Municipality and town
Sibeliuksenkatu (Sibelius' street)
Location of Järvenpää in Finland
|• Town manager||Olli Naukkarinen|
|• Total||39.93 km2 (15.42 sq mi)|
|• Land||37.55 km2 (14.50 sq mi)|
|• Water||2.39 km2 (0.92 sq mi)|
|Area rank||307th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||26th largest in Finland|
|• Density||1,157.12/km2 (2,996.9/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||96.5% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||18.4%|
|• 15 to 64||70.6%|
|• 65 or older||11%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||19%|
Järvenpää was separated from its parent community Tuusula in 1951. Järvenpää was granted the status of a market town (kauppala) after the separation. Neighbouring districts Kellokoski and Nummenkylä were not added to the municipality of Järvenpää and the controversy over the issue still raises blood pressure fifty years later. In the event, Kellokoski remained part of the municipality of Tuusula. Järvenpää was granted full legal town (kaupunki) status in 1967.
Järvenpää is located on the Helsinki–Riihimäki railway track, some 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Helsinki. Neighbouring cities are Tuusula, Sipoo and Mäntsälä. People also refer to Kerava as Järvenpää's neighbour, even though they do not technically share a border, thanks to the one kilometre-wide land area that belongs to Tuusula.
The trip to Helsinki takes about half an hour, whether by rail or road, and to the airport of Helsinki-Vantaa about 20 minutes. Train connections to the capital are good. Uusimaa's trains leave the main station twice an hour, and from other stations once an hour.
Järvenpää had, in the early 20th century, a large artist community including the likes of: Jean Sibelius, Juhani Aho and Eero Järnefelt. This was partly true because of a railway connection to Helsinki.
Järvenpää is widely known as the location of Ainola, the home of the composer Jean Sibelius. It is situated about two kilometers south of the city centre. The composer moved with his family to the cottage designed by Lars Sonck on September 24, 1904, and he lived there until his death in 1957. Ainola is open for visitors in the summer months as the "museum of Sibelius".
Juhani Aho moved with his wife Venny Soldan-Brofeldt to Järvenpää in 1897. They lived there for fourteen years in a villa, called Vårbacka, next to the shore of Lake Tuusula. The villa was later called Ahola.
Events are held in the Järvenpää-talo (lit. Järvenpää-house) throughout the year: concerts, theatre and art-shows. The favorite-place of children is Pikku-Aino's home, where children can play, make shows and so on.
There is a musical event, which is arranged every year, called Puistoblues (lit. Park Blues). "Blues-week" starts from the "Blues street" of the city centre, and concerts and informal sessions are arranged in bars and restaurants. The main concert is at the end of Blues-week, and is arranged in Vanhankylänniemi on the Saturday.
Järvenpää is divided into 25 neighbourhoods. The locations of individual neighbourhoods are shown below.
Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Järvenpää:
Järvenpää belongs to Uudenmaan vaalipiiri (electoral district of Uusimaa) and its town council has 51 councillors. The town council's political groups (2004-2008) were :
- Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue (The Social Democratic Party of Finland) (14 councils),
- Kokoomus (The National Coalition Party) (13),
- Järvenpää 2000 Plus (7),
- Keskusta (The Centre Party) (7),
- Vihreä liitto (The Green League) (4),
- Vasemmistoliitto (The Left Alliance) (3),
- Kristillisdemokraatit (Christian Democrats) (1),
- Suomen kommunistinen puolue (Communist Party of Finland) (1),
- Liberaalit (Liberals) (1).
The president of the council was Ari Åberg (Kokoomus).
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
Järvenpää is twinned with:
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Railway timetables Archived November 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Tervetuloa! - Järvenpään vihreät ry". Jarvenpaanvihreat.fi. Retrieved 2014-02-26.
- Statistic Finland municipal election results. (2004)