Kitashiobara (北塩原村 Kitashiobara-mura) is a village located in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2018[update], the village had an estimated population of 2,779 in 1079 households, and a population density of 12 persons per km². The total area of the village was 234.08 square kilometres (90.38 sq mi).
Kitashiobara Village Hall
Location of Kitashiobara in Fukushima Prefecture
|• Total||234.08 km2 (90.38 sq mi)|
|• Density||12/km2 (31/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Prunus sargentii|
|- Flower||Lysichiton camtschatcensis|
|- Bird||Japanese tit|
|Address||3151 Kitayama Kitashiobara-mura, Yama-gun, Fukushima-ken 966-0485|
Kitashiobara is located at the far northern Aizu region of Fukushima Prefecture, bordered by Yamagata Prefecture to the north. Kitashiobara consists of three areas, named after the former the villages of Kitayama, Ōshio, and Hibara. The western portion, Hibara, has a higher elevation than the other two areas, most of it between 800 m and 1000 m. Also, Lake Hibara in Hibara is located in the Bandai-Asahi National Park. It was created in 1888 during the eruption of Mount Bandai. Oguni-numa, a swamp, is reserved by the Japanese government as a natural monument. Some 86% of the village area is covered in mountains and forest.
- Mountains : Mount Bandai
- Rivers : Nakutsu-gawa, Ono-gawa
- Lakes : Lake Hibara, Goshiki-numa, Lake Onogawa, Oguni-numa, Akimoto Lake
Kitashiobara has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) characterized by warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Kitashiobara is 7.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1666 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 20.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around -4.9 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Kitashiobara has declined steadily over the past 40 years.
The area of present-day Kitashiobara was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and formed part of the holdings of Aizu Domain during the Edo period. After the Meiji Restoration, it was organized as part of Yama District, Fukushima Prefecture. The villages of Kitayama, Ōshio and Hibara. were created with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1884. The three villages merged to form the village of Kitashiobara village was created on March 31, 1954.
The economy of Kitashiobara is dependent on agriculture, seasonal tourism, and the mining of salt.
Kitashiobara has two public elementary schools and two public junior high schools operated by the town government. The town does not have a public high school.
- Kitashiobara is not served by any passenger rail transport.