Krásná (Cheb District)

Krásná (German: Schönbach, Schönbach bei Asch) is a municipality and village in Cheb District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 600 inhabitants. In the municipality is the westernmost point of the country.

Krásná
Krásná 2008-08-06.JPG
Flag of Krásná
Flag
Coat of arms of Krásná
Coat of arms
Krásná is located in Czech Republic
Krásná
Krásná
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°14′6″N 12°10′5″E / 50.23500°N 12.16806°E / 50.23500; 12.16806Coordinates: 50°14′6″N 12°10′5″E / 50.23500°N 12.16806°E / 50.23500; 12.16806
Country Czech Republic
RegionKarlovy Vary
DistrictCheb
First mentioned1331
Government
 • MayorLuboš Pokorný
Area
 • Total21.86 km2 (8.44 sq mi)
Elevation
643 m (2,110 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total612
 • Density28/km2 (73/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
351 22
Websitewww.obeckrasna.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Village of Kamenná is an administrative part of Krásná.

GeographyEdit

Krásná lies 1 kilometre northwest of , about 643 metres above sea level.

It borders Aš to the south-east, Podhradí to the east and Kamenná to the north-east. To the south-west there is the border with Germany.

HistoryEdit

 
Old brewery

Krásná was first mentioned in 1331 as a property of counts of Neuberg. Around 1400 Krásná was bought by the Zedtwitz family. This noble house controlled the whole of the Aš region for almost 500 years.[2]

In 1642 a small castle was built here, but in 1828 it suffered a catastrophic fire. In 1898, a municipal brewery was opened, although it is no longer in use. The castle was torn down in the 1950s.

After World War II, because of the buffer zone, a few villages in the municipality (Štítary, Újezd, Elfhausen and Nové Domy) were torn down and became ghost towns.

From 1960 Krásná was one of the administrative parts of Aš, but in 1989 villages of Krásná and Kamenná separated and created a new municipality.

Population developmentEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18692,189—    
18802,479+13.2%
18902,560+3.3%
19002,993+16.9%
19103,433+14.7%
19212,406−29.9%
19303,217+33.7%
1950641−80.1%
YearPop.±%
1961617−3.7%
1970506−18.0%
1980446−11.9%
1991434−2.7%
2001430−0.9%
2011507+17.9%
2020612+20.7%

Source:[3]

TransportEdit

A train station Aš-předměstí is located a few metres from the village. A bus stop is also located in the municipality.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ "Historie obce" (in Czech). Obec Krásná. Retrieved 2020-12-18.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky – 1869–2011: Okres Cheb" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21.