Greek colonization of the coastal areas of southern Italy and Sicily started in the 8th century BC and, by the time of the Roman ascendance, the area was so extensively hellenized that Romans called it Magna Graecia, that is "Greater Greece".
Tarentum controlled the Italiote League from about the end of the 5th century BC and levied troops from the Greek cities. Dionysius I of Syracuse conquered southern Italy (Magna Graecia), crushing the Italiote (Greek) League at the Battle of the Elleporus and destroying Rhegium.
- A history of earliest Italy By Massimo Pallottino, 15 April 1991, Page 118 ISBN 0-472-10097-1
- The Cambridge ancient history By John Boardman Page 709 ISBN 0-521-85073-8
- Rome and the Western Greeks, 350 BC-AD 200 Page 103 ISBN 0-415-05022-7
- Gender and ethnicity in ancient Italy By Tim Cornell, Kathryn Lomas Page 40 ISBN 1-873415-14-1
- Calabria, the first Italy By Gertrude Elizabeth Taylor Slaughter Page 107