clark, who accompanied him to Shuster University (named after Superman's co-creator) and later the Bureau for Extra-Normal Matters, where she and Clark investigated all of the unusual incidents that took place in Capitol City, Florida.
- Lana made one appearance in a 1996 episode of Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, in which Emily Procter played her. The Season 3 episode, "Tempus, Anyone?", is set in a parallel universe, where Clark and Lois have never met each other, as Lois vanished on an investigation in the Congo, before Clark arrived in Metropolis (this is later implied to because of a predestination paradox, as the alternate Clark is later seen planning to go to the Congo with H. G. Wells, their words suggesting that they intend to rescue the alternate Lois). In this reality, a blonde Lana is engaged to Clark, and she encourages him to keep his abilities secret, warning him that he'll be locked up and sent to a government laboratory if people find out about his superpowers. Lana ends the relationship after the mainstream universe Lois persuades this world's Clark to become Superman and battle the villain Tempus. Though the mainstream universe's Lana never appeared, dialogue between Lois and Clark suggests that the latter broke up with Lana during high school on good terms, although they remain in touch as friends. It's also implied that Lana, like her parallel universe counterpart, knew of Clark's secrets.
- In the 2000s television series Smallville, Kristin Kreuk played Lana Lang, who is again the love interest of the young Clark Kent. In a marked contrast to the red-headed Lana Lang who appears in the Superman comic books, Kreuk is a brunette. Lana is said to be descended on her mother's side from a French witch, Countess Marguerite Isobel Theroux, whose vengeful spirit returns to possess her in a story line taking up much of season 4, and also a great niece of Louise McCallum, the first love of Clark's biological father, Jor-El. In Smallville, Lana and Clark's relationship is depicted (at least initially) as the complete reverse of the post-Crisis version, whereby it was Clark who likes Lana without the other really knowing. This initial scenario also incorporated elements of the 1978 and 1983 Superman movies by introducing the character of Whitney Fordman, Lana's quarterback boyfriend and Clark's antagonist, at the beginning of the series. Following Whitney's departure at the end of the first season, their relationship varied over the next few years, Clark occasionally attempting to date Lana before his fears over her reaction to his secret caused him to retreat, these fears made even worse since he blames himself for the death of Lana's parents in the same meteor shower that brought him to Smallville. Although the two begin dating at the end of Season Four after Jor-El takes Clark's powers as punishment for disobeying him, Clark begins to draw back after he regains his abilities because he is afraid of hurting her if they are intimate. Although he reveals his secret in the mid-season finale of Season Five, he turns back time and erases this confession after Lana is killed in an accident, subsequently breaking up with her after his father's death. Lana goes on to date and marry Lex Luthor after discovering that she is supposedly pregnant. The two divorce when Lana learns that Lex faked her pregnancy to get her to marry him. Lana once again starts to date Clark after he admits his secret to her. Although they are involved for most of Season Seven, Lana's attempts to take down Lex while spying on him without Clark's knowledge, along with such factors as her spending a few weeks involved with Clark's Phantom Zone duplicate without realizing the difference and Brainiac attacking her and sending her into a coma, culminate in Lana leaving Clark at the end of the season. Lana returns to Smallville (her character only appeared in five episodes in Season Eight) to attend Chloe Sullivan and Jimmy Olsen's wedding, and also to acquire a special nanotechnology suit Lex Luthor has developed, giving her superpowers matching Clark's. Unfortunately, one of Lana's new powers gives her the ability to drain energy from kryptonite, resulting in her suit constantly giving out its deadly radiation after she absorbs some of it. Clark is thus weakened when he gets close to her. Lex Luthor, in a last attempt at revenge, threatens to blow up the entire Daily Planet building with kryptonite explosives. Lana and Clark share a kiss before they decide that she has to absorb the kryptonite from the bomb, leaving the nanites embedded on her skin supposedly permanently irradiated. Later at the barn, Clark attempts to kiss Lana again and as he does, green veins crawl up his face, showing that he is dying from the close exposure to kryptonite. Lana breaks off the kiss, not being able to stand the pain she is causing him. She runs off in tears and Clark is left on the floor. In the series finale, when a dying Tess Mercer erases a resurrected Lex Luthor's memories, Lana is seen in flashbacks as one of the many people Lex will never remember. Lana makes an appearance in the ninth issue of television series' comic book continuation, Smallville Season Eleven, watching Clark and Bart Allen from afar at the coast of Cameroon. Lana officially returns in Smallville Season Eleven Special #2, in which she uses her abilities in Africa to save children from people who would exploit them. However, after she has a battle with John Corben, Corben's kryptonite heart absorbs the nanites embedded on her skin, rendering her powerless once more. She remains dedicated to her cause and mission, but she vows to change her tactics.
- Lana will appear in the upcoming CW television series Superman & Lois, portrayed by Emmanuelle Chriqui.
- Lana Lang appears in Batman: The Dark Knight Returns. Paget Brewster voices her in this film. She appears as a commentator who is also revealed to be the editor of the Daily Planet on a show called "Point vs Point".
- In the film adaptation of Superman: Red Son, Svetlana voiced by Winter Ave Zoli fills the role Lana Lazarenko did in the original comic. While she convinced Superman to join the Soviet military, unlike the comic version, she was imprisoned by Joseph Stalin in a secret gulag for knowing the Kryptonian's true identity. While Superman eventually rescued her, she died from the gulag's inhumane conditions in his arms.
- In Richard Donner's Superman in 1978, Lana Lang had a brief appearance in a scene at Smallville High. She was shown to be a cheerleader at the school with a possible crush on Clark, even though her current boyfriend was a football player named Brad. Diane Sherry portrayed her.
- In the 1983 movie Superman III, Annette O'Toole played Lana. In an interview for the documentary Look Up In The Sky: The Amazing Story of Superman, O'Toole states that the producers of Smallville (where she plays Clark's own adoptive mother, Martha Kent) were not aware that she had appeared in Superman III until after she was cast in the TV series. In Superman III, Lana is a divorcee with a son named Ricky. Lana's former boyfriend Brad, a former jock and Clark's childhood bully, is now a security guard and is still vying for her attention, even though she despises him.
- Jadin Gould portrayed a young Lana Lang in Zack Snyder's Man of Steel in 2013. In the film, Clark saves Lana, along with many other students, after their school bus falls into a lake.
- Emily Peterson portrayed Lana Lang in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. She makes a cameo appearance at Clark Kent's funeral after Superman has died, saving Metropolis from Doomsday in the process. She expresses her condolences to Martha Kent and Lois Lane.
- Cowsill, Alan; Irvine, Alex; Korte, Steve; Manning, Matt; Wiacek, Win; Wilson, Sven (2016). The DC Comics Encyclopedia: The Definitive Guide to the Characters of the DC Universe. DK Publishing. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-4654-5357-0.
- Fleisher, Michael L. (2007). The Original Encyclopedia of Comic Book Heroes, Volume Three: Superman. DC Comics. pp. 162–165, 420. ISBN 1-4012-1389-8.
- Bill Finger (w), John Sikela (p), Ed Dobrotka (i). "The Girl in Superboy's Life!" Superboy #10 (September–October 1950)
- Otto Binder (w), George Papp (p), George Papp (i). "The Insect Queen of Smallville!" Superboy #124 (October 1965)
- Jim Shooter (w), Curt Swan (p), George Klein (i). "The War of the Legions!" Adventure Comics #355 (April 1967)
- Robert Bernstein (w), Curt Swan (p), George Klein (i). "Superboy's Romance with Cleopatra" Adventure Comics #291 (December 1961)
- Jerry Siegel (w), Curt Swan (p), Stan Kaye (i). "Superman's Rival, Mental Man!" Action Comics #272 (January 1961)
- Martin Pasko (w), Curt Swan (p), Dan Adkins (i). "The Killer With the Heart of Steel!" Superman #317 (November 1977)
- Cary Bates (w), Curt Swan (p), Dave Hunt (i). "Lana Lang's Farwell To Earth!" Superman #373 ((July 1982))
- Greenberger, Robert; Pasko, Martin (2010). The Essential Superman Encyclopedia. Del Rey. pp. 191–194. ISBN 978-0-345-50108-0.
- Greg Rucka, Nunzio DeFilippis, Christina Weir (w), Renato Guedes (p), Renato Guedes (i). "Rack and Ruin (Part II of II)" Adventures of Superman #647 (February 2006)
- James Robinson (w), Renato Guedes (p), Wilson Magalháes (i). "The Coming of Atlas (Part II) - Time Lost" Superman #678 (September 2008)
- Rogers, Vaneta (June 27, 2008). "WWC: Gates and Igle Join DC's Supergirl". Newsarama.Com. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
- Superman: New Krypton (2008)
- Sterling Gates (w), Jamal Igle (p), Jon Sibal (i). "Who Is Superwoman? (Part IV of VI) - Mistakes" Supergirl #40 (June 2009)
- Sterling Gates (w), Jamal Igle (p), Jon Sibal (i). "The Hunt for Reactron, Part Two" Supergirl #45 (November 2009)
- Sterling Gates (w), Jamal Igle (p), Jon Sibal (i). "Death & the Family" Supergirl #49 (March 2010)
- Sterling Gates (w), Jamal Igle (p), Jon Sibal (i). "Queen" Supergirl #50 (April 2010)
- Sterling Gates (w), Jamal Igle (p), Jon Sibal (i). "Fallout" Supergirl #53 (August 2010)
- When Clark reveals that he is feeling hesitant at the prospect of leaving all of it [Smallville] behind, Lana reassures him that his leaving is for the best because he is meant for greater things outside Smallville. Action Comics (vol. 2) #6 (April 2012)
- Action Comics (vol. 2) #15 (February 2013) and (vol. 2) #25 (January 2013)
- Greg Pak (w), Aaron Kuder (p), Aaron Kuder (i). "Stormbreaker (Part of the Batman: Zero Year)" Action Comic #25 (January 2014)
- Scott Lobdell (w), Aaron Kuder (p), Aaron Kuder (i). "Wham!" Superman #20 (July 2013)
- "Superman & Batman: Generations" Vol. 1 #4 (Jan. 1999)
- Smallville: Season 3, Episode 6 "Relic" (5 Nov. 2003)
- Smallville Season 11 #9 (January 2013)
- Smallville Season 11 Specials #2 (June 2013)
- Petski, Denise (April 7, 2020). "'Superman & Lois': Emmanuelle Chriqui To Play Lana Lang In the CW Series Based On DC Characters". Deadline.
- Lana Lang profile at the Smallville Wiki.
- Lana Lang on DC Database, an external wiki, a DC Comics wiki
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