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|Born||31 March 1730|
Langenzenn, Holy Roman Empire
|Died||1784 (aged 53–54)|
|Known for||Founder of stationery company Faber-Castell|
|Children||Anton Wilhelm Faber|
|Relatives||Johann Lothar Freiherr von Faber (great-grandson)|
Life and workEdit
Two years later he settled permanently in Stein as a carpenter and in 1761 opened a small workshop where he produced pencils, a typical activity of the carpenter trade at that time. Efforts to turn pencilmaking into a guild-approved craft failed due to lack of approval from the Nuremberg Rugsamt, which supervised trades in the city and its environs.
Pencils made of pure graphite easily crumbled and broke. Thus in 1771 Faber undertook the first attempts to improve pencils by using ground graphite, which he mixed with sulfur, antimony, and binding resins. The technique of gluing pencils into wooden sticks was already well known in Nuremberg at that time, but Faber did not use it.
During Faber's lifetime, his pencil production business was still on a small scale. With his small workshop he laid the foundation for a pencil factory which his great-grandson Johann Lothar Freiherr von Faber expanded into the world-famous Faber-Castell brand in the middle of the 19th century. The company is still owned by Faber's descendants, currently in the eighth generation.