John II, Duke of Brabant

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John II (September 27, 1275 – October 27, 1312), also called John the Peaceful, was Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg (1294–1312). He was the son of John I of Brabant and Margaret of Flanders.

John II
Duke of Brabant
Duke of Lothier
Duke of Limburg
Born27 September 1275
Died27 October 1312
Tervuren
Noble familyHouse of Reginar
Spouse(s)Margaret of England
Issue
FatherJohn I, Duke of Brabant
MotherMargaret of Flanders
John II: Gros tournois.

John II succeeded his father in 1294[1] During the reign of John II, Brabant continued supporting a coalition to stop French expansion. He tried to conquer South Holland (district of medieval Holland) from the pro-French count John II of Holland, but was not successful.

In 1309, the Crusade of the Poor besieged the castle of Genappe in Brabant because it was sheltering Jews. John sent an army that defeated the crusaders, who incurred heavy losses.[2]

John, who suffered from kidney stones and wanted his duchy to be peacefully handed over to his son upon his death, in 1312 signed the famous Charter of Kortenberg. John died in Tervuren in 1312.[3] He was buried in the St. Michael and Gudula Cathedral in Brussels.

FamilyEdit

On July 8, 1290, John married Margaret of England in Westminster Abbey, London.[4][5][6][7] She was a daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile. Only one child was born out of this marriage:

John II had several illegitimate children:

  • Jan van Corsselaer, was later named Lord of Witthem, Wailwilre, Machelen, la Rochette and Colonster.[9]
  • Jan van Wyvliet. Lord of Blaesveld and Kuyc. Married to Margaret Pipenpoy.[10]
  • Jan Cordeken: Founder of the House of Glymes. He was legitimized by the emperor Louis IV by charter dated of 27 August 1344, lists John II as the father and Elisabeth Gortygin as his mother.[11]
  • Jan Magermann. Married to Adelise d'Elsies.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Balduini Ninovensis Chronicon 1294, MGH SS XXV, p. 546.
  2. ^ Gábor Bradács, "Crusade of the Poor (1309)", in Jeffrey M. Shaw and Timothy J. Demy (eds.), War and Religion: An Encyclopedia of Faith and Conflict, 3 vols. (ABC-CLIO, 2017), vol. 1, pp. 211–12.
  3. ^ Oude Kronik van Brabant, p. 72.
  4. ^ Oude Kronik van Brabant, p. 71.
  5. ^ Annales Halesiensibus 1290, MHG SS XVI, p. 483.
  6. ^ Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon, Continuatio, p. 243.
  7. ^ Stubbs, W. (ed.) (1882) Annales Londonienses and Annales Paulini (London), Annales Londonienses, p. 98.
  8. ^ Genealogia Ducum Brabantiæ Ampliata 14, MGH SS XXV, p. 397.
  9. ^ Butkens (1724), Vol. I, Preuves, p. 145, "Extraict des registres de la ville de Malines".
  10. ^ Butkens (1724), Vol. I, Preuves, p. 144, "Extraict des registres de la ville de Malines".
  11. ^ Butkens (1724), Vol. I, Preuves, p. 146, "Extraicts des chartes de la maison de Berges sur Soom".

See alsoEdit

Regnal titles
Preceded by
John I
Duke of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg
1294–1312
Succeeded by
John III