Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHUSOM), located in Baltimore, Maryland, is the research-intensive medical school of Johns Hopkins University. Founded in 1893, the School of Medicine shares a campus with the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins Children's Center, established in 1889. Johns Hopkins has consistently ranked among the top medical schools in the United States, in terms of the number of research grants awarded by the National Institutes of Health, among other measures.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Parent institution
Johns Hopkins University
PresidentRonald J. Daniels
Academic staff
2,980+ full-time
1,270+ part-time[1]
Students480 M.D. 1,400 total[2]
Location, ,
United States


The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is located off Broadway in the East Baltimore campus of the Johns Hopkins University together with Johns Hopkins Hospital, Johns Hopkins Children's Center, the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and the School of Nursing. Known collectively as the "Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions" (JHMI) Campus,[3] it spans several city blocks, radiating outwards from the 1889 original landmark red brick Billings building of the Johns Hopkins Hospital with its historic dome (cupola).

The founding physicians (the "Four Doctors") of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine included pathologist William Henry Welch (1850–1934), the first dean of the school and a mentor to generations of research scientists; a Canadian, internist Sir William Osler (1849–1919), regarded as the Father of Modern Medicine, having been perhaps the most influential physician of the late 19th and early 20th centuries as author of The Principles and Practice of Medicine (1892), written at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and published for more than a century; surgeon William Stewart Halsted (1852–1922), who revolutionized surgery by insisting on subtle skill and technique, as well as strict adherence to sanitary procedures; and gynecologist Howard Atwood Kelly (1858–1943), a superb gynecological surgeon credited with establishing gynecology as a specialty and being among the first to use radium to treat cancer.[citation needed]

The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, which was finally begun 17 years after its original visionary benefactor Johns Hopkins (1795–1873), died and opened only with the large financial help offered by several wealthy daughters of the city's business elite on condition that the medical school be open equally to students of both sexes, consequently one of the first co-educational medical colleges.[citation needed]

The School of Medicine is affiliated with the Johns Hopkins Hospital, its main teaching hospital, as well as several other regional medical centers, including the Johns Hopkins Children's Center; Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center on Eastern Avenue in East Baltimore; the Howard County General Hospital, near Ellicott City, southwest of Baltimore; Suburban Hospital in Bethesda in suburban Montgomery County, (northwest of Washington, D.C.); Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D.C.; and Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital in St. Petersburg, Florida.[4] Together, they form an academic health science center.

The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is the home of many medical advancements and contributions, including the first of many to admit women and to introduce rubber gloves, which provided a sterile approach to conducting surgical procedures.[5] Johns Hopkins has also published The Harriet Lane Handbook, an indispensable tool for pediatricians, for over 60 years. The Lieber Institute for Brain Development is an affiliate of the School.[6]


For years, Johns Hopkins has been among the nation's top medical schools in the number of competitive research grants awarded by the National Institutes of Health. According to U.S. News and World Report, Johns Hopkins ranks #2 among research-oriented medical schools and has always ranked in the top 3.[7] Its major teaching hospital, the Johns Hopkins Hospital, was ranked the top hospital in the United States every year from 1991 to 2011 by U.S. News & World Report.[8] International Business Times named an MD from Johns Hopkins one of the five most prestigious degrees in the world.[9] Some achievements attributed to the school include the development of CPR, the discovery of the first effective treatments for severe forms of sickle cell disease, the development of the first biological pacemaker for the heart, and the planning and performance of one of the most challenging double arm transplants to date.[citation needed]

According to the Flexner Report, Hopkins has served as the model for American medical education.[10] It was the first medical school to require its students to have an undergraduate degree and was also the first graduate-level medical school to admit women on an equal basis as men.[citation needed] Mary Elizabeth Garrett, head of the Women's Medical School Fund, was a driving force behind both of these firsts. Sir William Osler became the first Professor of Medicine at Johns Hopkins and the first Physician-in-Chief at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Osler was responsible for establishing the residency system of postgraduate medical training, where young physicians were required to reside within the hospital to better care for their patients.[citation needed]

Colleges Advising ProgramEdit

Upon matriculation, medical students at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine are divided into four Colleges named after famous Hopkins faculty members who have had an impact in the history of medicine (Florence Sabin, Vivien Thomas, Daniel Nathans and Helen Taussig). The Colleges were established to "foster camaraderie, networking, advising, mentoring, professionalism, clinical skills, and scholarship" in 2005.[11] In each incoming class, 30 students are assigned to each College, and each College is further subdivided into six molecules of five students each. Each molecule is advised and taught by a faculty advisor, who instructs them in Clinical Foundations of Medicine, a core first-year course, and continue advising them throughout their 4 years of medical school. The family within each college of each molecule across the four years who belong to a given advisor is referred to as a macromolecule. Every year, the Colleges compete in the “College Olympics” in late October, a competition that includes athletic events and sports as well as art battles and dance-offs. Sabin College is the defending Olympics champion from both 2017 and 2018. Taussig College has held the Spirit Award each consecutive Olympics since 2016.


The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is led by Ronald J. Daniels, the president of the Johns Hopkins University, Paul B. Rothman, CEO and dean of the medical faculty, and Ronald R. Peterson, president of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and health system.[citation needed] The CFO of Johns Hopkins Medicine is Richard A. Grossi, who is also the Senior Associate Dean for Finance and Administration and executive vice president of Johns Hopkins Medicine.[citation needed]

Vice deans preside over specific administrative task areas. The vice deans are: William A Baumgartner, Vice Dean for Clinical Affairs; Janice E. Clements, Vice Dean for Faculty Affairs; Landon King, Vice Dean for Research; Daniel E. Ford, Vice Dean for Clinical Investigation; David G. Nichols, Vice Dean for Education; and David Hellmann, Vice Dean for the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center. The dean's office also includes over twenty administrators in the position of associate or assistant dean.[12]

Nobel laureatesEdit

18 Nobel laureates associated with the School of Medicine as alumni and faculty have won the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Chemistry.[13] Johns Hopkins University as a whole counts 38 Nobel laureates.

Notable faculty and alumniEdit

John Jacob Abel, founder and chair of the first department of pharmacology in the U.S. at the University of Michigan, and later chair of the pharmacology department at Johns Hopkins

In popular cultureEdit

  • In the television drama Grey's Anatomy, two of the cardiothoracic surgeons Preston Burke and Erica Hahn graduated from Hopkins Med, coming first and second in their class respectively. Arizona Robbins, the head of Pediatric Surgery, is also a Hopkins Med graduate.
  • In the movie Annihilation, Natalie Portman's character, Lena, is a biology professor at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
  • In the television drama Private Practice, the character Charlotte King is a graduate of Hopkins Med and Amelia Shepherd trained at Hopkins for residency.
  • In the Fox television program House, Dr. Gregory House is a world-famous diagnostician who attended Johns Hopkins University for his undergraduate degree. He was expelled from the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine for cheating, and received his medical degree from the University of Michigan Medical School.[16] Neurologist Dr. Eric Foreman also attended Hopkins.
  • In The Simpsons, Julius Hibbert is a family physician who graduated from Johns Hopkins School of Medicine (hence his initials J.H.).
  • In the animated television series South Park, Butters Stotch is sent to Johns Hopkins Hospital for evaluation.[17]
  • Dr. Perry Cox, from the television series Scrubs, attended Johns Hopkins for medical school.
  • The Little Couple on TLC features a Hopkins Med graduate – Jennifer Arnold, class of 2000 – now a Neonatologist at Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital and faculty at the School of Medicine
  • In the movie Step Brothers, Dr. Robert Doback attends Johns Hopkins for his postgraduate degree. However, this is not good enough for Will Ferrell's character, who says that he "smoked pot with Johnny Hopkins".
  • In the TV show Gilmore Girls Hopkins is mentioned as one of the medical schools the character Paris Geller wants to get accepted to, and eventually is.
  • Dr. Hannibal Lecter, from The Silence of the Lambs and other books, completed his residency training at Hopkins.
  • The character of Alex Cross, created by author James Patterson, is a graduate of Hopkins Med.
  • In The West Wing, President Bartlet's middle daughter Ellie is a student at Hopkins Med.
  • Johns Hopkins is mentioned many times in Tom Clancy's novels; Jack Ryan's wife, Cathy, is an ophthalmology professor there.
  • In the movie Shutter Island, Dr. John Cawley, the head psychiatrist at the Ashecliff Hospital for the criminally insane, is said to have graduated at the top of his class at Johns Hopkins.
  • The ABC documentary series Hopkins takes a look at the life of the medical staff and students of the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Health System.[18] This new series is a sequel to the 2000 ABC special Hopkins 24/7. Both Hopkins and Hopkins 24/7 were awarded the Peabody Award.[19]
  • The movie Something the Lord Made is the story of two men – an ambitious white surgeon, head of surgery at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and a gifted black carpenter turned lab technician – who defied the racial strictures of the Jim Crow South and together pioneered the field of heart surgery.[20]
  • Melanie Barnett from the television series The Game often discusses how she gave up Johns Hopkins for professional football player boyfriend Derwin.
  • In the movie Getting In, an applicant to the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine who is placed on the waitlist is suspected of murdering other wait-listed applicants to clear his way to admission.
  • In M*A*S*H episode 8.17 'Heal Thyself' the visiting surgeon, Dr. Newsome (Edward Herrmann), shuts up Charles Winchester by disclosing that he is an alumnus of Johns Hopkins.


  1. ^ "Fast Facts: Johns Hopkins Medicine" (PDF). Hopkins Medicine. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Hopkins Pocket Guide 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
  3. ^ index. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  4. ^ Fisher, Andy (2019-12-05). "Johns Hopkins Medicine: Patient Care Locations". Johns Hopkins Medicine. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
  5. ^ Molnar, Heather. "The History of Johns Hopkins Medicine". Retrieved 2017-02-17.
  6. ^ "JHU-affiliated Lieber Institute announces brain development research consortium". Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  7. ^ Best Graduate Schools | Top Graduate Programs | US News Education. Retrieved on 2013-06-24.
  8. ^ U.S. News Best Hospitals: the Honor Roll Archived 2012-08-09 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2012-10-9.
  9. ^ "Today's Most Prestigious Degrees in the World". 2010-04-05.
  10. ^ Ludmerer, Kenneth. The Development of American Medical Education from the Turn of the Century to the Era of Managed Care . Accessed July 8, 2007
  11. ^ Stewart, RW; Barker, AR; Shochet, RB; Wright, SM (2007). "The new and improved learning community at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine resembles that at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry". Medical Teacher. 29 (4): 353–7. doi:10.1080/01421590701477423. PMID 17786750.
  12. ^ School of Medicine Deans 2008–2009. Retrieved on 2011-11-02.
  13. ^ The Johns Hopkins University – Nobel Prize Winners Archived 2014-02-08 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  14. ^ Altman, Lawrence K., "George P. Berry, 87, Is Dead; Bacteriologist and Educator", New York Times
  15. ^ "Ralph Hruban, M.D".
  16. ^ Dr. Gregory House played by Hugh Laurie. House M.D. Guide. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  17. ^ That Squirrel is Nuts (Season 12, Episode 2) – Video Clips. South Park Studios (2008-03-19). Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  18. ^ "ABC Hopkins". Archived from the original on January 7, 2009.
  19. ^ Abc Documentary “Hopkins” Wins Prestigious Peabody Award. (2009-04-02). Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  20. ^ Something the Lord Made – An HBO Film. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 39°17′56″N 76°35′39″W / 39.29889°N 76.59417°W / 39.29889; -76.59417