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Shri Mangesh, also popularly known as Mangireesh or Manguesh, is the Presiding Deity at one of Goa's most popular prominent temples. Shri Mangesh is the Kuladevata of millions of Hindu GSBs around the world.

Kula-dèvatā (transl. clan-deity),[1] also known as Kuladeva or Kuladevi is an ancestral tutelary deity in Hinduism, who is often the object of one's devotion (bhakti), inorder to coax the god for favours, and to have the god the watch over one's family and children from probable misfortune. This is distinct from Ishta-devata (personal tutelar) and village deities. One of the iconic example of Kuldev Puja is of Bagbhairab Puja done by the Munsi Newars in Kirtipur, Nepal.[citation needed]

In practiceEdit

The word Kuladevata is derived from two words: Kula, meaning clan and Devata, meaning deity. Thus, it can be said that Kuladevatas are deities which are worshiped by particular clans. The deity can be a male, female, animal or even an object, like a holy stone. Hindu families make a pilgrimage to the Kuladevata or Kuladevi temple to obtain the blessing of the deity after an auspicious occasion such as a wedding. Kuladevatas are worshiped in several sects of Hinduism and Jainism. In the state of Maharashtra, the Kuladevatas are mainly manifestations of Shiva or Shakti such as Khandoba or Bhavani, respectively. In the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan, these deities are generally, the various manifestations of Parvati, the wife of Shiva. She is worshiped by different names by different clans. The Indian King Cobra(Nag) is also a famous Kuladevata. It is known by several names, such as, Nagadevata and Nagabaapji and is worshiped by several Hindu, Jain and Kshatriya clans. Some Kshatriya clans also claim themselves to be "Nagavanshi" or Descendants of the Naga.

In South India, Balaji of Tirupati is one of the main Kuladevatas.

SrisriKashiswarJiu- kuladevata of Dutta Chowdhury family of Andul village.

In Kerala, amongst the Nair community, each tharavadu (ancestral family house) has a Kula Devata - often, the devi form of Bhadra, besides Para Devatas of ancestors in tharavadu temples. However, each branch of the family and members also worship Ishta-Devata depending upon village deities and choices.

In Andhra Pradesh, Goddess Vasavi Kanyakaparameshwari is the Kuladevi for the Arya Vysya community.

In Tamil Nadu, Goddess Kamakshi, Goddess Renukamba and Lord Muruga are family deities among many others, for many Brahmin Iyers and also to Maravar And Vellalars. Goddess Bhadrakali is the tutelary deity of Nadars. Majority of the Nadar Settlements will have a temple for Goddess Bhadrakali. Goddess Angalaparameshwari for majority of chettiars and vellalars. Lord Narashima for Brahmin Iyengars and also to Naidu. Worship of Kuladevta is very much prominent amongst the Brahmins and Kshatriyas of Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra, that are the Konkani Saraswats, Daivajnas and Konkani Kharvis. Most of the Kuladevata temples are found in Goa, Shantadurga, Mahalakshmi, Nagesh, Mangesh, Ramnath to name a few. Kuladevatas play a very pious role in the Saraswat Brahmins, Daivajnas and Konkani Kharvis, it can even supplant the role of the Istadevata.

Worship of the kula-devata or kula-devi is considered to be of utmost importance. The Kula-devata is the guardian of the family, of the lineage. Ancestors of the family have worshipped the deity and there is a bond between the family and the deity. Hence such worship bears fruits early. Worship of the kuladevata is said to appease the deity who is the sole protector of the family. One who worships his/her family deity is said to be protected by the deity in times of calamity.



Kuladevatas of Konkani peopleEdit

Gujarat and Rajasthan[4]Edit

Kuladevata worshipped in Gujarat and Rajasthan include:

  • Arbuda Mata(mount abu-rajasthan)-Kuldevi of Chaudhari Anjana Patel.

-->In Gujarat,main Temples located at mehsana & village-Leba-bhemani vavo dist-:-mahisagar.

Randhal Maa- kuldevi of HAPANI's and many others

Tamil KuladheivamEdit

Sanar kuladevataEdit

Kuladevata of the Nadar caste include:

  • Goddess Bhadrakali is the tutelary deity of the Nadar community as a whole. But each Kutam (sub division) has its own family deity / Kŭladaiwat/kŭla-dèvatā.[5]
  • Each Kutam (sub division) of Nadar caste have other forms of goddess Bhadrakali (MuthuMaalai amman, MuthuAara amman) or Lingam (SuyambuLingam, SankaraLingam) or Aiyanar (Arunsunai Kaatha Aiyanar, Ponvandu Aiyanar, Karkuvel Aiyanar) as family deity / Kŭladaiwat/kŭla-dèvatā


  1. ^ https://www.wordhippo.com/what-is/the-meaning-of/hindi-word-f20ce87780d01d090d3283b1c6f9ae9c63120f5c.html
  2. ^ Pra. Pā Śiroḍakara; H. K. Mandal; Anthropological Survey of India (1993). People of India: Goa Volume 21 of People of India, Kumar Suresh Singh Volume 21 of State Series, Kumar Suresh Singh. Anthropological Survey of India. pp. 283 pages. ISBN 9788171547609.
  3. ^ Mallikarjuna Temple, Goa
  4. ^ "Kuldevi List & Gotra List of Oswal Samaj - Agam Nigam - A Jain Hub". 2017-03-14. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  5. ^ Robert L. Hardgrave (1969). The Nadars of Tamilnad: The Political Culture of a Community in Change. University of California Press. pp. 38. ISBN 81-7304-701-4.