Annakin in 1969
Kenneth Cooper Annakin
10 August 1914
|Died||22 April 2009 (aged 94)|
|Burial place||Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery|
His career spanned half a century, beginning in the early 1940s and ending in 2002. His career peaked in the 1960s with large-scale adventure films and in all Annakin directed nearly 50 pictures.
Annakin was born in and grew up in Beverley, East Riding of Yorkshire where he attended the local grammar school. After leaving school he became a trainee income tax inspector in the city of Hull. Annakin subsequently decided to emigrate to New Zealand, and travelled around the world in a variety of jobs.
He was compere and stage manager of Eugene Permanent Waving Company's roadshow, touring the Northern provinces. When World War II broke out, Annakin became a firefighter in Soho, then joined the Royal Air Force.
Injured in the Liverpool Blitz, Annakin joined the RAF Film Unit, where he worked as a camera operator on propaganda films for the Ministry of Information and the British Council. We Serve (1942), a recruiting film for women, was directed by Carol Reed, who made Annakin his assistant director; Annakin subsequently directed several training films for Verity Films, a group led by Sydney Box, who was soon to become head of Gainsborough Pictures.
His early documentaries included London 1942 (1942), A Ride with Uncle Joe (1943), Make Fruitful the Land (1945), We of the West Riding (1945), English Criminal Justice (1946), It Began on the Clyde (1946) and Fenlands (1946).
Feature films and Gainsborough PicturesEdit
Annakin had made a number of documentaries for Sydney Box and when Box took over as head of Gainsborough Pictures he brought Annakin with him and assigned him to his first feature, Holiday Camp (1947). It was a solid hit and launched Annakin's career. Box called in Annakin to replace Michael Charlton who was directing Miranda (1948) with Glynis Johns. The resulting film was another success.
Broken Journey (1948) with Phyllis Calvert was a commercial disappointment. However Quartet (1948), an anthology film based on stories by W. Somerset Maugham, for which Annakin directed one segment, was well received.
Holiday Camp featured the Huggetts, a working-class family living in suburban England headed by Jack Warner and Kathleen Harrison. They were spun off into their own vehicle directed by Annakin, Here Come the Huggetts (1948) with Petula Clark, Jane Hylton, and Susan Shaw as their young daughters, Amy Veness as their grandmother and Diana Dors as their cousin. It was popular and led to Vote for Huggett (1949) and The Huggetts Abroad (1949).
Annakin moved to Associated British Pictures Corporation for whom he directed Landfall (1949), a war film; and Double Confession (1950), a thriller. He did another installment for an anthology movie based on Magham stories, Trio (1950).
Annakin then received an offer from Walt Disney to make The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men (1952) with Richard Todd.
He returned to comedy for Value for Money (1955) with John Gregson and Diana Dors, for Rank; Loser Takes All (1956) with Johns, based on a script by Graham Greene, for British Lion Films; and Three Men in a Boat (1956) with Laurence Harvey and Jimmy Edwards for Romulus Films. Three Men in a Boat was especially popular.
He travelled to South Africa to make another adventure story, Nor the Moon by Night (1958) for Rank with Michael Craig and Belinda Lee. Around this time he was credited as a writer on Mission in Morocco (1959), though he did not direct it.
Disney called again and hired Annakin to make a mountaineering tale, Third Man on the Mountain (1959). They kept him on for Swiss Family Robinson (1960), which Walt Disney's nephew, Roy, considered "one of the greatest family adventure films of all time and a favourite for generations of moviegoers". It was a huge hit.
Annakin was hired by Darryl F. Zanuck to direct the British and (uncredited) French and American interior segments in The Longest Day (1962), which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Picture, eventually losing out to Lawrence of Arabia.
On June 16, 1965, saw the release of Those Magnificent Men in Their Flying Machines. At the time it was Annakin's most ambitious project and Zanuck the head of the 20th Century-Fox Studio, endorsed the British period comedy film. In this project Annakin co-wrote, produced and directed an international ensemble cast including Stuart Whitman, Sarah Miles, Robert Morley, Terry-Thomas, James Fox, Red Skelton, Benny Hill, Jean-Pierre Cassel, Gert Fröbe and Alberto Sordi. The story, revolving around the craze of early aviation circa 1910, is about a pompous newspaper magnate (Morley) who is convinced, by his daughter (Miles) and fiancée (Fox), to organize an air race from London to Paris. A large sum of money is offered to the winner, and a variety of characters are attracted to participate. The film received favourable reviews, in which it was described as funny, colourful and clever, and was said to have captured the early enthusiasm for aviation. It was treated as a major production, one of only three full-length 70 mm Todd-AO Fox releases in 1965 with an intermission and musical interlude part of the original screenings. Because of the Todd-AO process, the film was an exclusive roadshow feature initially shown in deluxe Cinerama venues, where customers needed reserved seats purchased ahead of time. The film grossed $31,111,111 theatrically. Audience reaction both in first release and even today, is nearly universal in assessing the film as one of the "classic" aviation films. For its writing Annakin and Jack Davies received an Academy Award nomination.
Annakin directed the big-scale war film Battle of the Bulge the same year for producer Philip Yordan and Cinerama. He also started writing a follow up to Flying Machine called Monte Carlo or Bust.
Annakin planned to make epics about the Spanish Armada, Cortez and the Indian Mutiny, and a film about martians. None of these were made. Instead he made The Long Duel (1967) in India for Rank with Yul Brynner, then The Biggest Bundle of Them All (1968) for MGM in Italy.
This was followed by Monte Carlo or Bust (1969) for Paramount Pictures, which Annakin produced and directed from his own script and story. It was an attempt to replicate the success of Those Magnificent Men but was not as well received.
There he made a series of films for TV: Murder at the Mardi Gras (1978), The Pirate (1978) from a novel by Harold Robbins and Institute for Revenge (1979). He travelled to Europe for The Fifth Musketeer (1979).
In 2001 Annakin released a highly regarded autobiography So You Wanna Be A Director? published by Tomahawk Press (ISBN 0-953 1926-5-2). Considered "a classic among directors' autobiographies" it has forewords by both Richard Attenborough and Mike Leigh. In their review, the Directors Guild of America stated
So You Wanna Be a Director? is an entertaining autobiography through which seasoned directors and aspirants alike can enjoy and learn from a man with such a versatile and long-lived career. If Annakin tells of his exasperation over trying to coax performances out of producers' girlfriends, the bad behaviour – and sometimes the drug problems – of certain stars and the vagaries of international film financing, he's providing tales that are as cautionary today as when he lived them.
Annakin was honored as a Disney Legend by The Walt Disney Company in March 2002. He is only the second film director to be so honoured. He was also awarded an OBE the same year for services to the film industry and received an honorary Doctor of Letters degree from Hull University.
He died on 22 April 2009, the same day as Jack Cardiff, who had been his cinematographer on the 1979 film The Fifth Musketeer. A daughter from a previous marriage predeceased him. The cause of his death was myocardial infarction and stroke.
- London 1942 (1943)
- Make Fruitful the Land (1945)
- We of the West Riding (1946)
- English Criminal Justice (1946)
- It Began on the Clyde (1946)
- Fenlands (1946)
- Holiday Camp (1947)
- Miranda (1948)
- Broken Journey (1948)
- Quartet (1948)
- Here Come the Huggetts (1948)
- Vote for Huggett (1949)
- The Huggetts Abroad (1949)
- Landfall (1949)
- Double Confession (1950)
- Hotel Sahara (1951)
- The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men (1952)
- The Planter's Wife (1952)
- The Sword and the Rose (1953)
- You Know What Sailors Are (1954)
- The Seekers (1954)
- Value for Money (1955)
- Loser Takes All (1956)
- Three Men in a Boat (1956)
- Across the Bridge (1957)
- Nor the Moon by Night (1958)
- Third Man on the Mountain (1959)
- Swiss Family Robinson (1960)
- Very Important Person (1961)
- The Hellions (1961)
- The Fast Lady (1962)
- The Longest Day (1962)
- Crooks Anonymous (1962)
- The Informers (1963)
- Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines (1965)
- Battle of the Bulge (1965)
- The Long Duel (1967)
- The Biggest Bundle of Them All (1968)
- Monte Carlo or Bust! (1969)
- The Call of the Wild (1972)
- Paper Tiger (1975)
- The Pirate (1978)
- Institute for Revenge (1979)
- The Fifth Musketeer (1979)
- Cheaper to Keep Her (1981)
- The Pirate Movie (1982)
- The New Adventures of Pippi Longstocking (1988)
- Genghis Khan (1992) (unreleased)
- Hevesi, Dennis (24 April 2009). "Ken Annakin, 'Magnificent' Director, Dies at 94". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
- FILMMAKER KEN ANNAKIN'S ADVENTURES WEREN'T ALL ON SCREEN: [REGION Edition] VANCHERI, BARBARA. Pittsburgh Post - Gazette 2 May 2001: E-1.
- Annakin Makes Movies for the Family Norma Lee Browning. Chicago Tribune 14 Sep 1969: f5.
- "Obituary". The Independent.
- OBITUARIES: Ken Annakin Anonymous. Hollywood Reporter; Hollywood Vol. 409, (Apr 24-Apr 26, 2009): 35.
- Ken Annakin---on a Grand Scale Los Angeles Times 24 Dec 1965: a9.
- Crowther, Bosley (17 June 1965). "Movie Review: Those Magnificent Men In their Flying Machines (1965)". The New York Times.
- "Those Magnificent Men in Their Flying Machines – Or How I Flew from London to Paris in 25 Hours 11 Minutes". Variety. 1 January 1965. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
- "Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines – Or How I Flew from London to Paris in 25 Hours 11 Minutes: TV Guide Review". TV Guide.com. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- "Director's Voice-over Commentary". Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines DVD, 2004.
- Munn (1983), p. 161.
- Silverman, Stephen M (1988). The Fox that got away : the last days of the Zanuck dynasty at Twentieth Century-Fox. L. Stuart. p. 324.
- Hardwick & Schnepf (1989), p. 58.
- Annakin to Pen Auto Saga Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 25 Sep 1965: B8.
- He Wants People to Stop Laughing: No Laughs By A. H. WEILER. New York Times 22 Dec 1968: D15.
- McLellan, Dennis (24 April 2009). "Ken Annakin dies at 94; British director of 'Swiss Family Robinson' and others". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
- BROWARD GIRL GETS STAR TREATMENT AFTER LANDING TITLE ROLE AS `PIPPI': [SUN-SENTINEL Edition] Roth, Patti. Sun Sentinel 19 Feb 1986: 1A.
- So you wanna be a director?: [Features Edition] Pratt, Steve. Northern Echo 7 May 2001: 09.
- Annakin, Ken. "So You Wanna be a Director?". Tomahawk Press. Tree Frog Communication.
- "Ken Annakin". Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. 26 April 2009. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- Harris M. Lentz III (2010). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2009: Film, Television, Radio, Theatre. McFarland. ISBN 9780786441747. Retrieved 22 November 2018.