Protestant parish church
|Municipal assoc.||Lambrecht (Pfalz)|
|• Mayor||Karl-Günter Müller (FW)|
|• Total||8.32 km2 (3.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||173 m (568 ft)|
|• Density||490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Culture and sightseeing
- 5 Economy and infrastructure
- 6 Famous people
- 7 Further reading
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The municipality lies in the Palatinate, and indeed in the middle of the Palatinate Forest. It is crossed by the river Speyerbach. The municipality’s highest mountain is the Kaisergarten at 519 m above sea level.
Lambrecht’s 8.32 km² is distributed as follows:
|Estates and buildings||86|
|Paths, streets and the like||41|
|Other areas, wasteland, etc.||1|
In 977, Lambrecht had its first documentary mention. Duke Otto of Worms (Otto I, Duke of Carinthia) endowed the Benedictine Convent of Saint Lambrecht for the village of Grevenhausen. The convent was nevertheless dissolved in 1553. In 1568, the disused convent’s buildings together with houses, church and cropfields was turned over as an asylum by Frederick III, Elector Palatine to Walloons who had been driven from their homeland.
In 1838 or 1839, the two neighbouring villages of St. Lambrecht and Grevenhausen merged. On 25 August 1849, Lambrecht became a stop on the railway when the Neustadt-Frankenstein section of the Palatinate Ludwig Railway was opened, completing the Rhein-Saar line for coal transport. Since 21 December 1887, Lambrecht has held town rights.
On 1 March 1972, the Verbandsgemeinde of Lambrecht was formed. Administrative activities were assumed on 1 January 1973.
Lambrecht has an autonomous Catholic parish (Herz Jesu). The Catholic parish is the sponsor of the St. Lambertus daycare centre. The pastor in the parish community tends not only Lambrecht but also the municipalities of Lindenberg, Neidenfels-Frankeneck and Weidenthal-Frankenstein. The Lambrecht parish is part of the parish league of Neustadt (Weinstraße) in the deaconry of Bad Dürkheim and belongs to the Diocese of Speyer.
The council is made up of 20 council members, who were elected at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, and the honorary mayor as chairman.
The municipal election held on 7 June 2009 yielded the following results:
Coat of armsEdit
The German blazon reads: Von Schwarz und Grün geteilt, oben ein rotbewehrter, -bezungter und -bekrönter goldener Löwe, unten drei silberne Lämmer.
The arms were granted on 21 December 1887 by Bavarian Prince Regent Luitpold and go back to a seal from 1707, although compositions involving the same charges go back to 1583. Several versions are known from the intervening time. One also showed the lion holding a book in his paws to symbolize the University of Heidelberg, which was the local landlord after 1553. The upper field in the escutcheon shows the Palatine Lion, although here passant (walking) instead of rampant (rearing up). This stands for the town’s former allegiance to Electoral Palatinate. The sheep – or rather lambs, as the German blazon stipulates – symbolize the wool industry that throve here after the Walloon refugees arrived in the 16th century. They are also canting for the name Lambrecht (“lamb” is Lamm in German).
Culture and sightseeingEdit
Buildings and other manmade monumentsEdit
- Karl-Marx-Straße 14 – the building that thus far has the earliest dating (1606)
- Wallonenstraße 11 – guildhall from 1607/1608 – restored 2004–06 – today town hall of the town of Lambrecht
- Untermühle (“Lower Mill”) – from 1743 (near the bridge across the Speyerbach on Fabrikstraße)
- Dominican nuns’ former convent church – today a Protestant church, begun in 1320
- Catholic Parish Church Herz Jesu (“Heart of Jesus”) – oldest parts from 1750, quire, nave and tower from 1953
- so-called Post-Turm (tower) – built in 1884 by commercial councillor Carl Marx on the model of Miramare near Trieste.
- Villa Marx
- Villa Haas
- Organ by Johann Georg Geib from 1777 in the Protestant church (former convent church)
- Dicker-Stein-Turm – lookout tower on the Hoher Kopf (Schauerberg)
- Edith Stein memorial site
- Teufelsfelsen (“Devil’s Cliffs”) – cliff plateau with wonderful view
- Eierpicken on Easter Monday at Pickplatz – This is an Easter custom that involves a contest in which players attempt to shell each other’s Easter eggs – each using his or her own egg as the “weapon”.
- Delivery of the tribute billygoat to Deidesheim on Whit Tuesday as part of the Geißbockversteigerung (“Billygoat Auction”)
- Geißbock-Festspiel at Marxparkplatz on Fabrikstraße across the street from the Jahnwiese sporting ground
- Lambrechter Geißbock-Kerwe (fair), each year on the first Saturday in August
- Sommerliche Abendmusiken (“Summertime Evening Music”) in the former convent church
- Advent market
- Every other year: industrial fair for commercial operations in Lambrecht and the surrounding area
- Geißbock MTB-Marathon
Economy and infrastructureEdit
For a long time, Lambrecht was said to be a clothmaking town. With the Huguenots, or more precisely the Walloons from Belgium who migrated here in the 16th century, a flourishing clothmaking industry grew up in Lambrecht. Thus it was that on Wallonenstraße, a street in Lambrecht’s town centre, a genuine clothmaking centre with many hand-weaving businesses sprang up.
Witnessing this time is the Zunfthaus (“Guildhall”) from 1606/1607 with its oriel window. The stately building goes back to a wealthy Walloon immigrant.
After the Industrial Revolution, many businesses did not make the leap to factory scale. Nevertheless, in 1931 there were still nine cloth factories in town, and only in the 1960s did clothmaking finally die out as an industry.
Today, one former cloth factory makes felts, paper machine clothing and needled felts. In another former cloth factory, special switching devices are made, which have been successfully marketed worldwide. Moreover, a multifaceted midsize supply industry has developed.
Besides these operations, tourism and, to a far lesser extent, forestry are also among the town’s economic factors. The town also has at its disposal a variety of shopping places, craft businesses and service industries that fulfil daily demands.
Located in Lambrecht are three kindergartens and two general-education schools. Hauptschule and Realschule functions are integrated into the Regional School. Gymnasien can be found in the bigger neighbouring town of Neustadt an der Weinstraße. Dealing in adult education are the folk high school and the Pfalzakademie (“Palatinate Academy”).
- “Arche Noah” Evangelical kindergarten
- “St. Lambertus” Catholic kindergarten
- “Rappelkiste” municipal kindergarten
- Nursery for schoolchildren at the Evangelical kindergarten
- Grundschule Lambrecht (primary school)
- Regionale Schule Lambrecht (Hauptschule/Realschule)
- Volkshochschule Verbandsgemeinde Lambrecht (folk high school)
- Lambrecht lies on the Palatinate Way of St. James (Speyer–Hornbach), an old pilgrimage route.
- The Kuckucksbähnel heritage railway (Neustadt an der Weinstraße–Elmstein) also stops at Lambrecht railway station.
- RheinNeckar S-Bahn with lines S1 and S2 runs on the Pfälzische Ludwigsbahn.
- Bundesstraße 39 runs through town.
Sons and daughters of the townEdit
- Ludwig Louis (1814–1894), politician
- Heinrich Lieser (1879−?), politician (SPD)
- Hermann Alker (1885–1967), architect
- Rudolf Röhrig (1903–1970), politician (NSDAP)
Famous people associated with the townEdit
- Dr. Bernhard Würschmitt (21 November 1788 - 18 June 1853) was a Catholic priest and famous artist (painter, sculptor, etc.). He held office as Grevenhausen’s parish priest from 1826 to 1828. From his hand came the high altar painting Kreuzigung Christi (“Christ’s Crucifixion”), the oil painting Maria Immaculata and an extraordinary pulpit-confessional, which are all to be found at Lambrecht’s Catholic church.
- Kurt Faber (1883–1929), adventurer, travel writer; spent his youth in Lambrecht.
- Bernhard Kimmel (1936– ), criminal (“Al Capone of the Palatinate”), grew up in Lambrecht.
- Lambrecht (Surname), various peoples whom immigrated into the Russian Volga River valley. Soon after, Lambrechts immigrated to the United States, Argentina, and South Africa. They are most frequent in the U.S. state of Colorado.
Stadtchronik:Hans Fell: 1000 Jahre Lambrecht – Chronik einer Stadt. Edeldruck Lambrecht GmbH & Co. KG., Lambrecht (Pfalz) 1978 Die nahezu vergriffene Stadtchronik hat 2 Hauptautoren. Außer Hans Fell ist deshalb vorrangig auch Dr. Ernst Collofong zu nennen.
- "Bevölkerungsstand 2018 - Gemeindeebene". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2019.
- KommWis, Stand: 31.12.2007 Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Kommunalwahl Rheinland-Pfalz 2009, Stadt- und Gemeinderatswahlen
- Karl Heinz Debus: Das große Wappenbuch der Pfalz. Neustadt an der Weinstraße 1988, ISBN 3-9801574-2-3
- Description and explanation of Lambrecht’s arms
- Thus spelt in the German source text (de:WP).