Jungholz (German pronunciation: [ˈjʊŋhɔlt͡s]) is a small village in the district of Reutte in the Austrian state of Tyrol that is accessible only via Germany. The lack of a road connection to anywhere else in Austria led to Jungholz being included in the German customs area until Austria joined the EU in 1995. It also used the German mark instead of the Austrian schilling as currency until 2002 when the euro took over. Letters to Jungholz can be addressed with either a German or an Austrian postcode (D-87491 and A-6691, respectively).

Jungholz
BlickAufJungholz.jpg
Coat of arms of Jungholz
Coat of arms
Location of Jungholz within Tyrol
Location of Jungholz within Tyrol
Jungholz is located in Austria
Jungholz
Jungholz
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°34′25″N 10°26′50″E / 47.57361°N 10.44722°E / 47.57361; 10.44722Coordinates: 47°34′25″N 10°26′50″E / 47.57361°N 10.44722°E / 47.57361; 10.44722
CountryAustria
StateTyrol
DistrictReutte
Government
 • MayorKarina Konrad
Area
 • Total7.06 km2 (2.73 sq mi)
Elevation
1,054 m (3,458 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total301
 • Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6691 (Austria)
87491 (Germany)
Area code05676
Vehicle registrationRE
Websitewww.jungholz.
tirol.gv.at

Contents

QuadripointEdit

 
Jungholz (red) as part of Reutte District (dark grey), surrounded by Germany (white)

Jungholz forms a pene-exclave of Austria that is connected to the rest of Austria by a single point, which is the summit of the mountain Sorgschrofen (1,636 m, 5,367 ft). As well as housing border post number 110 on the normal international border between Tyrol and Bavaria, a second border starts and, having gone round Jungholz, ends there. There are thus borders extending in four directions from the summit, called a quadripoint. Two Austrian (Tyrolean, Reutte) and two German (Bavarian, Oberallgäu) municipalities meet at that point, starting with Jungholz and continuing clockwise:

HistoryEdit

In 1342 a resident in Tyrol bought the area from a Bavarian person. The buyer had the area incorporated with his other possession of Tyrol. In the Bavarian–Austrian border treaty of 1844 Jungholz came to Austria.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

External linksEdit