International Union for Quaternary Research
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The International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) was founded in 1928. It has members from a number of scientific disciplines who study the environmental changes that occurred during the glacial ages, the last 2.6 million years. One goal of these investigators is to document the timing and patterns in past climatic changes to help understand the causes of changing climates.
|Thijs Van Kolfschoten (Netherlands)|
|Eniko Magyari (Hungary)|
|International Council for Science|
|Website||INQUA Official website|
INQUA is a Scientific Union member of the International Council for Science (ICSU). INQUA holds an international congress normally every four years. The congresses serve as an educational forum as well as the opportunity for the various commissions, committees, and working groups to conduct business in person. Past congresses have been held in Copenhagen (1928), Leningrad (1932), Vienna (1936), Rome (1953), Madrid (1957), Warsaw (1961), Boulder (1965), Paris (1969), Christchurch (1973), Birmingham (1977), Moscow (1982), Ottawa (1987), Beijing (1991), Berlin (1995), Durban (1999), Reno (2003), Cairns (2007), Bern (2011) and Nagoya (2015).
In 2007, the union issued a statement on climate change in which they reiterated the conclusions of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and urged all nations to take prompt action in line with the UNFCCC principles:
Human activities are now causing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases - including carbon dioxide, methane, tropospheric ozone, and nitrous oxide - to rise well above pre-industrial levels….Increases in greenhouse gasses are causing temperatures to rise…The scientific understanding of climate change is now sufficiently clear to justify nations taking prompt action….Minimizing the amount of this carbon dioxide reaching the atmosphere presents a huge challenge but must be a global priority.
|20.||2019||Dublin||Ireland||2019-2023||Thijs Van Kolfschoten||Netherlands||Eniko Magyari||Hungary|
|19.||2015||Nagoya||Japan||2015-2019||Allan Ashworth||United States||Brian M Chase||France|
|18.||2011||Bern||Switzerland||2011-2015||Margaret Avery||South Africa||Julius Lejju||Uganda|
|16.||2003||Reno, Nevada||United States|
|7.||1965||Boulder, Colorado||United States|
|2.||1932||Leningrad||Soviet Union||Ivan Gubkin||Soviet Union|
|1.||1928||Copenhagen||Denmark||Dmitry Mushketov||Soviet Union|
- "U.S. National Committee for INQUA". National Academy of Sciences (United States). Archived from the original on 5 June 2014.
- "INQUA, INternational Union for QUAternary Research". International Council for Science (ICSU). Archived from the original on 4 February 2013.
- James, L. Allen (1992). "International Union for Quaternary Research". The Professional Geographer. 44 (1): 99–99.
- Chairman of the Organizing Committee (XIVINQUA) (1994). "International union for Quaternary research". GeoJournal. 34 (1): 121–127. doi:10.1007/BF00813975.
- "About INQUA". INQUA. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- "XIX INQUA 2019 Congress". XX INQUA 2019 Dublin, Ireland. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- "INQUA 2023". INQUA 2023 Rome, Italy. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- "INQUA Statement On Climate Change" (PDF). INQUA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008.
- INQUA Executive. Retrieved 06/06/2015.
- "International Union for Quaternary Research — official website".
- Smalley, I.J. 2011. Notes for a history of INQUA- The International Union for Quaternary Research (Association pour l'etude du Quaternaire, Internationale Quartarvereiningung, etc.) Loess Letter no.65, 22pp. (on line at Loess Letters of Dr. Ian Smalley MSU see also Scribd.com upload)