Jerome Martin Koosman (born December 23, 1942) is an American former professional baseball pitcher. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Mets, Minnesota Twins, Chicago White Sox, and Philadelphia Phillies between 1967 and 1985. Koosman is best known as a member of the Miracle Mets team that won the 1969 World Series.
|Born: December 23, 1942|
|April 14, 1967, for the New York Mets|
|Last MLB appearance|
|August 21, 1985, for the Philadelphia Phillies|
|Earned run average||3.36|
|Career highlights and awards|
New York MetsEdit
Koosman was discovered by the son of a Shea Stadium usher who caught Koosman when he pitched in the United States Army at Fort Bliss, Texas. The Mets offered Koosman a contract after his discharge from the military. Koosman was about to be cut from the Mets in 1966, when Joe McDonald, the assistant farm director, requested Koosman be retained at least until his first payday, as he owed the Mets money they had wired him after his car broke down en route to spring training.
After leading all International League pitchers in strikeouts in 1967, Koosman broke into the Mets’ rotation in 1968. He posted a 19–12 record with seven shutouts, 178 strikeouts, and a 2.08 earned run average. The wins, shutouts, and ERA set franchise records, breaking those set by teammate Tom Seaver the year prior. Koosman also made the first of two All-Star teams in his career. The National League won the game 1–0 (to date, the only All-Star Game to end in a 1–0 score) in the "Year of the Pitcher." Koosman pitched a scoreless ninth for the save, striking out Carl Yastrzemski for the final out. Koosman was named to the 1968 Topps All-Star Rookie Roster and finished runner-up to Johnny Bench for the National League Rookie of the Year honors.
The Miracle MetsEdit
In 1969 Koosman posted a 17–9 record with a 2.28 ERA and 180 strikeouts in another All-Star season. That year, he was a member of the Mets team that unexpectedly won the National League East title (both leagues had split into two divisions after expanding from ten teams to 12) after not only finishing dead last in five of their first seven seasons, but also trailing the Chicago Cubs for much of that season by as many as 91⁄2 games. After Koosman lost to the Houston Astros to fall to 9–8, he won eight of his final nine decisions.
In Game Two of the NLCS against the Atlanta Braves, Koosman was shelled for six runs in 42⁄3 innings (including a Hank Aaron three-run homer). The Mets won 11–6, however, then won the next game to complete the series sweep.
Koosman was the pitching star of the 1969 World Series against the Baltimore Orioles. After Seaver was defeated in Game One, Koosman, leading 1–0, held the Orioles hitless until Paul Blair singled to lead off the bottom of the seventh inning, eventually scoring on Brooks Robinson's only hit in 19 Series' at-bats. The Mets regained the lead in the top of the ninth; Koosman got two outs in the bottom of the frame, then walked the next two batters. He was relieved by Ron Taylor, who induced Robinson to ground out to end the game.
With the Series shifting from Memorial Stadium to Shea Stadium for the next three games, the Mets won Games Three and Four, and Koosman took the mound for Game Five. He fell behind 3–0 in the third inning after giving up home runs to his mound opponent, Dave McNally, and Frank Robinson. The Mets, however, cut into the Oriole lead on Donn Clendenon's two-run home run in the sixth, then tied the game in the seventh on a homer by Al Weis, who had hit only six career homers at that point—none of which had been in a home game. The Mets scored two runs in the eighth to take the lead, and after walking Frank Robinson to lead off the ninth, Koosman retired the next three hitters to end the game and complete the Mets’ improbable World Series win.
Game ball for game 5Edit
After catching Davey Johnson's fly ball for the final out of the World Series, left fielder Cleon Jones gave the game ball to Koosman. That ball, as well as the game ball from Game 2, was stored in a safe in Koosman's residence. In the early 1990s, Koosman sold the ball from Game 5. The Game 5 ball's current whereabouts are unknown.
"Ya Gotta Believe!" and "It Ain’t Over 'til It's Over"Edit
In 1970 Koosman posted a 12–7 record with a 3.14 ERA. Over the next two seasons, however, he posted losing records: 6–11 in 1971 (a season in which he was beset by arm woes) and 11–12 in 1972 with a 4.14 ERA—more than a run and a half above his career ERA to that point. In 1973 he went 5–0 in his first six starts, but ended the season 14–15. In late August/early September of that year, he set a Mets' record by pitching 312⁄3 consecutive scoreless innings (R.A. Dickey broke his mark by pitching 322⁄3 consecutive scoreless innings in 2012). As in 1969, the Mets unexpectedly won the NL East title—once again overtaking the Cubs, whom they had trailed this time by as many as nine games—on the strength of the pitching of Koosman, Seaver and the previous year's NL Rookie of the Year, Jon Matlack. This comeback gave rise to two slogans: Tug McGraw's "Ya Gotta Believe!" and manager Yogi Berra's "It ain’t over 'til it's over."
In Game Three of the NLCS against the Cincinnati Reds, Koosman pitched a complete game for a 9–2 victory in a game that was headlined by Pete Rose's altercation with Mets' shortstop Bud Harrelson. The victory gave the Mets a 2–1 lead in the NLCS; they won the pennant two days later in five games.
Koosman was the winning pitcher in Game Five of the World Series against the defending champion Oakland Athletics, holding Oakland scoreless for 61⁄3 innings. This victory gave the Mets a 3–2 lead in the Series; however, Oakland won the next two games to repeat as World Champions.
Later Met yearsEdit
Koosman posted a 15–11 record in 1974 and 14–13 record in 1975. In 1976 he had possibly his best season ever, establishing career bests with 21 wins (against 10 losses) and 200 strikeouts. He also finished runner-up to Randy Jones for the National League Cy Young Award. In 1977, the Mets traded Seaver to the Reds. The remainder of the team deteriorated, especially Koosman who slumped to 8–20, finishing tied with Phil Niekro for most losses in the NL. After a 3–15 season in 1978 Koosman, seeing no imminent improvement to the team, was traded to the Minnesota Twins at his request. His departure left Ed Kranepool as the last remaining member of the 1969 Miracle Mets (although Seaver returned to the Mets for the 1983 season).
The Mets acquired Jesse Orosco in the trade that sent Koosman to the Twins. (Orosco had been the player to be named later who went to the Mets to complete the deal, which had been made two months earlier, in December 1978.)
Koosman rebounded in 1979 to post a 20–13 record, and went 16–13 in 1980. On August 30, 1981, less than a month after the 1981 players' strike ended, the Twins traded Koosman to the Chicago White Sox. He went 4–13 on the season, again finishing tied for his league lead in losses.
Koosman posted identical 11–7 records in 1982 and 1983. In the latter year, the White Sox won the American League West title to make their first post-season appearance since the 1959 World Series; however, the Baltimore Orioles defeated the White Sox in four games. After the season Koosman was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies; he went 14–15 in 1984 his last productive season.
On April 13, 1984 Koosman gave up a double to Pete Rose for his 4000th hit.
With 222 wins, he is tied (with Hooks Dauss) at #72 on the all-time win list. He ended his career with a 222–209 record and a 3.36 ERA in 612 games. He struck out 2,556 batters in 3,8391⁄3 innings pitched.
The New York Mets announced that they would retire Jerry Koosman's number 36 on June 13, 2020, making him only the third former Mets player to have their number retired.
Federal tax problemEdit
In May 2009, Koosman pleaded guilty to misdemeanor federal tax evasion after failing to pay up to $90,000 in federal income taxes for 2002, 2003, and 2004. Koosman admitted to being "suckered" by anti-tax rhetoric. On September 3, 2009, he was sentenced to six months in prison. He was released from Federal Prison Camp, Duluth on June 30, 2010.
References and notesEdit
- Lang, Jack; Simon, Peter (1986). New York Mets – 25 Years of Baseball Magic. New York, N.Y.: Henry Holt and Company. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-03007-547-6.
- Kanarek, Jacob (2008). The New York Mets, 1973-1977 From Worst to First. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co. ISBN 978-0-7864-3466-4. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Baumbach, Jim (August 22, 2009). "Not having a ball for the Miracle Mets 40th reunion". Newsday. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
- "Seaver, Ryan and Koosman highlight Miracle Mets gathering to celebrate 40th anniversary of 1969 World Series Championship" (Press release). New York Mets. July 20, 2009. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
- @AnthonyDiComo (24 September 2019). "Some news: The Mets are going to retire Jerry Koosman's uniform number 36 next year" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Todd Richmond, May 22, 2009, "Jerry Koosman pleads guilty to tax evasion", Associated Press
- Plea Agreement, May 22, 2009, docket entry 7, United States v. Jerome M. Koosman, U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin (Madison), case #: 3:09-cr-00051-bbc-1.
- Federal Bureau of Prisons, U.S. Dep't of Justice, Inmate Locator for Jerome M. Koosman, inmate # 06864-090, at .
- Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference (Minors), or Retrosheet
- Jerry Koosman at SABR (Baseball BioProject)
- Jerry Koosman at Baseball Almanac
- Jerry Koosman at Baseball Library
- Jerry Koosman at Ultimate Mets Database
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