Kamal Nath (born 18 November 1946) is an Indian politician who served as the 18th Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh for approximately 15 months and resigned after a political crisis. He is the Leader of the Opposition in the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly since March 2020.
As a leader of the Indian National Congress he has served as the Minister of Urban Development. He is one of the longest serving and most senior members of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament. He was appointed the Pro Tem Speaker of the 16th Lok Sabha. He has been elected nine times from the Chhindwara Lok Sabha constituency of Madhya Pradesh. Nath was elected president of the Madhya Pradesh Congress Committee in May 2018, leading the party in the November–December 2018 assembly election. He assumed the office of Chief Minister on 17 December 2018 and resigned on 20 March 2020 due to lack of majority in government.
Nath was first elected to the 7th Lok Sabha in 1980. He was re-elected to the 8th Lok Sabha in 1984, the 9th Lok Sabha in 1989, and the 10th Lok Sabha in 1991. He was inducted into the Union Council of Ministers as Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment and Forests in June 1991. From 1995 to 1996 he served as Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Textiles.
Nath was elected to the 12th Lok Sabha in 1998 and the 13th Lok Sabha in 1999. From 2001 to 2004, he was the General Secretary of the Indian National Congress (INC). He was re-elected to the 14th Lok Sabha in the 2004 elections and served as Union Cabinet Minister of Commerce and Industry from 2004 to 2009.
On 16 May 2009 he again won the elections from his constituency for the 15th Lok Sabha and re-entered the Cabinet, this time as Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways. In 2011, as a result of a cabinet reshuffle, Nath replaced Jaipal Reddy to take on the role of Minister of Urban Development.
In late 2012 Nath replaced Pranab Mukherjee to help the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government win a crucial debate on foreign direct investment in India (FDI). Nath also replaced Minister of Rural Development Jairam Ramesh as an ex officio member of the Planning Commission in December 2012.
From 4 to 5 June 2014 Kamal Nath was the only member to have taken the official oath as a member of the newly-elected 16th Lok Sabha, and was made the Pro Tem Speaker. The first day of the Lok Sabha, on which the Pro Tem Speaker normally administers the oath to all other elected members, was interrupted by the death of Union Cabinet Minister of Rural Development Gopinath Munde. The House was adjourned after paying tribute to Munde and observing a two-minute silence. Since no other elected member had taken the oath that day, they were not officially members of parliament.
Kamal Nath is a member of the INC (Indian National Congress) political party and served as general secretary from 2001 to 2004.
He is Chairman of "Madhya Pradesh Child Development Council" and Patron to the Bharat Yuvak Samaj (Youth Wing of All India Bharat Seva Samaj).
Kamal Nath is a strong proponent of economic development in India. At the World Economic Forum (WEF) Davos, Switzerland in 2011 Nath shared his views on improving market access for developing countries in the area of agriculture stating India's applied tariffs for exports in developed countries was very low. Nath claims that this is due to continued imports through schemes like EPCG (Export Promotion Capital Goods Scheme) where tariffs are not levied.
Competing in the world marketEdit
Nath disagrees with the Trade protectionist outlook displayed among struggling countries and considers it to be the wrong response to a financial crisis. He has pushed for stronger international co-operation in India, such as expanding on Indo-German relations. Nath stated for a mutually beneficial relationship with Germany to exist it must rely on using both countries' manufacturing strengths. He outlined focus areas of production including telecom, engineering, environmental technology, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and food processing, and renewable energy. Kamal Nath describes India's entrepreneurial spirit and the countries' potential for global commerce growth in his book India's Century.
Kamal Nath on infrastructure developmentEdit
Nath emphasises the need for infrastructure development in India with projects like the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor, a 90 billion dollars industrial development project. The DMIC proposes major expansion of infrastructure and industry and aims to develop an industrial zone across six states in India. Within the first five years of the project expectations are set at doubling employment potential, tripling industrial output, and quadrupling exports from the region.
Public–private partnership (PPP)Edit
Kamal Nath advocates a PPP model on completing such ambitious projects like the DMIC and other infrastructure development projects. He references success with PPP models implemented in India's Metro operations.
Rice export accusationsEdit
In 2007, during Kamal Nath's tenure as Commerce minister, an Empowered Group of Ministers that included Nath, Pranab Mukherjee, and Sharad Pawar helped lift a ban on the export of non-basmati rice. It was alleged that PSUs involved in export of this rice to Africa outsourced the efforts to domestic private companies. It is claimed that the private companies made large profits while the PSUs reported small margins.
He was charge sheeted in the Hawala scandal and denied a ticket by the Congress itself in 1996, wherein he made his wife Alka Nath stand for elections from the Chhindwara (Lok Sabha constituency).
1984 Anti Sikh RiotsEdit
On 1 November 1984, a day after Indira Gandhi's assassination, anti Sikh Massacre broke out in Delhi as a result of which 3000 Sikhs were murdered by mobs. Nanavati commission led by a retired Judge of the Supreme Court of India investigated the riots some 25 years after it happened but were unable to find surviving evidence. The commission found that the allegations of his involvement lacked sufficient evidence as of 2008–09. Nath was not charged and he later stated that he was "fully absolved" by the Nanavati Commission.
2019 Income Tax RaidEdit
The Income Tax Department, an Indian government agency, conducted inspections at the properties of relatives and aides of CM Kamal Nath in April 2019. The agency claimed detecting about ₹281 crore in unaccounted cash, including ₹20 crore paid to the Congress headquarters in Delhi through hawala. Kailash Vijayvargiya tweeted about the estimation of the detected illegal cash before the Central Board of Direct Taxes' statement on the raids, Kamal Nath's media coordinator Narender Saluja in turn said the raids were orchestrated to malign his party.
While addressing a rally during the 2020 Madhya Pradesh By-Election, Nath referred to MP cabinet minister Imarti Devi as 'Item' (colloquially considered as a sexually provocative word/objectification of women). His comments were heavily criticised by several leaders and activists. The Bharatiya Janata Party and the National Commission for Women approached to the Election Commission of India to complain about the derogatory remarks against the Scheduled Caste candidate and demanded to ban him from campaigning during the by-polls.
Awards and recognitionEdit
- In 2006 Kamal Nath received an Honorary Doctorate from Jabalpur's Rani Durgavati University for his contributions to the public sector.
- Kamal Nath was named the FDI Personality of the Year 2007 by the FDI magazine and the Financial Times Business for his "Active efforts to attract foreign businesses to India, boost exports, and promote trade and investment".
- In 2008 he was honoured with the title "Business Reformer of the year" by The Economic Times.
- In November 2012, he received the "ABLF Statesman Award" at the Asian Business Leadership Forum Awards 2012.
- Choudhury, Sunetra; Prabhu, Sunil (14 December 2018). "Kamal Nath Wins Madhya Pradesh Top Job; Jyotiraditya Scindia On Board". NDTV. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- Rawat, Mukesh (20 March 2020). "MP govt crisis: Kamal Nath announces resignation, Congress falls and BJP rejoices". India Today.
- "Kamal Nath appointed pro-tem Speaker". The hindu.
- Manoj, C. L. (27 April 2018). "PCC chief Kamal Nath obvious Congress face for MP election battle". CL Manoj. The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- "To his voters, Kamal Nath has become Chhindwara". Indian Express.
- "Kamal Nath Biography". elections.in.
- Profile at Parliament of India website Archived 17 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- "Rahul Gandhi makes Madhya Pradesh choice; picks Kamal Nath over Jyotiraditya Scindia and excludes Digvijaya Singh - Republic World". Republic World. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- "Congress Party PCC Presidents - Indian National Congress". Indian National Congress. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- "Kamal Nath: The man behind Congress' 'kamaal' performance in Madhya Pradesh". 14 December 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
- "Profile of Shri Kamal Nath, Minister of Commerce & Industry, Government of India". Department of Commerce, Government of India. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2008.
- "Biographical Sketch Member of Parliament XII Lok Sabha" Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 12 August 2011.
- "MR. KAMAL NATH Commerce & Industry Minister Government of India" Archived 30 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 12 August 2011.
- " Fifteenth Lok Sabha Member","WhereInCity India Information", accessed 12 August 2011.
- "Kamal Nath Minister of Urban Development" Archived 23 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine,"Chiefly Musing", accessed 12 August 2011.
- "Cabinet reshuffle: Jaipal gets Petroleum; Kamal Nath moved to Urban Development", "NDTV", accessed 10 February 2012.
- "Cabinet reshuffle: Upgrade for Salman, Rahul boys likely", "The Times of India", accessed 27 November 2012.
- Saghal, Priya. "UPA government has finally found a troubleshooter in Kamal Nath to replace Pranab Mukherjee". India Today.
- "Nath replaces Ramesh as ex-officio member of Planning Commission - Politics News , Firstpost". Firstpost. 26 December 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
- "Kamal Nath sworn in as the pro tem speaker of the 16th Lok Sabha". India Today. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
- "Detailed Profile: Shri Kamal Nath","India.gov.in", accessed 10 February 2012.
- "Kamal Nath, the Gandhi buddy" Archived 5 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine"Hindustan Times", accessed 10 February 2012.
- "business school in India | PGDM EPGDM |IMT Hyderabad". www.imthyderabad.edu.in. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
- http://www.parliamentofindia.nic.in "Biographical Sketch Member of Parliament 13th Lok Sabha", accessed 12 August 2011.
- "India Everywhere" "Rural Infrastructure, Employment, FDI key to 8% growth 'Dream Team' addresses foreign investors" Archived 18 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine, 28 January 2006, accessed 9 September 2011.
- "Agence France Presse (AFP)" "Davos participants warn protectionism could stifle economic recovery", "The Daily Star" 2 February 2009, accessed 9 September 2011.
- "Alibaba.com" "Kamal Nath For Big Push To Economic Dimension of Indo-German Relations..", "Alibaba.com" 10 August 2010, accessed 9 September 2011
- "Indialink Online: Kamal Nath" "Kamal Nath – 'India's Century' Launched in London" Archived 30 June 2017 at the Wayback Machine, "India Link International" accessed 9 September 2011.
- "TopNews.in" "Kamal Nath says, infrastructure development critical for inclusive growth", "TopNews.in" 23 January 2008, accessed 9 September 2011.
- "Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion Ministry of Commerce & Industry""Delhi – Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) Project" Archived 31 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine, "Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion Ministry of Commerce & Industry" accessed 9 September 2011.
- "Zeenews.india.com""Kamal Nath advocates PPP model for infrastructure development", "Zeenews.india.com" 21 February 2011, accessed 9 September 2011.
- Sahgal, Priya. "Ministers at War: Rice boils over". India Today.
- Chhindwara (Lok Sabha constituency)1996, Alka Nath India Today
- Mitta, Manoj; Phoolka, H. S. (8 April 2010). "The Case Against Kamal Nath". Outlook. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- Goyal, Divya (14 January 2018). "1984 anti-Sikh riots: Enough evidence against Kamal Nath, can't evade law now, says HS Phoolka". The Indian Express. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- "Nanavati Commission has 'absolved me' in 1984 riots: Kamal Nath". 13 June 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "I-T claims Rs 281-crore racket after Kamal Nath kin raids, BJP has advance estimate". The Indian Express. 9 April 2019.
- "I-T Sleuths Quiz Kamal Nath's Aide, Wife for 7 Hours Even as Cong-BJP Slug it Out Over CRPF-Cops Tussle". News18.
- "I-T raids continue on day 3 to unearth Rs 281 crore racket of unaccounted cash, pressure mounts on Kamal Nath". Zee News. 9 April 2019.
- "Kamal Nath refers to BJP leader Imarti Devi as 'item', BJP files complaint with Election Commission for remark". Times Now. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- "Former MP CM Kamal Nath calls Imarti Devi 'item'; BJP hits back 'feudal' mindset". IndiaTV News. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- "Kamal Nath terms minister Imarti Devi an 'item', BJP fumes". The Times Of India. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- "Chouhan to Hold 'Silent Protest' Tomorrow Against Kamal Nath's 'Item' Remark on Imarti Devi". News18.
- "Before MP bypolls, Kamal Nath calls Imarti Devi 'Item'; BJP says 'Women in state insulted'". Republic World. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
- "EC revokes Kamal Nath's star campaigner status". The Times Of India. 30 October 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
- "Biographical Sketch Member of Parliament 11th Lok Sabha". Archived from the original on 9 March 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- "Kamal Nath, Indian minister for commerce and industry", The New York Times, 26 October 2008, accessed 12 August 2011.
- "fDi Personality of the Year 2007 awards event at New Delhi 31st August 2007." Archived 10 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Indiaprwire.com, 25 August 2007.
- "Business Reformer of the year 2008", The Economic Times Awards, accessed 12 August 2011.
- "Kamal Nath, Anand Mahindra honoured with Asian business awards". The Indian Express. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Winners of the Asian Business Leadership Forum Awards 2012". Asian Business Leadership Forum Awards. Archived from the original on 1 July 2013. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kamal Nath.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Kamal Nath|
- Official biographical sketch in Parliament of India website
- Anti-Sikh riots: Eyewitness testimonies named Kamal Nath, Nanavati panel said not possible to indict him, Indian Express, 18 December 2018
Gargi Shankar Mishra
| Member of Parliament
1980 – 1996
Sunder Lal Patwa
| Member of Parliament
1998 – present
| Union Minister of Commerce and Industry
23 May 2004 – 22 May 2009
T R Baalu
| Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways
22 May 2009 – 18 January 2011
C. P. Joshi
| Union Minister of Urban Development
19 January 2011 – 25 May 2014
Shivraj Singh Chouhan
| Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
17 December 2018 – present