Jüterbog is a historic town in north-eastern Germany, in the Teltow-Fläming district of Brandenburg. It is on the Nuthe river at the northern slope of the Fläming hill range, about 65 km (40 mi) southwest of Berlin.

Jüterbog
View of the village from St. Nicholas church
View of the village from St. Nicholas church
Coat of arms of Jüterbog
Coat of arms
Location of Jüterbog within Teltow-Fläming district
Jüterbog in TF.png
Jüterbog is located in Germany
Jüterbog
Jüterbog
Jüterbog is located in Brandenburg
Jüterbog
Jüterbog
Coordinates: 51°59′36″N 13°04′22″E / 51.99333°N 13.07278°E / 51.99333; 13.07278Coordinates: 51°59′36″N 13°04′22″E / 51.99333°N 13.07278°E / 51.99333; 13.07278
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictTeltow-Fläming
Government
 • MayorArne Raue
Area
 • Total175.68 km2 (67.83 sq mi)
Elevation
71 m (233 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total12,311
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
14913
Dialling codes03372
Vehicle registrationTF (auslaufend JB)
Websitewww.jueterbog.eu

HistoryEdit

The Slavic settlement of Jutriboc in the Saxon Eastern March was first mentioned in 1007 by Thietmar of Merseburg, chronicler of Archbishop Tagino of Magdeburg. However, it was not incorporated into the Magdeburg diocese until 1157, when Archbishop Wichmann von Seeburg in the train of Albert the Bear established a burgward here. In 1170 Wichmann also founded the neighbouring Zinna Abbey and granted Jüterbog town privileges in 1174. The area remained a Magdeburg exclave between the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg and the Margraviate of Brandenburg throughout the Middle Ages.

In March 1611 a treaty was signed in Jüterbog between Brandenburg and the Electorate of Saxony in a failed attempt to end the War of the Jülich succession. In November 1644, during the Thirty Years' War, Swedish troops defeated an Imperial army nearby. While the Magdeburg Archbishopric was promised to Brandenburg-Prussia by the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the town of Jüterbog passed to Saxony.

The Battle of Dennewitz occurred two miles (3 km) southwest of Jüterbog on 6 September 1813 during the Napoleonic Wars. The Final Act of the 1815 Congress of Vienna finally adjudicated the town to the Kingdom of Prussia, it was subsequently administered within the Province of Brandenburg and became a garrison town of the Prussian Army. In 1871 it became part of the German Empire during the unification of Germany.

Under Nazi rule, Jüterbog's army base was greatly expanded and three surrounding villages were razed to make space for training areas. During the partition of Germany from 1945 to 1990, Jüterbog was part of East Germany and remained an important garrison town, now of the Red Army. Up to 40,000 Soviet soldiers were garrisoned in imposing Nazi-era barracks and in new buildings in the countryside. The huge garrison, about four times larger than the civilian population, strongly disrupted civilian life and the town was occasionally shelled as a result of indiscriminate Soviet artillery training. After the Red Army left reunified Germany in 1990, the 20,000 hectares (77 sq mi) military area was and remains closed to the public because of security and environmental hazards.[2]

DemographyEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 11,989—    
1890 12,955+0.52%
1910 14,104+0.43%
1925 16,694+1.13%
1933 17,982+0.93%
1939 20,538+2.24%
1946 21,322+0.54%
1950 20,923−0.47%
1964 17,855−1.13%
1971 17,389−0.38%
1981 15,880−0.90%
1985 15,483−0.63%
1989 15,283−0.32%
1990 15,065−1.43%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 14,802−1.75%
1992 14,757−0.30%
1993 14,660−0.66%
1994 14,332−2.24%
1995 14,139−1.35%
1996 14,010−0.91%
1997 14,021+0.08%
1998 13,865−1.11%
1999 13,917+0.38%
2000 13,875−0.30%
2001 13,804−0.51%
2002 13,604−1.45%
2003 13,449−1.14%
2004 13,345−0.77%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 13,141−1.53%
2006 13,075−0.50%
2007 12,942−1.02%
2008 12,830−0.87%
2009 12,740−0.70%
2010 12,668−0.57%
2011 12,211−3.61%
2012 12,142−0.57%
2013 12,131−0.09%
2014 12,270+1.15%
2015 12,314+0.36%
2016 12,308−0.05%
2017 12,393+0.69%

SightsEdit

 
Church of Kloster Zinna
 
Dammtor gateway.

The town is surrounded by a medieval wall including three gateways and barbicans. It encompasses two Protestant churches, of which Gothic St Nicholas' (14th century) is remarkable for its three fine aisles and features a preserved coffer of Johann Tetzel.

There are also a Roman Catholic church, the old town-hall with a statue of Saint Maurice from the 16th century and a modern school. Jüterbog carries on weaving and spinning both of flax and wool, and trades in the produce of those manufactures and in cattle. Vines are cultivated in the neighborhood.

Zinna Abbey, the Cistercian monastery founded in 1170, is about 3 km (1.9 mi) north of the town.

PoliticsEdit

Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2008 elections:

TransportEdit

In 1841 Jüterbog station received access to the Berlin-Anhalt Railway line. Today the station is located at the junction of the railway line from Berlin to Wittenberg and a branch-off to Falkenberg/Elster, all served by Regional-Express trains of the Deutsche Bahn company. A third railway connection to Beelitz and Berlin-Wannsee is provided by the private Veolia Verkehr company.

Furthermore, Jüterbog can be reached via Bundesstraße 101 from Berlin and the Berliner Ring motorway as well as via Bundesstraße 102 from the Bundesautobahn 9 at Niemegk junction.

Three Airfields are in the vicinity of Jüterbog: the Jüterbog Airfield few km to the west, the Oehna Airfield 10 km to the south, and the Reinsdorf Airfield 15 km south-east of Jüterbog.

Notable peopleEdit

 
Schwerin Flemming-memorial

International relationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Hauser, Beat (27 September 2010). "Nachbarschaft mit Sprengkraft". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External linksEdit

  Media related to Jüterbog at Wikimedia Commons