The Karlovy Vary Region or Carlsbad Region (Czech: Karlovarský kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the westernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. It is named after its capital Karlovy Vary. The region is world-famous for its spas, including Karlovy Vary and Mariánské Lázně.

Karlovy Vary Region

Karlovarský kraj

Carlsbad Region
Eger-Karlsbad-1.jpg
Flag of Karlovy Vary Region
Flag
Coat of arms of Karlovy Vary Region
Coat of arms
Karlovarský kraj in Czech Republic.svg
Coordinates: 50°13′42″N 12°58′00″E / 50.22833°N 12.96667°E / 50.22833; 12.96667Coordinates: 50°13′42″N 12°58′00″E / 50.22833°N 12.96667°E / 50.22833; 12.96667
CountryCzech Republic
CapitalKarlovy Vary
DistrictsKarlovy Vary District, Sokolov District, Cheb District
Government
 • GovernorJana Vildumetzová (ANO)
Area
 • Total3,314.46 km2 (1,279.72 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,244 m (4,081 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
 • Total294,896
 • Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeCZ-41
Vehicle registrationK
Websitewww.kr-karlovarsky.cz

Administrative divisionsEdit

The Karlovy Vary Region is divided into 3 districts:

Districts of Karlovy Vary Region
  Cheb
  Karlovy Vary
  Sokolov

At a lower level, the region has 134 municipalities, comprising 56 in the Karlovy Vary District, 40 in the Cheb District and 38 in the Sokolov District.[2]

PopulationEdit

Pardubice Region is the smallest region in the Czech Republic with a population of less than 300,000. Only 11 municipalities have higher population than 5,000. The largest municipality of the region is Karlovy Vary with a population of around 50,000. The table below shows the municipalities in Karlovy Vary Region with the largest population (as of 1 January 2019):[2]

Name Population Area (km²) District
  Karlovy Vary 48,501 59 Karlovy Vary District
  Cheb 31,988 96 Cheb District
  Sokolov 23,241 23 Sokolov District
  Ostrov 16,731 50 Karlovy Vary District
  Chodov 13,394 14 Sokolov District
  13,210 56 Cheb District
  Mariánské Lázně 12,800 52 Cheb District

Other significant towns in Karlovy Vary Region are Nejdek, Kraslice, Františkovy Lázně and Horní Slavkov.

EconomyEdit

SpasEdit

The region is well known for its spas and is responsible over half of the county's spa industry.[3] Twelve spas can be found in the city of Karlovy Vary alone.[4] Other famous spa towns in the region include Františkovy Lázně, Mariánské Lázně, Lázně Kynžvart and Jáchymov.[5] The spas are visited not only by Czechs but by people from the rest of Europe, Russia, Israel and North America as well.[6] Karlovy Vary spa wafers, a food item from the region, was awarded protected designation of origin (PDO) status by the European Commission in 2011.[7]

The water from the region is used in locally produced beverages including Mattoni from Karlovy Vary and Aquila from the village of Kyselka.[8]

Black TriangleEdit

The region is the home of two power stations, Vřesová and Tisová, both in the Sokolov District. The region is also part of the so-called Black Triangle, an area of heavy industrialization and environmental damage on the three-way border of Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic.[9]

TransportEdit

The Karlovy Region is served by Karlovy Vary Airport, which handled more than 100,000 passengers in 2012.[10] The region is also home to two other airports, neither of which are used for passenger flights. These are Cheb Airport, the oldest airport in the country,[11] and Mariánské Lázně Airport.

The region lacks any motorways.[12] The unfinished R6 expressway passes through the region, linking Cheb and Karlovy Vary to Prague. The length of operated railway lines in the region is 493 km (306 mi).[12]

EducationEdit

The Czech University of Life Sciences Prague opened a centre in the village of Dalovice in the Karlovy Vary District in 2007.[13] The private College of Karlovy Vary is also located in the region, in addition to regional centres of the Banking Institute / College of Banking in Karlovy Vary and the University of West Bohemia in Cheb and Sokolov.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. ^ a b "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  3. ^ "Tourism drops but not for everyone". The Prague Post. 9 August 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Spas". Radio Prague. 5 December 2004. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  5. ^ "Karlovy Vary Region - Basic Information". Tourist portal of Karlovy Vary Region. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  6. ^ "Spa treatment becoming less affordable for Czechs". Radio Prague. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  7. ^ "Czechs win protection for Karlovy Vary spa wafers". Radio Prague. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  8. ^ "Balené vody na tuzemském trhu". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). 27 June 2001. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2014-04-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) page 9
  10. ^ "Letiště Karlovy Vary loni mělo zisk na 8,7 milionu korun". Czech News Agency (in Czech). 23 June 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  11. ^ "Mailbox". Radio Prague. 26 July 2009. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  12. ^ a b "Doprava" [Transport] (XLS). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  13. ^ a b "V Karlovarském kraji otevře studium zemědělská univerzita". Czech News Agency (in Czech). Retrieved 18 April 2014.

External linksEdit