An interview with Thed Björk, a Swedish racing driver.
Xuxa, Brazilian television presenter, during an interview.

A journalistic interview takes the form of a conversation between two or more people: interviewer(s) ask questions to elicit facts or statements from interviewee(s). Interviews are a standard part of journalism and media reporting.[1] In journalism, interviews are one of the most important methods used to collect information,[2][3] and present views to readers, listeners, or viewers.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Although the question-and-answer interview in journalism dates back to the 1850s,[4] the first known interview that fits the matrix of interview-as-genre has been claimed to be the 1756 interview by Archbishop Timothy Gabashvili (1704- 1764), prominent Georgian religious figure, diplomat, writer and traveler, who was interviewing Eugenios Voulgaris (1716-1806), renowned Greek theologian, Rector of Orthodox School of Mount Athos.[5]

PublicationsEdit

Several publications give prominence to interviews, including:

 
Journalists interviewing a cosplayer

Famous interviewsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Scanlan, Chip (March 4, 2013). "How journalists can become better interviewers". Poynter. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
  2. ^ "Four Principles". www.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-22.
  3. ^ Martin, María Emilia. "The Art of the Interview". Global Investigative Journalism Network. Retrieved 2017-03-22.
  4. ^ Maslennikova, Anna (2008). "Putin and the tradition of the interview in Russian discourse". In Beumers, Birgit; Hutchings, Stephen; Rulyova, Natalia (eds.). The Post-Soviet Russian Media: Conflicting Signals. BASEES/Routledge Series on Russian and East European Studies. Routledge. p. 89. ISBN 9781134112395. Retrieved 2016-03-02. The interview in the question-and-answer format first appeared in the United States as late as the 1850s (Silvester 1996: 4). Compare: Silvester, Christopher, ed. (1993). The Penguin Book of Interviews: An Anthology from 1859 to the Present Day. Viking. p. 5. ISBN 9780670839650. Retrieved 2016-03-02. Edwin L. Shuman in his Practical Journalism (1903) quotes an American editor, whom he discreetly calls 'Brown', as attributing the first interview to the New York Herald in 1859 [...].
  5. ^ Paata Natsvlishvili, For the Genesis of Interview as a Genre, European Scientific Journal, December 2013, https://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/2376/0