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Irina Mutsuovna Khakamada (Russian: Ири́на Муцу́овна Хакама́да, IPA: [ɪˈrʲinə mʊˈtsuəvnə xəkɐˈmadə]; Japanese: イリーナ・ハカマダ; born April 13, 1955, in Moscow) is a Russian economist, political activist, journalist, publicist and politician who ran in the 2004 Russian presidential election.
|Deputy Chairman of the State Duma|
31 May 2000 – 29 December 2003
|Member of the State Duma|
12 December 1993 – 29 December 2003
Irina Mutsuovna Khakamada
13 April 1955
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Alma mater||RUDN University|
Khakamada was a former member (deputy) of the lower house (the State Duma) of the Russian parliament for three convocations (electoral terms, 1993–2003) and Vice-Chair of the house; co-chair of a political party Union of Right Forces (1999–2003), presidential candidate of the Russian Federation (2004), member of the Presidential Council for the Development of Civil Society and Human Rights (2012–2018).
Khakamada was born to a Japanese father, Mutsuo Hakamada, a communist who defected to the Soviet Union in 1939. Her mother, Nina Sinelnikova, with Russian and Armenian roots, was an English schoolteacher who lost her father to the Stalinist purges and her mother to suicide following the family's forced relocation to Khabarovsk.
Khakamada graduated from the Department of Economy of the Patrice Lumumba Peoples' Friendship University in Moscow in 1978. She obtained her PhD degree from the Faculty of Economics of Lomonosov Moscow State University. In 1983, she received the academic title of associate professor in the specialty "political economy". She was a member of the CPSU from 1984 to 1989.
Khakamada was an elected Duma representative from 1993 to 2003. She is regarded as a democratic politician who is in a moderate opposition to the Russian government. She is known for criticizing the governmental actions during Moscow theater hostage crisis where she was involved as one of the negotiators. Khakamada stated that the hostage takers were not going to use their bombs to kill the people and destroy the building.
Khakamada was a member of the coordinating council of the Union of Right Forces. She opted to abstain from the council's vote on their endorsement in the 2000 presidential election, in which the party ultimately voted to support Vladimir Putin's campaign over that of council member Konstantin Titov.
2004 presidential campaignEdit
Khakamada was one of the leaders of the Union of Rightist Forces when she decided to run in the 2004 Russian presidential election. She was not supported by her party, which had decided that they would not nominate a candidate. She announced her candidacy in December 2003.
Khakamada kicked off her campaign by delivering a speech which placed the blame for the Moscow theater hostage crisis at Putin's feet. She entered the election with better name recognition than most of the other candidates challenging Putin. Her candidacy was officially registered on 8 February. Khakamada was only the second woman to be a registered candidate in a Russian presidential election, after only Ella Pamfilova in 2000.
In an article published in Novaya Gazeta, Yulia Latynina alleged that Khakamada only entered the election to feign a role of a democratic opponent to provide more legitimacy to the election of Vladimir Putin. Khakamada denied such allegations.
Khakamada's campaign slogan was “Irina Khakamada: Our Voice”. Her campaign received funding from Boris Nevzlin, a former Yukos chief who was being targeted for international investigation by Russian authorities and was residing in Israel during the campaign. She was outspoken about unfair conditions of the election, particularly about its media coverage. Early into the campaign, analysts predicted that she might be able to receive more than 10% of the vote. Khakamada received 3.9% of votes. While she declared that she found her performance in the election to have been, "satisfactory", she alleged that there had been many irregularities with the vote.
Subsequent political activities (2004– present)Edit
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2018)
After the election Khakamada founded a new political party named Our Choice. Since 2004, the chairman of the Party reorganized into the "Our Choice Interregional Public Fund for Social Solidarity", which in 2006 became part of the Russian People’s Democratic Union (RNDS) political party, led by Mikhail Kasyanov and her.
On June 11, 2006, Boris Berezovsky, fugitive from the Russian justice system, said Boris Nemtsov received word from Khakamada that Putin threatened her and like-minded colleagues in person. According to Berezovsky, Putin had issued threats that Khakamada and her colleagues "will take in the head immediately, literally, not figuratively" if they "open the mouth" about the Russian apartment bombings.
Former FSB officer Alexander Litvinenko said he had learned from Anna Politkovskaya that Putin asked Khakamada to pass a threat to Politkovskaya. Khakamada denied her involvement in passing any specific threats, and said that she warned Politkovskaya only in general terms more than a year earlier, and that Politkovskaya blamed her and Mikhail Kasyanov for becoming Kremlin's puppets. Politkovskaya and Litvinenko were murdered in October and November 2006.
2008, Khakamada left the party of her own accord, explaining the cessation of her political activities.
2016, she became a member of the Council of the Political Growth Party. She took part in the elections to the State Duma of the 7th convocation as a candidate from the “Party of Growth”, in the first part of the regional list of Moscow. The party won 1.28% of the vote and was unable to sit in parliament.
- 1995 - "Common cause" ("Общее дело")
- 1999 - "Maiden Name" ("Девичья фамилия")
- 2002 - “Peculiarities of National Politics” ("Особенности национального политика")
- 2006 - “Sex in big politics. Self-instruction self-made woman " ("Sex в большой политике. Самоучитель self-made woman")
- 2007 - “Love, out of the game. The story of one political suicide" ("Любовь, вне игры. История одного политического самоубийства")
- 2008 - "Success in the big city" ("Success [успех] в Большом городе")
- 2012 - "The Tao of Life: A Master Class from a Staunch Individualist" ("Дао жизни: Мастер-класс от убежденного индивидуалиста")
- 2014 - “In anticipation of oneself: From image to style” ("В предвкушении себя: От имиджа к стилю")
- 2017 - "Success. You ask - I answer" ("Успех. Cпрашиваете– отвечаю")
- 2018 - "Restart: how to live many lives" ("Рестарт: Как прожить много жизней")
Film and televisionEdit
- "Speaking impression: what unites Hillary Clinton, Irina Khakamada and Tatyana Navka". forbes.ru (in Russian). June 9, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- "Irina Khakamada – for free Russia". alefmagazine.com (in Russian). July 24, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- Noonan, Norma C. & Nechemias, Carol. Encyclopedia of Russian Women's Movements. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001. ISBN 0-313-30438-6, ISBN 978-0-313-30438-5
- Mitrokhin, Vasili, Christopher Andrew (2005). The World Was Going Our Way: The KGB and the Battle for the Third World. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-00311-2.
- "Хакамада, Ирина". Lenta.ru. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
- "ПРЕЗИДЕНТСКИЕ ВЫБОРЫ — НАШ ПОСЛЕДНИЙ ШАНС УЗНАТЬ ПРАВДУ". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved May 8, 2016.
- Антикомпромат. Союз Правых сил
- "PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION 14 March 2004 OSCE/ODIHR Election Observation Mission Report". www.osce.org. Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights. June 2, 2004. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
- "RUSSIAN ELECTION WATCH Vol.3, No.5" (PDF). www.belfercenter.org. Harvard University (Belfer Center for Science & International Affairs, Davis Center for Russian & Eurasian Studies) and Indiana University-Bloomington. February 2004. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
- "RUSSIAN ELECTION WATCH Vol.3, No.6" (PDF). www.belfercenter.org. Harvard University (Belfer Center for Science & International Affairs, Davis Center for Russian & Eurasian Studies) and Indiana University-Bloomington. March 2004. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
- Ksenia Sobchak announced the participation in the presidential elections in Russia October 18 18:30, Ksenia Sobchak for Vedomosti
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 27, 2005. Retrieved December 4, 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "ХАКАМАДА ОТКАЗАЛАСЬ БЫТЬ "КРЕМЛЕВСКИМ ПРОЕКТОМ"?". Retrieved May 8, 2016.
- "BBC NEWS - Europe - Russia's Putin sweeps to victory". Retrieved May 8, 2016.
- "RUSSIAN ELECTION WATCH Vol.3, No.4" (PDF). Harvard University (Belfer Center for Science & International Affairs, Davis Center for Russian & Eurasian Studies) and Indiana University-Bloomington. January 2004. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
- "RUSSIAN ELECTION WATCH Vol.3, No.7" (PDF). www.belfercenter.org. Harvard University (Belfer Center for Science & International Affairs, Davis Center for Russian & Eurasian Studies) and Indiana University-Bloomington. April 2004. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
- "SEX В БОЛЬШОЙ ПОЛИТИКЕ". Retrieved May 8, 2016.
- "СИНХРОННЫЙ ПЕРЕВОД С КРЕМЛЕВСКОГО". Retrieved May 8, 2016.
- Live interview with Berezovsky by Evgenia Albats, Radio Echo of Moscow, 11 June 2006. Transcript in Russian, computer translation Archived October 31, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Litvinenko's statement at the Frontline Club, 19 October 2006. Google video in Russian and English Archived February 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Live interview with Irina Hakamada by Anna Kachkayeva. "Irina Hakamada on party engineering and Russian economy", Radio Liberty, December 4, 2006. Transcript in Russian Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, computer translation .
- "Irina Hakamada uhodit iz politiki".
- "Party of growth".
- "Candidate information".
- "Elections to the State Duma - 2016: Results".
- "Irina Khakamada. Book "Success. You ask - I answer"". kniga.biz.ua (in Russian). Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- "Hakamada Books".
- "Movie "Brief guide to a happy life": actors and roles". kino-teatr.ru (in Russian). Retrieved May 26, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Irina Hakamada.|
- Official site
- Irina Khakamada about her book
- A chapter from the book
- Another chapter from the book
- Irina Khakamada about hostage crisis, interview by Anna Politkovskaya
- Presidential race
- Criticism by Yulia Latynina
- Reply to the criticism
- Interview - Radio Free Europe
- Interview - Radio Free Europe
- Interview - Radio Free Europe