Jules Joseph Lefebvre

Jules Joseph Lefebvre (French: [ʒyl ʒɔzɛf ləfɛvʁ]; 14 March 1836 – 24 February 1911) was a French figure painter, educator and theorist.

Jules Joseph Lefebvre
Jules Joseph Lefebvre (no later than 1903)
Jules Joseph Lefebvre (no later than 1903)
Born(1836-03-14)14 March 1836[1]
Died24 February 1911(1911-02-24) (aged 74)[1][2]
Paris, France
Other namesJules Lefebvre[2]
Jules Lefebvre in his studio

Early lifeEdit

Lefebvre was born in Tournan-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, on 14 March 1836.[1] He entered the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in 1852 and was a pupil of Léon Cogniet.


He won the prestigious Prix de Rome in 1861. Between 1855 and 1898, he exhibited 72 portraits in the Paris Salon. In 1891, he became a member of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.

He was professor at the Académie Julian in Paris.[3] Lefebvre is chiefly important as an excellent and sympathetic teacher who numbered many Americans among his 1500 or more pupils. Among his famous students were Fernand Khnopff, Kenyon Cox,[4] Félix Vallotton, Ernst Friedrich von Liphart,[5] Georges Rochegrosse, [6] the Scottish-born landscape painter William Hart, Walter Lofthouse Dean, and Edmund C. Tarbell, who became an American Impressionist painter.[7] Another pupil was the miniaturist Alice Beckington.[8] Jules Benoit-Lévy entered his workshop at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts.[9]

Many of his paintings are single figures of beautiful women. Among his best portraits were those of M. L. Reynaud and the Prince Imperial (1874).[4]

Lefebvre died in Paris on 24 February 1911.[1][2]

Significant milestonesEdit

Selected worksEdit

Vittoria Colonna, (1861)
Clémence Isaure
Graziella, 1878 (depicting the protagonist of Alphonse de Lamartine's novel Graziella)

Undated worksEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d "Art Renewal Center Museum™ Artist Information for Jules Joseph Lefebvre". Art Renewal Center.
  2. ^ a b c d "A One-Picture Painter". Evening News (13, 776). New South Wales, Australia. 3 August 1911. p. 6. Retrieved 6 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  3. ^ a b Collier, Peter; Lethbridge, Robert (1994). Artistic Relations: Literature and the Visual Arts in Nineteenth-century France. London: Yale University Press. p. 50. ISBN 9780300060096.
  4. ^ a b Oxford Art Online, "Lefebvre, Jules"
  5. ^ Baron Ernst Friedrich von Liphart, Late 19th Century – 19th Century – Russian Artists – Biographies – RusArtNet.com
  6. ^ Waller, S. (ed.), Foreign Artists and Communities in Modern Paris, 1870–1914: Strangers in Paradise, Routledge, 2017, p. 119
  7. ^ Kathleen Luhrs, American Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980: "... on to Paris and studied for a year at the Académie Julian under Gustave Boulanger and Jules Lefebvre."
  8. ^ Carrie Rebora Barratt; Lori Zabar (1 January 2010). American Portrait Miniatures in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp. 244–. ISBN 978-1-58839-357-9.
  9. ^ "Benoit-Lévy, Jules (1866–1925), Painter, draughtsman, illustrator", Benezit Dictionary of Artists

External linksEdit