Löningen (German: [ˈløːnɪŋən] (About this soundlisten)) is a town in the district of Cloppenburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany. The town is situated on the river Hase, approx. 25 km southwest of Cloppenburg.

Löningen
View of the town
View of the town
Coat of arms of Löningen
Coat of arms
Location of Löningen within Cloppenburg district
Cloppenburg (district)Lower SaxonyGarrelBöselFriesoytheBarßelSaterlandLöningenEssenCappelnLastrupLindernCloppenburgMolbergenEmstekOsnabrück (district)EmslandLeer (district)AmmerlandOldenburg (district)Vechta (district)Löningen in CLP.svg
About this image
Löningen is located in Germany
Löningen
Löningen
Löningen is located in Lower Saxony
Löningen
Löningen
Coordinates: 52°43′N 07°46′E / 52.717°N 7.767°E / 52.717; 7.767Coordinates: 52°43′N 07°46′E / 52.717°N 7.767°E / 52.717; 7.767
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictCloppenburg
Government
 • MayorThomas Städtler (Ind.)
Area
 • Total143 km2 (55 sq mi)
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total13,441
 • Density94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
49624
Dialling codes0 54 32
Vehicle registrationCLP
Websitewww.loeningen.de

HistoryEdit

Löningen originally appeared in 822 as Loingo. The name Löningen was mentioned first in 1147 in a letter to the Bishop von Hildesheim, when the area of Löningen belonged to the Corvey Abbey. Beginning in 1200 Löningen belonged to the Count von Tecklenburg. The diocese Münster absorbed Löningen beginning in 1400. In 1803, church rule ended and Löningen belonged to the Duchy of Oldenburg. From 1810 to 1813 Löningen belonged to the Arrondissement Quakenbrück. After the battle of Leipzig, Löningen returned to Oldenburg.[2]

In 1814 the Duchy of Oldenburg was divided into 25 offices, one of which became Löningen. This was dissolved 1879 and Löningen was assigned to the district of Cloppenburg.

During the World War II, the first bombs in the Löningen area fell in 1940, and in 1945 the Löningen district courthouse was destroyed by bombing. On the 10th and 11 April 1945 British troops arrived and surrounded the German troops on three sides — after which the German troops retreated.[3]

The municipal laws of Löningen were codified on 1 March 1982.

PopulationEdit

Year Population[4]
1549 ca. 1.100
1651 1.580
1750 2.892
1815 4.713
1837 5.583
1860 5.681
1890 4.687
1895 4.760
Year Population
1919 4.370
1925 6.435
1939 7.083
1949 10.671
1961 9.500
1972 9.982
1998 13.800

MayorsEdit

  • 1951–1952: Bernard Berges
  • 1952–1960: Wilhelm Bischoff, (CDU)
  • 1960–1972: Adolf Richard, (CDU)
  • 1972–1986: Kurt Schmücker, (CDU)
  • 1986–1991: Heinrich Wesselmann, (CDU)
  • 1991–1997: Clemens Winkler, (CDU)
  • 1997–2001: Hermann Vorholt, (CDU)
  • 2001-2014: Thomas Städtler, Independent
  • since 2014: Marcus Willen, (CDU)


Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle 12411: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2018.
  2. ^ Jansen: Löningen in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, 1998, S. 35 ff
  3. ^ Jansen: Löningen in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, 1998, S. 203 ff
  4. ^ Jansen: Löningen in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, 1998