Kaspiysk (Russian: Каспи́йск; Lak: Ккасппи; Dargin; Lezgian; Avar: Каспийск) is a city in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, located on the Caspian Sea, 18 kilometers (11 mi) southeast of Makhachkala. The 2010 Russian census recorded the city as being the fourth-largest in Dagestan. It is a working-class satellite-city to Makhachkala.

Kaspiysk

Каспийск
City of Kaspiysk
City of Kaspiysk
Coat of arms of Kaspiysk
Coat of arms
Location of Kaspiysk
Kaspiysk is located in Russia
Kaspiysk
Kaspiysk
Location of Kaspiysk
Kaspiysk is located in Republic of Dagestan
Kaspiysk
Kaspiysk
Kaspiysk (Republic of Dagestan)
Coordinates: 42°52′49″N 47°38′18″E / 42.88028°N 47.63833°E / 42.88028; 47.63833Coordinates: 42°52′49″N 47°38′18″E / 42.88028°N 47.63833°E / 42.88028; 47.63833
CountryRussia
Federal subjectDagestan
Founded1932
City status since1947
Government
 • BodyAssembly of Deputies[1]
Area
 • Total32.94 km2 (12.72 sq mi)
Elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 • Total100,129
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
116,340 (+16.2%)
 • Rank163rd in 2010
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,900/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toCity of Kaspiysk[5]
 • Capital ofCity of Kaspiysk[5]
 • Urban okrugKaspiysk Urban Okrug[6]
 • Capital ofKaspiysk Urban Okrug[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
87246
OKTMO ID82720000001
Websitedagmo.ru/gorod-kaspiysk

HistoryEdit

The city is one of the newer urban centers in Dagestan. It began in 1932 as a worker's encampment, servicing the needs of the nearby naval diesel engine manufacturer, Dagdizel [ru]. At the time, it was called Dvigatelstroy (Дви́гательстро́й), based upon the Russian word for "engine". During World War II, the site saw much growth due to the war effort, and became a center for major arms producers. In 1947, the settlement received the status of a city, and was given its current name, reflecting its location on the shores of the Caspian Sea.

Chechen WarsEdit

On November 16, 1996, 68 people were killed in a Chechen bomb attack targeting a military building.[9]

On May 9, 2002, 43 people were killed in Chechen bomb attack on a Victory Day parade.[10]

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the City of Kaspiysk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[5] As a municipal division, the City of Kaspiysk is incorporated as Kaspiysk Urban Okrug.[6]

DemographicsEdit

Population: 100,129 (2010 Census);[3] 77,650 (2002 Census);[11] 60,069 (1989 Census);[12] 43,000 (1972).

Ethnic groups (2002 census):[13]

ReligionEdit

IslamEdit

Islam is the majority faith in the city, which is home to about ten mosques.

Russian OrthodoxEdit

The city belongs to the diocese of Makhachkala. Kaspiysk parish was formed in 1990 with the blessings of the Metropolitan of Stavropol and Baku, and was officially registered in 1994. In 2000, the community consecrated St. Kazan church [ru].

Seventh Day AdventistsEdit

In 2010, the Seventh Day Adventists dedicated a house of worship in the city. It became the target of two explosives attacks within two months.

EconomyEdit

The city is home to:

  • Dagdizel machine-building factory, founded in 1932. It produces diesel engines, electric motors, torpedoes, and other products for the Russian Navy.
  • JSC Caspian Sea precision mechanics - machine-building factory, founded in 1960. It manufactures maritime navigation equipment for military and commercial use.
  • a brick factory
  • a stone processing factory.

At the North side of the city is a seaport.

SportsEdit

The city hosts the Anzhi Arena stadium, home to the FC Anzhi Makhachkala Russian football club, which competes in the Russian Football Premier League.

The city was to bid to host the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics,[14] however the bid was abandoned due to a lack of government support.[15]

Notable peopleEdit

ClimateEdit

Kaspiysk has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk).

Climate data for Kaspiysk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
3.6
(38.5)
7.1
(44.8)
14.4
(57.9)
21.1
(70.0)
26.3
(79.3)
28.9
(84.0)
28.6
(83.5)
23.5
(74.3)
17.2
(63.0)
10.8
(51.4)
5.8
(42.4)
15.9
(60.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
0.8
(33.4)
4.1
(39.4)
10.7
(51.3)
17.1
(62.8)
22.3
(72.1)
25.1
(77.2)
24.6
(76.3)
19.9
(67.8)
13.8
(56.8)
7.9
(46.2)
3.1
(37.6)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.1
(34.0)
7.0
(44.6)
13.2
(55.8)
18.3
(64.9)
21.4
(70.5)
20.6
(69.1)
16.4
(61.5)
10.4
(50.7)
5.0
(41.0)
0.5
(32.9)
9.1
(48.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22
(0.9)
28
(1.1)
21
(0.8)
18
(0.7)
28
(1.1)
25
(1.0)
26
(1.0)
23
(0.9)
38
(1.5)
43
(1.7)
31
(1.2)
29
(1.1)
332
(13)
Source: Climate-Data.org [16]

MiscellaneousEdit

The city is home to a large naval storage facility that houses Russian hovercraft and ekranoplans.

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Аппарат Собрания депутатов городского округа
  2. ^ Подсчитано по базе данных муниципальных образований РФ на 2008 год
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #16
  6. ^ a b c Law #6
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ http://www.rian.ru/history/20061116/55683149.html
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 1, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  12. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  13. ^ http://www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru/rndaghestan.html
  14. ^ Zhukov gives backing to Dagestan 2018 Youth Olympics bid
  15. ^ Dagestan bid for 2018 Summer Youth Olympics abandoned
  16. ^ "Climate: Kaspiysk". Retrieved February 27, 2016.

SourcesEdit

  • Народное Собрание Республики Дагестан. Закон №16 от 10 апреля 2002 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Дагестан», в ред. Закона №106 от 30 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Республики Дагестан». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Дагестанская правда", №81, 12 апреля 2002 г. (People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan. Law #16 of April 10, 2002 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #106 of December 30, 2013 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Dagestan. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Народное Собрание Республики Дагестан. Закон №6 от 13 января 2005 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Республики Дагестан», в ред. Закона №43 от 30 апреля 2015 г. «О статусе городского округа с внутригородским делением "Город Махачкала", статусе и границах внутригородских районов в составе городского округа с внутригородским делением "Город Махачкала" и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Республики Дагестан». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Дагестанская правда", №8, 15 февраля 2005 г. (People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan. Law #6 of January 13, 2005 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #43 of April 30, 2015 On the Status of the "City of Makhachkala" Urban Okrug with Intra-Urban Divisions, the Status and the Borders of the Intra-City Districts Comprising the "City of Makhachkala" Urban Okrug with Intra-Urban Divisions, and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Dagestan. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).