Kunming Changshui International Airport

Kunming Changshui International Airport (IATA: KMG, ICAO: ZPPP) is the primary airport serving Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province, China. The airport is located 24.5 km (15.2 mi) northeast of the city center in a graded mountainous area about 2,100 m (6,900 ft) above sea level. The airport opened at 08:00 (UTC+8) on June 28, 2012,[1] replacing the old Kunming Wujiaba International Airport, which will be demolished. As a gateway to Southeast and South Asia,[2] Changshui Airport is a hub for China Eastern Airlines, Kunming Airlines, Lucky Air, Sichuan Airlines and Ruili Airlines.

Kunming Changshui
International Airport

昆明长水国际机场
Façade of Kunming Changshui International Airport (20180213180341).jpg
Façade of the airport terminal
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorYunnan Airport Group
ServesKunming, Yunnan
LocationChangshui Village, Guandu District, Kunming
Hub for
Elevation AMSL2,103 m / 6,900 ft
Coordinates25°06′7″N 102°55′45″E / 25.10194°N 102.92917°E / 25.10194; 102.92917Coordinates: 25°06′7″N 102°55′45″E / 25.10194°N 102.92917°E / 25.10194; 102.92917
Websitewww.kmcsia.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
KMG is located in Yunnan
KMG
KMG
Location in Yunnan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03/21 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
04/22 4,500 14,764 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers47,088,140
Cargo (tonnes)428,292.1
Aircraft movements360,785

The new airport has two runways (versus the single runway at Wujiaba), and handled 37,523,345 passengers in 2015, making it one of the 50 busiest airports in the world by passenger traffic, the first time it earned this distinction. In 2020, it is expected to handle 43 million passengers.

Kunming Changshui International Airport and Ürümqi Diwopu International Airport are the two national gateway hub airports of China.

The main terminal was designed by architectural firm SOM with engineering firm Arup.

HistoryEdit

Construction began in 2009. At the time, the facility was reported to be named the Zheng He International Airport. The very short construction time was marred by two separate incidents. The first occurred on January 3, 2010, when seven construction workers died as an incomplete overpass collapsed.[3] On June 28, 2011, 11 workers were injured when a tunnel that was under construction collapsed.[4] Construction of the airport's main terminal was completed by July 2011.[5]

FacilitiesEdit

TerminalEdit

The main 548,300 m2 (5,902,000 sq ft) terminal of Changshui International Airport is the second largest terminal building in China.[6] The terminal has 66 gates with jet bridges. Total number of 88 gates are available.

RunwaysEdit

Kunming Changshui International Airport now has two runways. East runway is 4500 meters long while west runway is 4000 meters long.

 
Airside of Kunming Changshui International Airport

A-CDMEdit

In July 2014, Kunming airport signed an agreement with the aviation data service company VariFlight regarding the Airport Collaborative Decision Making system (A-CDM) installation in order to improve the efficiency of its operations, reduce fuel consumption and other expenses. Kunming airport became the first aviation hub in China to implement such an information system. In 2017, the airport's on-time performance reached 85.3%.[7]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Dazhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Tianjin, Wenzhou, Yangon, Zunyi–Maotai
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian, Shiyan
Air Travel Cangyuan, Changchun, Chengdu, Hailar, Nanjing, Nantong, Qingdao, Shenyang, Wuxi, Yantai
Batik Air Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta[8]
Beijing Capital Airlines Hangzhou, Qingdao[9]
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu, Xishuangbanna
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baoshan, Beijing–Capital, Cangyuan, Changsha, Changzhou,[10] Chengdu, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chongqing, Colombo, Dali, Dalian, Da Nang, Dhaka, Diqing, Dubai–International, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Handan,[11] Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hefei, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot,[12] Hong Kong, Huai'an,[10] Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan,[13] Jining, Kathmandu, Kolkata, Lancang, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Lincang, Liuzhou, Luang Prabang, Luoyang, Luzhou, Macau,[14] Malé, Mandalay, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Naypyidaw, Ningbo, Ninglang, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Pu'er, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Quanzhou, San Francisco, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shangrao,[12] Shenyang, Shenzhen, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taichung,[15] Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Tianjin, Tongren, Urumqi, Vancouver, Vientiane, Wenshan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xichang, Xingyi, Xining, Xinyang,[10] Xishuangbanna, Yancheng, Yangon, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang[16] Yinchuan, Yiwu,[10] Yongzhou, Yuncheng,[17] Zhanjiang, Zhaotong, Zhengzhou
Seasonal: Phu Quoc
China Express Airlines Tianjin,[18] Xinzhou,[18] Xishuangbanna
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Harbin, Islamabad (begins 27 September 2019),[19] Jieyang, Jinan, Nanning, Qingdao,[20] Sanya,[21] Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yinchuan, Yiwu,[22] Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing, Dali, Tengchong
China United Airlines Beijing–Nanyuan,[23] Hanzhong,[23] Longnan,[23] Shijiazhuang[23]
Citilink Denpasar/Bali, Solo, Surakarta[24]
Donghai Airlines Nanyang, Shenzhen, Zhuhai
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou
GX Airlines Haikou
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changsha, Dalian, Haikou, Lanzhou,[25] Linfen, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Xi'an[25]
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang
JC International Airlines Siem Reap
Juneyao Airlines Bijie, Hangzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Yueyang, Zhangjiajie
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[26] Baoshan, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Datong,[27] Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Huizhou, Jinan, Lijiang, Lincang, Mangshi, Nanjing, Nantong, Qingdao,[27] Pattaya–U-Tapao,[28] Phuket, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xiangyang,[27] Xishuangbanna, Yinchuan,[27] Yuncheng, Zhaotong, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zunyi–Maotai
Lanmei Airlines Charter: Sihanoukville[29]
Lao Airlines Luang Prabang, Vientiane
Loong Air Changchun, Ganzhou,[30] Linyi, Ningbo, Tongren, Wenzhou, Xingyi, Yinchuan[31]
Lucky Air Anqing, Bandar Seri Begawan, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baoshan, Cangyuan, Chengdu, Chiang Mai,[32] Dalian, Diqing, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Jeju,[33] Jieyang, Jinan, Jinzhou, Koh Samui, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Kuala Lumpur–International, Lancang, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Lincang, Longyan, Mangshi, Mianyang, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Nanjing, Nha Trang, Ningbo, Ninglang, Penang, Phuket, Phu Quoc, Pu'er, Qingdao, Saint Petersburg,[34] Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xishuangbanna, Xuzhou, Yichang, Yichun (Jiangxi), Yinchuan,[35] Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Seasonal: Cebu[36]
Malindo Air Langkawi[37]
Okay Airways Changsha, Hefei, Tianjin, Xishuangbanna
Qingdao Airlines Fuyang, Hanzhong,[38] Qingdao
Philippines AirAsia Kalibo
Ruili Airlines Beihai, Changzhi, Chengdu, Chiang Mai,[39] Chiang Rai,[39] Enshi, Fuzhou, Hai Phong (begins 30 September 2019),[40] Harbin, Hohhot, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Mangshi, Nantong, Qingdao,[39] Shenyang, Sihanoukville, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yulin
Scoot Singapore
Shandong Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Delhi, Jinan, Jingdezhen, Nanjing, Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao, Quzhou, Urumqi, Xiamen, Yantai
Shanghai Airlines Changsha, Hengyang, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Xishuangbanna, Wenzhou, Zhengzhou
Shenzhen Airlines Guangzhou, Hefei, Nanchang, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Wuxi, Yantai,[41] Yangzhou,[41] Zhengzhou
Sichuan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changsha, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Dunhuang,[42] Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jinan, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Mandalay, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Vientiane,[43] Wanzhou, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xining,[42] Xishuangbanna, Xuzhou, Zhengzhou
Spring Airlines Changde, Huaihua, Mianyang, Qianjiang, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Yangzhou, Zunyi–Xinzhou
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Phuket
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Tianjin Airlines Changsha, Haikou, Tianjin, Xi'an
Tibet Airlines Changsha,[44] Lhasa, Mangshi
Uni Air Kaohsiung
Vietnam Airlines Van Don (begins 26 September 2019)[45]
Charter: Nha Trang
West Air Xishuangbanna, Zhengzhou
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen, Zhuhai

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Uni-Top AirlinesChennai, Delhi, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Kolkata, Mumbai

Ground transportationEdit

RoadEdit

The airport is also connected to Kunming by a 13 km toll highway, as well as Provincial Road S101.

MetroEdit

The airport is the terminus of Line 6 of the Kunming Rail Transit, which opened on the same day as the airport.

BusEdit

There are also several shuttle bus services available from the city centre.

StatisticsEdit

Annual traffic statistics at Kunming Changshui International Airport
Year Passengers % change Aircraft movements Cargo (tons)
2012[46] 23,979,259  07.7% 201,338 262,272
2013[47] 29,688,297  023.8% 255,546 293,628
2014[48] 32,230,883  08.6% 270,529 316,672
2015 37,523,098  016.4% 300,406 355,423
2016[49] 41,980,339  011.9% 325,934 382,854
2017[50] 44,727,691  06.5% 350,273 418,034
2018[51] 47,088,140  05.3% 360,785 428,292

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Newly-built Kunming Changshui Int'l Airport to be put into operation". 2012-06-08. Archived from the original on 2013-12-05. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ Shi Guanglin (史广林) (25 November 2008). 投资230亿 昆明将拥有国家大型门户枢纽机场 (in Chinese). Chinanews Yunnan. Retrieved 2012-08-05.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "7 dead, 34 injured in SW China overpass collapse". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  4. ^ 马玉佳. "Kunming airport collapse injures 11". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Main work of terminal project of new Kunming airport to be completed". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  6. ^ 昆明新机场规划设计创新 (in Chinese). 2010-05-08. Archived from the original on 2012-03-13. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ "飞常准:用科技助力民航高效发展,推动智慧航旅服务升级". Soho. 2018-02-01. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  8. ^ "Batik Air adds Kunming service from Feb 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  9. ^ "夏秋航班换季 首都航空新增近20条航线". Retrieved 16 July 2019.
  10. ^ a b c d 新航季 · 新航线 ① | 东航云南始发新航线即将开启!快来Pick你心仪的目的地!
  11. ^ 新航季 · 2019夏秋新航线 ① | 启程!探索新旅程!
  12. ^ a b 新航季 · 新航线 (一) ▎东航3月25日起执行夏秋航季航班计划!
  13. ^ 新航线 · 井冈山¥360起 ▎1月18日起,东航新开【昆明-井冈山-上海浦东】航线!
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  19. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/285836/china-southern-expands-islamabad-service-from-late-sep-2019/
  20. ^ 南航云南分公司在昆明成立
  21. ^ http://www.csair.com/cn/online/flight_dynamic/
  22. ^ "新增、加密、优化多条航线……义乌机场迎来2019年夏航季!". Retrieved 16 July 2019.
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  24. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/285866/citilink-adds-solo-kunming-service-in-3q19/
  25. ^ a b https://www.hnair.com/wcmpage/hbskb/hbskb.pdf
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  31. ^ https://kknews.cc/travel/x22bpko.html
  32. ^ Lucky Air adds Chiang Mai service from July 2018 Routesonline. 24 May 2018.
  33. ^ "Lucky Air resumes Jeju service from May 2019".
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External linksEdit