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Joaquim Benedito Barbosa Gomes (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒoɐˈkĩ bẽneˈdʒitu bɐʁˈbɔzɐ ˈɡõmis]; born October 7, 1954) is a former Justice of the Supreme Federal Court in Brazil. He served as the president of the court (Chief Justice) between 2012 and 2014.
Barbosa in 2013
|Justice of the Supreme Federal Court|
June 25, 2003 – July 31, 2014
|Appointed by||Luís Inácio Lula da Silva|
|Preceded by||Moreira Alves|
|Succeeded by||Edson Fachin|
|56th President of the Supreme Federal Court|
November 22, 2012 – July 31, 2014
|Vice President||Ricardo Lewandowski|
|Preceded by||Ayres Britto|
|Succeeded by||Ricardo Lewandowski|
Joaquim Benedito Barbosa Gomes
October 7, 1954
Paracatu, Minas Gerais, Brazil
|Political party||PSB (2018–present)|
Marileuza Francisco de Andrade
(m. 1980; div. 1987)
|Alma mater||University of Brasília|
Barbosa studied law at University of Brasília (1979) and holds a master's degree (1990) and a doctorate (1993) from Panthéon-Assas University. He is a Doctor Honoris Causa of Hebrew University (2015).
Early life and educationEdit
Barbosa had a humble upbringing: he is the oldest son of a bricklayer father and a housewife mother. He started his education in the Brazilian public school system in his hometown, later completed in Brasília.
Barbosa was a member of the Federal Public Ministry and Adjunct Professor at Rio de Janeiro State University. He was also a visiting scholar at the Human Rights Institute at Columbia Law School, in New York City (1999 to 2000), and at UCLA School of Law (2002 to 2003).
Aside from his academic achievements, Minister Barbosa also became fluent in French, Spanish, English and German.
Supreme Federal CourtEdit
Among many other actions, he is the judge rapporteur for Criminal Action 470  (also known as Mensalão scandal) and his further development, the Criminal Action 536 (also known as Mensalão mineiro).
As of November 2012, he has 8,460 actions under his responsibility being processed by the Court.
Barbosa suffers from sacroiliitis, an inflammatory disease, which notably makes it uncomfortable for him to remain seated. Barbosa has often been noted for his practice of attending session while standing up.
He took the office as the acting president of the court on November 17, 2012, because of the mandatory retirement of his colleague Ayres Britto, as he was the current vice-president of the Court. However, he was already the President Elect of the Court as chosen by his fellows in October 2012, keeping the tradition the oldest member not served yet as president to be elected to that position.
Barbosa demonstrates unconditional defense in some questions. He is against the power of prosecutors to file administrative investigations. He argues about transfer the competency to hear cases on slave labor to federal court. Barbosa opposes also the privileged forum for authorities. His tenure start on November 22, 2012 was attended by President Dilma Rousseff, Senate President José Sarney, among many other celebrities.
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Demonstrates unconditional defense in certain administrative matters.  It is against the power of the prosecutor to file administrative inquiries, or to preside police investigations. It argues that transfer the jurisdiction to hear cases of slave labor for the federal Justice. Takes the view that dispatching with lawyers should be an exception, and never a routine, to the ministers of the Supreme. Restricts the most of your attention to parts of lawyers, understanding that this liberality of the judge can not lead to inequality. The minister's position, however, is criticized by lawyers and the Bar Association of Brazil (OAB),  on the grounds that dispatching with the magistrates is a right of lawyers, conferred by Law 8.906 / 94, whose art. 7, section VIII precepts to be right lawyers, "go directly to the magistrates in the rooms and work offices, regardless of previously scheduled time or another condition, observing the arrival order" .The Minister Barbosa says is also against the alleged preferential jurisdiction providing the parties with greater purchasing power ("jump the queue"). The minister's stance has also been criticized for OAB, on the grounds that sometimes emergency situations really justify the reversal of the judgment order.  Barbosa opposes also the privileged forum for authorities.
- VEJA magazine, ed. 1809, p. 94, (in Portuguese).
- O Estado de S. Paulo, November 23, 2012, p. A4
- Patrick Brock, "Revista 'Time' homenageia ministro Joaquim Barbosa em NY", Terra, April 24, 2013.
- VEJA magazine, ed. 2024, p. 57 (in Portuguese).
- STF website curriculum vitae (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- CV Lattes
- Spreadsheet with Min. Joaquim Barbosa actions pending from STF website (in Portuguese) Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- Diário do Comércio website (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- VEJA magazine, ed. 2290, p. 78 (in Portuguese).
- STF News (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- O Estado de S. Paulo, November 23, 2012, p. A6.
- O Estado de S. Paulo, November 23, 2012, p. A8.
- (in Portuguese) Joaquim Barbosa é o primeiro destaque brasileiro no escândalo da Mossack Fonseca. by Paulo Nogueira in "Diario do Centro do Mundo" newspaper (2016) (in Portuguese)
- Nehamas, Nicholas (April 3, 2016). "Brazil's former top judge hid price he paid for Miami condo". Miami Herald. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
| Justice of the Supreme Federal Court
| President of the Supreme Federal Court