Kuladevata

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Kula-dèvatā (transl. clan-deity),[1] also known as Kuladeva or Kuladevi is an ancestral tutelary deity in Hinduism, who is often the object of one's devotion (bhakti) inorder to coax the god for favours, and to have the god the watch over one's family and children from probable misfortune. This is distinct from Ishta-devata (personal tutelar) and village deities.

Shri Mangesh, also popularly known as Mangireesh or Manguesh, is the Presiding Deity at one of Goa's most popular prominent temples. Shri Mangesh is the Kuladevata of millions of Hindu GSBs around the world.

In practiceEdit

The word Kuladevata is derived from two words: Kula, meaning clan and Devata, meaning deity. Thus, it can be said that Kuladevatas are deities which are worshiped by particular clans. The deity can be a male, female, animal or even an object, like a holy stone. Hindu families make a pilgrimage to the Kuladevata or Kuladevi temple to obtain the blessing of the deity after an auspicious occasion such as a wedding. Kuladevatas are worshiped in several sects of Hinduism and Jainism. In the state of Maharashtra, the Kuladevatas are mainly manifestations of Shiva or Shakti such as Khandoba or Bhavani, respectively. In the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan, these deities are generally, the various manifestations of Parvati, the wife of Shiva. She is worshiped by different names by different clans. The Indian King Cobra (Nag) is also a famous Kuladevata. It is known by several names, such as, Nagadevata and Nagabaapji and is worshiped by several Hindu, Jain and Kshatriya clans. Some Kshatriya clans also claim themselves to be "Nagavanshi" or Descendants of the Naga.

In South India, Balaji of Tirupati is one of the main Kuladevatas.

 
SrisriKashiswarJiu- kuladevata of Dutta Chowdhury family of Andul village.

In Kerala, amongst the Nair community, each tharavadu (ancestral family house) has a Kula Devata - often, the devi form of Bhadra, besides Para Devatas of ancestors in tharavadu temples. However, each branch of the family and members also worship Ishta-Devata depending upon village deities and choices.

In Andhra Pradesh, Goddess Vasavi Kanyakaparameshwari is the Kuladevi for the Arya Vysya community.

In Tamil Nadu, Goddess Kamakshi, Goddess Renukamba and Lord Muruga are family deities among many others, for many Brahmin Iyers and also to Maravar And Vellalars. Goddess Bhadrakali is the tutelary deity of Nadars. Majority of the Nadar Settlements will have a temple for Goddess Bhadrakali. Goddess Angalaparameshwari for majority of chettiars and vellalars. Lord Narashima for Brahmin Iyengars and also to Naidu. Worship of Kuladevta is very much prominent amongst the Brahmins and Kshatriyas of Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra, that are the Konkani Saraswats, Daivajnas and Konkani Kharvis. Most of the Kuladevata temples are found in Goa, Shantadurga, Mahalakshmi, Nagesh, Mangesh, Ramnath to name a few. Kuladevatas play a very pious role in the Saraswat Brahmins, Daivajna Brahmins and Konkani Kharvis, it can even supplant the role of the Istadevata.

BengalEdit

MaharashtraEdit

Kuladevata worshipped in Maharashtra include:

KonkanEdit

Konkani people worship following deities as their Kuladevatas, most of the temples are located in Goa. Some of the deities were shifted to other places in Konkan by the devotees during the Goa Inquisition.[2] Some of them are listed below:

Gujarat and Rajasthan[4]Edit

Kuladevata worshipped in Gujarat and Rajasthan include:

  • Arbuda Mata(mount abu-rajasthan)-Kuldevi of Chaudhari Anjana Patel.

-->In Gujarat,main Temples located at mehsana & village-Leba-bhemani vavo dist-:-mahisagar.

Randhal Maa- kuldevi of HAPANI's and many others

Tamil NaduEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ https://www.wordhippo.com/what-is/the-meaning-of/hindi-word-f20ce87780d01d090d3283b1c6f9ae9c63120f5c.html
  2. ^ Pra. Pā Śiroḍakara; H. K. Mandal; Anthropological Survey of India (1993). People of India: Goa Volume 21 of People of India, Kumar Suresh Singh Volume 21 of State Series, Kumar Suresh Singh. Anthropological Survey of India. pp. 283 pages. ISBN 9788171547609.
  3. ^ Mallikarjuna Temple, Goa
  4. ^ "Kuldevi List & Gotra List of Oswal Samaj - Agam Nigam - A Jain Hub". 2017-03-14. Retrieved 2018-06-25.