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Kanva (Karnesh) (Sanskrit: कण्व káṇva) was an ancient Hindu rishi of the Treta yuga, to whom some of the hymns of the Rig Veda are ascribed. He was one of the Angirasas. He has been called a son of Ghora, but this lineage belongs to Pragatha Kanva, a subsequent Kanva of which there were many. However, Puranic literature has other different lineages for him, one as the son of Apratiratha and grandson of King Matinara, and another as the son of Ajamidha, who was a descendant in the ninth generation of Tansu, the brother of Apratiratha (Atiratha), or Ajamidha who was a contemporary of Matinara. This last seems to be the modern consensus. He is sometimes included in the list of the seven sages (the Saptarishis). Kanva had a son Medhatithi.
- Kanva (Karnesh) is also the name of a founder of a Vedic shakha of the Shukla Yajur Veda, and hence the name of that theological branch of Hinduism, the Kanva Shakha.
- Kanva (Karnesh) is also the name of several princes and founders of dynasties and several authors.
- The Kanvas (Karnesh) are the descendants of king Vasudeva Kanva (1st century BCE).
- The Kanvas are also a class of spirit, against whom hymn 2.25 of the Atharva Veda is used as a charm.
- Dowson, John (2000). "Kanva" (PDF). A Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology & Religion (D. K. Printworld second ed.). New Delhi: D. K. Printworld. p. 154. ISBN 81-246-0108-9. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 May 2020.
- Chopra, Omesh K. (2019). "Vasistha". History of Ancient India Revisited, A Vedic-Puranic View. BlueRose Publishers. p. 141.
- Patton, Laurie L. (1996). "Pedigree Narratives: Parents After the Fact". Myth as Argument: The Brhaddevata as Canonical Commentary. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. p. 270. ISBN 3-11-013805-0.
- Pargiter, F. E. (1997). Ancient Indian Historical Tradition. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 226–228. ISBN 978-81-208-1486-8., a reprint of the 1922 London Oxford University Press edition.
- Muir, John (1872). Original Sanskrit Texts on the Origin and History of the People of India: Mythical and legendary accounts of the origin of caste, with an enquiry into its existence in the Vedic age (second ed.). London: Trübner. pp. 234–236.
- Sarmah, Thaneswar (1991). The Bharadvājas in Ancient India. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. p. 138–139. ISBN 978-81-208-0639-9.
- For a brief summary of the shakhas as given in Shaunaka's Caraṇa-vyūha see: Monier-Williams, A Sanskit-English Dictionary, p. 1062, right column.
- Dowson 2000, p. 297
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