Klaipėda County

Klaipėda County (Lithuanian: Klaipėdos apskritis)[3] is one of ten counties in Lithuania, bordering Tauragė County to the southeast, Telšiai County to the northeast, Kurzeme in Latvia to the north, and Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia to the south. To the west is the Baltic Sea. It lies in the west of the country and is the only county to have a coastline. Its capital is Klaipėda. On 1 July 2010, the county administration was abolished,[4] and since that date, Klaipėda County remains as the territorial and statistical unit.

Klaipėda County

Klaipėdos apskritis
Quite summer evening in the port city Klaipeda.jpg
Flag of Klaipėda County
Flag
Coat of arms of Klaipėda County
Coat of arms
Location of Klaipėda County
Location of Klaipėda County
Country Lithuania
Administrative centreKlaipėda
Municipalities
Area
 • Total5,222 km2 (2,016 sq mi)
 (8% of the area of Lithuania)
Population
 (2020-01-01)
 • Total319,958
 • Rank3rd of 10 (11.4% of the population of Lithuania)
 • Density61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 codeLT-KL
GDP (nominal)[1]2019
 - Total€5.3 billion
 - Per capita€16,600
HDI (2018)0.871[2]
very high · 3rd

GeographyEdit

The topography of Klaipėda County is divided into three regions, the highest in the east and lowest in the west: the Western Zemaičiai Plateau in the east, the Western Zemaičiai Plain in the center, and the Pajurys Lowland in the west and on the Baltic coast.

Klaipėda County borders Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, to the south via the Nemunas, which drains into the Curonian Lagoon. The Curonian Spit, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is split between Klaipėda County, Lithuania and Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia. The Lithuanian side of the spit is separated from mainland Lithuania via a small opening between Klaipėda and Smiltynė where the Curonian Lagoon drains into the Baltic Sea.

Skuodas district is the source of the Šventoji, which flows north into Courland, Latvia, back down into Klaipeda County before draining into the Baltic Sea at the coastal settlement of Šventoji.

ClimateEdit

Being the only county on Lithuania's Baltic coast, Klaipėda County is distinguished by its maritime climate. There is little variation in mean daily temperature. On average, winters are relatively warmer and summers are relatively cooler than the rest of Lithuania. Storms and foggy spells are frequent in winter. In locations throughout the county, annual precipitation rates can reach as high as 876 mm per year.

MunicipalitiesEdit

Municipalities are:

  Klaipėda City Municipality
  Klaipėda District Municipality
  Kretinga District Municipality
  Neringa Municipality
  Palanga City Municipality
  Skuodas District Municipality
  Šilutė District Municipality

DemographicsEdit

As of 2020, Klaipėda County's population was 319,958. Approximately 69% is urban, while the remaining 30% are rural. It is the third most populous county in Lithuania.

GenderEdit

As of 2020, approximately 52% of people are female and 47% are male.

Ethnic groupsEdit

The ethnic composition in 2001 was:[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://osp.stat.gov.lt/informaciniai-pranesimai?eventId=231671
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ "Counties within Lithuania - weather and maps", TravelsRadiate, accessed Feb 15, 2011.
  4. ^ "Dėl apskričių viršininkų administracijų likvidavimo". Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2012-01-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 55°41′54″N 21°08′49″E / 55.69833°N 21.14694°E / 55.69833; 21.14694