Kolín (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkoliːn]; German: Kolin, Köllein, Collin) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic some 55 kilometers (34 mi) east from Prague, lying on the Elbe River.

Kolín
Town
Town Hall
Town Hall
Flag of Kolín
Flag
Coat of arms of Kolín
Coat of arms
Kolín is located in Czech Republic
Kolín
Kolín
Location in the Czechia
Coordinates: 50°1′41″N 15°12′2″E / 50.02806°N 15.20056°E / 50.02806; 15.20056Coordinates: 50°1′41″N 15°12′2″E / 50.02806°N 15.20056°E / 50.02806; 15.20056
CountryCzechia
RegionCentral Bohemian
DistrictKolín
First mentioned1261
Government
 • MayorMichael Kašpar (STAN)
Area
 • Total34.97 km2 (13.50 sq mi)
Elevation
220 m (720 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
 • Total31,690
 • Density910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
280 02
Websitewww.mukolin.cz

HistoryEdit

Ptolemy's world map mentions Kolin - Budorgis in the 2nd century.[2] In the 12th and 13th-century German settlers were called in after the Germans leaving west during Migration and the colonization by Slavs. Kolín was founded by king Přemysl Otakar II in the 13th century, first mentioned in 1261.[citation needed] Later on, 1437, a castle was founded here. Between 1475 and 1488, Hynek ze Strážnic, a Renaissance writer and son of King George of Poděbrady, lived in the Kolín Castle.

The 1757 Battle of Kolin was fought during the Seven Years' War, and in 1944 a refinery in Kolin was bombed during the Oil Campaign of World War II. Zyklon B for Nazi concentration camps was produced there.

The historical center of the town has many gothic and baroque buildings. Most notable are the main market (Karls Square), the Jewish ghetto and synagogue, the very old and large Jewish cemetery, and St. Bartholomeus Church from the 13th century (a work of the architect Peter Parler).

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Kolín is twinned with:[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  2. ^ Kleineberg, Andreas, Christian Marx, Eberhard Knobloch and Dieter Lelgemann (2010). Germania und die Insel Thule. Die Entschlüsselung von Ptolemaios' "Atlas der Oikumene". Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. ISBN 978-3-534-23757-9.
  3. ^ "Colini Home Page". colini.gap.net. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  4. ^ Richard Basset: For God and Kaiser: The Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918; Chapter 5.
  5. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Kolín. Retrieved 23 August 2019.

External linksEdit