Kleinmachnow is a municipality of about 20,000 inhabitants in the Potsdam-Mittelmark district, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated southwest from the borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf and east from Potsdam.
|• Mayor||Michael Grubert (SPD)|
|• Total||11.94 km2 (4.61 sq mi)|
|Elevation||42 m (138 ft)|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
First mentioned in the Landbuch of Karl IV in 1375, the place played an important role at the Bäke crossing, secured by multiple medieval castles. The last of these castles (none of which are preserved today) belonged to the Knights of Hake, a family which shaped the local history until the 20th century. The replacement of the Bäke with the Teltow Canal in 1906 brought the village the now listed historic Kleinmachnow Floodgate.
In the first half of the 20th century, Kleinmachnow grew from a rural village to a suburb municipality of the Berlin Metropolitan Area. The construction of the Berlin Wall cut Kleinmachnow off from West Berlin. The community's location near the border meant it was relatively isolated in the GDR. Since the German reunification, Kleinmachnow has been part of the growth of the countryside areas outside of Berlin.
It is situated 19 km (12 mi) southwest of the centre of Berlin, immediately neighbouring the borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf, and 12 km (7.5 mi) east of Potsdam. The municipality encompasses the settlement of Dreilinden.
Kleinmachnow arose at the former Bäke creek, today replaced by the Teltow Canal built in 1906. Parvo Machenow was first mentioned in the 1375 land registry (Landbuch) of Emperor Charles IV, then also Brandenburg Elector. In medieval times the ford was controlled by a castle, recently held by the Hake noble family. Together with the canal the Kleinmachnow lock was erected, soon becoming a landmark.
From the early 20th century the former village developed to an affluent suburb of Berlin. In 1937 Wilhelm Ohnesorge, minister of the Reichspost, acquired the Hakeburg mansion as his residence and established a large research facility of communications-electronics here. In World War II Kleinmachnow was the site of a labour camp with about 5,000 inmates, including a subcamp of Sachsenhausen.
On the night of 2–3 December 1943, a Lancaster plane of the Royal Australian Air Force (flight LM 316) was shot down over Kleinmachnow, one of those killed being the well-known Norwegian writer and poet Nordahl Grieg, at the time serving as a war correspondent. (A memorial stone was unveiled at the site ( ) in November 2003.)
In 1946 the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) seized the Hakeburg, which hosted the party's academy in the following years. From 1961 to 1989 the municipality was girded by the Berlin Wall on three sides and the motorway near Dreilinden (today Bundesautobahn 115) was the site of a major border crossing, counterpart of the Allied checkpoint Bravo in West Berlin. Since German reunification Kleinmachnow has seen a major increase of population, while the restitution of numerous plots[clarification needed] in favour of those owners who had fled from the GDR led to fierce conflicts.
Recent Population Development and Projections (Population Development before Census 2011 (blue line); Recent Population Development according to the Census in Germany in 2011 (blue bordered line); Official projections for 2005-2030 (yellow line); for 2014-2030 (red line); for 2017-2030 (scarlet line)
Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeindevertretung) as of 2008 elections:
Kleinmachnow is one of the three home towns of the basketball team TKS 49ers.
- Lily Braun, feminist, born July 2, 1865 in Halberstadt, died August 8, 1916 in Berlin, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1909
- Friedrich Kayßler, actor, born April 7, 1874 in Neurode (Nowa Ruda), died April 24, 1945 in Kleinmachnow
- Arnold Schönberg, composer, born September 13, 1874 in Vienna, died July 13, 1951 in Los Angeles, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1911 to 1913
- Kurt Weill, composer, born March 2, 1900 in Dessau; died April 3, 1950 in New York City, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1932 to 1933
- Hanns Maaßen, writer, born December 26, 1908 in Lübeck, died June 23, 1983 in Mahlow, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1971
- Margarete Sommer, humanitarian, born July 21, 1893, died June 30, 1965, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1934 to 1950
- Fred Wander, writer, born January 5, 1917 in Vienna, died July 10, 2006 in Vienna, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1958 to 1983
- Karl Gass, documentary filmmaker, born February 2, 1917 in Mannheim, died January 29, 2009 in Kleinmachnow, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1961 to 2009
- Christa Wolf, writer, born March 18, 1929 in Landsberg an der Warthe (Gorzów Wielkopolski), died December 1, 2011 in Berlin, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1962 to 1976
- Bushido, German rapper, living in his mansion.
- "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2019". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2020.
- Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
Media related to Kleinmachnow at Wikimedia Commons