Interstate 80 in New Jersey
Interstate 80 (I-80) is a major Interstate Highway in the United States, running from San Francisco, California eastward to the New York City Metropolitan Area. In New Jersey, I-80 runs for 68.54 miles (110.30 km) from the Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge at the Pennsylvania state line to its eastern terminus at I-95 in Teaneck, Bergen County. I-95 continues from the end of I-80 to the George Washington Bridge for access to New York City. The highway runs parallel to U.S. Route 46 (US 46) through rural areas of Warren and Sussex counties before heading into more suburban surroundings in Morris County. As the road continues into Passaic and Bergen counties, it heads into more urban areas. The New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) identifies I-80 within the state as the Christopher Columbus Highway.
|Christopher Columbus Highway|
I-80 highlighted in red
|Maintained by NJDOT and DRJTBC|
|Length||68.54 mi (110.30 km)|
Completed in 1973
|West end||I-80 at Pennsylvania border in Hardwick Township|
|East end||I-95 / N.J. Turnpike in Teaneck|
|Counties||Warren, Sussex, Morris, Essex, Passaic, Bergen|
A freeway along the I-80 corridor had been planned in 1936 and again in 1955 to provide relief along US 46 between the George Washington Bridge and the Delaware Water Gap. With the establishment of the Interstate Highway System, this planned freeway, which had been identified in some planning documents as the Bergen-Passaic Expressway, would be incorporated into I-80. The freeway was built across New Jersey in various stages from the 1960s to 1973. The westernmost four miles in New Jersey was originally a rerouting of US 611 when built; that route was later realigned back into Pennsylvania. In the 1990s, high-occupancy vehicle lanes had existed on a part of I-80 in Morris County but were opened to regular traffic due to under-use.
Warren and Sussex countiesEdit
I-80 enters Hardwick Township, Warren County from Pennsylvania on the Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge over the Delaware River, maintained by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission (DRJTBC). In addition to carrying I-80, this bridge also carries the Appalachian Trail over the Delaware River. From this point, the four-lane freeway heads south along the east bank of the river through the Delaware Water Gap, immediately reaching a westbound exit and eastbound entrance for Old Mine Road. Now maintained by NJDOT, the road makes a sharp turn to the east and comes to a U-turn ramp in both directions that also has access to the Appalachian Trail. NJDOT has proposed a controversial rock wall along the stretch to handle rock slides. The highway heads south again and enters Knowlton Township, where it comes to another set of U-turn ramps that also includes a weigh station in the eastbound direction. After turning southeast and leaving the Delaware Water Gap, the road has a westbound right-in/right-out for Hainesburg Road before crossing under the abandoned Lackawanna Cutoff. I-80 widens to six lanes and reaches a large interchange with the western terminus of US 46, Route 94, and Decatur Street in Columbia, where development near the route increases. After this interchange, the freeway turns east away from the Delaware River and crosses over Paulins Kill before it continues through wooded and hilly areas containing some farms, with the eastbound direction widening from three to four lanes and the highway median also widens. A scenic overlook of the Delaware Water Gap is located in the westbound direction while a rest area is located in the eastbound direction.
Upon crossing into Blairstown Township, the eastbound direction narrows down to three lanes. In Hope Township, I-80 reaches an interchange with County Route 521 (CR 521) that also provides access to CR 519 and the Land of Make Believe amusement park. The highway widens to eight lanes briefly after this interchange before narrowing to six lanes. In Frelinghuysen Township, the freeway carries four lanes eastbound and three lanes westbound. Upon coming into Allamuchy Township, I-80 has six lanes before gaining a fourth eastbound lane as it comes to the CR 517 exit. This exit gives the highway access to Allamuchy Mountain State Park. Following this, the road runs through densely forested areas of Allamuchy Mountain State Park, coming to two pairs of rest areas with no facilities in both directions. The eastbound direction becomes three lanes again before the road passes through Byram Township in Sussex County.
Morris and Essex countiesEdit
Upon crossing the Musconetcong River, I-80 enters Mount Olive Township in Morris County and passes through more woodland with a narrower median. The road comes to a trumpet interchange with US 206 and forms a concurrency with that route as it bypasses Netcong to the south. After turning southeast and passing near suburban business parks, the highway crosses over New Jersey Transit’s Morristown Line/Montclair-Boonton Line and reaches a partial interchange with US 46. This interchange has only a westbound exit and eastbound entrance. The freeway crosses a small corner of Netcong and Mount Olive Township again before continuing into Roxbury Township, where it comes to a modified cloverleaf interchange. At this interchange, Route 183 heads north into Netcong and US 206 splits from I-80 by heading south. The road continues through wooded areas containing some suburban development as it comes to the CR 631 interchange, which also provides access to eastbound US 46. The road crosses the New Jersey Transit line again and parallels it a short distance to the north as it comes into Mount Arlington and reaches the Howard Boulevard exit. I-80 continues back into Roxbury Township and comes to a westbound truck rest area with the eastbound one being abandoned. After this, the road heads farther north of the railroad tracks and briefly passes through Jefferson Township and Rockaway Township before continuing into Wharton. Here, the freeway has an eastbound exit to CR 634 that provides access to Route 15 before it reaches the interchange with Route 15 proper that lacks an eastbound exit.
The highway continues back into Rockaway Township as it widens to eight lanes and comes to the CR 661 exit near the Rockaway Townsquare shopping mall. Suburban development near the highway becomes more dense at this point as I-80 briefly passes through a corner of Rockaway before coming to the interchange with CR 513 in Rockaway Township. The freeway turns southeast here into Denville. In the center of Denville, it has an eastbound exit and westbound entrance serving US 46 that also provides access to Route 53. There is a westbound exit and eastbound entrance serving both US 46 and Route 53 as the road begins to turn more to the east. I-80 turns south and crosses the New Jersey Transit Montclair-Boonton Line before it enters Parsippany-Troy Hills. The highway makes a turn east as it comes into an area of business parks, with the median widening before an interchange serving US 202 and CR 654. The median narrows again before I-80 reaches the I-287 interchange that also has movements to US 46 and Smith Road to and from the east.
Past I-287, I-80 gains local-express lanes with a 2-3-3-2 configuration. The road continues past more commercial areas, with the local lanes having an eastbound exit and westbound entrance at CR 637. After this, there is a large interchange with US 46 and the western terminus of I-280, at which point the local-express lanes end. From this point, I-80 continues east through wooded areas as a six-lane freeway, crossing into Montville. In Montville, there is a partial interchange providing access to Hook Mountain Road. After a turn to the northeast, the highway comes into Fairfield Township, Essex County, continuing through wooded surroundings as it heads north before turning east. Development near the road increases as it comes to the westbound exit and eastbound entrance with CR 613.
Passaic and Bergen countiesEdit
After crossing the Passaic River again, I-80 enters Wayne in Passaic County. Here, the road passes under the Montclair-Boonton Line before coming to the Spaghetti Junction with Route 23 and US 46 near the Willowbrook Mall. At this point, the freeway widens to eight lanes and continues into Totowa, passing near more commercial areas as it comes to an interchange with CR 642 that has access to and from the west. A short distance later, there is a westbound exit and eastbound entrance serving Route 62 and CR 646. I-80 crosses the Passaic River a third time and enters Woodland Park, where it turns to the northeast past suburban neighborhoods. In Woodland Park, there is an interchange serving CR 636. Past this, the freeway enters Paterson and turns east into urban areas as it comes to the interchange at the Route 19 freeway. After Route 19, I-80 runs above Paterson on a viaduct before coming to the exit for CR 649 (Madison Avenue). The road returns to ground level near urban neighborhoods as it comes to an eastbound exit and westbound entrance serving Market Street. A short distance later, I-80 encounters Route 20 at an interchange.
After a fourth crossing of the Passaic River, I-80 comes into Elmwood Park in Bergen County. Immediately after the river, the highway reaches the CR 507 exit. It continues near suburban neighborhoods as it comes to an interchange with the Garden State Parkway on the border of Elmwood Park and Saddle Brook that also has connections to CR 67. At the Garden State Parkway, I-80 gains a 2-2 local-express lane configuration eastbound while the westbound direction carries four lanes. The next interchange along the road is with CR 79, and is a westbound entrance and an eastbound exit accessible from the local lanes. The freeway turns south along the west bank of the Saddle River, eventually crossing it into Lodi. Immediately after, there is a diamond interchange at Riverview Avenue that provides access to Route 4 and Route 17. Heading southeast, I-80 comes to an interchange at Route 17, which provides access to US 46 to the south, Route 4 to the north, and various local roads. At this point, I-80 runs between the travel lanes of Route 17 as it continues into Hackensack. Past Route 17, I-80 gains a 3-2-2-3 local-express lane configuration and passes industrial parks, running through a small part of South Hackensack. Here, there is an interchange to Green Street before the highway comes into Teterboro. Turning east, the freeway runs through South Hackensack before entering Hackensack, where an exit provides access to CR 124 (Hudson Street). The road passes near neighborhoods before crossing the Hackensack River into Ridgefield Park, where there is an exit for 2nd Avenue. The freeway passes through a corner of Bogota before it continues into Teaneck. In Teaneck, I-80 reaches its eastern terminus at the interchange with I-95 (the New Jersey Turnpike). At this point, I-95 and the turnpike continue north towards the George Washington Bridge.
A freeway along the I-80 corridor was first planned in 1936 as a replacement for the cross-state US 46, running from the George Washington Bridge west to the Delaware Water Gap and Scranton, Pennsylvania. This proposal was considered again in 1955. Coming off the George Washington Bridge, Route 4 and US 46 already provided high-speed corridors, but they were overloaded, and so a new corridor in between, the Bergen-Passaic Expressway, was planned to run from the bridge to Paterson. The planned route west to the Delaware Water Gap was designated in 1956 as Federal Aid Interstate Route 101 by the New Jersey State Highway Department. It first received the I-82 designation before finally becoming a part of I-80 in 1958. The easternmost section of the route, leading to the bridge, had become part of I-95.
The section of I-80 through the Delaware Water Gap had already opened on December 16, 1953, running from the Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge to Route 94 at Columbia. This road was signed as a realignment of US 611 from Pennsylvania, later receiving the I-80 designation. The old alignment of US 611 in Pennsylvania had become US 611 Alternate. By 1966, I-80 had been completed from Netcong to Denville and from Paterson to I-95. By 1969, the section between I-280 in Parsippany and Route 23 in Wayne was finished. Also around this time, US 611 was moved off of I-80 and back into Pennsylvania, replacing US 611 Alternate. By 1971, the section between Wayne and Paterson was completed along with the part between US 202 and I-280. A 3.5-mile (5.6 km) section between US 46 in Denville and US 202 Parsippany-Troy Hills, was opened in September 1973. Also in 1973, the section between US 206 in Netcong and US 46 and Route 94 in Columbia was completed, and the interchange in Columbia was realigned into a complex array of ramps.
In 1982, two rest areas along I-80 were shut down due to chronic use for homosexual activities. The rest area in Lodi, next to westbound exit 63, shut down on June 30, 1982 on request of the New Jersey State Police. Local lawyers noted that an uptick of summons were given at the rest area, including one motorist cited for not using parking lights. The State Police decided that it was not worth patrolling as it was an unattended rest area. The rest area at Roxbury in Morris County shut down in October 1982. Opened in the 1970s, the borough noted that it was impossible to control the activity going on at the location, including homosexual activities, alcohol and drug parties, theft and lewd acts. However, citing numerous accidents and needing a place for trucks to be able to rest, the stop re-opened on August 14, 1991 for truckers only.
In the 1990s, high-occupancy vehicle lanes were built along I-80 between Rockaway and Parsippany. These HOV lanes, along with the ones that had been built on I-287, were opened to regular traffic in 1998 due to lack of usage, and the state did not have to repay the federal government the $240 million to build the lanes. On June 22, 2001, a tanker crashed on a westbound bridge on I-80 in Denville, causing a fiery explosion that damaged the bridge and forced its demolition. A temporary bridge had to be built and traffic on this part of I-80 as well as adjacent roads was snarled; in addition, a state of emergency had been declared for Morris County. The new I-80 bridge opened in September 2001.
I-80, like many other highways in New Jersey, once had solar powered emergency call boxes every 1 mile (1.6 km), however with the advent of cell phones the usage of these call boxes became extremely limited. To save on maintenance costs, the NJDOT removed these call boxes in 2005.
In June 2019, NJDOT held a public meeting regarding a proposed rock wall along I-80 in the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. The $60 million project, dubbed the "Jurassic Park fence", would involve construction of a 60-foot (18 m) metal fence between mile marker 1.04 and 1.05 to prevent rocks from falling onto the highway. According to NJDOT, the area has highest rockfall hazard in the state. Nine rockfall incidents and one fatality have been reported between 2001 and 2016.
|Delaware River||0.00||0.00||–||I-80 west to PA 611 – Stroudsburg, Delaware Water Gap||Continuation into Pennsylvania; toll booths across state line|
|Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge (Westbound toll, cash or E-ZPass)|
|Warren||Hardwick Township||0.10||0.16||1||Millbrook, Flatbrookville||Via Old Mine Road; last westbound exit before toll|
|0.87||1.40||–||Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area||Access to u-turn and Appalachian Trail|
|Knowlton Township||2.05||3.30||Weigh station|
|3.39||5.46||Hainesburg Road||Westbound exit and entrance|
|4.20||6.76||4A||Columbia||Westbound exit is via exit 4B; via Decatur Street|
|4.58||7.37||4B||US 46 east to PA 611 – Portland, PA, Buttzville||Western terminus of US 46|
|4C||Route 94 north – Blairstown|
|Hope Township||12.03||19.36||12||CR 521 to CR 519 – Blairstown, Hope|
|Allamuchy Township||19.88||31.99||19||CR 517 – Hackettstown, Allamuchy, Andover|
|Morris||Mount Olive Township||25.25||40.64||25||US 206 north – Stanhope, Newton||West end of concurrency with US 206|
|Netcong||26.25||42.25||26||US 46 west – Budd Lake, Hackettstown||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Roxbury||27.19||43.76||27A||US 206 south – Somerville||East end of concurrency with US 206|
|27B||Route 183 north – Netcong|
|28.91||46.53||28||US 46 east to Route 10 – Ledgewood, Lake Hopatcong|
|Mount Arlington||30.61||49.26||30||Howard Boulevard (CR 615) – Mount Arlington|
|Wharton||33.58||54.04||34||To Route 15 (CR 634) – Wharton, Dover, Sparta||Eastbound exit only; formerly exit 33|
|34.02||54.75||To Route 15 – Wharton, Jefferson, Sparta||No eastbound exit; signed as exits 34A (south) and 34B (north)|
|Rockaway Township||35.33||56.86||35||Mount Hope, Dover||Signed as exits 35A (south) and 35B (north) westbound;|
access via CR 661
|37.63||60.56||37||CR 513 – Hibernia, Rockaway|
|Denville||38.81||62.46||38||US 46 east to Route 53 – Denville||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; to Denville station|
|39.57||63.68||39||US 46 east to Route 53 – Denville||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; to Denville station|
|Parsippany-Troy Hills||42.46||68.33||42A||US 202 south – Morris Plains|
|42B||To US 46 – Parsippany||No eastbound exit|
|42C||US 202 north – Parsippany||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|43.62||70.20||43||I-287 – Boonton, Morristown, Mahwah||Signed as exits 43A (south) and 43B (north) westbound; exit 41 on I-287|
|Western terminus of local-express lanes|
|–||To US 46 / Smith Road||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance via exit 43B|
|45.34||72.97||45||Lake Hiawatha, Whippany||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance via CR 637|
|46.36||74.61||47A||I-280 east – The Oranges, Newark||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|Eastern terminus of local-express lanes|
|46.50||74.83||47B||US 46 east – The Caldwells, Montclair||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|47||US 46 west – Parsippany||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Montville||47.83||76.97||48||Montville, Pine Brook||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; |
access via Hook Mountain Road
|Essex||Fairfield Township||52.48||84.46||52||Lincoln Park, Fairfield, The Caldwells||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance via CR 613|
|Passaic||Wayne||53.62||86.29||53||US 46 east to Route 3 – Wayne, Clifton, Lincoln Tunnel||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance;|
access to Meadowlands Sports Complex
|US 46 / Route 23 – Wayne, Butler, Verona||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Totowa||54.73||88.08||54||Minnisink Road (CR 642) – Little Falls, Totowa||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|55.21||88.85||55||Route 62 south / Union Boulevard (CR 646) – Little Falls, Totowa||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance;|
signed as exits 55A (south) and 55B (north)
|Woodland Park||57.07||91.85||56||Squirrelwood Road (CR 636) – Woodland Park, Paterson||Signed as exits 56A (south) and 56B (north) eastbound|
|Paterson||58.22||93.70||57A||Route 19 south – Clifton|
|58.37||93.94||57C||Main Street (CR 509) – Paterson||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|59.06||95.05||58||Madison Avenue (CR 649) – Paterson, Clifton||Signed as exits 58A (south) and 58B (north)|
|60.04||96.63||59||Market Street – Paterson||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|60.41||97.22||60||Route 20 – Hawthorne, Passaic||Westbound exit to Route 20 south is via exit 59|
|Bergen||Elmwood Park||60.81||97.86||61||CR 507 – Garfield, Elmwood Park|
|Saddle Brook||62.34||100.33||62A||G.S. Parkway / Midland Avenue – Saddle Brook||Signed as exit 62 westbound; commercial vehicles prohibited on the parkway|
|Western terminus of local-express lanes|
|62B||Saddle River Road (CR 79) – Fair Lawn, Lodi||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|Lodi||63.82||102.71||63||To Route 4 / Route 17 – Rochelle Park, Paramus, Lodi, Fair Lawn|
|Eastern terminus of local-express lanes|
|Hackensack||65.19||104.91||64A||Route 17 north to Route 4 – Rochelle Park, Paramus||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|64||Route 17 south to US 46 east – Hasbrouck Heights, Newark||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|65.40||105.25||64B||To Route 17 south – Hasbrouck Heights, Newark||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Teterboro–South Hackensack line||65.67||105.69||65||Green Street – Teterboro, South Hackensack|
|Hackensack||66.55||107.10||66||Hudson Street (CR 124) – Hackensack, Little Ferry|
|Ridgefield Park||67.22||108.18||67||Bogota, Ridgefield Park||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance via 2nd Avenue|
|Teaneck||68.17||109.71||68A||I-95 south / N.J. Turnpike south to US 46 – Meadowlands Sports Complex||I-95 exit 69; eastbound exit and westbound entrance.|
|68.54||110.30||68B||I-95 north – George Washington Bridge, New York City||No exit number eastbound, eastern terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- I-280, known locally as the Essex Freeway
- Public Roads Administration; American Association of State Highway Officials (1957). Official Numbering for the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, as Adopted by the American Association of State Highway Officials, August 14, 1957 (Map). Scale not given. Washington, DC: Federal Works Agency. Retrieved January 13, 2010 – via Wikimedia Commons.
- "Missing Link of I-80 Opened in Ceremony Near Columbia". The New York Times. November 9, 1973. p. 86. ISSN 0362-4331.
- New Jersey Department of Transportation (April 2014). "I-80 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). Roadway Information and Traffic Monitoring System Program. New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- Google (January 14, 2010). "Overview of Interstate 80 in New Jersey" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- Scruton, Bruce A. (February 19, 2018). "In Water Gap, a rock fence or a stone wall?". New Jersey Herald. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
- "Traffic and Parking in Rest Areas: Interstate 80". NJDOT Traffic Regulations. New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Google (September 2008). "I-80 Eastbound at Abandoned Weigh Station". Google Street View. Google. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "Freeways Are Now Urged". The New York Times. December 13, 1936. p. 16. ISSN 0362-4331.
- "FREEWAY ROUTE IN JERSEY GIVEN; Fewer Protests Than Were Expected Are Voiced Over Bergen-Passaic Artery FORT LEE ENGLEWOOD LEONIA TEANECK BOGOTA RIDGEFIELD PARK HACKENSACK LODI SADDLE BROOK PATERSON WEST PATERSON TOTOWA AND WAYNE TOWNSHIP". timesmachine.nytimes.com. July 1, 1956. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
- Joint Study of Arterial Facilities. Port of New York Authority and Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority. 1955.
- Wright, George Cable (March 5, 1958). "Jersey Acts to Speed U.S. Aid for Its $388.5 Million Freeway". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.[page needed]
- Wright, George Cable (September 19, 1958). "New Roads with New Numbers Will Parallel Old U.S. Routes". The New York Times. p. 29. ISSN 0362-4331.
- "New Span Crosses Delaware River; Fine, Driscoll at Ceremonies for Water Gap Bridge—Road to Link Poconos and New York". The New York Times. December 17, 1953. p. 51. ISSN 0362-4331.
- Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (back) (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1950. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- Esso; General Drafting (1966). United States featuring the Interstate Highway System (Map).[full citation needed]
- Chevron Oil Company; H.M. Gousha (1969). Map of New Jersey (Map).[full citation needed]
- Shipler, David K. (August 19, 1971). "New Highways Shaping Future of City's Suburbs; New Superhighways Shaping Future of City's Suburbs". The New York Times. p. 1. ISSN 0362-4331.
- Burks, Edward C. (September 15, 1973). "Vital Stretch of Route 80 Opens in Jersey, Ending Big Bottleneck; Stretch of Route 80 Opens and Eliminates Bottleneck". The New York Times. p. 65. ISSN 0362-4331.
- "Controversial Rest Site on Interstate is Closed". The Asbury Park Press. July 8, 1982. p. 48. Retrieved October 13, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Mitkwoski, Michelle (October 30, 1982). "Route 80 'Gay' Spots Shut for Time Being". The Daily Record. p. 22. Retrieved October 13, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- McKeel, Stuart (June 10, 1990). "Roxbury Twp. Fights Proposal for Rest Areas". The Daily Record. p. 3. Retrieved October 13, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- McKeel, Stuart (August 14, 1991). "Rt. 80 Rest Area Reopens—for Trucks". The Daily Record. Retrieved October 13, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Berger, Joseph (December 1, 1998). "Our Towns; H.O.V. Lanes: A 30-Mile Test That Failed". The New York Times. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- Murphy, Dean E. (June 24, 2001). "Drivers May Face Months of Delays After Fiery Crash Forces Demolition of I-80 Span". The New York Times. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- "New Jersey: Trenton: Route 80 Emergency Declared". Metro Briefing. The New York Times. July 4, 2001. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- New Jersey Department of Transportation (September 5, 2001). "NJDOT Will Begin Work to Re-Open I-80 in Morris County" (Press release). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
- Barlas, Thomas (February 28, 2007). "Last Call for N.J.'s Roadside Call Boxes". The Press of Atlantic City.
- Cassi, Sarah (June 14, 2019). "Controversial I-80 project in Delaware Water Gap, dubbed the 'Jurassic Park fence,' goes before the public". lehighvalleylive.com. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
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