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The Kanisfluh is a mostly isolated massif in the central Bregenz Forest Mountains between the municipalities Mellau and Au.The Kanisfluh is considered the most famous mountain and landmark of the Bregenz Forest, Vorarlberg, Austria.
|Elevation||2,044 m (6,706 ft) AA|
|Parent range||Bregenz Forest|
Location and peaksEdit
The highest peak is the "Holenke" at an elevation of 2,044 metres AA (6,706 feet), which can be climbed via a comfortable mountain trail (SAC hiking scale T2). Other peaks are the "Hoher Stoß" (1,806 m AA), the "Runder Kopf" (2,014 m AA) and the "Sonnenspitze" (1,965 m AA). No trails lead to these, reaching them occasionally requires advanced mountaineering abilities.
Edelweiss on the Kanisfluh, Holenke in the background
Delineation and neighboring mountain groupsEdit
In the current Alpine Club Guide by Dieter Seibert (2008) as well as the preceding version by Walther Flaig (1977), there Damülser Berge und Kanisfluh, and also in the SOIUSA classification by Marizzi (there sub-group b) the Kanisfluh is assigned to the group of the Damülser Berge (Damülsian mountains), because they form a common ridge.
The Gebirgsgruppengliederung für das österreichische Höhlenverzeichnis (mountain group classification for the Austrian cave index) by Trimmel has the Kanisfluh as a completely independent group due to its geological discreteness (no. 1117). It is delineated by:
- in the North and East Bregenzer Ach up to Au towards the Östliches Bregenzerwaldgebirge (Hirschberg range and Mittagsfluh massif)
- in the South Argenbach to Argenzipfel towards Zitterklapfen group of the Lechquellen Mountains
- in the West Argenzipfel ditch (Leuebach) and trail to the Obere Alp (Oberälple) – saddle (height ca. 1635 m) of the connecting range to Klippern – trail to Wurzachalpe – trail and ditch to Hofstetten inn – Bregenzer Ach near Mellau, towards Mittagsspitzgruppe, the Damülser Berge in the narrow sense
The Kanisfluh is a typical lime massif, though is not part of the thrust sheet system of the Northern Limestone Alps, but is rather formed from the Jurassic lime of the Helveticum, which is more closely related to the Franco-Swiss Jura Mountains than to the Wetterstein or Dachstein Formation lime of the eastern alps.
Origin of nameEdit
In contrast, a legend talks about an immigrant called Canisio from the Swiss canton Valais around the time of 1400. Before he could fetch his bride from his old homeland, she had died there and in sad remembrance he brought several plants of Edelweiss from her grave and planted them on the slopes of the Holenke. Kanisfluh is supposedly derived from the name Canisio.
The Rüf company has plans to mine gravel at the foot of the Kanisfluh. Gravel mining does not present a problem for state geologist Eva Vigl, as one would only scratch the surface and the Kansisfluh would not become destabilized. The municipality of Schnepfau, however, wants to prevent the mining of 800,000 m³ of stone over the next 30 years. The state authority is reviewing if Schnepfau may put the area under nature preservation. In the discussion about the gravel mining at the foot of the Kanisfluh, the Greens argue for putting the Kanisfluh under large-scale nature preservation.
An intervention like the gravel mining would be a permanent wound in the natural scenery and is therefore impermissible. In addition, the Kanisfluh is the asset for the tourism in the Bregenz Forest.— Green economic spokesperson Sandra Schoch, 
- Dieter Seibert: Bregenzerwald- und Lechquellengebirge. Alpenvereinsführer alpin. 1st edition. Bergverlag Rother, Munic 2008, ISBN 978-3-7633-1095-1, pp. 59, 125.
- Walther Flaig: Alpenvereinsführer Bregenzerwaldgebirge. 1st edition. Bergverlag Rudolf Rother, Munic 1977, ISBN 3-7633-1203-X.
- Doris Rinke: Naturwunderwanderung Argenschlucht-Auer Ried, Au-Schoppernau Tourismus.
- "Vorarlberg.orf.at" (in German). Retrieved 2017-09-01.
- "vol.at" (in German). Retrieved 2017-09-01.
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