Laichingen

Laichingen is a town in the district of Alb-Donau near Ulm in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It has 10,964 inhabitants (2005).

Laichingen
Laichingen.jpg
Coat of arms of Laichingen
Coat of arms
Location of Laichingen within Alb-Donau-Kreis district
Biberach (district)Esslingen (district)Göppingen (district)Heidenheim (district)Reutlingen (district)UlmAllmendingenAllmendingenAltheim (Alb)Altheim (Ehingen)Altheim (Ehingen)AmstettenAsselfingenBallendorfBalzheimBeimerstettenBerghülenBernstadtBlaubeurenBlausteinBreitingenBörslingenDietenheimDornstadtEhingenEhingenEmeringenEmerkingenErbach an der DonauGriesingenGrundsheimHausen am BussenHeroldstattHolzkirchHüttisheimIllerkirchbergIllerriedenLaichingenLangenauLauterachLonseeMerklingenMunderkingenNeenstettenNellingenNerenstettenOberdischingenObermarchtalOberstadionÖllingenÖpfingenRammingenRechtensteinRottenackerSchelklingenSchnürpflingenSetzingenStaigUntermarchtalUnterstadionUnterwachingenWeidenstettenWesterheimWesterstettenBavariaLaichingen in UL.svg
About this image
Laichingen is located in Germany
Laichingen
Laichingen
Laichingen is located in Baden-Württemberg
Laichingen
Laichingen
Coordinates: 48°29′23″N 9°41′10″E / 48.48972°N 9.68611°E / 48.48972; 9.68611Coordinates: 48°29′23″N 9°41′10″E / 48.48972°N 9.68611°E / 48.48972; 9.68611
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionTübingen
DistrictAlb-Donau-Kreis
Subdivisions4
Government
 • MayorKlaus Kaufmann
Area
 • Total69.84 km2 (26.97 sq mi)
Elevation
755 m (2,477 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total11,798
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
89144–89150
Dialling codes07333
Vehicle registrationUL
Websitewww.laichingen.de

GeographyEdit

Geographical locationEdit

Laichingen is located on the Laichingen Alb, a branch of the Swabian Jura. It is located on a former volcanic vent on the Alb plateau, about 25 kilometers west of Ulm.

Neighboring communitiesEdit

The municipality borders to Hohenstadt in Göppingen district, in the east to Merklingen and Dornstadt, on the south to Berghülen, to the town Blaubeuren and Heroldstatt and on the west to Gutsbezirk Münsingen and to Römerstein, both in the district of Reutlingen and to Westerheim.

HistoryEdit

In 1364 offered Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor the town privileges to the population, these however rejected, allegedly because they did not want to build any walls. The tradition of Laichingen linen weaving goes back until the Middle Ages. The poor soils on the Alb gave only small harvests, and so the inhabitants have relied on the growing of flax and the trade with the town of Ulm. One of the in 1677 built weber houses stood in Laichingen till 2002. It was dismantled and rebuilt and can now be visited in the open air museum in Beuren. From 1871, the water supply for the Swabian Jura was planned and built, also Laichingen was connected. Laichingen came to the Münsingen district in 1938. In 1945 the town became part of the French occupation zone and in 1947, it was assigned to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern, which was incorporated in the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952. In 1950, Laichingen received again the town privileges. In the course of the reform of the municipal area in Baden-Württemberg, Suppingen on January 1, 1972, Feldstetten and Machtolsheim on January 1, 1975 were became parts of the city of Laichingen.

Laichingen is the largest suburb of the city.

Population DevelopmentEdit

The figures are census results (¹) or official updates of the Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg [2] (only primary residents).

  • Year Population
  • December 1, 1871 ¹ 4,571
  • December 1, 1880 ¹ 4,897
  • December 1, 1890 ¹ 4,910
  • December 1, 1900 ¹ 4,822
  • December 1, 1910 ¹ 5,225
  • June 16, 1925 ¹ 5,163
  • June 16, 1933 ¹ 5,237
  • May 17, 1939 ¹ 5,216
  • September 13, 1950 ¹ 6,435
  • June 6, 1961 ¹ 7,108
  • May 27, 1970 ¹ 8,057
  • December 31, 1980 8,419
  • May 27, 1987 ¹ 8,714
  • December 31, 1990 9,219
  • December 31, 1995 10,083
  • December 31, 2000 10,787
  • December 31, 2005 10,990
  • December 31, 2010 10,867

Economy and InfrastructureEdit

Traditional weaving establishments are located in Laichingen. The iron processing, particularly the tooling flourished in Laichingen in the 20th century. The to STADA Arzneimittel belonging aliud Pharma has its headquarters in Laichingen. Laichingen is home of the " Inter-municipal industrial and commercial area Laichinger Alb". It is the association with Heroldstatt, Merklingen, Nellingen and Westerheim .

Laichingen textile industryEdit

The linen weaving was an important economic activity.[3] In the period after the Second World War, the consequences of the war were still very noticeable. Many of the Laichingen companies were used during the war for making war necessary materials. After the war six companies of Laichingen were authorized by the American military government to resume their production. So many looms were rebuilt and put into operation. With the currency reform the windows of the shops were filled and also Laichingen textile industry could benefit. The demand for textiles rose after the war enormously, especially bed linen was now in demand. This led to a veritable boom in this industry. In 1948, all companies were fully occupied in Laichingen and then followed from 1950 to 1960, a wave of start-ups, because everyone wanted to participate in the upswing. Over the next 10 years, many textiles were produced in Laichingen.

TransportationEdit

The public transport is guaranteed by the Donau-Iller-Nahverkehrsverbund. From 1901 to 1985 Laichingen was connected to the rail network by the railway Amstetten-Laichingen of the Württemberg railway company (WAY). Laichingen has its own airfield, which is operated since 1964 by the Flugsportverein Laichingen.

TourismEdit

In the district of Machtolsheim is the campsite Heidehof, which counts 1050 parking spaces in an area of 25 hectares.

MediaEdit

In Laichingen is a local section of the Schwäbische Zeitung.

EducationEdit

In Laichingen, Feldstetten and Machtolsheim there are primary schools. The main town Laichingen is also the school center with the following schools:

  • Erich Kästner school, primary and secondary school with Werkrealschule
  • Anne-Frank-Realschule
  • Albert-Schweitzer-Gymnasium
  • Martin School ( Special Education )
  • Branch of the Mercantile School Ehingen
  • Branch of the Intellectual Property School Ehingen
  • The Volkshochschule Laichingen-Blaubeuren-Schelklingen is headquartered in Laichingen.

ThingsEdit

The Laichingen Vertical CaveEdit

Laichingen is also known by the Laichingen deep cave. The cave is located about 1 km south of Laichingen. It was discovered in 1892 by Johann Georg Mack.

 
Small Hall Laichingen Vertical Cave

MuseumsEdit

  • Home and Weaving Museum Laichingen [4]
  • Cave History Museum (in Deep Cave)

BuildingsEdit

  • St. Albans church (fortified church)
  • Liebfrauenkirche Machtolsheim in its present form built in 1488, the Baroque style is from the 18th century
  • Water Tower Machtolsheim
  • In the historic Old Town Hall are held weddings, cultural events and meetings of the municipal council
 
Laichingen Old Town Hall

PersonalityEdit

FreemanEdit

  • Jean-Pierre Tizon (1920–2012), French politician

Notable peopleEdit

 
St. Alban's church

Regular eventsEdit

Laichingen is a market-town and had early received the town privileges. Today markets are held every year, which attract thousands of visitors. The streets are crowded with market stalls selling typical market products. A traditional market dining in Laichingen are tripes . The market begins at 8 am and usually ends at 5 pm. Each year, the following markets are held:

  • Easter Market, Easter Monday
  • Pfingstmarkt, Pentecost
  • Kirchweihmarkt, Monday after Kermesse, third Sunday in October
  • Andreas Market, on Andrew's Day Andrew the Apostle
  • Christmas Market, in mid-December

LiteratureEdit

  • Hans Medick: Weben und Überleben in Laichingen 1650–1900. Lokalgeschichte als allgemeine Geschichte. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1996, ISBN 3-525-35443-6.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). September 2020.
  2. ^ Bevölkerungsentwicklung in Baden-Württemberg von 1871 bis 2012 Archived 2014-09-07 at Archive.today
  3. ^ Hans Medick: Weben und Überleben in Laichingen 1650 – 1900: Lokalgeschichte als allgemeine Geschichte, Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, Göttingen 1996.
    Geschichtsverein Laichinger Alb e.V.: Der Leineweber im Blauhemd – Das Laichinger Wirtschaftswunder, Werner Mangold, Geiger-Verlag, 2010.
  4. ^ Weberei- und Heimatmuseum Laichingen

External linksEdit