Köngen is a municipality in the district of Esslingen in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.

Köngen
Coat of arms of Köngen
Coat of arms
Location of Köngen within Esslingen district
Alb-Donau-KreisBöblingen (district)Göppingen (district)Ludwigsburg (district)Reutlingen (district)Tübingen (district)Rems-Murr-KreisStuttgartAichtalAichwaldAltbachAltdorfAltenrietAltenrietBaltmannsweilerBempflingenBeurenBissingen an der TeckDeizisauDenkendorfDettingen unter TeckErkenbrechtsweilerEsslingen am NeckarFilderstadtFrickenhausenGroßbettlingenHochdorfHolzmadenKirchheim unter TeckKöngenKohlbergKohlbergLeinfelden-EchterdingenLenningenLichtenwaldNeckartailfingenNeckartenzlingenNeidlingenNeuffenNeuhausen auf den FildernNotzingenNürtingenOberboihingenOhmdenOstfildernOwenPlochingenReichenbach an der FilsSchlaitdorfUnterensingenWeilheim an der TeckWendlingenWernauWolfschlugenKöngen in ES.svg
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Köngen is located in Germany
Köngen
Köngen
Köngen is located in Baden-Württemberg
Köngen
Köngen
Coordinates: 48°40′55″N 9°22′0″E / 48.68194°N 9.36667°E / 48.68194; 9.36667Coordinates: 48°40′55″N 9°22′0″E / 48.68194°N 9.36667°E / 48.68194; 9.36667
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictEsslingen
Government
 • MayorOtto Ruppaner
Area
 • Total12.52 km2 (4.83 sq mi)
Elevation
281 m (922 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total9,975
 • Density800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
73257
Dialling codes07024
Vehicle registrationES
Websitewww.koengen.de

GeographyEdit

Geographical locationEdit

Köngen is located on the left side of the river Neckar on the western slopes of the Neckar valley.

Neighboring communitiesEdit

Adjacent communities are in northern Deizisau, northeast Wernau (Neckar), southeast Wendlingen, south Unterensingen and west Denkendorf (all Esslingen district).

Municipality arrangementEdit

The municipality includes the village Köngen, the yards Birkenhöfe, Buchenhöfe, Erlenhöfe, Kempflerhöfe, Lerchenhof, Riedhöfe, Rothöfe, Seehof, Talhof and Wangerhöfe and the house Altenberg.[2]

HistoryEdit

Köngen is in the area of the Roman settlement "Grinario" that was built around 100 a. Chr. In 260 the place was destroyed by the Alemanni and the Romans were expelled. The Alemanni place was first mentioned in 1075 in a document of the Hirsau Abbey. Hans Friedrich Thumb promoted early the Reformation; already in 1527 was therefore preached Lutheran in Köngen, this is seven years before Duke Ulrich penetrated in 1534 the reformation in Württemberg.[3] 1739 Köngen was part of Württemberg. Since 1808 Köngen belonged to the Oberamt Esslingen, today district of Esslingen.

 
Köngen Castle

Economy and InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

Köngen is connected to the national road network through the federal road B 313 and the Bundesautobahn 8. From the neighbouring community Wendlingen trains run towards Tübingen the S-Bahn runs towards Stuttgart and Kirchheim unter Teck.[4]

Established businessesEdit

DHL operates in Köngen a parcel center with 700 employees.[5] In addition, here are located mechanical engineering companies and plastic processing companies.

EducationEdit

In Köngen there are a primary and secondary school, (Burgschule) and a further primary school, the Mörikeschule, named after Eduard Mörike. In addition, there are seven kindergarten in Köngen. The library of the municipality Köngen is in the attic of the tithe barn and has a stock of around 15,000 media.[6]

PersonalityEdit

Sons and daughters of the cityEdit

  • Konrad Thumb von Neuburg (1465-1525), hereditary marshal of Ulrich, duke of Württemberg
  • Gustav Adolf Boley (1835-1891), entrepreneur and inventor

Other personalities who are associated with KöngenEdit

 
Pietrosella Peters around 1870
  • Jakob Friedrich Weishaar (1775-1834), Württemberg politician, president of the Chamber of Deputies, lived from 1823 until his death in Köngen
  • Anna Peters (1843-1926), painter, lived and worked from 1894 to 1924 again at Schloss Köngen
  • Pietrosella Peters (1848-1924), painter, lived and worked from 1894 to 1924 again at Schloss Köngen
  • Else Klink (1907-1994), from 1935 to 1991 Head of Eurythmeum Stuttgart, lived in Köngen
  • Eduard Mörike (1804-1875), was from May until December 1827 vicar with pastor Nathaniel Gottlieb Renz

LiteratureEdit

  • Wurster, Otto: Eßlinger Heimatbuch für Stadt und Umgebung. Eßlingen 1931. Darin: Köngen (p. 27–281).
  • Der Landkreis Esslingen. Hrsg. vom Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg in Verbindung mit dem Landkreis Esslingen, Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Ostfildern 2009, ISBN 978-3-7995-0842-1, Volume 2, page 81
  • Oertel, Burkhart: Ortssippenbuch Köngen. Vollständige Wiedergabe der evangelischen Kirchenbücher 1588–1808. Köngen: Geschichts- und Kulturverein Köngen 1998 (= Württembergische Ortssippenbücher 39)
  • Fastnacht, Kathrin: Köngen. Ein Schloss und seine Herrschaften. Konrad-Verlag, Weißenhorn 2007, ISBN 978-3-87437-530-6.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Amtliche Beschreibung nach Kreisen und Gemeinden. Band III: Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, Regionalverband Mittlerer Neckar. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2. S. 255–257
  3. ^ Baldwin Keck: Die Peter-und Pauls-Kirche in Köngen. Hrsg. von der evang. Kirchengemeinde, Köngen 1981, S. 19.
  4. ^ Verbund-Liniennetz auf den Seiten des VVS (PDF; 1,7 MB), abgerufen am 22. Oktober 2010
  5. ^ Lebensadern einer Stadt, Teil 4 in der Stuttgarter Zeitung vom 6. Dezember 2006[permanent dead link] (PDF; 416 kB), retrieved 16. September 2010
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-31. Retrieved 2016-07-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)