Lala Mustafa Pasha (c. 1500 – 7 August 1580), also known by the additional epithet Kara, was an Ottoman general and Grand Vizier from the Sanjak of Bosnia.


Mustafa

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Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
28 April 1580 – 7 August 1580
MonarchMurat III
Preceded byŞemsi Pasha
Succeeded byKoca Sinan Pasha
Personal details
Bornc. 1500
Sokolovići, Sanjak of Bosnia, Ottoman Empire
Died7 August 1580 (aged 79-80)
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
NationalityOttoman
Spouse(s)Hümaşah Sultan
RelationsSokollu Mehmed Pasha (relative)

Contents

LifeEdit

He was born around 1500, apparently near the Glasinac Plateau in Bosnia, the younger brother of Deli Husrev Pasha, who apparently helped him rise through the system's ranks more quickly.

Mustafa Pasha briefly served as kaymakam (acting governor) of Egypt Eyalet in 1549.[1] He had risen to the position of Beylerbeyi of Damascus and then to that of Fifth Vizier.

The honorific "Lala" means "tutor to the Sultan"; he was tutor to Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent's sons, including Şehzade Bayezid. He also had a long-standing feud with his cousin, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha. [2]

He commanded the Ottoman land forces during the conquest of previously Venetian Cyprus in 1570/71, and in the campaign against Georgia and Persia in 1578. During the campaign on Cyprus, Lala Mustafa Pasha, who was known for his cruelty towards vanquished opponents, ordered the Venetian commander of Famagusta Marco Antonio Bragadin flayed alive and other Venetian military officers killed in sight or executed, even though he had promised safe passage upon surrendering the city to the Turkish army. It also meant that Mustafa had indicated his aggressive intentions to the Sultan's court.[3][4]

He was a Damat ("bridegroom") to the Imperial family through his marriage to Hüma Sultan, a daughter of Sultan Murad III (reign 1574-1595).[5]

In the final three months of his life, he was Grand Vizier from 28 April 1580 until his death. He is buried in the courtyard of the Eyüp Sultan Mosque in Istanbul. His tomb was designed by Ottoman architect Sinan.

LegacyEdit

He has a street named after him in cities including Larnaca,[6] Cyprus. His invasion and brutal treatment of the Venetian leaders in Cyprus led to Pope Pius V promoting a Roman Catholic coalition against the Ottomans which turned into the Battle of Lepanto in 1571.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb; Johannes Hendrik Kramers; Bernard Lewis; Charles Pellat; Joseph Schacht (1992). The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill. p. 721.
  2. ^ http://www.biyografi.info/kisi/lala-mustafa-pasa
  3. ^ Kinross, Lord (2002). Ottoman Centuries. Harper Perennial. ISBN 978-0-688-08093-8.
  4. ^ Abulafia, David (2011). The Great Sea: A Human History of the Mediterranean. Oxford University Press. p. 449. ISBN 019975263X.
  5. ^ Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu mülkün kadın sultanları: Vâlide sultanlar, hâtunlar, hasekiler, kadınefendiler, sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. p. 217.
  6. ^ Road & Tourist Map of Larnaka. SELAS LTD. ISBN 978-9963-566-92-1.
  7. ^ Setton, Kenneth Meyer (1984). The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571, Volume 161. Philadelphia.

SourcesEdit

  • Bradford, Ernle (1999) [1961, published by Hodder & Stoughton]. The Great Siege: Malta 1565. Wordsworth. ISBN 1840222069.
  • Bicheno, Hugh. Crescent and Cross: the Battle of Lepanto 1571. Phoenix, London, 2003. ISBN 1-84212-753-5.
  • Currey, E. Hamilton, Sea-Wolves of the Mediterranean,, London, 1910
  • Foglietta, U. The sieges of Nicosia and Famagusta. London: Waterlow, 1903.
  • Pickles, Tim. Malta 1565, Last Battle of the Crusades; Osprey Campaign Series #50, Osprey Publishing, 1998. ISBN 1-85532-603-5.
  • Spiteri, Stephen C.. The Great Siege: Knights vs. Turks, 1565. Malta, 2005.
Political offices
Preceded by
Davud Pasha
as Governor
Ottoman Governor of Egypt (acting)
1549
Succeeded by
Semiz Ali Pasha
as Governor
Preceded by
Şemsi Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
28 April 1580 – 7 August 1580
Succeeded by
Koca Sinan Pasha