Julius August Döpfner (26 August 1913 – 24 July 1976) was a German Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Munich and Freising from 1961 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1958.
Julius August Döpfner
|Cardinal, Archbishop of Munich and Freising|
|Archdiocese||Munich and Freising|
|Province||Munich and Freising|
|Appointed||3 July 1961|
|Installed||30 September 1961|
|Term ended||24 July 1976|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria della Scala|
|Ordination||29 October 1939|
by Luigi Traglia
|Consecration||14 October 1948|
by Joseph Otto Kolb
|Created cardinal||15 December 1958|
|Born||26 August 1913|
Hausen, Bavaria, German Empire
|Died||24 July 1976 (aged 62)|
Palais Holnstein, Munich, Bavaria, West Germany
|Nationality||German and Vatican|
|Alma mater||Pontifical Gregorian University|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|See||Munich and Freising|
Early life and ordinationEdit
Julius Döpfner was born in Hausen (today a part of Bad Kissingen) to Julius Matthäus and Maria Döpfner. He was baptised two days later, on 28 August. Döpfner had a sister, Maria, and two brothers, Paul and Otto. Entering the Augustinian-run gymnasium at Münnerstadt in 1924, he later attended the Seminary of Würzburg and the Pontifical German-Hungarian College in Rome. Döpfner was ordained to the priesthood by Archbishop Luigi Traglia on 29 October 1939, and then finished his studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University, from where he obtained a doctorate in theology in 1941, writing his dissertation on Cardinal John Henry Newman. He worked as a chaplain in Großwallstadt until 1944.
On 11 August 1948, Döpfner was appointed Bishop of Würzburg by Pope Pius XII. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 14 October from Archbishop Joseph Kolb, with Bishops Joseph Schröffer and Arthur Landgraf serving as co-consecrators. The consecration took place in the Neumünster Collegiate church, Würzburg, due to the fact that Würzburg Cathedral was unusable due to the Bombing of Würzburg in World War II.
He was named Bishop of Berlin on 15 January 1957, and became the youngest member of the College of Cardinals when he was created Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria della Scala (pro hac vice) by Pope John XXIII in the Consistory of 15 December 1958.
Promoted to Archbishop of Munich and Freising on 3 July 1961, Döpfner participated in the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), and sat on its Board of Presidency. Along with Cardinal Raúl Silva Henríquez, he assisted Cardinal Léon-Etienne Duval in delivering one of the closing messages of the Council on 8 December 1965.
From 1965 to 1976, Döpfner was Chairman of the Conference of the German Bishops and thus the spokesman of the Catholic Church in Germany. He was often described as papabile, but he died at age 62 in the archiepiscopal residence of Munich.
The Cardinal, who was considered liberal in his positions, criticised the Church's "antiquated forms" and its "resisting ideas, forms and possibilities to which perhaps the future belongs, and we often consider as impossible that which will finally manifest itself as a legitimate form of Christianity".
- Christus Rex. To Women
- Time Magazine. Council of Renewal October 5, 1962
- Time Magazine. Catholic Freedom v. Authority November 22, 1968
- Time Magazine. The Loyal Opposition November 2, 1962
- Time Magazine. The Unfinished Reformation February 7, 1964
- Time Magazine. Lex Dubia Non Obligat April 22, 1966
- Time Magazine. Birth Control: Pronouncement Withdrawn June 21, 1968
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|Catholic Church titles|
| Bishop of Würzburg
| Bishop of Berlin
| Archbishop of Munich and Freising
| Chairman of the Conference of the German Bishops