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Kheer, Payasa, Payasam or Phirni (Hindi: खीर) (Urdu: کھیر) (Bengali: পায়েস) (Sinhala: පායාසම්) (Tamil: பாயசம்) (Nepali: खिर), is a type of pudding from the Indian subcontinent, made by boiling milk, sugar, and rice, although rice may be substitute with one of the following: bulgar wheat, millet, tapioca, vermicelli, or sweet corn. It is typically flavored with desiccated coconut, cardamom, raisins, saffron, cashews, pistachios, almonds, or other dry fruits and nuts. It is typically served during a meal or as a dessert.
|Alternative names||Payasam, Payasa and Ksheeram|
|Place of origin||Indian subcontinent|
|Region or state||India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal|
|Main ingredients||Rice, milk, sugar, cardamom, jaggery, saffron, pistachios or almonds|
|Variations||Barley kheer, Kaddu ki kheer, paal (milk), payasam, payesh|
|249 kcal kcal|
According to the food historian K. T. Achaya, kheer or payas, as it is known in southern India, was a popular dish in ancient India, first mentioned in ancient Indian literature, it was a mixture of rice, milk and sugar, a formula that has endured for over two thousand years. Payas was also a staple Hindu temple food, in particular, it was associated with Lord Shiva and served as Prasāda to his devotees.